Session 1: International conference "Tracking the future"


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Session 1: International conference "Tracking the future"

  1. 1. Under the patronage of: Ministero della Ricerca (required)TRACEBACK Project partners:1. Tecnoalimenti S.p.A. Consortile2.3. AINIA – Asociaciòn de Investigaciòn de la Industria Agroalimentaria Atos Origin Sociedad anònima International Conference espanola4. Engineering Ingegneria Informatica S.p.A.5.6. University of Kent ILIM – Institute of Logistics and Warehousing TRACKING THE FUTURE7. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Faculty of Alnarp8. University of Parma9. CEMAT – Combined European Management And Transportation With the support of: S.p.A.10. City University London – Centre for Integrated Project HCI Design11. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Chimica del “INTEGRATED SYSTEM FOR A RELIABLE Riconoscimento Molecolare12. CONSUM Sociedad Cooperativa TRACEABILITY OF FOOD SUPPLY CHAINS” Valenciana13. Institut für Agrar – und Stadtökologische Projekte an der TRACEBACK Humboldt – Universität zu Berlin FP6-2005-FOOD-03630014. Max Plank Society for the Advancement of Science represented by the Max Plank Institute for Polymer Research15. MTT Agrifood Research Finland16. Teagasc Agriculture & Food development Authority17. Selex Communications S.p.A.18. SGS ICS Ibérica, S.A.19. Federalimentare20. Akdeniz University, Economic Research Center on Mediterranean Countries21. Scuola Superiore ISUFI, eBusiness Management Section, University of Lecce22. Centiv GmbH 10-11 November 201023. NSCE Ltd24. KBS25. Parmalat S.p.A Centro Congressi Fondazione Cariplo26. Technobiochip SCarl27. Regionalna Wielkopolska Izba Rolno- Via Gian Domenico Romagnosi, 8 Przemyslowa 3 Montenapoleone or 1-3 DuomoIn cooperation with:- Cargill S.r.l. - Div. Animal Nutrition Milan, Italy- Azienda Venier s.s. Società Agricola- Trevilat- Winner supermercati- Dema car trasporti s.n.c.- Conalat- La Sala Viveros-Semilleros- Pascual Marketing, S.L. Scientific Conference Committee: Conference Secretariat: Traceback Coordination Team Prof. Hannu Korhonen – Agrifood Research Centre (FIN) TECNOALIMENTI S.C.p.A. Prof. Nelson Marmiroli – University of Parma (ITA) Raffaello Prugger– Marianna Faraldi Prof. Neil Maiden – City University London (UK) Prof. Rolf Larsen – Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SWE) Via Gustavo Fara, 39 – 20124 Milan (Italy) E. Dallaturca – Parmalat (ITA) Tel. +39 02 67077370 Fax. +39 02 67077405 L. Brugera Moreno - Consum Cooperativa Valenciana (ES) E. De Paoli – Tecnoalimenti (ITA)
  2. 2. International Conference TRACKING THE FUTURE 10 – 11 November 2010 Centro Congressi Fondazione Cariplo Via Gian Domenico Romagnosi, 8, Milan (Italy) NOVEMBER 10th, 2010 (morning) Session 1 – Results of the TRACEBACK project Objective of this session is to illustrate the results of TRACEBACK and to learn the opinion of the end users of the TRACEBACK results. Programme8.30 Registration9:00 Welcome Ugo Dozzio Cagnoni, Commissioner Fondazione Cariplo Demetrio Corno, President of Tecnoalimenti Ciaran Mangan, DG Research, European Commission Fabrizio Cobis, Authority of Operational Programme Research and Competitiveness, Ministry of Research Ethel De Paoli, TRACEBACK Coordinator and CEO of Tecnoalimenti9:45 Opening Raffaello Prugger, TRACEBACK Coordination team, Tecnoalimenti: The innovative concept of TRACEBACK10:00 Illustration of the results achieved by TRACEBACK project Key speakers: Nelson Marmiroli, University of Parma – Quality and safety approach of TRACEBACK Vito Morreale, Engineering Ingegneria Informatica – The novel traceability architecture of TRACEBACK and the pilot system for the dairy food chain Francesc Rosines, ATOS Origin – The pilot system for the tomato food chain11:30 Benefits to the food chain Key speakers: Marian Garcia, University of Kent – Outcomes of the pilot system evaluation Evaristo Dallaturca, Parmalat, with supply chain players – Applying the pilot system in the dairy food chain Miguel Molina, Consum Cooperativa Valenciana, with supply chain players – Applying the pilot system in the fresh vegetable food chain Patrik Stolt, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Ewa Marciniak, RWIRP – Involving SMEs in traceability innovation Questions and Answers
  3. 3. A) SummariesWelcome• Ugo Dozzio Cagnoni, Commisioner Fondazione Cariplo Welcome of the host• Demetrio Corno, President of Tecnoalimenti Tecnoalimenti (TCA) is a non-profit research consortium, which generates projects for food industry. The aim of TCA is to support small and medium sized enterprises to develop systems such as traceability, which is essential for their future. Traceability is an important research area and improved solutions have been developed. However, in order to create a reliable traceability system, research must be conducted at European level. The planning of TRACEBACK started five years ago. The competition in food industry is globalizing and getting more severe. There is a growing need to respond not only by competitive pricing, but also with high quality, since new countries such as India and China have emerged to the markets.• Ciaran Mangan, DG Research, European Commission TRACEBACK project is one of the European Commission’s traceability projects funded by FP 6, thematic priority 5, Food Quality and Safety. In total 16 traceability projects have been financed by 135 M €, being an important field of research in this TP. The annual reports of the large projects have been reviewed by external experts, who have given positive appraisal about TRACEBACK. A conference “What’s for dinner?” to showcase and debate the application of FP6 EC funded research to improve food safety, quality and security, will be organized in Brussels in March 2011. In addition, a scientific book on traceability will be published.
