• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
12. Output Buffers Control - PHP & MySQL Web Development
 

12. Output Buffers Control - PHP & MySQL Web Development

on

  • 5,537 views

Basic concepts about Output Buffers Control and HTTP Headers ...

Basic concepts about Output Buffers Control and HTTP Headers
Telerik Software Academy: http://academy.telerik.com/school-academy/meetings/details/2011/10/11/php-school-academy-meeting
The website and all video materials are in Bulgarian.

This lecture discusses the following topics:

HTTP headers
Output buffer control
Browser cache
Redirecting the browser

Statistics

Views

Total Views
5,537
Views on SlideShare
2,321
Embed Views
3,216

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
46
Comments
0

1 Embed 3,216

http://php-uroci.devbg.org 3216

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

CC Attribution License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    12. Output Buffers Control - PHP & MySQL Web Development 12. Output Buffers Control - PHP & MySQL Web Development Presentation Transcript

    • Output Buffers Control and HTTP Headers Output Buffers, HTTP HeadersNikolay KostovTechnical Trainerhttp://nikolay.itTelerik Software Academyacademy.telerik.com
    • Contents HTTP headers Output buffer control Browser cache Redirecting the browser
    • HTTP Headers Each HTTP request and response contains of headers and body  Headers describe the transferred data  Type  Length  Encoding  Etc.  PHP can modify the response headers  header function
    • HTTP Headers (2) header($header, $replace, $response_code)  Adds or modifies HTTP header of the response  $header is string in the following form  Name: Value  $replace sets whether to replace existing similar header with the same name or add it  $response_code sets the HTTP response code (e.g. 302, 404, etc.)
    • HTTP Headers – Example Redirect the Web browser header ("Location: http://otherplace.net"); Set multiple headers with one name  Example: force browser to require HTTP authentication header ("WWW-Authenticate: Negotiate"); header (WWW-Authenticate: Basic realm="Secure Area", false); Example: page inaccessible header ("HTTP/1.0 404 Not Found"); // or maybe header ("HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden");
    • HTTP Headers – Example Example: Page receives get parameter "down" that is some MP3 file ID in directory (MP3DIR constant)  This script will either send 404 error on request or will return the MP3 file for download$file = MP3DIR.$_GET[down].".mp3";if (!file_exists($file)) header ("HTTP/1.0 404 Not Found",true,404);else { header (Content-Type: audio/x-mp3); header (Content-Length: . filesize($file)); header(Content-Disposition: attachment; . filename=.$_GET[down]..mp3); echo file_get_contents($file);}
    • Control Browser Cache Browser cache resources, downloaded over network  On next request they use the headers to detect if they should re-download or reuse the cached resource  Resources carry set of headers to control the browser caching  Expires header, Last-Modified, If-Modified-Since header  ETag, If-None-Match  Cache-Control
    • Control Browser Cache HTTP Request Example:GET /index.html HTTP/1.0User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0From: something.somewhere.netAccept: text/html,text/plain,application/*Host: www.example.comIf-Modified-Since: Wed, 19 Oct 2005 10:50:00GMT HTTP Response Example:HTTP/1.1 304 Not ModifiedDate: Fri, 31 Dec 1999 23:59:59 GMT
    • Modification Date Server sends Last-Modified and Expires dates in response for the resource  Tells the browser how long the resource should be kept as current version  Both in GMT format Browser sends If-Modified-Since header on each request with the date of the resource it has cached  If version is latest, server replies with "303 Not Modified" HTTP code
    • ETag approach ETag is unique identifier for the resource and its version  Sent by the server, stored by the browser  Browser sends on next request the ETag of the cached version  Sends the ETag in If-None-Match header  Newer approach  Most web servers send both Last-Modified and ETag headers
    • Controlling browser cache engine Server can send Cache-Control header that instruct the browser cache engine  Value consists of comma separated name=value pairs or only names  max-age=seconds – sets maximum time that version should be considered fresh  s-maxage=seconds – same as max-age but applies to proxies  public – marks headers of response as cacheable
