©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicat...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
March 2014
Airbus Defence and Space: A unique international leader
Being strong together – 3 turn into 1
One Parent Compan...
March 2014
Airbus Defence and Space: 4 Business Lines
One mission, one team, one direction
4
Military Aircraft
• A400M, A3...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Example of interference and its impact
• SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity), also known as ESA's water mission, carri...
Introduction to Europe’s flagship EO programme.
19
 A source of information for policymakers, scientists, business
and th...
Confidential
©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellas...
Summary of EO missions – current, future and threats
Name Launch date
Spectral Attributes
(band)
Design lifetime (in
years...
Summary of EO missions – current, future and threats
Name Launch date
Spectral Attributes
(band)
Design lifetime
(in years...
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UK Spectrum Policy Forum - Daniela Genta, Airbus Group - Earth Observation and Science: Use of Spectrum Today and Tomorrow, in the UK and Worldwide

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UK Spectrum Policy Forum

Daniela Genta, VP Radio Regulatory Affairs and Policy, Airbus Group
Earth Observation and Science: Use of Spectrum Today and Tomorrow, in the UK and Worldwide

See more at: http://www.techuk.org/about/uk-spectrum-policy-forum

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  • Beyond the revenues generated (direct effects), the footprint of Geo services can be split in several categories:
    consumer effects: benefits that accrue to consumers, businesses and government from using Geo services
    wider economic effects: benefits that accrue from Geo services improving efficiency elsewhere in the economy (e.g. new products and services or creating cost savings)
    societal benefits: large impacts, usually hard to quantify precisely
    Earth observation is an essential contribution to the civil regalian functions of the State:
    Ensuring citizens’ security (disaster management, border monitoring…)
    Supporting the development of infrastructures vital for the society (transport, railways, dams…)
    Contributing to indispensable public activities where no profitable business can be built up
    Regalian Functions: using Adam Smith definition
  • UK Spectrum Policy Forum - Daniela Genta, Airbus Group - Earth Observation and Science: Use of Spectrum Today and Tomorrow, in the UK and Worldwide

    1. 1. ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Earth Observation and Science Use of Spectrum Today and Tomorrow, in the UK and Worldwide Daniela Genta, Head of Radio Regulatory Affairs and Policy 22/05/2014
    2. 2. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. March 2014 Airbus Defence and Space Europe´s No. 1 in defence and space and top 10 worldwide World’s No. 2 in space More than 40,000 employees Approximately €14 billion in revenue One mission, one team, one direction 2 Global innovation leader spending more than €3 billion in R&D each year.
    3. 3. March 2014 Airbus Defence and Space: A unique international leader Being strong together – 3 turn into 1 One Parent Company Three Brands Multiple Business Segments One Company One Brand Four Business Segments One mission, one team, one direction 3
    4. 4. March 2014 Airbus Defence and Space: 4 Business Lines One mission, one team, one direction 4 Military Aircraft • A400M, A330 MRTT, CN235, C212, Orlik • Eurofighter, Tornado • Barracuda, Atlante, Harfang, Euro Hawk, Future European Male, Tracker, Tanan, Survey Copter Electronics • Radars and Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) Systems, Electronic Warfare, Mission Avionics, Space Platform Electronics, Space Payload Electronics Space Systems • Ariane 5, M51, Automated Transfer Vehicle, Eurostar E3000, Pléiades, Gaia, Skynet, oberservation satellites (Spot, TanDEM-X, TerraSAR-X), MetOp, Swarm,, International Space Station ISS, interplanetary probes (Herschel, Mars Express, Solar Orbiter), Lunar Lander, COPERNICUS and Galileo Communication, Intelligence & Security (CIS) • Surveillance and Security Solutions, Secure Communications Solutions, Cyber Security, Coastal Surveillance Systems, NATO SATCOM Post-2000, Wireless Intranet Solutions in Theatre, Farmstar Expert, Tetra Systems