  4. 4. • Fabrizio Cobis, Authority of Operational Programme ‘Research and Competitiveness’, Ministry ofResearch The funding of national research in Italy was discussed. The companies should be supported by society to establish networks to yield “know how” and also “know where”. The financing should be targeted for larger research entities in order to constitute a sufficiently critical mass.• Ethel De Paoli, TRACEBACK Coordinator and CEO of Tecnoalimenti TCA has for 30 years produced research for industry. Like other projects, TRACEBACK has been very pragmatic. An example about the previous projects is an improvement of product quality by changing the method of transport. Projects like this have paved the way for TRACEBACK.Opening• Raffaello Prugger, TRACEBACK Coordination Team, Tecnoalimenti The innovative concept of TRACEBACK The TRACEBACK-project was based on the fact that the food chains are complicated and multinational, and involve both economic and added values. The quality of food products may easily be impaired. In TRACEBACK, the quality is followed along the food chain and linked to the product identification through internet. The solution must be flexible and applicable, and it must be able to communicate with the existing systems. The communication and sharing of information throughout the whole chain benefits all players. The prototype was tested and validated successfully in feed-dairy and tomato chains.
  5. 5. Illustration of the results achieved by TRACEBACK project• Nelson Marmiroli, University of Parma Quality and safety approach of TRACEBACK It is extremely important to verify the quality and safety of food and feed among the whole supply chain with objective devices; this kind of analysis provides analytical and objective information to the companies and to the consumers about the quality and safety of the food. TRACEBACK increased the availability of analytical technologies to assess continuously the food and quality of the food. This technology is precise, sensitive and can be applied in line, on line and off line and it is not expansive. The sensors and devices exploited in TRACEBACK are also able, in some cases, to communicate directly with the ICT infrastructure so that the analytical information is immediately available to the food companies.• Vito Morreale, Engineering Ingegneria Informatica S.p.A. The novel traceability architecture of TRACEBACK and the pilot system for the dairy food chain Starting from a Reference Model, in TARCEBACK we developed a Reference Architecture for Traceability Information System (RATIS): that is a specification of services useful for traceability and how these services should interact each other to provide a supply chain traceability information system: the focus of our work is not a single company but all the supply chain, from the raw material producers to the retailer. The service oriented approach guarantee the needed interoperability among different players and the availability of the information among the whole supply chain. Reusability and flexibility are key concepts for the proposed reference architecture and we demonstrated these features in two real supply chain: We also developed a concrete traceability information system for the Parmalat supply chain and applied it in a real context.• Francesc Rosines, Atos Origin S.A. The pilot system for the tomato food chain He presented the tomato pilot test (see the power point presentation)
  6. 6. Benefits to the food chain• Hannu Korhonen, MTT Outcomes of the pilot system evaluation Business evaluation aimed at identifying financial benefits for the companies involved in the pilot testing with the adoption of the provided solution. A detailed questionnaire has been submitted to each involved companies to evaluate their impression about the adoption of the new developed system. According to the specific functionalities provided to each player trough the developed system we collect different impression and different comments about the adoption of the system. Companies in general perceives TRACEBACK as a good platform to integrate different systems in a supply chain perspective; for example in case of recall the TRACEBACK solution is able to provide efficiently a complete history of the affected product.• Evaristo Dallaturca, Parmalat Applying the pilot system in the diary food chain Parmalat joined the project because they liked the idea to make different systems form different players and devices for objective monitoring interacting in a supply chain integrated solution. Basic traceability is not enough for companies like Parmalat that considers product quality as an added value for its products. Thus the possibility to link quality parameters to each product is a good opportunity. This information can be useful to ensure the product quality to the final consumer but also to perform high level analysis that can improve the knowledge about the supply chain, including raw material providers and final customers.• Miguel Molina, Consum Cooperativa Valenciana, with supply chain players Applying the pilot system in the fresh vegetable food chain The TRACEBACK-solution was tested in tomato chain, which consisted of three players from seed nursery to the point of sale. The main benefits were: 1) Improvement of backward traceability and linkage of players to the whole food chain, 2) New electronic devices, Electronic nose (Technobiochip), Machine vision (AINIA), Spectrophotometer NIR (AINIA) and Temperature and humidity sensors (KBS), and their full integration to the TRACEBACK-system, 3) Improvements in test methods: Non destructive, rapid tests, which determine several parameters in one test, 4) Improved exchange of information about lot, quality and food safety. Future considerations: New methods are not familiar to producers and they need adaptation, utilization of predictive models and standardization of measurement scales. Conclusions: Objectives of TRACEBACK were achieved: Logistic management (e.g. lot number), reliable information for client (e.g. labeling), immediate location of lot when alerted and collaboration with suppliers were improved.
  7. 7. • Patrik Stolt, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Ewa Marciniak, RWIRP Involving SMEs in traceability innovation TRACEBACK industrial platform (TIP) exchanged knowledge and innovations at two levels, international and regional (RIP), the latter being focused on smaller local problems. Regional projects were established in six countries: Italy, Poland, Egypt, Spain, Sweden and Turkey. In Poland a successful conference was organized for SMEs. The three Polish RIP projects were targeted at improving traceability and quality in food and cosmetic industry and tomato production. To continue responding the needs of SMEs, the organization of RIPs needs to be improved. Future challenges of RIPs are the stimulation of local and regional networks and initiatives, and collaboration between SMEs, academy, industry and organizations internally/externally in EU. In addition, innovations need support for piloting.
