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  • 1. Intel Confidential — Do Not Forward International Experience of Frequency Re- farming for Mobile Broadband Worapat Patram Director of Corporate Affairs – Thailand Director of Communication Policy – Asia Pacific
  • 2. Agenda • Corporate Overview • Growing Traffic Demand : Need for More Spectrum • Spectrum Re-Farming : EU & US • Incentive Auction
  • 3. • Leading Manufacturer of Computer, Networking & Communications Products • 185 Sites in 63 Countries • $53.3B in Annual Revenues from Customers Worldwide • 25+ Consecutive Years of Positive Net Income • Over 105,000 Employees • 82,400 technical roles, 9,200 Masters in Science, 5,300 PhD’s, 4,000 MBA’s • One of the Top Ten Most Valuable Brands in the World for 12 Consecutive Years • Ranked #42 on Fortune’s World’s Most Admired Companies • Invests $100 Million Each Year in Education Across More than 100 Countries • Largest Voluntary Purchaser of Green Power in the United States • >5M Hours of Volunteer Service in Our Communities over the Past 5 Years Intel Corporation: The World’s Largest Semiconductor Manufacturer
  • 4. Agenda • Corporate Overview • Growing Traffic Demand : Need for More Spectrum • Spectrum Re-Farming : EU & US • Incentive Auction
  • 5. Demand Of Traffic Is Growing • ITU-R M2078 has recommended that by 2020, at least 1720 MHz of Spectrum is needed to accommodate the growing demand of traffic. Total spectrum requirements for RATG 1 Total spectrum requirements for RATG 2 Total spectrum requirements RATGs 1 and 2 Lower user density settings 440 MHz 900 MHz 1 340 MHz Higher user density settings 540 MHz 1 420 MHz 1 960 MHz Working Party 5D
  • 6. Where will the spectrum come from? 6 Source: Plum Consulting, London
  • 7. Agenda • Corporate Overview • Growing Traffic Demand : Need for More Spectrum • Spectrum Re-Farming : EU & US • Incentive Auction
  • 8. ITU The efficient use of wireless requires government action in the form of spectrum refarming, the clearing of frequencies from low-value (by economic and/or social criteria) and reassignment to high-value applications. This is a complex and difficult task in that the occupants of the frequencies to be reassigned are unlikely to be pleased by the change, because of disruptions to their activities. http://www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/en/toolkit/notes/PracticeNote/ 2320
  • 9. Spectrum Refarming Generally speaking, refarming may be seen as process constituting any basic change in conditions of frequency usage in a given part of radio spectrum. Such basic changes might be:  Change of technical conditions for frequency assignments;  Change of application (particular radiocommunication system using the band);  Change of allocation to a different radiocommunication service. Source: http://www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/5.2.4.9
  • 10. Permit licensees to deploy newer technologies Regulators repurpose frequency bands that have historically been allocated for older technologies to newer technologies Typically allows current licensees additional flexibility to deploy newer technologies  European decisions to 2G (e.g. GSM) or 3G(e.g. UMTS) licensees permitted to deploy 4G technologies (e.g. LTE)  USA decision on service flexibility in 2.5 GHz band
  • 11. European Union Decisions In 2009, the European Union decided to update the “GSM directive to permit “3G” technologies to use the 900 and 1800 MHz bands.  European Directive (2009/114/EC)1  Decision (2009/776/ED)2 on the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz bands In 2011, it was updated to permit “4G” technologies to use the bands  2011 Commission Decision (2011/251/EC)3 In Nov. 2012, the European Commission gave member states until 30 June 2014 to refarm the 2 GHz spectrum band (1920-1980 MHz/ 2110-2170 MHz) used by “3G UMTS” services for “4G LTE” services.  Commission implementing decision C(2012) 7697 1 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:274:0025:0027:EN:PDF 2 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:274:0032:0035:EN:PDF 3 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:106:0009:0010:EN:PDF 4 https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/commission-implementing-decision-c2012-7697
