Team Harmony


  Jon Hammermeister, Ph.D.
Eastern Washington University
A Question for the U.S. Ski Team

• How do You Define Team Cohesion?
Team Harmony 101

• Cohesion: A dynamic process reflected in the
  tendency for a group to stick together and remain
  uni...
Determinants of Team Cohesion
• Environmental Factors
   – Contracts, scholarships, parental interest
   – Size
      • In...
Determinants of Team Cohesion
• Leadership Factors
  –   Outstanding training and instruction
  –   Positive feedback
  – ...
Consequences of Cohesion
• Is group cohesion related to athletic
  performance?
Harmony 101
• Relationship between cohesion and performance
  exhibits large Effect Size (.730)
   – ES is the “effect” or...
Harmony 101

• Surprisingly, cohesion/performance
  relationship slightly stronger in coactive
  sports (ES = .766) than i...
Harmony 101

• Gender DOES moderate cohesion-
  performance relationship
  – Effect is SIGNIFICANTLY stronger for female
 ...
Harmony 101

• No mathematical differences exist in the
  magnitude of cohesion/performance
  relationship across a variet...
Harmony 101

• No differences present in cohesion as a
  CAUSE versus cohesion as a RESULT of
  successful performance
  –...
How To Develop a Cohesive Team

• Do it DAILY
  – Importance of TEAM must be emphasized
    every DAY!
• Utilize Goal-Sett...
How To Develop a Cohesive Team

• Use Team Meetings
  – What have you done to help a teammate today?
  – What have you don...
How To Develop a Cohesive Team

• Assign “Team” related homework
  – Mojo Mondays
  – Team Tuesdays
• Use Team Building Ex...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Team Harmony 9 07

3,016 views

Published on

Team Harmony, by Jon Hammermeister (USST Psychologist)

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,016
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
26
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
74
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Team Harmony 9 07

  1. 1. Team Harmony Jon Hammermeister, Ph.D. Eastern Washington University
  2. 2. A Question for the U.S. Ski Team • How do You Define Team Cohesion?
  3. 3. Team Harmony 101 • Cohesion: A dynamic process reflected in the tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in the pursuit of its goals and objectives (Carron, 1982) • Task Cohesion: The degree to which group members work together to achieve common goals and objectives • Social Cohesion: The interpersonal attractions among group members
  4. 4. Determinants of Team Cohesion • Environmental Factors – Contracts, scholarships, parental interest – Size • Inverted-U relationship • Personal Factors – Task motivation – Affiliation – Personal Satisfaction • Most powerful determinant • Comes from many sources – Social opportunities – Competition – Relationship with coach
  5. 5. Determinants of Team Cohesion • Leadership Factors – Outstanding training and instruction – Positive feedback – Social support – Athlete-centered style • Team Factors – Prior success – Ability to communicate – Strong productivity norms – Stability – Share similar goals
  6. 6. Consequences of Cohesion • Is group cohesion related to athletic performance?
  7. 7. Harmony 101 • Relationship between cohesion and performance exhibits large Effect Size (.730) – ES is the “effect” or impact that one variable has on another • Cohesion has a LARGE effect on performance variation • Social Cohesion (surprisingly) exhibits stronger relationship with performance (ES = .702) than Task Cohesion (ES - .607) – Differences between social and task cohesion not statistically significant – Both are important for enhanced performance
  8. 8. Harmony 101 • Surprisingly, cohesion/performance relationship slightly stronger in coactive sports (ES = .766) than interactive sports (ES = .657)
  9. 9. Harmony 101 • Gender DOES moderate cohesion- performance relationship – Effect is SIGNIFICANTLY stronger for female teams • Effect Size = .949 for females • Effect Size = .551 for males – Cohesion has a POWERFUL influence on performance of female teams
  10. 10. Harmony 101 • No mathematical differences exist in the magnitude of cohesion/performance relationship across a variety skill/experience groups – Skill/experience does not moderate the cohesion/performance relationship
  11. 11. Harmony 101 • No differences present in cohesion as a CAUSE versus cohesion as a RESULT of successful performance – Thus, the relationship works in both directions: • Task and social cohesion contributes to better performance • Better performance contributes to enhanced task and social cohesion
  12. 12. How To Develop a Cohesive Team • Do it DAILY – Importance of TEAM must be emphasized every DAY! • Utilize Goal-Setting – Most important single factor in improving team harmony is to make it a PRIMARY goal • To be effective, must be treated like every other important goal…..
  13. 13. How To Develop a Cohesive Team • Use Team Meetings – What have you done to help a teammate today? – What have you done in the past week to improve team chemistry? • Communicate – Insure “channels” are open – Establish common expectations of appropriate behavior • Team cohesion agreements
  14. 14. How To Develop a Cohesive Team • Assign “Team” related homework – Mojo Mondays – Team Tuesdays • Use Team Building Exercises

×