  8. 8. B) PresentationsIndexSpeaker PresentationWelcomeUgo Dozzio Cagnoni, Fondazione Cariplo ---Demetrio Corno, President of Tecnoalimenti ---Ciaran Mangan, DG Research, European Commission Pg. 9Fabrizio Cobis, Authority of Operational Programme Research and Competitiveness, Ministry of Research Pg. 15Ethel De Paoli, TRACEBACK Coordinator and CEO of Tecnoalimenti ---OpeningRaffaello Prugger, TRACEBACK Coordination team Pg. 17Illustration of the results achieved by TRACEBACK projectNelson Marmiroli, University of Parma Pg. 24Vito Morreale, Engineering Ingegneria Informatica Pg. 42Francesc Rosines, ATOS Origin Pg. 61Benefits to the food chainHannu Korhonen, MTT Pg. 69Evaristo Dallaturca, Parmalat Pg. 80Miguel Molina, Consum Cooperativa Valenciana Pg. 90Patrik Stolt, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Ewa Marciniak, RWIRP Pg. 99
  9. 9. THE FOOD QUALITY AND SAFETY PROGRAMME (2002-2006) Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries, Aquaculture Directorate E: Biotechnologies, Agriculture and Food Directorate General for Research European Commission Not legally binding Sixth Framework Programme Research on Food Quality and Safety (2002-2006) Integrating European Research Priority Thematic Areas Anticipating S/T Needs Sustainable development and Information society technol. Food quality and safety Scientific support to policiesLife Sciences, genomics & Citizens & governancebiotechnology for health Aeronautics and space Nanotechnologies ... New and emerging S/T needs global changes SME activities International cooperation JRC . Structuring the ERA Strengthening theResearch & Training & Research Science & foundations of ERAInnovation Mobility Infrastructures Society (Global budget European Community 17.883 M €) Not legally binding
  10. 10. P5 Food Quality and Safety Areas Covered • The whole food chain • Epidemiology of food related diseases and genetic susceptibilities • Impact of food on health • Traceability processes (including GMOs) • Methods of analysis/detection and control of chemical contaminants and pathogenic microorganisms • Safer production methods and healthier foodstuffs • Impact of Animal feed on Human Health • Environmental health risks Not legally binding Food Quality and Safety Fork-to-Farm Food intake Health and Safe, high- well-beingProduction Processing quality of foods Consumer Environmental factors Not legally binding
  11. 11. TP5 OUTCOME Number of Average Commission funded funding contribution projects (million €) (million €) IP * 31 12 388 NoE 12 13 160 STREP 60 2,6 156 CA 7 1,1 937 SSA 72 0,63 38 Total 181 3500 751 partcipants * Specific INCO top up call (closure date: 16/05/2006; budget: 2.5 million€ ) Not legally binding TP5: SOME OF THE FIRST RESULTS• The First comprehensive pan-European food information resource on the Internet• New strategies for acrylamide reduction in heated foods• A European standardised skin prick test for allergens• A European Molecular epidemiology database• First pan-European collaboration of clinical nutrition research results• GMO Coexistence farming models• Potential commercial developments for food traceability systems• Examples of knowledge transfer and innovation in the food processing industry. Not legally binding
  12. 12. WHY FUND TRACEABILITY RESEARCH?• The requirement for traceability labelling and related analytical methods under European directives 258/97 on novel foods and ingredients publication of the general food law 178/02 regulation that entered into force in January 2005.• Food safety and health crises encountered in the recent past (BSE, foot and mouth disease, Listeria, dioxin, growth hormone contaminated by Creutzfeld-Jacob prions, etc)• Increasing demand for high quality food and feed products e.g products with protected designation of origin• Gap between a regulatory demand and practical implementation, particularly for SMEs. Not legally binding PART PROJECT Programme EU SPEND TOTAL SPEND NERSTRACE FP6 IP 50 12 19CHILLON FP6 IP 24 10 15TRACEBACK FP6 IP 28 10 15BIOTRACER FP6 IP 47 11 15PROSAFEBEEF FP6 IP 41 11 18PATHOGEN COMBAT FP6 IP 44 11 14COEXTRA FP6 IP 54 12 19SEAFOODPLUS * (only FP6 IP 15 3 6traceability package)MONIQA FP6 NOE 33 12 12ALCUEFOOD FP6 SSA 13 0.7 0.7OTAG FP6 SSA 5 0.3 0.42GTIS CAP FP6 SSA 7 0.6 0.8PETER FP6 SSA 2 0,7 0,9SIGMACHAIN FP6 STREP 11 2.9 4.5BIOTOX FP6 STREP 12 3 5.3FISHPOPTRACE FP7 CP-FP 15 3 4 401 98,7 137,9 16 projects
  13. 13. TRACEBACK Integrated system for a reliable traceability of food supply chains (IP)Strategic objectives: EC contribution 9.74 M€• tthe development of a global traceability system, routinely applicable to all food productions, that will assure food safety and quality through the extension of tracing and tracking information to food parameters• to increase consumer confidence in the food supply by developing new technological solutions for ensuring a trustworthy linkage between product flow and information flow along the entire food chain• to improve the competitiveness of the European food industries and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the food sector by defining a traceability system that represents the European response to food globalisation making possible to convert the wealth of peculiarities of European food production into market assets. 34 participants from 13 countries (12 industrial partner) (Third country: Russia, Egypt) Not legally binding TRACEBACK RESULTS: COMMENTS FROM EXTERNAL REVIEWERS• The project is well managed and is on track. There are very few delays, and those that have occurred are being addressed.• The leadership must be commended for their open approach, and the fostering of inter-project collaboration; they have provided a suite of workshops/seminars (including e-delivery); and have successfully used flash meetings to ensure a high level of internal communication and direction.• The project has the potential to contribute significantly to EU policy on food safety, and also to commercial needs, but this potential still needs to be realized.• The project has developed some technical innovations addressing specific aspects of food chain traceability (notably in reference computer architecture and sensing technologies), and these developments may be commercially relevant in their own right, but also add to the holistic impact of the overall Traceback system. The uptake of these developments will depend on what lasting impact Traceback will be able to make after the project has finished, and a lot of thought and effort need to be expended in the final year to make sure that the results and outcome are not ignored or forgotten a few years hence. Not legally binding
  14. 14. A BOOK ON TRACEABILITY CRC PRESS 2011• Title: “Food integrity: A holistic approach to authenticity, originality, terroir (location), traceability, security and safety in food production chains.”• The book provides the readers with the latest development of the science in food safety, quality and sustainability. Specifically, the book will focus on food authenticity, quality markers, origin of foods and feedstuffs, tracing and tracking microbial and chemical contaminations Not legally binding
  15. 15. TRACKING THE FUTURE TRACCIARE IL FUTURO With the support of TRACEBACK project: “Integrated system for a reliable traceability of the entire food supply chains” Contract n° FP6-2005-FOOD-036300 Milano, 10-11 Novembre 2010 Origin of the ideaFOODNET e-MENSA TRACEBACK ?