    5. 5. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Why do we need Earth Observation? 4. Juni 2014 Presentation Title runs here (go to Header & Footer to edit this text) 5 Interdependence of external factors and events implies multidisciplinary impacts and benefits
    6. 6. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Economic Benefits •Contributes to the development of the space industry and geo- information services providers. • Generated £ 11.4 billion for the satellite manufacturing industry worldwide • Estimated revenues of the EO services industry in 2013 are £1.4 billions • Estimated revenues from Geo services worldwide are £ 90 - £ 162 billion per year •Provides high-skilled jobs in Europe and worldwide Earth observation data as Public Good Societal benefits •Fulfilling Public Needs •Provides services of general interest under the responsibility of the State (safety, security, …) •Supports weather forecast, flood and landslides monitoring, environmental planning, infrastructure integrity 4. Juni 2014 Presentation Title runs here (go to Header & Footer to edit this text) 6 Source: Oxera Study for Google, 2013 SpaceTec Partners, 2013 The Guardian
    7. 7. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. EU Copernicus benefits and impacts • Satellite systems to create an autonomous and capable infrastructure for EO and geo information services for global environmental monitoring • Downstream revenues expected up to £25 billions by 2030 (cumulated) • Anticipated cumulative benefits up to £166 billions by 2030 (cumulated) • Up to 83,000 jobs being created between 2015- 2030 • Active sensors used by EU Sentinels and national contributing missions in in C-, X-, S- Band (e.g. Sentinel-1, Sentinel-6, Radarsat, TerraSAR, Cosmo, NovaSAR) • EDRS for secure and fast data relay of Sentinels (Laser & Ka-Band Communication) 4. Juni 2014 Presentation Title runs here (go to Header & Footer to edit this text) 7 Source: PriceWaterhouseCoopers, 2006 Cat 1 = Efficiency benefits Cat 2 = European policy formulation benefits Cat 3 = Global action benefits
    8. 8. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Earth observation community and reach in the UK 4. Juni 2014 Presentation Title runs here (go to Header & Footer to edit this text) 8
    9. 9. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. NovaSAR-S, the first UK National Radar mission 4. Juni 2014 Presentation Title runs here (go to Header & Footer to edit this text) 9 SAR for Maritime/Oil Services SAR for Emerging space fairing nations SAR for Environmental and Disaster Applications Ship detection and tracking Oil Spill detection and monitoring Iceberg detection and tracking Ice Edge Monitoring De-forestation prevention De-forestation monitoring Floods Landslides Infrastructure damage Fisheries protection Illegal immigration Smuggling detection Anti – piracy support Imaging frequency: S-band (3.1-3.3GHz) Maritime Security globally in 2011 - US$12bn; 2021 - US$20bn/yr. (Frost & Sullivan) Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IUU) is estimated to cost between €4bn and €9bn per year to the EU community
    10. 10. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Major Meteorological Satellite Service Frequency Bands 4. Juni 2014 Presentation Title runs here (go to Header & Footer to edit this text) 10 100 MHz 3 GHz 138MHz 403MHz 400.15MHz 401MHz 1670MHz KEY Earth to space Space to Earth 137MHz 3 GHz 10 GHz7750MHz 7850MHz 7450MHz 7550MHz 1710MHz 8175MHz 8215MHz Meteorology Data collection platforms e.g. Meteosat (EUMETSAT) Direct to user data dissemination e.g. Meteosat (EUMETSAT) Meteorological radar sensing
    11. 11. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Major Earth Exploration Satellite Service - Active Frequency Bands (EESS) 4. Juni 2014 Presentation Title runs here (go to Header & Footer to edit this text) 11 17.2GHz 10 GHz 100 GHz 13.25GHz 13.75GHz 17.3GHz 35.5GHz 36GHz 1GHz 10 GHz 1300MHz 5250MHz 5570MHz 9300MHz 1215MHz 9800MHz Agenda Item 1.12 (WRC-15) Extension by 600 MHz Proposed by CPM-Report „C-Band“ Radarsat-2 (Canada) Sentinel-1 (EU) „X-Band“ TerraSAR-X / TanDEM-X (Germany) COSMO-Skymed (Italy) Kompsat-5 (Korea) „L-Band“ ALOS-2 (Japan) SAOCOM (Argentina) In addition, Telemetry, Tracking and Command (TT&C) for both radar and optical constellations in: -C-Band -X-Band -Ka-Band „LBand“ SMOS (ESA) 3100MHz 3300MHz NovaSAR (UK)
