Linking devices

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Linking devices

  1. 1. Linking Devices
  2. 2. Coordinate conjunctions <ul><li>And: Y </li></ul><ul><li>But: Pero </li></ul><ul><li>Or: O </li></ul><ul><li>Both… and…: Ambos, X e Y </li></ul><ul><li>Both men and women had to enrol the army </li></ul><ul><li>Either…or…: O… o…. Si el verbo está en negativa: Ni… ni… </li></ul><ul><li>You can either walk up or take a bus </li></ul><ul><li>Neither…nor…: Ni… Ni. El verbo siempre está en afirmativa. </li></ul><ul><li>That child can neither read nor write </li></ul><ul><li>Not only… but also…: No sólo… sino también </li></ul><ul><li>Not only men, but also women, were chosen . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Concessive or contrastive (aunque) <ul><li>Although, Though, Even though: Aunque </li></ul><ul><li>Although he is old, he is very active. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though he works hard, he doesn’t earn much. </li></ul><ul><li>Though I was not tired, I went to bed. </li></ul><ul><li>Whereas, while: Mientras que </li></ul><ul><li>Martin is too old, whereas Paul is quite young for the job </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, however: Sin embargo. </li></ul><ul><li>The weather was rather cold, yet we all went for a swim </li></ul><ul><li>The shop is small. However, I usually find there everything I need </li></ul><ul><li>On the one hand… on the other hand…: Por una parte… Por otra… </li></ul><ul><li>On the one hand, the book is amusing. On the other hand, it is rather long. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reason (causa, porque) <ul><li>Because: Porque </li></ul><ul><li>We arrived late because the bus broke down </li></ul><ul><li>I asked her to stay because I had something important to tell her. </li></ul><ul><li>Since, as: Como </li></ul><ul><li>As the bus broke down, we arrived late. </li></ul><ul><li>Since I had something important to tell her, I asked her to stay. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of, due to, owing to: A causa de, debido a. </li></ul><ul><li>The concert was cancelled due to poor ticket sales. </li></ul><ul><li>The tennis match was put off because of the rain </li></ul>

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