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Internet Governance Community Use Slide Deck from ARIN

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This presentation by the American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) details Internet governance. Internet governance impacts everyone who uses the Internet and must be understood and acted upon to …

This presentation by the American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) details Internet governance. Internet governance impacts everyone who uses the Internet and must be understood and acted upon to ensure the continued growth and operation of the Internet. Find these slides and more resources on ARIN's general education page: https://www.arin.net/knowledge/general.html

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  • This presentation details Internet Governance.This issue impacts everyone who uses the Internet and must be understood and acted upon to ensure the continued growth and operation of the Internet.
  • The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) (Tunis Agenda 2005) defines Internet governance as: …the development and application by governments, the private sector and civil society, in their respective roles, of shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programmes that shape the evolution and use of the Internet. Many have agreed that this carefully-crafted statement is a comprehensive definition of Internet Governance.
  • Internet Governance is the coordination of the elements, like the technical standards, policies, infrastructure, legislation, and more that allow the Internet to operate on a global scale. Involved in such coordination are many stakeholders from governments, the private sector, to civil society.
  • Internet governance dictates not onlyhow the Internet is managed and used now but also the future.All stakeholders may be affected by the outcomes of Internet Governance decisions,and therefore it's extremely important that all stakeholders make their opinions known and participate in determining the future of the Internet.
  • There are many stakeholders who use and depend on the Internet. Internet governance directly affects all of these stakeholders. Understanding and participating in Internet governance discussions is essential for Internet stakeholders—including YOU!
  • The Internet has grown into a global force that many individuals and organizations around the world depend on for many reasons, including economic, social, and political ones. With so much depending on the successful operation of this global resource, questions about the control and management of the Internet have started to take center stage.
  • Internet governance is an issue where much is at stake including continued innovation and evolution of the Internet, open and inclusive contributions to policy debates, consensus-based Internet number resource policies, user access, stability, and security. Discussions are happening now that have the power to change the Internet, so it is important to stay informed and spread the word. We believe a thriving Internet depends on a governance structure that is open, transparent, and representative of all stakeholders.  Each one of us must do our part to ensure a healthy and robust Internet.
  • The Internet has grown into a global force that many individuals and organizations around the world depend on for many reasons, including economic, social, and political ones. With so much depending on the successful operation of this global resource, questions about the control and management of the Internet have started to take center stage.
  • ARIN participates in Internet Governance on the regional level as it:fosters working relationships with the 26 countries and economies that make up the ARIN region. works within its region  to advance understanding of the number resource management model, to provide educational opportunities, to promote awareness, and to ensure that openness and transparency is maintained in all matters. supports a multi-stakeholder open policy dialogue of the global Internet governance issues facing both governments and the ARIN community.
  • ARIN participates in Internet Governance on a global level as it:closely follows the regulatory decision-making processes that may affect not only the ARIN region but the entire Internet community.maintains that the multi-stakeholder approach to policy development is crucial to the continued recognition, strength, and future of the Internet and the Internet community. strives to be a KEY resource for participants in the global Internet governance debate contributing information, ideas and knowledge.supports cooperation and direct involvement alongside governments and international organizations in order to share and strengthen global knowledge about Internet governance issues.
