Ficora Trial Avausseminaari 7.6.2011 Jan Engelberg
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Ficora Trial Avausseminaari 7.6.2011 Jan Engelberg






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Ficora Trial Avausseminaari 7.6.2011 Jan Engelberg Ficora Trial Avausseminaari 7.6.2011 Jan Engelberg Presentation Transcript

  • Regulatory Aspects Related to Cognitive Radio Systems Trial – Kogniitiivisen radion ja verkon kokeiluympäristö –avausseminaari 7.6.2011 Jan Engelberg6/8/2011 1
  • Content Background History and Ongoing Work Legislation Regulatory Challenges Expectations from Tekes Trial programme Future Activities08/06/2011 2
  • The Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority (FICORA) oversees the use ofradio frequencies in Finland. Objectives  Interference free radio frequencies to all users  Ensure that technically and economically feasible radio frequencies can be assigned future radio systems – without restricting the use of radio frequencies for present radio systems International and national regulations  ITU-R Radio Regulation  European Union Spectrum Decisions  CEPT Decisions, Recommendations and Reports  Radio Act (1015/2001, 432/2010)  Radio Frequency Regulation (M4) and its Appendix (Table of Frequency Allocations)  Statute No. 1169/2009 of the Council of State: On the use of radio frequencies and frequency plan  Statute No. 1158/2002 of the Council of State: On the utilisation plan in the Province of Åland of the frequency bands allocated to television and radio broadcasting as well as to telecommunications subject to licence  Statute No. 1799/2009 of the MINTC: On the utilisation plan of radio frequencies08/06/2011 3
  • FICORA regulation and guidance on spectrum use  FICORA 1: On the conformity assessment and marking of radio equipment  FICORA 2: On inspection of radio transmitters with a great risk of causing interference  FICORA 6: Regulations governing amateur radio stations and their use  FICORA 15: On collective frequencies for radio transmitters exempted from licensing and on their use  FICORA 18: On requirements for certificates of proficiency in maritime and amateur radiocommunication Notice: Common channels subject to licence and allocated to trade and industry throughout Finland  Notice: Digital common DMR channels subject to licence and allocated to trade and industry throughout Finland  Notice: Channels in the 67 – 72 MHz frequency band reserved for hobby usage and professional communications  Notice: Common data transmission and D-GPS channels subject to licence throughout Finland  Notice: Frequencies and constructional requirements for fixed radio networks using radio modems  Notice: Use of radio links in the frequency band 57.2 - 58.2 GHz  Notice: Maritime channelling tables08/06/2011 4
  • International work 191 Member States 27 Member States 48 Member States Mandates FICORA Neighbouring countries Stakeholders08/06/2011 5
  • History and Ongoing WorkWRC-07 agreed on the new Agenda Item for WRC-12:Agenda Item 1.19: ”to consider regulatory measures and their relevance, in order toenable the introduction of software-defined radio and cognitive radio systems,based on the results of ITU-R studies, in accordance with Resolution 956 (WRC-07)” Responsible group in ITU-R Working Party 1B Report ITU-R SM.2152 “Definitions of Software Defined Radio (SDR) and Cognitive Radio System (CRS)” CPM text finalized in February 2011  No change (NOC) in the RR, possibly a new Resolution on future studies either in RA- 12 or WRC-12 WRC-12 in February 201208/06/2011 6
  • History and Ongoing Work (2)Other work in ITU-R is based on the Question ITU-R 241-1/5 “Cognitive radio systems inthe mobile service”1 What is the ITU definition of cognitive radio systems?2 What are the closely related radio technologies (e.g. smart radio, reconfigurable radio, policy-definedadaptive radio and their associated control mechanisms) and their functionalities that may be a part ofcognitive radio systems?3 What key technical characteristics, requirements, performance and benefits are associated with theimplementation of cognitive radio systems?4 What are the potential applications of cognitive radio systems and their impact on spectrum management?5 What are the operational implications (including privacy and authentication) of cognitive radio systems?6 What are the cognitive capabilities that could facilitate coexistence with existing systems in the mobileservice and in other radiocommunication services, such as broadcast, mobile satellite or fixed?7 What spectrum-sharing techniques can be used to implement cognitive radio systems to ensurecoexistence with other users?8 How can cognitive radio systems promote the efficient use of radio resources?Draft Report ITU-R [LMS.CRS] in Working Party 5A, still in progressPossible extension/modification of Question 241-1/5 is under consideration in Study Group 5 dueto unanswered parts of the QuestionWP5D studying CRS in the context of IMT (study was initiated by WP itself)08/06/2011 7
  • History and Ongoing Work (3) Electronic Communications Committee (ECC) activities (CEPT – Europe)  SE PT 43 - define technical and operational requirements for the operation of cognitive radio systems in the white spaces of the UHF broadcasting band (470-790 MHz) to ensure the protection of incumbent radio services/systems and investigate the consequential amount of spectrum potentially available as “white space”  WG FM CG-CRS: possible bands suitable for secondary systems using CRS techniques  WG RA CG-CRS: management, enforcement, placing CRS equipment into market, authorization models, harmonisation European Union RSPG Report RSPG10-306 and Opinion RSPG10-348 on Cognitive Technologies Legislation in Finland Current legislation already allows the use of Cognitive Radio Systems in the frequency band 470-790 MHz, however CRS cannot claim protection nor cause interference to other radiocommunication Several trial licenses issued by FICORA08/06/2011 8
  • Regulatory ChallengesA lot of open questions: What is CRS? Which capabilities are needed to define a radio system as a cognitive radio?  Have a direct impact to the development of licensing policy/regulatory regime:  licensed/license exempt  frequency bands (dedicated bands in frequency plan)  technical license conditions Technical requirements  Database Combined  Something else?  Sensing  CPC08/06/2011 9
  • Regulatory Challenges (2) Operative requirements  Location accuracy  Changing radio environment,  Update interval of database  Sensing accuracy/capability Protection on incumbents needs to be verified carefully through the simulations, field tests and measurements in advance Changes in the legislations – timing issue Technical challenges  Can be finally met as technology evolvesAim of the Regulation is to promote efficient andinterference free use of scarce radio spectrum!08/06/2011 10
  • Expectation from TEKES Trial programmeCORE WISECognitive R&D trial environment Evaluation of Database performanceVerification method for assessing the Criteria for Databaseperformance of CR system Technical and operational challengesCognitive radio field trial and analysis related to database  Network testing and analysis tools Database security requirements  Core and access network requirements Test environment with the possibility toBusiness models for CR trial environment evaluate performance of different databaseand selected applications solutions Value chains and ecosystems FICORA Exchange of ideas and knowledge Co-operation/contributions/material to the preparatory work within ECC, EU and ITU-R FICORA will provide necessary regulative information to programme in order to reflect real worldwhere rules and regulation exist, however this is done without unnecessary burdens and constraints!08/06/2011 11
  • Future Activities Use results and experience from TEKES Trial in the development of required regulative regime for the introduction and implementation of CRS in various forums (ECC, EU and ITU-R) for the following years. Develop necessary national regulation with enough flexibility in time, taking into account all stakeholders and regulations developed elsewhere (EU and ITU-R). Participate actively in the above mentioned forums and keeping TEKES Trial programme aware of the regulative developments and requirements.08/06/2011 12
  • Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority – Safeguards communications development – (+358 9 6966 478 / +358 40 779 8820)6/8/2011 13