  16. 16. Programme• Session 1 – This morning / Mattina The results achieved by TRACEBACK I risultati del progetto TRACEBACK• Session 2 - This afternoon / Pomeriggio Approaches to traceability and food chain integrity Approcci alla tracciabilità e alla integrità della filiera• Session 3 – Tomorrow morning / Domani mattina New technological research scenarioes for the future agrifood chains Nuovi scenari di ricerca tecnologica per il futuro della filiera
  17. 17. TRACKING THE FUTURE 10 November 2010 Session 1 TRACEBACK The results achieved I risultati raggiunti TRACKING THE FUTURE - 10 November 2010The innovative concept of TRACEBACK Un nuovo approccio alla tracciabilità Raffaello Prugger, Tecnoalimenti Chief Traceback Coordination Team
  18. 18. What is TRACEBACK? Integrated Project FP6 European CommissionFI Coordinated by Tecnoalimenti (IT) TECNOALIMENTI Scientific and Technological Research Organisation for the Scientific and Technological Research Organisation for the Agro-Food Sector Agro-Food Sector *** *** • Research and Innovation Pole for the agrofood industry Research and Innovation Pole for the agrofood industry • Non profit research organisation composed of 28 Agro- Non profit research organisation composed of 28 Agro- Food related Industries and one financial institution as Food related Industries and one financial institution as trustee of Research Ministerial funds. Industrial shareholders trustee of Research Ministerial funds. Industrial shareholders represent about 12% of Italian food sales. represent about 12% of Italian food sales. • Established in 1981 under Act 1089/68 aimed at fostering Established in 1981 under Act 1089/68 aimed at fostering Agro-Food Industrial Research. Agro-Food Industrial Research. TRACEBACK Project partnership: FI 28 Participants (51% enterprises) 11 countries Cost € 15.5 Million EC Contribution € 9,5 Million Duration 4 years: Jan 2007 – Dec 2010
  19. 19. Why food traceability?• Food chains are increasingly complex and global• Non-material components add value to food products• Food undergoes biological processes > safety, security, quality The objectives of TRACEBACK• To develop a traceability solution for the entire food chain• To go beyond mere identification by incorporating food safety and quality parameters• To ensure flexibility and compatibility
  20. 20. The results• Prototypes of a “general solution” to food chain traceability• Tested on 2 real food chains:Feed dairy (IT) (Parmalat, Cargill, Venier, Trevilat, Winner, Dema car, Conalat)Tomato (ES) (Consum, La Sala, Pascual Marketing) www.traceback-ip.euTRACEBACK “general solution”A general solution to food traceability that consists of 2 inter-related components:• IT (RATIS • Devices (and framework): umbrella sensors): objective system that inter- monitoring for connects existing and acquiring product novel traceability quality and safety data systems and data along along the food chain the food chain players and uploading them
  21. 21. The IT component The TRACEBACK solution is an “umbrella system”.• Allows to store, share and intercommunicate between players, devices and the internet.• Is an operative system of the traceability systems: i.e. “Windows” – that fits to all supply chain players• Is internet-based, flexible and at reduced cost Keywords: RATIS, TRM, Interoperability, Service- Oriented Architecture (SOA), Device Manager, Services, Legacy systems, The Devices component The TRACEBACK solution can detect product and process data on food safety and quality and transfer them to the system.• Allows to acquire product information over the entire food chain (in addition to identification)• Can objectively document product values along the food chain Keywords: Sensors, DNA based biosensors, Lab-on- chips, E-nose, Machine vision, Surface plasmon resonance, Immunoarrays
  22. 22. Services totraceability ? Transporters ? Feed Internet processor ? ? Wholesaler Transporters Packaging S Materials supplier TS Transporters S S S TS S Retailer TS TS TS TS Dairy processor Feed supplier Dairy farm Milk transporters KFP Retailer Logistic Platform Food Service Final Industry Customer ? Dairy by operator Feed prducer products Other dairy products Courtesy of SLU The testing Pilots tested with success: - tomato food chain, across 3 players, CONSUM (ES) - feed-dairy food chain, across 7 players, PARMALAT (IT)
  23. 23. The results• The TRACEBACK concept is valid• An information flow that can demonstrate/document the value of a food product• Moves the detection of the problem close to the moment of its inception, avoiding additional expenses connected to the delay• Spreads the cost of safety and quality control over the whole food chain• Turns traceability from a social imposition into a market opportunity. Detailed illustrations follow in Session 1 • The quality and safety approach • The system architecture • Illustration of the pilots (dairy and tomato) After the coffee break • The results of the test and the opinion of the food chain players who ran the test
  24. 24. QUALITY AND SAFETY  APPROACH OF TRACEBACK Nelson Marmiroli  University of Parma  SAFETYIs the primary requirement to be met before foods can be placed on the  market.  A  variety  of  agents  can  compromise  food  safety, according  to  hazard  analysis  (HACCP)  scheme:  physical,  biological, chemical hazards. QUALITY  Is an added value in food marketing. A variety of factors contribute  to  establish  quality:  genetic  origin  of  the  raw  matter  (PDO/PGI),  genetic  identity  of  the  plant  or  animal  species  utilized  for  food  production,  originality  of  treatment  or  processing  procedure,  nutritional  value,  the  content  in  principles  active  beyond  the  normal  nutritional  components  (antioxidants,  anticancer  molecules,  immunomodulating  molecules  or  micro‐organisms),  identification with sociological or psychological issues.  Quality more often is a prize‐premium for the producer. 