    • Controlling browser cache engine no-cache – instructs revalidation to be required on next request  Usually performed as HEAD request no-store – instructs not to store version of the resource under any circumstances must-revalidate – tells cache engines they must obey and freshness information you give them  Some caches load older version under some circumstances proxy-revalidate – similar to must-revalidate but applies to proxies
    • Disable Browser Cache - Exampleheader(Cache-Control: no-cache);header(Pragma: no-cache);header("Expires: 0");
    • Output model The Web server (Apache) buffers the script output  Sends it automatically if there is enough data to send (buffer is full)  Buffer can be controlled  Multiple buffers can be defined and flushed, canceled or stored  Allows reordering of the output data  Example – first run script that generates page body, then print head  Example – first print output, then send headers
    • Output buffer Functions for buffer control are prefixed with ob_ in PHP ob_start ($callback, $chunk, $erase) – starts new buffer  After this function is called no output is sent to the browser, except headers  Output buffers are stackable  Can call second ob_start while another is active
    • ob_start All parameters are optional  $callback is function name to call when buffer is flushed  This function can modify the data to be sent  Receives one parameter – the data in the buffer  Must return string – the data to be sent  If $chunk is specified, buffer will flush if stored data reaches this size  Value of 0 means no automatic flush  Value of 1 sets $chunk to 4096  $erase sets whether the buffer should not be deleted until script ends
    • Flushing the buffer ob_flush – sends the buffer content and erases all stored data  Keeps the buffer active ob_end_flush – similar to ob_flush but destroys the buffer ob_implicit_flush ($mode) – sets implicit flush on or off  $mode is optional boolean, defaults to true  With implicit flush, all writing to the buffer is automatically sent
    • Reading the buffer data ob_get_contents – returns the content of the current buffer as string  Doesnt clear or stop the buffer ob_get_clean – returns the buffer content and deletes it ob_get_flush – returns the buffer content, flushes it and deletes it
    • Destroying buffer ob_clean – erases the data in the output buffer but does not delete the buffer ob_end_clean – cleans the output buffer data and deletes the buffer ob_end_flush – flushes the output buffer and deletes it
    • Output Buffers Control and HTTP Headers курсове и уроци по програмиране, уеб дизайн – безплатно BG Coder - онлайн състезателна система - online judge курсове и уроци по програмиране – Телерик академия форум програмиране, форум уеб дизайн уроци по програмиране и уеб дизайн за ученици ASP.NET курс - уеб програмиране, бази данни, C#, .NET, ASP.NET http://academy.telerik.com програмиране за деца – безплатни курсове и уроци ASP.NET MVC курс – HTML, SQL, C#, .NET, ASP.NET MVC безплатен SEO курс - оптимизация за търсачки алго академия – състезателно програмиране, състезаниякурсове и уроци по програмиране, книги – безплатно от Наков курс мобилни приложения с iPhone, Android, WP7, PhoneGap уроци по уеб дизайн, HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Photoshop Дончо Минков - сайт за програмиране free C# book, безплатна книга C#, книга Java, книга C# Николай Костов - блог за програмиране безплатен курс "Качествен програмен код" безплатен курс "Разработка на софтуер в cloud среда" C# курс, програмиране, безплатно
    • Exercises1. Create pages login.php and main.php and implement the following logic:  The login.php displays login form (username/password)  If successfully authenticated, the user is redirected to the main.php  Otherwise an error message is shown and the login form is displayed again  If main.php is requested and the user is not logged in, it redirects to login.php  Implement also “Logout” functionality
    • Free Trainings @ Telerik Academy “PHP & MySQL Web Design" course academy.telerik.com/.../php-school- academy-meeting Telerik Software Academy  academy.telerik.com Telerik Academy @ Facebook  facebook.com/TelerikAcademy Telerik Software Academy Forums  forums.academy.telerik.com