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# Alcohol Education Workshop

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• We will cover the following topics tonight:I am here to teach you, but you can learn a lot from each other. Please participate and answer questions. This will help us cover material faster, and you will likely learn more.
• How many of you have ever drank out of a red solo cup or known someone who has?How often did you/they measure how much alcohol went into the cup?ActivityWho would like to volunteer to pour how much ____ people usually pour for a mixed drink? (usually do a different volunteer for each drink)80 proof liquorWineMalt liquor (Smirnoff Ice, Mike’s Hard Lemonade, etc.)BeerPull out measured cup.We measured out the standard drinks onto this cup to show you the difference in what you said people usually pour and what actually constitutes one drink. You can pass them around for them to view individually or set them on the table to compare as a group.
• A &quot;standard&quot; drink is any drink that contains about 0.6 fluid ounces or 14 grams of &quot;pure&quot; alcohol. How many ounces of ___ do you think constitute a standard drink?Beer12 oz (about 5% pure alcohol)Wine5-6 oz (about 12% pure alcohol)80 proof liquor 1.5 oz (40% pure alcohol)This is not Bacardi 151 = 151 proof (75.5% of this shot would be pure alcohol)almost twice as strong as your standard vodka, rum, or whiskeyEverclear = 190 proof (95% of this shot would be pure alcohol)the strongest alcohol you can buyProof is equal to twice the percentage of alcohol by volume. You can use this to help you choose what to drink.Malt liquor7 oz (about 7% pure alcohol)(source: NIAAA)
• One glass or container is not necessarily equal to one standard drink. We do these comparisons to show you how much you are really drinking if you choose to drink these types of drinks out of these containers.Give them the drink numbers for the two beer, but have them guess on the trash can punch and long island iced tea. A few notes on trash can punch/jungle juice/party punch: People tend to get heavy handed when making punch, and students often use Everclear because it is the most bang for your buck.It is also easy to slip predatory drugs into trash can punch.We recommend avoiding it, especially if you do not know who made it.
• Does anyone know the definition of binge drinking?If you have one Long Island Ice Tea, unless you take over 2 hours to drink it, you are binge drinking.
• Does anyone know any factors that affect alcohol absorption?Let them answer and offer these details as they say them. WeightThe bigger you are, the more area the alcohol has to spread out in.SexMen have more alcohol dehydrogenase (enzyme in stomach) to break down alcohol instead of absorbing it.Men have more water weight, women have more fat. Alcohol is fat soluble so it is more easily absorbed by women.Women typically absorb about 30% more alcohol than a man of the same weight.Drinking RateThe faster you drink, the less time your body has to metabolize the alcohol, therefor you absorb more.FoodWhat should you eat before drinking?Protein! Protein and fatty foods will coat your stomach and allow for more time to metabolize alcohol rather than absorb it.MedicationMixing alcohol and other drugs can affect the way your body absorbs alcohol or the other drug and make you more impaired (multiplication effect).Carbonated BeveragesIrritate your stomach lining and make you absorb the alcohol faster.
• Take a look at the charts. Find your sex and your weight and calculate your approximate BAC for the day or night of your incident, or a typical night of drinking for you. Since your body processes about one drink per hour, subtract .015 from your BAC for each hour since your first drink (use the time table chart towards the bottom of the page)For example: If you are 150 lb. woman who has four drinks your BAC would be 0.135. If it’s been over 2 hours, you would subtract 0.030 from your BAC, giving you an actual BAC of 0.105.
• May want to point out that this is them running into something that is not moving (such as a tree, parked car, guard rail, etc.), not another car hitting them or pulling out in front of them.As you can see, even at the legal limit, you are 11 times more likely to be in a single vehicle crash. Many times the designated driver ends up being the person who says they are ok to drive at the end of the night, or the person who claims they can handle their alcohol the best, or the person who says, “I am the most sober”. ALWAYS designate a SOBER driver. If you do not have a designated driver, CARPOOL runs every Thursday-Saturday from 10-3. They will pick you up and take you home (no judgment, no cops, no university officials). They just want to be sure you get home safely. Their number is on the back of your student ID.