  25. 25. QUALITY AND SAFETY ARE OFTEN RELATED IN  FOOD PRODUCTION  •Growing  plants  or  breeding  animals  aims  not  only  at  increasing  yield  but also at developing raw matters of particular nutritional value and of psico‐sensorial  attractiveness.  In  doing  this,  the  first  value  is  the  safety  of  raw matter  produced.    The  quality  of  raw  matter  often  coincides  with  the nutritional and healthy properties of the food obtained•In  processing  raw  matter,  the  food  producer  aims  at  safety  and  quality almost  coincidentally.  During  processing,  food  producers  aim  at  the displacement  of  contaminant  and  of  spoilage  micro‐organisms    or  of unwanted molecules. At the same time, preserving the healthy, nutritional and  sensorial  properties  of  the  raw  matter,  and  potentiating  it  with  new factors during processing,  eventually.•Conservation and distribution are performed in a way that these safety and quality  features  of  the  foods  are  maintained  even  on  a  long  time at  long distance. Packaging, refrigeration, active packaging are  all  deployed  during  these phases. QUALITY AND SAFETY IN FOOD REGULATION:   QUALITY•Both  European  (European  Commission)  and  international Organisation (Codex Alimentarius Commission) are active in this field•Council  regulation  882/2004:  how  to  verify  compliance  with  feed and  food law (EC 178/2002)•Codex  Alimentarius  Commission:  ISO/IEG  Guide  25:1980  to  quality ensurance  laboratories, ISO Standard 2005.•In other Countries Regional measure: United Kingdom Accreditation in Sciences (UKAS), comply also with EN 45003•Internal Quality Control (IQC) procedures, cooperation •Proficiency testing: ISO‐IUPAC‐AOAC International Cooperation •European Committe for standardisation  (CEN)
  26. 26. QUALITY AND SAFETY IN FOOD REGULATION:  SAFETY The EU White Paper on Food Safety and the General Food Law  Regulation • From producers to consumers •Responsibilities for all stakeholders in the whole food chain •Risk  analysis,  decision  on  safety  is  based  on  a  scientific  evaluation of  the risk •Communication of the risk must be observed in all cases •Application  of  the  precautionary  principle  whenever  a  risk  is  possible •The  creation  of  the  European  Food  Safety  Agency  (EFSA)  to  provide  independent  scientific  advice  on  all  aspects  related  to  food safety  Traceability of feed and food: when a risk is identified, the risk  must be traced to its origin.  Traceability in the food chain Cascade of Agricultural responsibilitiesproduction Internal systems i.e. Transport company  Primary responsibility transformation Transport Production Distribution to Trade (Internal to Company) Trade Consumer Internal Upstream traceability traceability Downstream traceability
  27. 27. • Paper traceability is required by laws but product labelling is  based also on  compositional informations• In case of recalls or withdrawals of products,  informations  stored in papers  may be not sufficient• Consumers  are  more  oriented  to  believe  in  science  than  in  papers• According  to  General  Laws,  risk  analysis  and  decisions  are  based on scientific evaluation  THEREFORE• Data  from  an  objective  monitoring  of  specific  parameters  performed  at  all  stages  with  sensors  and  devices,  automatically  captured  and  stored,  could  be  of  great  relevance to the food companies and consumers• Empiric  traceability  may  be  especially  valuable  in  the  context of internal traceability TRACEBACK has considered the increasing need  of availability of analytical  technologies to assess the quality and  safety of food  supply chain. •These technologies  may have these characteristics: •To be sensitive: limit of detection (LOD) •To be precise: limit of quantification (LOQ) •Applicable “on line” and “at line” •Applicable in real time •Not    too  much  expensive  with  respect  to  the  standard  methodologies •To  have  a  good  level  of  multiplexing  (more  simultaneous  analyses, more kinds of analyses)  •To  be  provided  of  Artificial  Intelligence  (AI),    allowing  their  addressing  on integrated systems of evaluation 
  28. 28. Three kinds of technologies  have been considered for  the food chains: 1. Already  existing  and  adaptable  without  particular  modifications 2. Already  existing  and  adaptable  with  small  modifications (adaptable technologies)3. Already  existing  but  adaptable  with  new  protocols,  new tools and devices (innovative technologies) All  types are endowed with Artificial  Intelligence and connectivity RATIS - WP4 WP5 Existing devices New devices Artificial intelligence and Software Data Capture System - WP6 Test in pilot - WP7
  29. 29. Sensors based on existing technologies • In food processing companies, these  sensors can be applied along food chains  for monitoring parameters like  temperature, humidity, pH, position, tracks • TRACEBACK has introduced a system of  connectivity for these sensors to RATIS, the  General Informatic Framwork generated  within the project Sensors based on adaptable technologies • Sensors developed within TRACEBACK aim  at monitoring of several parameters: – Gases and volatile compounds – Chemical and physical parameters  – MetabolitesSensors based on innovative technologies –Cells –Macromolecules
  30. 30. The TRACEBACK concept has been  applied to two supply chains  Tomato Feed/Dairy  GMO Tomato  TOMATO supply  chain  Heavy metals Salmonella E. coli Nitrates, nitrites Salmonella C. jejuni Listeria C. parvum Pesticides Heavy metals Fungi, moulds Salmonella E. coli Shigella Nitrates, nitrites S. aureus, pyogenesSalmonella E. coli V. cholerae C. jejuni ListeriaShigella C. jejuni Listeria Protozoa Spore forming bacteria
  31. 31. Fungi, moulds Toxins and aflatoxins Veterinary medicinal substances Antinutrients Other animal species Pesticide residues GMO Campylobacter Salmonella Salmonella Brucella E. coli Listeria Enterobacteriaceae Staphylococcus and toxins Mycobacterium tubercolosis Yersinia enterocolitica Coxiella burnetii Shigella Heavy metals Pesticides Antinutrients Fungi, moulds Toxins and aflatoxins GMO SalmonellaMILK Feed/Dairy supply chain  ADAPTABLE TECHNOLOGIES Sensors for shape, weight, colour MACHINE VISION OF FRESH TOMATO
  32. 32. ADAPTABLE TECHNOLOGIES Sensors for shape, weight, colour ULTRASOUND APPLICATIONS FOR CHEESE DEFECTS Defect 1.9 cm 1.5 1Amplitud (V) 0.5 0 -0.5 Identification of defects in cheese -1 texture -1.5 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 Punto adquirido ADAPTABLE TECHNOLOGIES Gas sensors for small volatile molecules• Four different sensing surfaces are stimulated by four different substances, yielding a complex response which is a “signature” of a  particular sample• Artificial Intelligence through a learning process can identify the  sample based on the comparison with a database of signatures Determination of organic volatile  compounds for milk discrimination
