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Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
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Motivation

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  • 1. Definition of motivation: * The driving force within individuals by which they attempt to achieve some goal in order to fulfill some needs or expectation. * The degree to which an individual wants to choose in certain behavior.
  • 2. Qualities of Motivation: Energizes behavior Directs behavior Enable persistence towards a goal Exists in varying details
  • 3. MOTIVATION AS A PROCESS: ENERGY DIRECTION PERSISTENCE It is a process by which a person’s efforts are energized, directed and sustained towards attaining the goal. *Energy- A measure of intensity or drive. *Direction- Towards organizational goal. *Persistence- Exerting effort to achieve goal
  • 4. Six C’s of Motivation.. Challenges Control Consequences Choices collaboration Constructing meaning
  • 5. BASIC MODEL OF MOTIVATION Needs or expectations Result in Drive force (Behavior or Action) To Achieve Desired Goals Feedback fulfillments Which Provides
  • 6. Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory Needs were categories as five levels of lower-higher-order needs. *Individual must satisfy lower-level needs before they can satisfy higher order needs. *Satisfied needs will no longer motivate. *Motivating a person depends on knowing at what level that a person is on the hierarchy.
  • 7. HIERARCHY OF NEEDS *Lover order ( External ) : Physiological and safety needs *Higher order ( Internal ) : Social, Esteem, and Selfactualization Self-Actualization Needs Esteem Needs Social Needs Safety Needs Physiological needs
  • 8. McGregor’s Theory X and Y Theory X Assume that workers have little ambition, dislike work, avoid responsibility, and require close supervision. Theory Y Assumes that workers can exercise self-direction, desire, responsibility, and like to work. Assumption Motivation is maximized by participative decision making, interesting jobs, and good group relation.
  • 9. Motivational Theories X & Y SA Esteem Social Safety & Security Physiological Theory Y - a set of assumptions of how to manage individuals motivated by higher order needs Theory X - a set of assumptions of how to manage individuals motivated by lower order needs
  • 10. Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory Job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction are created y different factors. Hygiene factors- Extrinsic ( Environmental ) factors that create job dissatisfaction. Motivation Factors- Intrinsic ( Psychological ) factors that create job satisfaction. Attempted to explain why job satisfaction does not result in increased performance The opposite of satisfaction is not dissatisfaction but rather no satisfaction.
  • 11. Motivation–Hygiene Theory of Motivation • Company policy & administration • Supervision • Interpersonal relations • Working conditions • Salary • Status • Security Hygiene factors avoid job dissatisfaction Motivation factors increase job satisfaction • • • • • • Achievement Achievement recognition Work itself Responsibility Advancement Growth • Salary?
  • 12. Alderfer’s ERG Theory SA Esteem Love (Social) Growth Relatedness Safety & Security Physiological Existence

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