    12. 12. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Future Trends in the Satellite Industry • During the last decade: 164 Earth observation satellites launched by civil government and commercial entities – Among them around 80% are optical e.g. SPOT, PLEIADE, DMC (Disaster Monitoring Constellation) • In the next decade the number is expected to expand to 360 satellites • Use of the Bandwidth: active sensors (e.g. altimeter, SAR) and TC/TM (for passive and active sensors) 4. Juni 2014 Presentation Title runs here (go to Header & Footer to edit this text) 12 Radar imagery is independent from weather conditions (e.g. clouds) or solar illumination on the ground and critical for many applications (e.g. crisis response, safety applications) Active sensors like SAR represent around 20% of the satellites launched and to be launched in the next 10 years Transmission bandwidth and radar range resolution are mutually dependent
    13. 13. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Future Spectrum needs for Science Services • Near term – 5 years: current and future needs • Use of X band EESS with an extended worlwide allocation up to 600 MHz by WRC 15 ( AI 1.12 ) for higher resolution images in nearly all weather conditions • Use of the 7-8 GHz band if allocated to EESS Earth to Space by WRC 15 (A.I. 1.11) for high rate payload control and data links given S band congestion • Use of the 25.5 – 27 GHz for EESS Space to Earth payload data dowlink. ESA/ EO systems and EUMETSAT (MTG) are already moving from X EESS to Ka EESS band. • Longer term – 10 to 20 years: 4 D, highest resolution SAR in all weather propagation conditions • 13.25 – 13.75 GHz • 17.2 – 17.3 GHz • 35.5 – 36 GHz • 37.5 – 40 GHz • 94 – 94.1 GHz • 130 – 134 GHz 4. Juni 2014 Earth Observation Justification / Benefit 13 • Optimal for interferometric applications • Precise elevation modelling • Improved estimation of snow- water-equivalent (SWE)
    14. 14. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Topographic / Cadastral Mapping / Infrastructure Integrity SAR 1200 MHz: From 1m down to 0.25m Resolution 4. Juni 2014 Earth Observation Justification / Benefit 14 Improved resolution Improved NESZ
    15. 15. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Conclusion • EESS Services crucial for public safety and security – generating societal benefit by providing substantial information to policy maker on global issues (climate change –adaptation and mitigation-,desertification, humanitarian aid and border control) • Moreover the economic benefits are measurable in terms of “cost savings” efficiencies • A fast growing services market enables new business opportunities for SMEs and Governmental use • High precision instruments combined with high-precision geodetic references provide innovative long-term 4d information • The UK exploit a large number of satellite missions (among them active radar sensors) for public needs • The UK industry is at the forefront of the EO value chain (manufacturing, operating and using satellites) • Public policies and needs are the fundamentals for the use of current and potentially new frequency spectrum for EO and Space Science 4. Juni 2014 Earth Observation Justification / Benefit 15 The use of frequency spectrum for Space Services should not be put at risk as the information gathered and its dissemination to policy makers, governments and public stakeholders is essential to preserve the world natural resources and our economies sustainability
    16. 16. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Back-Up / Material 4. Juni 2014 Earth Observation Justification / Benefit 16 eMap International
    17. 17. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Global Cloud Cover: A Reason for Imaging Radars (EESS) 4. Juni 2014 Earth Observation Justification / Benefit 17
    18. 18. Example of interference and its impact • SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity), also known as ESA's water mission, carries a passive radiometer that operates at 1400–1427 MHz in the L-band to capture snapshots of 'brightness temperature'. • These snapshots correspond to microwave radiation being emitted from Earth's surface and relate to the amount of moisture in soil and salinity in the ocean. • This information is needed to improve our understanding of Earth's water cycle. • The results from ESA's SMOS satellite have been impressive, but the mission has been bugged by patches of interference from radar, TV and radio transmissions in what should be a protected band . Spain almost free of radio interference Contaminated SMOS data At times, this interference was effectively blinding the instrument, rendering the data over certain areas unusable.