  33. 33. ADAPTABLE TECHNOLOGIES Volatile compounds • Technobiochip’s LibraNOSE 2.1 and  3.0 use oscillating quartzes coated by  polymeric films (the sensor). Polymer  tends to adsorb some gases, and thus  the sensor mass changes, resulting in  a quartz oscillation frequency shift. • Each sample has a recognisable  signature profile, and similar samples  can be grouped together, allowing  identification of outsiders  Identification  of tomato cultivars and ripening stage, types of  milks, cheese ripening stage, ammonia in milk  INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES Sensors based on macromolecules Recognition of macromolecules in food samples offers  new interesting possibilities, because: • The reaction is very specific • The limit of detection can be low• The target can be identified, described an quantified The sensors developed within TRACEBACK based on  new technologies are for recognition of DNA and  protein using:• PCR technologies • Chips and arrays • Surface Plasmon Resonance 
  34. 34. Why DNA analysis  • The DNA molecules is present in most of the biological  tissues, it is relatively stable to chemical and physical  treatments whereas other molecules such as proteins  are more labile during food processing • DNA can be amplified by PCR, increasing the number to  detectable levels. This provides sensitivity to the test  decreasing LOD and LOQTo perform DNA analysis in food there are two basic requirements:•Development of methods for efficient extraction and purification of DNA from food matrices •Development of diagnostic markers for identification to DNA corresponding to ingredients, contaminants, unwanted materials Innovative technologies for QUALITY  Buffalo milk Buffalo milk Discovery of frauds in milk Cow milk Cow milk 50% cow milk+ 50%  50% cow milk+ 50%  discrimination  among  milk  buffalo milk buffalo milk samples  derived  from  different  animal  species,  and  from plant species,  with DNA  analysis  Soybean milk Soybean milk Cow milk  Cow milk  50% Cow milk+ 50%  50% Cow milk+ 50%  Soybean milk Soybean milk
  35. 35. Innovative technologies for QUALITY  Cultivar recognition in tomato and tomato products with DNA analysis It is important because of: -PDO certification -PGI certification -Allergens -Geographic origin -GMO presenceFresh tomato Puree Puree S.Marzano peeled Peeled Pulp Concentrate Arrabbiata sauces Innovative technologies for SAFETY DNA analysis for detection and enumeration  of contaminating and spoilage micro‐ organisms in milk and cheese  Staphylococcus aureus  Salmonella spp Escherichia coli Shigella spp Listeria monocytogenes  Bacillus cereus  Yersinia enterocolitica Vibrio spp  Clostridium perfrigens 
  36. 36. Innovative technologies for SAFETY DR Chip platform : Semi-automatic system quite cheap, not sophisticated instrumentation PCR DNA Extraction from milk/cheese Reading Colour developing Hybridization oven Innovative technologies for SAFETY DETECTION OF MICROBIAL TOXINS WITH PROTEIN ANALYSIS  Microcell hybridization : detection of S. aureus A B C D A: S aureus B: L monocytogenes C: Universal bacterial probe D: BufferStep towards the realization of high-throughput, semi-automated high- throughput, semi-microdevices for microarray experiments
  37. 37. Application of Long Range Surface Innovative technologies  Plasmon resonance (LRSP) to  for SAFETY Immunoassay for Aflatoxin M1 Total time 35 min Detection range 2- 500 pg/mL LOD less than 50pg/mL • Calibration curve for the LRSP‐enhanced  fluorescence spectroscopy‐based biosensor  for the detection of AFM1 contained in a PBS  buffer and milk standard mixed with a PBS  buffer to 20 and 50 per cent. Measured  curves fitted with a sigmoidal function. All those information obtained, all devices and  microdevices and their applications in industrial contents  were reported in Deliverables 5.1, 5.2 and 5.3Example of technical description of a device (Machine Vision)
  38. 38. DESK 1 DESK 2  PILOTS 1 and 2 Parmalat Equipments Videos on the pilot experiments have been shown, and more details will be mentioned in the following presentations Pilot Feed/DairyDetection and enumeration of Salmonella  in  feed     Contamination of aliquots of two feed lots (CARGILL)   with Salmonella cells at known cfu  DNA extraction  Real Time PCR
  39. 39. Pilot Milk analysis     Milk collection at farm (Venier)  and storage in  frozen  until  analysis execution  Analysis of 1.raw samples 2.Spiked with known amount of  Staphylococcus aureus DNA   DNA extraction  Real Time (UNIPR)  Detection of Staphylococcus aureus,  Campylobacter jejuni and Listeria  monocytogenes Microarray  (CNR)  Pilot Tomato  analysis    UNIPR has received from Pascual Marketing  random samples  of  fruits   IS IT POSSIBLE TO FOUND OUT  GENETIC INTRAVARIETAL of the Kumato variety in four containers DIFFERENCES ?  – 8 samples were taken from the 4 containers, and for each  sample DNA extraction was performed – DNA was analysed with PCR and capillary electrophoresis  (SSR  markers) 
  40. 40. CONCLUSIONS ‐ SAFETY (1)• The primary goal in feed and food production, requires  traceability. Traceability is a cost, but lack of traceability can  bring to a collapse in marketing and to need of analysis Examples: dioxin in poultry meat in Belgium Mad cow disease CONCLUSIONS ‐ SAFETY (2)• Devices and microdevices can increase the efficacy  of traceability at all levels, from farmhouses to  supermarket shelves• Consumers trust more analytical data than collection  of papers• Empiric traceability with analytical devices is also  required by the General Food Law• Industry will benefit from new analytical tools  because they will reduce uncertainties and therefore  recalls of foul products
  41. 41. CONCLUSIONS ‐ QUALITY• Quality is becoming an essential parameter to distinguish  between goods and products and to determine the price• Industries are interested in quality because this can bring to  “brands” and therefore increase competitiveness and market penetration• Consumers are interested in quality because it is not only a  psychological parameter but also corresponds to real  nutritional claims in terms of health and safety• Farmers are interested in quality bcause they can concentrate  on particular farming procedures requiring less inputs and  saving environment. Quality agriculture can be more  sustainable, because of reduction in intensity CONCLUSIONS• Safety and quality altogether do not exhaust the food traceability problems• For instance, security issues are becoming  increasingly relevant due to examples of intentional  threats to our food supply chain• Devices and microdevices can have a role to increase  preparedness towards intentional and accidental  threats (Chapter 4 of the upcoming book “Food chain integrity: a  holistic approach to food traceability, safety, quality and authenticity” Woodhead Publishing)
  42. 42. The novel traceability architecture of TRACEBACK and the pilot system for the Parmalat’s diary food chainMilan, 10th November 2010 Vito Morreale Head of Intelligent Systems Unit Research & Development Department ENGINEERING Group Outline • TRACEBACK’s approach to traceability • Reference Architecture for Traceability Information Systems (RATIS) • Implementing traceability systems with and according to RATIS • Parmalat’s Milk pilot system
