Year 10 Reality TV Revision


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Year 10 Reality TV Revision

  1. 1. Reality Tv Revision
  2. 2. How do you do define Reality TV? <ul><li>‘Real people who are followed in a particular real life situation’ </li></ul><ul><li>Infotainment </li></ul><ul><li>Corner – “popular factual programming” </li></ul><ul><li>Reality becoming a marketing tool </li></ul>
  3. 3. Reality, Hybrid, Realism <ul><li>Big Brother – Reality </li></ul><ul><li>X Factor – Reality </li></ul><ul><li>The Street – Realism (tries to recreate a reality) </li></ul><ul><li>HTLGN – Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Survivor – Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Strictly Come Dancing – Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Location, Location, Location – Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s Hospital – Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Shameless – Realism (tries to recreate a reality) </li></ul><ul><li>Airport – Reality </li></ul><ul><li>All of these have elements of hybridity as there is some elements of other genres e.g. gameshow, talent, sitcom </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Reality Television <ul><li>Documentary Style </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Re-creation </li></ul><ul><li>Dating </li></ul><ul><li>Makeover </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrity </li></ul><ul><li>Hidden Camera </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Voyeuristic’ Game Shows </li></ul><ul><li>Talent Searches </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational </li></ul><ul><li>Parodies </li></ul>
  5. 5. Formats of the Genre Close ups on areas of interest. Editing to maintain interest. Expert voice over, mock, add info? Relevant to the type. House in BB and Jungle in I’m a Celeb. Makes it seem like seeing something we shouldn’t. Always a disequilibrium. Disruption to people’s life, entertainment comes when watching them fix it. Either people specific to occupation/world. “Ordinary people”. Celebrities. Expert/humour/sympathetic/ celebrity? Choice and Role of Presenter Types of Participants Narrative Structure ‘ Caught on Camera’ footage Types of Setting Filming Codes and voice over
  6. 6. Why do We Watch it? <ul><li>Schadenfraude: When we derive pleasure from others’ misfortune </li></ul><ul><li>Addictive – compelled to watch </li></ul><ul><li>Something for everyone? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Blumler and Katz (1974) <ul><li>Diversion (Escape) — Some media texts allow the user to escape from reality. For example, video games. </li></ul><ul><li>Social interaction — People create personal relationships with the characters in a media text. Potentially this could become dangerous if people do not question the reality of such texts. It also creates a common ground for conversation in people's every day lives. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Identify — People often identify a part of themselves in a media text, either through character or circumstance. For example, hair style trends stemming from a magazine feature. This can go a long way in people's ideologies. </li></ul><ul><li>Inform and educate — the audience gain an understanding of the world around them by consuming a media text, for example print and broadcast news. </li></ul><ul><li>Entertain - consumed purely for entertainment purposes, meaning that text need not have any other gratifications. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Voyeurism <ul><li>Spying on people </li></ul><ul><li>Voyeurism (from the French voyeur , &quot;one who looks&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>The voyeur may observe the subject from a distance </li></ul>
  10. 10. Is the ‘technical quality’ of Reality TV programmes important <ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depends on the type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grainy footage makes you feel you are seeing something you shouldn’t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If it was perfect you would not feel that you were snooping </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For eviction episodes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breaks the reality, can distinguish between reality and realism </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. How is the narrative structured? How is conflict created and resolved? <ul><li>One Example is using Todorov’s Narrative: </li></ul><ul><li>There is seemingly a winner in some. End goal to achieve </li></ul>Original wife returns to their home. End of swap discussion See how the new rules are received Wives with opposing views/values swap lives Intro to families lives Wife Swap Reinstatement Attempt to Repair Recognition Disruption Equilibrium
  12. 12. How important are the ‘characters’? <ul><li>Look at the Blumler and Katz idea of Identification. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition Propp’s Narrative. The different character roles. “Nasty Nick” from BB1! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a hero and a Villain </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. How important is the role of the presenter/narrator <ul><li>Can add extra info, fill in what the cameras may have missed? </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce characters. Narrator in BB tells time and describes situation </li></ul><ul><li>Adds humour e.g. Come Dine With Me & I’m a Celeb. </li></ul><ul><li>Gives an Expert opinion and judgement </li></ul>
  14. 14. How important is the soundtrack (e.g. theme music) <ul><li>Identify with the genre and theme of the show: I’m a Celeb, Jungle music </li></ul><ul><li>Easily recognisable: Big Brother </li></ul><ul><li>Can dictate the seriousness of the show. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Why are Reality TV programmes important to broadcasters? <ul><li>Creates a lot of money </li></ul><ul><li>If it’s addictive it can raise ratings </li></ul><ul><li>Allows the audience to interact with the channel </li></ul>