  • 12. US 2.5 GHz In July 2004, FCC issued new rules for 2496-2690 MHz FCC goals were:  Encourage innovation by maximizing flexibility  Promote broadband deployments  Provide incumbents with reasonable opportunity to continue current uses  Enable a quick transition to the new band plan. http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/ attachmatch/FCC-04-135A1.doc
  • 13. US 2.5 GHz 3 year transition period (transition to new band plan) Spectrum leasing (secondary market) Technology neutral Permitted mobility Allows FDD or TDD operation http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/ attachmatch/FCC-04-135A1.doc
  • 14. MMDS 2.5 GHz band • 190 MHz given flexibility to move from high power 1-way video to low power 2-way data. FCC approach: • Changed service parameters • Rebanded to create contiguous licenses • Didn’t take back spectrum, nor charge fees • Permitted long leases with non-profit neighbors 14 •Attracted 3.2 billion in new capital • Enabled new BWA (high-speed) competition • Fostering Industry Innovation USA: Service Flexibility
  • 15. US 2.5 GHz Band Plan New band plan  Low power operation with high power operation in middle 16.5 MHz blocks, Any channel size Regional licenses  Dual mask (block edge) (43+10Log(P) and if needed 67+10Log(P) - 3 MHz from channel edge (operator negotiable)  47 dBuV/m @ 1.5 meter height at licensee boundary A1 B1 A2 B2 A3 B3 A4 B4 C1 D1 C2 D2 C3 D3 C4 D4 E1 F1 E2 F2 E3 F3 E4 F4 G1 H1 G2 H2 G3 H3 G4 I 2500 MHz CURRENT PLAN A B C D B R S 1 ADOPTED PLAN 2496 2495 MHz 1 MHz GUARD BAND 6 2 5 0 2 2518.5 2535 2551.5 2 5 6 8 4 (4) 16.5 MHz BLOCKS CONSISTING OF (3) 5.5 MHz CHANNELS EACH Flexible Use- “PCS like” rules 2572 A B C D G F E B R S 2 4 E F H G (4) 16.5 MHz BLOCKS CONSISTING OF (3) 5.5 MHz CHANNELS EACH Flexible Use- “PCS Like” rules 2614 6 2 5 7 2 2 5 7 8 2 5 8 4 2 5 9 0 2 5 9 6 2 6 0 2 2 6 0 8 2 6 1 4 2 6 1 8 2 6 2 4 EBS BRS GUARD BANDS BRS CHANNELS 1 & 2 2640.5 2657 2673.5 (7) 6 MHz BLOCKS High Power Operations A1 B1 A2 B2 A3 B3 A4 B4 C1 D1 C2 D2 C3 D3 C4 D4 E1 F1 E2 F2 E3 F3 E4 F4 G1 H1 G2 H2 G3 H3 G4 I A1 B1 A2 B2 A3 B3 A4 B4 C1 D1 C2 D2 C3 D3 C4 D4 E1 F1 E2 F2 E3 F3 E4 F4 G1 H1 G2 H2 G3 H3 G4 I 2500 MHz CURRENT PLAN A B C D B R S 1 ADOPTED PLAN 2496 2495 MHz 1 MHz GUARD BAND 6 2 5 0 2 2518.5 2535 2551.5 2 5 6 8 4 (4) 16.5 MHz BLOCKS CONSISTING OF (3) 5.5 MHz CHANNELS EACH Flexible Use- “PCS like” rules 2572 A B C D G F EA B C D G F E B R S 2 4 E F H G (4) 16.5 MHz BLOCKS CONSISTING OF (3) 5.5 MHz CHANNELS EACH Flexible Use- “PCS Like” rules 2614 6 2 5 7 2 2 5 7 8 2 5 8 4 2 5 9 0 2 5 9 6 2 6 0 2 2 6 0 8 2 6 1 4 2 6 1 8 2 6 2 4 EBS BRS GUARD BANDS BRS CHANNELS 1 & 2 2640.5 2657 2673.5 (7) 6 MHz BLOCKS High Power Operations
  • 16. Agenda • Corporate Overview • Growing Traffic Demand : Need for More Spectrum • Spectrum Re-Farming : EU & US • Incentive Auction (U.S.)
  • 17. Change of allocation to a different radiocommunication service. Refarming spectrum from current service to new service,  US process of refarming broadcast spectrum for mobile broadband via incentive auctions
  • 18. US Incentive Auctions Incentive auctions are a voluntary, market-based means of repurposing spectrum Introduced in the 2010 National Broadband Plan In February 2012, Congress authorized the FCC to conduct incentive auctions and directed that the FCC use this for auction of broadcast television spectrum. In September 2012, the FCC adopted a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Source and further information: http://www.fcc.gov/incentiveauctions
  • 19. US Incentive Auctions •2-step process 1) Incumbents (e.g. broadcasters) decide price at which they will give up license. 2) New users (e.g. mobile operators) decide price they would pay for cleared spectrum •Benefits Taxpayers • New users’ price- incumbents’ price= $ to US Treasury Incumbents/ new operators • Entirely voluntary so spectrum reallocated only when the parties agree new use more valuable than existing one Consumers • Lower prices, more minutes of use, less congestion and new more valuable services would dwarf the gains to incumbents, broadband operators and taxpayers.
  • 20. Intel Confidential — Do Not Forward