  43. 43. TRACEBACK approach: towards food chain integrity • Universal tracability systems for any product, any food chain and any company – are not existing NO – are difficult (if not impossible) to develop • Most companies would like – Traceability + – Additional (valued-added) services developed on top of it (e.g. management of food quality and safety, statistics, monitoring, certificates, etc.) – Possibility to change (e.g. systems, providers, technologies, processes, products, …) without changing too much – Not to pay a lot Our approach Reference ArchitectureAbstract General Problem domain: what Domain- oriented elements/ideas we are talking about Abstract solution: how things should work/be Toolset for building concrete architectures Specific Situation-Concrete Concrete solution: how oriented things actually work
  44. 44. TBK system RATIS• The Reference Architecture for Traceability Information Systems (RATIS) aims at providing a specification for collaborative and distributed service-oriented traceability information systems supporting: – creation, acquisition, and recording of relevant traceability data along the entire supply chain; – storage of traceability data in distributed and (semantically) interoperating repositories; – semantically-sound sharing of traceability information – exploitation, browsing and querying of traceability information
  45. 45. Metaphor: Lego• Definition of shape and interlink of pieces – Shape: functionality – Interlink: interfaces RATIS RATIS Framework• A set of ready-to-use pieces conform to the specification• Third-party pieces: a set of external pieces (ready to use or to be conformed to the specification) Actual Traceability• TISs: objects built with – the pieces available within the framework + – third party pieces + Systems – some other new pieces built for the purposes of a TIS RATIS-based TISs
  46. 46. Reception of raw milk & Transport of raw milk Dispatch of raw milk Dispatch of pallets of milk (transporter 1) (Venier) (Parmalat - Albano) Registration of quality parameters along the RATIS supply chainsRegistration of services Tracking and Tracing devices Dispatch & Reception of pallets of milk Transport of pallets of milk Reception (Trevilat- Albano) (transporter 2) of pallets (proof-of-concept) From RATIS to application services for pilots
  47. 47. From RATIS to application services for pilotsFrom RATIS to application services for pilots
  48. 48. Architecture of RATIS • 27 Business Services • 13 Traceability Events • 17 Logical Services • 44 operations • 10 Web Services • 100+ operationsRATIS Business Service: example
  49. 49. Traceability Events• Internal Events • External Events – Storage Event – Despatch Event – Movement Event – Receive Event – Destruction Event – Transport Event – Transformation Events • Production Event • Splitting Event • Aggregation Event • Grouping Event • Mixing Event • Packing Event • Repacking Event RATIS Dispatch Event Model
  50. 50. RATIS Logical Services: example RATIS Technological Suite• RATIS specifications • RATIS have a reference Technological Suite: intended to be implementation: the used by software and RATIS Framework service developers, system integrators and service providers who to implement traceability systems and services.
  51. 51. RATIS Framework RATIS Wiki
  52. 52. Levels of conformance to RATIS• Within the scope of RATIS – having requirements for traceability that can be fulfilled by the services included in the RATIS BSS• Compatible with RATIS – able to provide/use the RATIS services defined into the LSS, simply by “composing” existing services (regardless their implementation and technology)• Compliant to RATIS – fulfilling the LSS: to be able to provide (and use) those logical services (regardless their actual implementation and the way they interact with other services) Mapping services can help• Ready for RATIS Web Services – “ready” to be used by or use other “ready” Web services (including the ones within the RATIS Framework) without any adaptation How to implement traceability systems with RATIS? • The goal: RATIS-based traceability systems • The means: Service integration (and development) • The provider of traceability system and/or services is a “system and services integrator” – Provides the “right solution” according to • Real and specific needs (traceability analysts may aid in that) • Technological analysis • Existing systems (if any, they need integration, no replacement) • Services made available in the Network by SW service- providers • New services developed by software and service developers
  53. 53. Feed dairy pilot in a nutshell• Product: Blu Premium• Category: fresh milk (shelf life: 15 days)• Producer: Parmalat• Location: Albano (Bergamo), North of Italy• Pilot: – Involved parties: 8 – Scope: both external and internal traceability only from feed producers to retailers – Usage of both existing and new devices – Integration with current procedures … plus some innovations – Both acquisition and exploitation of information Supply chain Pilot 1
  54. 54. General features of pilot application services • Software-as-a-Service: only a browser is required (optimized for ) • Rich user interfaces (Google Web Toolkit) • Fulfilling specific requirements of players by means of a general reference architecture – “Round” “Lot” of raw milk – Sale of fresh milk – … • Personal mobile devices supporting mobility of people • Integration with external services (e.g. ) RATIS Application Services • Quality Analysis• Material Flow – Feed quality analysis – Feed expedition – Raw milk quality analysis – Feed reception – Round quality analysis – Feed processing – Raw milk expedition • Tracing & Tracking – Raw milk transport – Tracking (downstream) – Round reception – Tracing (upstream) – Raw milk processing RATIS – Certification management – Pallets expedition – Delivery management – Pallets transport services – Traceability Event retrieval – Pallets reception – GPS position viewer – Product reception – Transport condition management • Alerting • Configuration – Plan management – Food player management – Alert reporting – User management – Action management – Profiles management – Supply chain configuration – Quality requirements management
  55. 55. RATIS Application ServicesRATIS Application Services
  56. 56. RATIS Application ServicesRATIS Application Services
  57. 57. RATIS Application ServicesRATIS Application Services
  58. 58. RATIS Application Services Devices for the pilot
  59. 59. Devices: integration Gas sensor Electronic nose Pilots - Execution• Duration: – 1st pilot: two weeks – 2nd pilot: 3 weeks• Frequency: every day
  60. 60. To conclude: key elements of TBK/RATIS • Not yet another traceability system • Service-orientation • Developing traceability systems by service integration • Reusability • Flexibility: to change/adapt the configuration and behavior of services – by replacing old services with new ones – by choosing where to install and deploy services • Composition of (distributed) services • Web-based • Development kit • Experience and lessons learned Thanks for your attention !!! Vito Morreale Head of Intelligent Systems UnitResearch & Development Department ENGINEERING Group ?
