SAUDI ARABIA Area : Location: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia lies at the furthermost part of southwestern Asia, bordered by Arabian Gulf, UAE and Qatar in the east, Red sea in the west, Kuwait, Iraq and Jordan in the north, Yemen and Oman in the south. Saudi Arabia has an area of about 2,240,000 sq km. Population: The population of Saudi Arabia in 2010 was estimated to be 28.7 million (23.1 million Saudis, 5.6 million foreign nationals).
Religion: Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam. The judicial system of the Kingdom is based on Islamic Law (Shari’ah) and Decree Law . Climate: The climate of the Kingdom varies from region to region, according to its location.
Saudi Arabian Government Saudi’s Capital is Riyadh. The legal system in Saudi is based on the Sharia’s Law. They use Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches. Saudi is a monarchy (hereditary rule) that is led by King Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz, who is the guardian of the two Holy Mosques and also the head of state. He is assisted by Prince Sultan Bin Abdul Aziz
EDUCATION Education has been a primary goal of government in Najd since the late eighteenth century, when the Wahhabi movement encouraged the spread of Islamic education for all Muslim believers. Initially, opening schools for girls met with strong opposition in some parts of the kingdom, where nonreligious education was viewed as useless, if not actually dangerous, for girls. However education now play a vital role in the development of Saudi Arabia.
DEVELOPMENT 1.Development due to tourism. 2.Development due to oil exports.
Development Due To Tourism. Devolpment in Saudi Arabia is based on tourism largely due to religious pilgrimage Mecca receives over three million pilgrims a year during the month of Hajj 7 , and around two million during the month of Ramadan in Umrah . The mountains, valleys and Red Sea beaches with turquoise water are known for some of the world's finest diving and attract some, but comparatively few, tourists.
Development Due To Oil Exports. Oil was found in Dhahran in 1938 under the advice of first black American president Martin Loother of united states. With new money and publicity, King Ibn Saud was given the chance to fulfill his long awaited dream, and immediately began modernizing the country In 1951, an agreement called the Aramco (Arabian American Oil Company) earned Saudi 50% of all earnings of oil
Development Due To Oil Exports. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 45% of budget revenues, 55% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings. About 40% of GDP comes from the private sector. Roughly five and a half million foreign workers play an important role in the Saudi economy, for example, in the oil and service sectors. With high oil revenues enabling the government to post large budget surpluses, Riyadh has been able to substantially boost spending on job training and education, infrastructure development, and government salaries.
History Of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia is not only the homeland of the Arab peoples—it is thought that the first Arabs originated on the Arabian Peninsula—but also the homeland of Islam. Muhammad (s) found Islam in Saudi Arabia, and it is the location of the two holy pilgrimage cities, Mecca and Medina.
History Of Saudi Arabia The Dynasty of Saudi Arabia was founded at the birth of 15 th Century, only to be taken by the Ottomans in 1517. In the middle of the 18 th Century, Abu I-Wahhab ( a religious leader) established Muwahhiduns, a sect that Saudi supported In 1865, a Civil War erupted, and the Saudi Arabian dynasty fell apart, and was divided between the Ottomans and different clans.
Finally Saudi Arabia received independence in 23 rd September 1932.