    19. 19. Introduction to Europe’s flagship EO programme. 19  A source of information for policymakers, scientists, business and the public at large  A European response to global needs to manage the environment, to understand and to mitigate the effects of climate change and to ensure civil security  A user-driven programme of services for environment and security  An integrated Earth Observation system (combining space- based and in-situ data with Earth System Models and services) Overview  SENTINELS – EO missions developed specifically for Copernicus  Contributing missions – EO missions built for purposes other than Copernicus but offering part of their capacity to Copernicus (EU/ESA MSs, EUMETSAT, Commercial, International)  Managed for Europe by the European Space Agency (ESA) Space Infrastructure Copernicus Services Services Monitoring Earth Systems Horizontal Services Output: Value-Added Services Land Marine Atmosphere Emergency Security Climate Change
    20. 20. Confidential ©2014AirbusDefenceandSpace–Allrightsreserved.Thereproduction,distributionandutilizationofthisdocumentaswellasthecommunicationofitscontentstootherswithoutexpress authorizationisprohibited.Offenderswillbeheldliableforthepaymentofdamages.Allrightsreservedintheeventofthegrantofapatent,utilitymodelordesign. Security Exploration Emergency Topographic Mapping Environmental Monitoring Change Monitoring Object Identification Maritime Monitoring DEMs Applications examples Presentation Title runs here (go to Header & Footer to edit this text) 4. Juni 2014 20
    21. 21. Summary of EO missions – current, future and threats Name Launch date Spectral Attributes (band) Design lifetime (in years if not specified) Operator name SkyMed/COSMO 1 08-Jun-07 X 5 Italian Ministry of Defense TerraSAR-X 15-Jun-07 X 5 InfoTerra GmbH SkyMed/COSMO 2 09-Dec-07 X 5 Italian Ministry of Defense Radarsat-2 14-Dec-07 C 7 CSA (Canadian Space Agency) SkyMed/COSMO 3 25-Oct-08 X 5 Italian Ministry of Defense Risat 2 20-Apr-09 C - ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) SMOS 40119 L 3 ESA (European Space Agency) Tandem-X (TDX) 21-Jun-10 X 5 InfoTerra GmbH SkyMed/COSMO 4 06-Nov-10 X 5 Italian Ministry of Defense SAC-D / Aquarius 40704 L 5 NASA / CONAE Key bands for Earth Observation missions are:  L band, S band, C band and X band. Potential missions of key importance to the UK under threat are in order of priority: Extremely high importance High importance Important KEY
    22. 22. Summary of EO missions – current, future and threats Name Launch date Spectral Attributes (band) Design lifetime (in years if not specified) Operator name Risat 1 26-avr.-12 C 5 ISRO HJ-1C / Huan Jing-1C 2012 S 3 China Aerospace Corp Kompsat-5 2012 X 5 KARI ALOS-2 2013 L 5 JAXA SENTINEL-1A 2013 C 7 ESA NovaSAR 2015 S 1 SSTL SAOCOM-1A 2014 L 7 CONAE TerraSAR-X 2 (TSX2) 2015 X - InfoTerra GmbH Radarsat-3b 2016 C 7 CSA Radarsat-3c 2016 C 7 CSA Tandem-X 2 (TDX2) 2016 X - InfoTerra GmbH SAOCOM-2B 2017 L 5 CONAE SENTINEL-1B 2017 C 7 ESA Vietnam Radar 1 2018 X VSAT Risat 3 2019 L - ISRO Risat 4 2020 L - ISRO SENTINEL-1C 2020 C ESA Vietnam Radar 2 2020 x VSAT

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