  • ARIN participates in a number of global organizations that are involved in Internet Governance including:The Caribbean Association of National Telecommunication Organizations (CANTO) serves the Caribbean telecommunications and Internet community by influencing policy, providing information in all aspects of the industry as it evolves, and facilitating a meaningful collaborative process. The Caribbean Telecommunications Union (CTU) is an organization dedicated to facilitating the development of the regional telecommunications sector as well as working with Caribbean intergovernmental agencies for capacity building, knowledge sharing, education and policies for Internet governance within the Caribbean.The Inter-American Telecommunication Commission (CITEL), part of the Organization of American States (OAS), promotes the development of telecommunications, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), and the exchange of best practices and policy development in the Americas region.The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is responsible for coordinating the Domain Name System (DNS), Internet number resources such as Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and Autonomous System Numbers (ASNs), space allocation, protocol identifier assignment, generic (gTLD) and country code (ccTLD) Top-Level Domain name system management, and root server system management functions.The Internet Society (ISOC) is a global nonprofit, cause-driven organization which focuses on many topics related to the well-being of the Internet including policy, governance, standards, technology, and development. It works to encourage a healthy, sustainable Internet available to everyone now and in the future.The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is a forum where governments work together to share experiences and seek solutions to common economic and social problems. OECD members analyze and compare data to predict future trends, and set international standards by understanding what drives economic, social, and environmental change.The Internet Technical Advisory Committee (ITAC) comprises a broad range of stakeholders from the Internet multi-stakeholder community.  ITAC supports OECD Internet-related policy discussions with a focus on open, enhanced cooperation among all stakeholders.
  • The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is a United Nations (UN) affiliated Member State organization with global treaty level recognition for information and communication technologies with an emphasis on international cooperation between governments and the private sector. The ITU is comprised of 193 member states. OnlyMember States can vote on ITU business, but ITU Sector Members, Associates, and Academia can participate as individual advisors. The ITU creates treaties that are globally recognized.
  • The ITU has three main areas of activity, organized in ‘Sectors’, which work through assemblies, conferences, and various meetings. ARIN is member of the both the ITU-T and ITU-D.1. ITU-Radiocommunication (ITU-R)The ITU’s Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) coordinates the vast and growing range of radiocommunication services, as well as the international management of the radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbits. Participation in the ITU-R Sector is done through the following: World Radio Conference (WRC) – Radio Regulations and treaties Radio Advisory Group (RAG) Study Groups (SG)2. ITU-Telecommunication Standardization (ITU-T)The ITU’s Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) produces standards (called Recommendations) that are considered by the ITU as fundamental to the operation of today’s ICT networks. Participation in the ITU-T Sector is done through the following: World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA) Telecommunication Standardization Advisory Group (TSAG) Study Groups3. ITU-Telecommunication Development (ITU-D)The ITU's Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D) focuses on capacity building  to increase access to infrastructure and information and communication services throughout the world. This includes implementation of projects under the United Nations development system and other funding arrangements. Participation in the ITU-D Sector is done through the following: World Telecommunication Development Conference (WTDC) Telecommunication Development Advisory Group (TDAG) Study Groups
  • How to get involved in Internet governance discussions can be confusing at first. ARIN’s Internet Governance portion of the website is a great resource to help figure our how to get started. You can get involved by becoming familiar with the current discussion. Organizations who have relationships with their national government can have discussions with the appropriate government personnel to make certain they are aware of the potential issues to be discussed and that they are planning on participating and making their voice heard.You can also get involved by advocatingfor your position. Look for opportunities to educate others in public debate,through online forums, and more.
  • The next several years will be important years in the Internet Governance discussion. Of note is World Telecommunication Development Conference (WTDC).
  • The 2014 World Telecommunication Development Conference is organized by the ITU, through the Telecommunication Development Bureau. A WTDC is held every four years to develop a plan of action for the ITU Development Sector until the next Conference. At the meeting, attendees set the agenda and guidelines for the four year cycle period.There have been six Regional Preparatory Conferences leading up to WTDC 2014 throughout the world in 2013. These conferences explored and discussed regional needs and the present and future projects of the Development Sector.
  • 2013 will be an important year in the Internet Governance discussion. Of note is the the Internet Governance Forum.
  • The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) brings together many stakeholder groups to discuss the public policy issues regarding the Internet. Even though IGF meetings do not produce negotiated outcomes, the discussions from IGF do provide public and private sector policy makers valuable insight and information about important issues. The IGF provides equal opportunity for developing and developed countries to engage in debate on Internet governance. The IGF believes that involvement by all stakeholders is necessary for the advancement of the Internet.The Ninth Annual IGF Meeting will be held in Istanbul, Turkey 2-5 September 2014.
