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Le stockage sur Windows Azure (Blob et SQL Database)

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  • Voir http://blogs.msdn.com/b/windowsazure/archive/2011/11/21/windows-azure-storage-a-highly-available-cloud-storage-service-with-strong-consistency.aspx pour plus de détails
  • Slide ObjectiveUnderstand different blob typesSpeaker NotesBlock blobs are comprised of blocks, each of which is identified by a block ID. You create or modify a block blob by uploading a set of blocks and committing them by their block IDs. If you are uploading a block blob that is no more than 64 MB in size, you can also upload it in its entirety with a single Put Blob operation.When you upload a block to Windows Azure using the Put Block operation, it is associated with the specified block blob, but it does not become part of the blob until you call the Put Block List operation and include the block's ID. The block remains in an uncommitted state until it is specifically committed. Writing to a block blob is thus always a two-step process.Each block can be a maximum of 4 MB in size. The maximum size for a block blob in version 2009-09-19 is 200 GB, or up to 50,000 blocks.Page blobs are a collection of pages. A page is a range of data that is identified by its offset from the start of the blob. To create a page blob, you initialize the page blob by calling Put Blob and specifying its maximum size. To add content to or update a page blob, you call the Put Page operation to modify a page or range of pages by specifying an offset and range. All pages must align 512-byte page boundaries.Unlike writes to block blobs, writes to page blobs happen in-place and are immediately committed to the blob.The maximum size for a page blob is 1 TB. A page written to a page blob may be up to 1 TB in size but will typically be much smallerNoteshttp://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd135734.aspx
  • Slide ObjectivesUnderstand Drives Mounting and CachingSpeaker NotesA Windows Azure drive acts as a local drive mounted on the file system and is accessible to code running in a role. The data written to a Windows Azure drive is stored in a page blob defined within the Windows Azure Blob service, and cached on the local file system.Because data written to the drive is stored in a page blob, the data is Durable.Noteshttp://blogs.msdn.com/b/windowsazure/archive/2009/11/05/introducing-the-windows-azure-content-delivery-network.aspx
  • Slide Objectives:Understand that while there are physical SQL Server boxes behind the scenes, when connecting to SQL Database, you are not connecting to a physical server, but to a TDS endpoint.Transition:The key to understanding SQL Database is understanding while SQL Database is SQL Server, we do not interact with them in the same physical manner. Speaking Points:In an on-premises environment, we typically have physical access to the actual SQL Server server.In Windows Azure, we do not have physical access to the actual server.Notes:It is important that the attendee understands that it IS INDEED SQL Server at the platform layer. There are physical boxes running SQL Server 2012 Enterprise Edition. However, due to the nature of the Azure environment to provide the high-availability and scalability necessary, access to the physical boxes is currently not supported.
  • Slide Objectives:Illustrate the how SQL Database Firewall Transition:Transition statement(s) to setup the slideSpeaking Points:By default, no-one is allowed to access the database.Server Rules enable clients to access your entire SQL Database serverDatabase rules enable clients to access individual databases within your SQL Database serverRules are originating IP Address-based.Notes:Maximum of 128 RulesRather than using a REST API like the other Azure storage services, SQL Database is accessed via Tabular Data Stream (TDS), the same protocol used by Microsoft SQL Server (operating over port TCP/1433). To help protect thedata, the SQL Database firewall prevents all access to your SQL Database server until you specify which computers have permission. Initially, all access to your SQL Database server is blocked by the SQL Database firewall; connection attempts originating from the Internet or Windows Azure will not be able to reach your SQL Database server. In order to begin using your SQL Database server, you must go to the SQL Database Portal and specify one or more firewall settings that enable access to your SQL Database server. Use the firewall settings to specify which IP address ranges from the Internet are allowed, and whether or not Windows Azure applications can attempt to connect to your SQL Database server.
  • All volume data is dynamically broken into “chunks”, analyzed and weighted based on frequency of use, age, and othersFrequently-used data chunks stored in SSD for fast accessLess frequently-used data chunks can beOptimized and stored on integrated SATAOptimized, encrypted and stored in the cloudReal-time data deduplication enables capacity scalability StorSimple deploys easily in the data center and provides servers with block volume access and snapshots Capacity comprised of integrated and cloud storageWeighted Storage Layout (WSL) preserves app performance Integrated SSD for high performance/important data chunksIntegrated SATA for local storage scalabilityCloud storage used for remaining data and data protectionDedupe, compression reduce WAN bandwidth cost by 90%All data stored in a storage cloud is encrypted

Transcript

  • 1. Storage Stamp LB Storage Location Service Data access Partition Layer Front-Ends Stream Layer Intra-stamp replication Storage Stamp LB Partition Layer Front-Ends Stream Layer Intra-stamp replication Inter-stamp (Geo) replication http://aka.ms/stockage-azure-comment-ca-marche
  • 2. http://blogs.msdn.com/b/windowsazurestorage/archive/2012/06/28/exploring- windows-azure-drives-disks-and-images.aspx
  • 3. SQL Server (IaaS) Windows Azure SQL Database (PaaS) Développement Migration d’applications existantes Développement de nouvelles applications Management Contrôle complet Service géré Compatibility SQL Server complet Basé sur SQL Server Technologie commune Protocole réseau (Tabular Data Stream - TDS) Dialecte SQL (Transact-SQL) APIs d’accès aux données (ADO.NET, ODBC, JDBC) Outils de développement (SQL Server Data Tools) Outils de gestion (SQL Server Management Studio)
  • 4. Sur site Cloud • Montée en charge via copies multiples des données • Exemples : séparation entre les tâches de reporting et OLTP ; sites Web multiples • Applications Web géolocalisées • Utilisation de Windows Azure Traffic Manager • Applications hybrides ; publication à sens unique ou partage bidirectionnel • Emplacements multiples (agences, points de vente,…) ; partage de données entre emplacements et/ou consolidation de données dans le cloud Application SQL Server Application Base de données SQL Application Base de données SQL Application Base de données SQL Application Base de données SQL Application SQL Server
  • 5. Stockage Cloud Serveurs d’Application API HTTP/REST sur LAN ou WAN
  • 6. Connecter des serveurs au stockage Windows Azure en une minute sans modifier votre application. Bénéfices: • Une « appliance » qui assure le stockage primaire pour de l’archivage/sauvegarde/PRA, consolidé avec une intégration de Windows Azure • Snapshots Cloud pour Rapidité, Simplicité et fiabilité des Sauvegardes et des reprises • Réduction du TCO du stockage de 60-80% Données les plus active sur SSD SAS, 2nd tiers local Données inactive + copie du backup copies sur stockage Azure Serveurs d’Application StorSimple iSCSI Volume Rapidité des SSD et élasticité de Windows Azure LAN or WAN F:
  • 7. Stockage de machines virtuelles Stockage de niveau 2 et 3 Stockage pour Sharepoint et Exchange Serveur de fichiers et archivage Remplacement de NAS et de bande