  61. 61. Final ConferenceThe pilot system for the tomato food chain TRACEBACK Milano, November 10th 2010 Francesc Rosinés ARI – Atos Research & Innovation Atos Origin Tomato chain pilot
  62. 62. La Sala • La Sala is a plant nursery, developing small plants from seeds Pascual• Pascual is a tomato producer …• …Processor and packer… • …and transporter
  63. 63. Consum• Consum is a logistic platform…• …transport… • …and retailer Focus of pilot Crisis management: Crisis management: Interoperability Interoperability alerts, recall/withdrawal alerts, recall/withdrawal of legacy systems of legacy systems Information flow: Internal Information flow: Internal AIDC information AIDC information and external traceability and external traceability Traceback Tomato Safety and quality control Safety and quality control pilot Sensors data collection, Sensors data collection, new and existing new and existing Historic on life at any point Historic on life at any point Services for Services for of the food chain of the food chain external stakeholders external stakeholders Pilot is done in real installations in the companies
  64. 64. Crisis management • Safety alert action plan: Safety alert messages SAFETY ALERT detectedAction Crisis management Safety alert • Quality alert action plan: messages QUALITY ALERT detectedAction
  65. 65. Crisis management• The food player detects or is informed about a food safety incident• The system identify the pallets/lots related, and warn involved food players in the food chain• Each key personnel apply their company protocol• TBK send to Legacy Systems the consequent request to block all affected stock still remaining in the warehouse Crisis management Inform to other partners downstream and upstream Follow normative regarding alerts and after-alert protocols Inform other stakeholders. E.g., food safety authorities (simul.) Inform to other clients regarding alert Historical data and relations with past alerts
  66. 66. ImplementationImplementation details:• Each partner has and maintains different Traceability systems or ERP. They are from different providers and has different characteristics and technologies• TraceBack interoperates LS in both directions. In addition, each one uses its own ID• Data is moved between companies in a transparent way, ensuring external traceability• TraceBack is enhancing the interoperability between different modules and subsystems inside several companies, contributing to internal traceability. It includes new mobile based applications LS Implementation LS Side TBK Side Middleware Layer GUI A B 2 Adapter REQUEST INFORMATION Legacy Systems 1 EVENTS MONITORED Specific REQUEST Implementation Legacy Systems Traceback Legacy Comunications Data Mapping Layer Manager Application System Layer RESPONSE RESPONSE: EVENTS REQUESTED 4 3 TBK DataAccess TBK DatabaseTime to complete implementation in companies: between 4 and 8 weeks
  67. 67. Devices• Devices included in the pilot are: – SELEX Gas sensor – KBS Temperature device + RFID – AINIA electronic nose – AINIA machine vision – Technobiochip electronic nose • Parameters controlled – CO2 and O2 – Contaminant fungi – Origin – Maturity – Aspect and defects – Ethylene Advantages Automated synchronized systems. LS to TBK and TBK to LS Real time identification of products in same situation (for alerts) Quality and safety data included in both internal/external traceability Easy and fast to implement No proprietary solutions. Companies works with its own systems
  68. 68. Thank you I’m confuse... ...well......maybe I’m not Questions?
  69. 69. TRACEBACK Contract n° FP6-2005-FOOD-036300 International Conference “Tracking the Future” 10-11 November 2010, Milano, Italy Pilot System Evaluation Overview• Business Evaluation – Objective – Results• Summative Evaluation
  70. 70. Business Evaluation of TRACEBACK Integrated SolutionObjective• To assess the potential business benefits of TRACEBACK solutions to food companies Activities where Operation costs of Application: savings occur: the food traceability system: Test Case • Communication • Staff • Transcription • Time • Collection • Data Accuracy Feed-Dairy Pilot
  71. 71. TRACEBACK Integrated Solutions included in the Feed-Dairy Pilot Feed-Internal traceability External traceabilityIntegration of devices Integration of legacy systemsReporting ConfigurationAlert management Linking quality and food safety parameters from devices with pure traceability data Devices and Technologies used in the Feed-Dairy Pilot Feed- Temperature Sensors (KBS): temperature acquisition during milk transportation Mobile devices: GPS tracking and bar-code reader application for picking and delivery Real Time PCR (UNIPR) and Microarray (CNR): pathogen analyses on raw milk and Salmonella analysis in feed.
  72. 72. Feed-Dairy Pilot: Results (I) • Two pilot runs performed: 1st in September-October 2009 2nd in June-July 2010 • CARGILL: Feed Producer No integration with legacy system, hence the user perceived the impact to be limited. • VENIER: Milk Producer Partial integration with legacy system allowing better coordination with PARMALAT Dispatch documentation was sent before the truck left for PARMALAT. • CONALAT: Raw Milk Transporter Use the mobile device to register data about movement of milk – closer monitoring Feed-Dairy Pilot: Results (II)• PARMALAT ALBANO : Milk Processor Significant value added re. tracing, product recall and products withdraw. In the case of food recall/withdrawn: Better coordination with TREVILAT (one step forward) and VENIER (one step backward).• DEMA-CAR: Pallet Transport Monitor the positioning of their vehicles.
  73. 73. Feed-Dairy Pilot: Results (III)• TREVILAT: Warehouse Perceived the same savings and better integration with PARMALAT. In case of food recall/withdrawal: Faster lot identification and a concrete action plan with PARMALAT.• WINNER: Retailer • TRACEBACK offers potential benefits for products required by authorities to be traced inside the retail stores (like meat) Feed-Dairy Pilot: Overall Comments- Companies involved realized savings from TRACEBACK,especially regarding product recall/withdrawal applications.- TRACEBACK solution can serve as a platform to integratecompanies.- From a chain perspective, TRACEBACK could deliver savingsin the event of a food safety crisis: it is faster to reconstruct thehistory and the chain of information.- Limited scope of test cases restricted evaluations with retailersand consumers
  74. 74. Tomato Supply Chain Pilot TRACEBACK Integrated Solutions included in the Tomato PilotInternal traceability External traceabilityIntegration of devices Integration with legacy systemsAlert management ConfigurationReporting Services for external stakeholders
  75. 75. Devices and Technologies used in the Tomato Pilot Electronic Nose (AINIA, Technobiochip): for pattern recognition Machine Vision (AINIA): for image analysis Spectrophotometer NIR (AINIA): for maturity analysis Temperature Sensors (KBS): temperature acquisition during transportation Genotyping platform (Automatic DNA sequencer) (UNIPR): to detect genetic composition of tomatoes for cultivar identification Tomato Pilot: Results (I)La Sala: Plant Nursery• Delivery documentation is sent before the truck.• Pesticide and irrigation data is linked to the lot.• Faster tracking/tracing of lots.• Better coordination with Pascual Marketing.