  • The Number Resource Organization (NRO), which is comprised of the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), have participated in every IGF and will participate in many ways again at the next forum.
  • Participation in the IGF is open to all. All IGF materials are available on the IGF website at: http://www.intgovforum.org/Most plenary sessions and workshops will be available via webcast for remote participation.
  • The next few years will be an important year in the Internet Governance discussion. Of note is the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference.
  • The ITU Plenipotentiary Conference is held every four years and is considered the top policy-making body of the ITU.  During the conference, Member States set the ITU's general policies, adopt four-year strategic and financial plans, and elect senior management and other officials. ITU Sector Members, Regional Telecommunication and Intergovernmental Organizations, and the United Nations and its specialized agencies may also attend the Conference as observers.
  • In a statement released on 7 October 2013 by leaders in the Internet technical community, they addressed the concerns and goals for the future of Internet cooperation. Full statement is as follows:Montevideo Statement on the Future of Internet CooperationThe leaders of organizations responsible for coordination of the Internet technical infrastructure globally have met in Montevideo, Uruguay, to consider current issues affecting the future of the Internet.The Internet and World Wide Web have brought major benefits in social and economic development worldwide. Both have been built and governed in the public interest through unique mechanisms for global multi-stakeholder Internet cooperation, which have been intrinsic to their success.  The leaders discussed the clear need to continually strengthen and evolve these mechanisms, in truly substantial ways, to be able to address emerging issues faced by stakeholders in the Internet.In this sense:They reinforced the importance of globally coherent Internet operations, and warned against Internet fragmentation at a national level. They expressed strong concern over the undermining of the trust and confidence of Internet users globally due to recent revelations of pervasive monitoring and surveillance. They identified the need for ongoing effort to address Internet Governance challenges, and agreed to catalyze community-wide efforts towards the evolution of global multi-stakeholder Internet cooperation.They called for accelerating the globalization of ICANN and IANA functions, towards an environment in which all stakeholders, including all governments, participate on an equal footing. They also called for the transition to IPv6 to remain a top priority globally. In particular Internet content providers must serve content with both IPv4 and IPv6 services, in order to be fully reachable on the global Internet.  Adiel A. Akplogan, CEOAfrican Network Information Center (AFRINIC)John Curran, CEOAmerican Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN)Paul Wilson, Director GeneralAsia-Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC)Russ Housley, ChairInternet Architecture Board (IAB)FadiChehadé, President and CEOInternet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)JariArkko, ChairInternet Engineering Task Force (IETF)Lynn St. Amour, President and CEOInternet Society (ISOC)RaúlEcheberría, CEOLatin America and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry (LACNIC)Axel Pawlik, Managing DirectorRéseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC)Jeff Jaffe, CEOWorld Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
  • Your participation in Internet governance is extremely important. To get started, familiarize yourself with some of the major organizations and venues where debate and action may occur. This will help you to determine where you wish to focus your energy and attention.  Once you understand the organization or venue's mission and structure you can develop your participation strategy. For a list of forums for participation and some suggested ways to participate, visit ARIN’s Internet Governance “Ways to Participate” page at: https://www.arin.net/participate/governance/participate.html
  • Remember, Internet governance discussion won’t end this year. New events are always being scheduled. Keeping up with the Internet Governance debate is important for all Internet stakeholders now and in the future.Please contact info@arin.net with any questions, comments, or suggestions.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Internet Governance Community Use Slide Deck Courtesy of ARIN March 2014