• Minor in PossessionYou can get this ticket even if you are not drinking the alcohol. If you are holding it or if it is within your vicinity of control, it is the officer’s digression whether or not to give you this ticket. Driving Under the InfluenceThis ticket is usually given to minor who are under the influence of alcohol. Texas has a zero tolerance policy for underage drinking and driving.If you are underage and have had any amount to drink, you could get this ticket if you choose to get behind the wheel.Public IntoxicationThis ticket is given to anyone who is believed to possibly be a danger to themselves or others because of alcohol consumption. You do not have to blow a .08 to receive this ticket, it is up to the officer’s discretion. Open ContainerIf there is an open container of alcohol in a motor vehicle, every person in the car can receive this ticket.If you are transporting an open bottle of wine to a friends house, put it in your trunk. If you don’t have a trunk, I recommend putting it in a bag that will zip closed and putting it behind the seat. Driving While IntoxicatedThis ticket is usually given to people who are over 21 and driving while intoxicated.You do not have to blow a .08 to receive this ticket. If an officer has reason to believe you are intoxicated or if you fail a Standardized Field Sobriety Test after being behind the wheel, you can get this ticket. First-time DWI convictions may be enhanced from a Class B misdemeanor to a Class A misdemeanor if the person’s blood alcohol content is .15 or moreProviding Alcohol to a MinorYou do not have to be the one who purchased the alcohol. If you make it available to a minor, you can get this ticket.If you provide alcohol to more than one minor, you can get a ticket for each individual you supply alcohol to. If I gave alcohol to all 10 of you and all 10 of you are underage, I can receive a \$4,000 fine and a year in jail for each of you, so that’s \$40,000 and 10 years in jail!There are enhanced penalties for providing and/or furnishing alcohol to minors at gatherings that involve binge drinking or coerced drinking
• When you drink you begin to feel the positive effects of alcohol. This is shown on the upward slope of the graph, what we like to call the buzz zone. This is where we want you to be if you choose to drink.You feel a little looser, relaxed, and happy. Unfortunately because that feels good, our brain tells us to keep drinking.Once you reach a BAC of .06 you start to go down the slopeThis is where you see the negative effects of alcohol, such as crying at the bar, fighting, drunk texting, etc.Having a tolerance means your body has adjusted the way it reacts to alcohol, and you have to drink more to feel the same effects you felt when you first started drinking.When you have a tolerance, your high will not be quite as high as it was before you had a tolerance, and your low will likely be lower.It is important to know that no matter how much of a tolerance you have, your BAC per drink does not change with increased tolerance. Just because you feel fine after 3 beers, does not mean you are good to drive!
• Both are diuretics so they will dehydrate you.Mixing the two will mask a person’s intoxication level because they will not feel the usual sleepy feeling alcohol gives them.This can lead to drinking longer which lead to higher intoxication levels and increased likelihood of hangovers.
• Every time you engage in sexual activity you must have consent, even if it is a partner you have been with before. If you’re intoxicate, you cannot legally give consent for sex. This is not something you want to be on either side of trying to prove.If you choose to drink, make decisions about what you do and do not want to do before you start Watch out for yourself. Watch out for your friends. Only go home with people you trust.If either partner is intoxicated, do not engage in sexual activity.
• Be careful what you put on social networking sites.People have gone through the conduct process and taken this class because a university official saw a picture of them drinking when they knew they were underage. University officials have a duty to report any illegal activity they are aware of.Potential employers are also often looking at social networking sites and may make judgments about you based on the material you have posted.