  16. 16. Why are there so many Reality TV programmes <ul><li>Cheap </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t require scriptwriters: Emerged from the writer’s strike in the 1980’s </li></ul><ul><li>Make money </li></ul><ul><li>Popular </li></ul>
  17. 17. Is there a difference in the nature of those Reality TV programmes broadcast on the BBC and those on commercial TV? <ul><li>BBC Reality TV raises money for charity </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly made to inform the public </li></ul><ul><li>Very few audience participation </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial, ITV in particular, use talent show formula </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial, creates revenue/money for the channel, more phone ins. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Why are some Reality TV shows scheduled in the summer months? <ul><li>Summer holidays, More people can stay up to watch it. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Why are celebrities used in so many programmes? <ul><li>Raises their profile </li></ul><ul><li>Schadenfraude, we like to see celebrities humiliated </li></ul><ul><li>Raise money for charities </li></ul>
  20. 20. How important is Reality TV to the media (web, newspapers etc.)? <ul><li>Blumler and Katz: Social interaction — People create personal relationships with the characters in a media text. Potentially this could become dangerous if people do not question the reality of such texts. It also creates a common ground for conversation in people's every day lives </li></ul><ul><li>Become popular stories, exclusives can raise circulation. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Do broadcasters welcome controversy? <ul><li>Sometimes </li></ul><ul><li>Yes: Creates a buzz and people tune in to see what all the fuss is about </li></ul><ul><li>No: They have to apologise and creates a bad reputation. Big Brother lost ratings due to their controversy, as a result the programme is ending. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Has Reality TV contributed to a ‘dumbing down’ of television content? <ul><li>Make your own decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Make an argument about it. </li></ul><ul><li>Some say yes, less new programmes on TV, only reality TV emerging </li></ul>
  23. 23. Is there a limit beyond which Reality TV programme makers would not go? <ul><li>Look at your magazine photocopies. </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the ethics article. Compare the Swan programme to 10 years Younger. Is that ethical? </li></ul>
  24. 24. How ‘real’ is Reality TV? <ul><li>Recreates real situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you ever get a true representation of people acting normally when they are in front of a camera? </li></ul><ul><li>‘The Family’ used hidden cameras for a year, perhaps getting a true representation, forgetting they are there. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Is there any difference in the representation of participants from the general public and celebrity participants? <ul><li>Celebrities will have had training about how to behave in front of the camera </li></ul><ul><li>Ordinary People are perhaps there to be noticed. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally not if trying to humiliate, both treated the same. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Do the participants ‘play to the camera’? <ul><li>Ordinary people are perhaps there to be noticed. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Has Reality TV created innocent victims of unsuspecting and naiive participants? <ul><li>Naiive maybe have been exploited if they don’t know what they are truly signing up for. Susan Boyle, could not cope with the instant fame. </li></ul><ul><li>Innocent victims perhaps made from hidden camera such as Trigger Happy TV </li></ul>
  28. 28. Has the media created ‘monsters’ of some participants? <ul><li>Jade Goody in Celebrity Big Brother. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Who watches Reality TV programmes? <ul><li>Demographic Groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C2, D, E </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teenagers. </li></ul><ul><li>Those interested in specific occupations or fields e.g. Top Gear, Children’s Hospital </li></ul>
  30. 30. Are Reality TV audiences ‘segmented’ <ul><li>There are some cross-overs </li></ul><ul><li>Main issue is that of ‘The Apprentice’ </li></ul><ul><li>Interests those in the world of business and those interested in laughing at the upper classes. </li></ul>
  31. 31. What is the appeal of Reality TV programmes? <ul><li>Escapism </li></ul><ul><li>Voyeurism </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfies our Nosey tendencies </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the magazine article Q&A section </li></ul>
  32. 32. How important is audience ‘interaction’? <ul><li>Allows audience to feel that they are a part of the process </li></ul><ul><li>Tracks the ratings and audience interest </li></ul><ul><li>Creates Revenue </li></ul>
  33. 33. How important is the presence of celebrities in audience enjoyment? <ul><li>Schadenfraude: humiliate the people we see as having everything </li></ul><ul><li>We are able to see celebrities out of their comfort zone </li></ul><ul><li>We believe we are seeing a ‘real’ side to the celebrity. Get to know them better. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Are audiences manipulated or exploited in any way ? <ul><li>They can be through the way the clips are edited together. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of sound and music can insinuate different emotions </li></ul><ul><li>The Narrator or Presenter can put their opinion onto the show and humiliate or applaud certain characteristics. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Enhance these notes by additional research. Good Luck! Miss Walsh!