    • 2. 2
    • 3. 3
    • 4. Why is Internet Governance Important? • Determines how the Internet is managed and used now and in the future • Outcomes may affect all stakeholders 4
    • 5. 5
    • 6. Internet Governance Matters • The Internet is seen as – A global force – An ecosystem • Many implications – Economic – Social – Political 6 Worldwide Resource => Many Competing Interests
    • 7. What is at Stake? • Internet innovation & evolution • Open & inclusive contributions to policy debates • Bottom-up, consensus-based Internet number resource policies • User access, stability, & security 7
    • 8. ARIN and Internet Governance As a Regional Internet Registry (RIR), ARIN is... • a well-respected & active leader in the Internet community • a thought leader in Internet governance discussions 8
    • 9. 9
    • 10. 10
    • 11. ARIN participates in many global Internet Governance Orgs • Caribbean Association of National Telecommunication ( ) • Caribbean Telecommunications Union ( ) • Inter-American Telecommunication Commission ( ) • Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ( ) • Internet Society ( ) • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ( ) – Internet Technical Advisory Committee( ) 11
    • 12. International Telecommunication Union (ITU) • WTDC held by the ITU • United Nations ( ) agency for information and communication technologies ( ) • Comprised of 193 member states • Participation in ITU limited to – Member States – ITU Sector Members – Associates – Academia • Creates globally recognized treaties 12
    • 13. ITU Sectors ARIN is a member of • Telecommunication Standardization ( ) – Produces standards for operation of ICT networks • Telecommunication Development ( ) – Focuses on capacity building to increase access to infrastructure and ICT services worldwide 13
    • 14. How Can You Get Involved? • Get informed – ARIN’s website: https://www.arin.net/participate/governance/index.html • Discuss with your government • Advocate – Public debate – Online forums 14
    • 15. Current Environment • Let’s take a look at the… –Word Telecommunication Development Conference ( ) –Internet Governance Forum ( ) –ITU Plenipotentiary Conference 15 Internet Governance
    • 16. WTDC 2014 • ITU World Telecommunication Development Conference( ) • Dubai, UAE • 30 Mar. - 10 Apr. 2014 • To prepare an action plan for the ITU Development sector for next 4 years • Participation open to ITU-D members 16
    • 17. Current Environment • Let’s take a look at the… –World Telecommunication Development Conference ( ) –Internet Governance Forum ( ) –ITU Plenipotentiary Conference 17 Internet Governance
    • 18. Internet Governance Forum • 9th Annual IGF, 2-5 Sept 2014, Istanbul, Turkey • Theme: Connecting Continents for Enhanced Multistakeholder Internet Governance • Discussion of Internet public policy issues • Many stakeholders – Equal opportunity & voice for developing and developed countries • Provides info and insight for public & private sector policy makers – No negotiated outcomes 18
    • 19. The NRO at the IGF • ARIN has participated in every IGF as part of the Number Resource Organization ( ) – Includes the five RIRs • AFRINIC • APNIC • ARIN • LACNIC • RIPE NCC 19
    • 20. Participate in the IGF • Open to all • Access all IGF materials at: – http://www.intgovforum.org • 2014 IGF – Webcast for remote participation 20
    • 21. Current Environment • Let’s take a look at the… –World Telecommunication Development Conference ( ) –Internet Governance Forum ( ) –ITU Plenipotentiary Conference 21 Internet Governance
    • 22. ITU Plenipotentiary Conference • Busan, Korea, 20 Oct. – 7 Nov. 2014 • To set ITU's general policies – Four-year strategic and financial plans – Elect officials – Set principles for provision & operation of international telecommunications • Participation limited 22
    • 23. Montevideo Statement on Future of Internet Cooperation • 7 October 2013 from Internet technical community 23 • Reinforced the need for: – Globally coherent Internet operations – Evolution of global multi-stakeholder Internet cooperation – Globalization of ICANN and IANA functions – Transition to IPv6 as a top priority
    • 24. For More Information on Joining in the Internet Governance Discussion Visit ARIN’s webpage for: Ways to Participate and Latest News and Info 24 https://www.arin.net/participate/governance/participate.html
    • 25. The Discussion Continues… • Internet governance discussions won’t end this year! 25 • New events are constantly being scheduled. • Keeping up with the debate is important for all Internet stakeholders