• Many college students think blacking out is not a big deal, that it is something that just happens when you drink, but blacking out is actually a really serious consequence of drinking. When you black out, you have drank so much that your brain is shutting down things that it does not need. Making memories is not as vital as breathing for you life, so your brain shuts this function down.Browning out is a less severe from of a blackout where you may remember being at the bar and remember being home, but not remember the car ride between the two.Blacking out can be very danger because:You will appear to be awake and conscious. People are not going to know you are blacked out, you won’t be walking around with your eyes closed, so they may think you are fine.You have an increased potential for driving while intoxicated and making other risky decisions with no memory of the event.
• Does anyone know any signs of alcohol poisoning?Let them answer and add details as they list them They usually miss one or two. Explain those when they stop throwing out ideas.Vomiting without waking upUnconscious and unresponsiveTwo easy ways to tell the difference between unconscious and asleep are by pinching them on the inside of the upper arm or rubbing their sternum with your fist. Both of these are painful enough to wake up a groggy person.Fever or ChillPoor awareness of surroundingsPeople should always be able to tell you who they are, where they are/live, what they are doing, their phone number, etc. If they give you some odd off the wall answer, although it might be funny, they likely have alcohol poisoning.Difficulty standing or walkingAn intoxicated person may be a little clumsy, but a person with alcohol poisoning is the person who has to be carried between two people across north gate or the person you stand up off the couch and they immediately crumple back downSlow or irregular breathingLess than 8 breaths per minute is a good guideBlue Gums or fingernail bedsUsually really blue, this is a very severe sign of alcohol poisoning (don’t wait to just see this one)Cold, bluish, or clammy skinClammy=cold but damp (like when someone is sweating off a feverThis is not a checklist! If you see any one of these signs, you need to call 911 to get them some helpSome students will say that they do not want to call 911 because they do not want to get in trouble for underage drinking. 1) I would rather get a ticket and pay a fine than my friend die because I was too afraid to call to get them some help2) Immunity from alcohol related charges is provided to minors who seek emergency medical help.  Immunity can be granted to the first person who requested emergency medical assistance in response to the possible alcohol overdose and who is on the scene and cooperated with medical assistance and law enforcement
• What are some healthy alternatives to drinking?Let them list a few things and make some comments. The two big ones to listen for and prompt them to say are Studying : You are students and that is why you are at A&amp;MJoining an organization: There are over 800 student organizations at A&amp;MPLUG Responsible Aggie Decisions (RAD): We have one dedicated to raising awareness about responsible decisions about alcoholWe hand out water on North Gate to encourage people to stay hydrated and slow down their drinking rateWe give presentations and put on other educational programsThey can join! Apps on our website, business cards in the AEW bin.What are some ways you can say no when others are pressuring you to drink?It is ok to lie to get people off your backSome ideas are: I’m the DDI have a test tomorrowI’m on medicationI don’t drinkCarry around a soda or water in a red cup. Most people who are drinking will not know if you’re drinking alcohol or not and won’t be testing your drink to see.
• ### Alcohol Education Workshop

1. 1. Alcohol Education Workshop Alcohol and Drug Education Programs http://studentlife.tamu.edu
2. 2. Overview• Alcohol Basics• Alcohol Poisoning• Types of Drinkers• Values Assessment• Healthy Decisions
3. 3. is 1 standard drink?• Beer …12 oz• Wine …5-6 oz• 80 Proof Liquor …1.5 oz• Malt liquor or Ice beer …7 oz
4. 4. is a…• 16 oz Keg Cup of Beer …1.4• 40 oz Beer …3.4• 16oz cup of Trash Can Punch …3-10+• Long Island Iced Tea …5
5. 5. is too much?• Females – Consuming more than 4 drinks in 2 hours• Males – Consuming more than 5 drinks in 2 hours
6. 6. Factors Affecting Alcohol Absorption• Weight• Sex• Drinking rate• Food• Medication• Carbonated Beverages
7. 7. was your BAC?150 lb. Woman has 4 drinks over 2 hours: 0.135 BAC - 0.030 - 2 Hours since first drink 0.105 Actual BAC
8. 8. BAC & DrivingIf You Drive With a BAC in Your Chances of Being KilledThis Range: in a Single-Vehicle Crash Are:0.02-0.04 1.4 times more likely0.05-0.09 11 times more likely0.10-0.14 48 times more likely0.15 and above 380 times more likelyThe designated driver has ZERO alcoholic drinks!
9. 9. will it cost you?• Class C Misdemeanors: – MIP, DUI, PI, Open Container • Up to \$500 fine, community service, alcohol awareness course, 180 days up to 1 year Driver’s License suspension• Class B Misdemeanor: – DWI • Up to \$2000 fine, community service, 72 hour minimum confinement• Class A Misdemeanor: – Providing Alcohol to a Minor • Up to \$4000 fine, up to 1 year in jail and 180 day driver’s license suspension
10. 10. Happy Before Tolerance After Tolerance Sad Time Tolerance As a person drinks over a period of time, he or she may develop a tolerance to the effects of alcohol. Tolerance means a person will have to increase theamount of alcohol consumed in order to feel the effects the individual felt when they first started drinking. Your BAC per Drink does NOT Change with Increased Tolerance
11. 11. Caring for an Intoxicated FriendDO’s: DO NOT’s:• Stay with them at all times • Let them drive• Reassure them • Give them food, coffee,• Keep them warm aspirin, or other drugs• Bacchus Maneuver • Induce vomiting• Give them water • Let them take a cold shower • Let them “burn the booze” by exercising
12. 12. Alcohol and Energy Drinks• Both are diuretics• Mixing the two can boost heart rate and blood pressure• Mixing the two can mask a person’s level of intoxication – Increases likelihood of hangovers – Causes tendency to drink for longer periods of time – Contributes to higher intoxication levels Caffeine and alcohol are a dangerous combination of a heavy stimulant meets a heavy depressant.
13. 13. Drinking and Hooking Up• 90% of acquaintance rapes involve alcohol• Alcohol lowers inhibitions and may make people more sociable, likely to flirt, engage in risky behaviors, and do things they wouldn’t do if sober.• Alcohol is the number one date rape drug used on college campuses.• Other predatory drugs are hard to detect and mimic the signs of severe intoxication• Every time you engage in sexual activity you must have consent.If you are intoxicated, you cannot give consent for sex.
14. 14. is a picture worth?
15. 15. Sober Buzzed Legally Intoxicated Memory Loss Alcohol Poisoning
16. 16. Alcohol Poisoning• Vomiting without waking up• Unconscious and unresponsive• Fever or Chill• Poor awareness of surroundings• Difficulty standing or walking• Slow or irregular breathing• Blue Gums or fingernail beds• Cold, bluish, or clammy skin See any 1 of these signs? CALL 911!
17. 17. Which type of drinker are you?• Social Users: Most people who drink do so responsibly and with little or no risk – No need for change• Substance Abusers: Some people who drink alcohol and/or use drugs do so irresponsibly and at some risk to themselves or others – Change substance using attitudes and behavior• Alcoholics: A small percentage of people who drink alcohol become dependent – Need to abstain completely
18. 18. Values Assessment• What’s Important to you?
19. 19. you drink is up to you• What are some healthy alternatives to drinking?• What are some ways you can say no when others are pressuring you to drink?
20. 20. Healthy Decisions If you choose to drink, there are a variety of things that you can do to make sure you are drinking in a responsible manner.• Have a plan • Designate a SOBER driver• Sip your drink • Drink water• Cultivate taste • Watch your drink• Set a limit and stick to it • Stay in groups• Measure your drinks • Know when to say no• Eat protein • 0-1-3 Rule
21. 21. QUESTIONS?
22. 22. Homework!• E-TAP assessment & questions• Drinking chart & questions• YOU MUST BRING YOUR COMPLETED HOMEWORK TO YOUR FOLLOW UP MEETING!
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