Reye's syndrome presentation

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Presentation over Reye's Syndrome for anatomy class

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  • Very Nice Slide Show... Thank You! I would only add that Children and Young Adults up to age 19 should not take aspirin or aspirin containing products. And another note; Aspirin is transferable in breastmilk, so breastfeeding moms should never take aspirin or an aspirin containing product.

    Again, thank you for developing this slide show!
    The National Reye's Syndrome Foundation
    www.ReyesSyndrome.Org
    blogat.rsgifting.org
    www.KidsCanWin.com
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Reye's syndrome presentation

  1. 1. <ul>Reye's Syndrome </ul><ul>A medical mystery </ul>
  2. 2. <ul>What is it? </ul><ul><li>Rare, deadly disease, to which no one is immune
  3. 3. Occurs most commonly in children, but teens and adults may also be affected
  4. 4. Attacks the liver and brain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Liver will malfunction, becoming unable to remove harmful wastes
  5. 5. Ammonia infects the brain </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul>Causes </ul><ul><li>Exact cause unknown
  7. 7. Associated with aspirin and other salicylic-containing medications (anti-inflammatory)
  8. 8. Not contagious
  9. 9. Associated with previous viral infection (influenza, cold, chicken pox, etc.)
  10. 10. Occurs most commonly in people with an underlying fatty acid oxidation disorder </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul>Signs and Symptoms </ul><ul><li>Stage I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of energy, lethargy
  12. 12. Nausea and vomiting
  13. 13. Drowsiness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality changes such as irritability, aggressive behavior
  14. 14. Disorientation, confusion
  15. 15. Drowsiness and lethargy may change to unconsciousness (coma)
  16. 16. Seizures </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul>The Brain </ul><ul><li>Diffuse bilateral hyperintensity of supratentorial subcortical white matter and the cortex
  18. 18. Brain is swollen in cerebellum and cortex </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul>Diagnosis </ul><ul><li>Time is important
  20. 20. Two liver function tests done at the ER: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SGOT (AST)
  21. 21. SGPT (ACT) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Further diagnostics confirm Reye's Syndrome </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul>Treatments </ul><ul><li>Patients treated at hospital, sometimes in ICU
  23. 23. No exact cure
  24. 24. Maintenance of proper fluid and electrolyte balance, nutritional, and cardio-respiratory status
  25. 25. May use respirator or breathing machine if breathing becomes sluggish
  26. 26. Fluid pressure in brain and blood pressure should be monitored </li></ul><ul>Medicines </ul><ul><li>Insulin – increase glucose metabolism
  27. 27. Corticosteroids – reduce brain swelling
  28. 28. Diuretics – increase fluid loss </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul>References/Further Study </ul><ul><li>National Reye's Syndrome Foundation – reyessyndrome.org
  30. 30. Healthline – healthline.com
  31. 31. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research – mayoclinic.com/health
  32. 32. Mary Kugler, R.N., “Children Shouldn't Take Aspirin When Sick”
  33. 33. KidsHealth from Nemours – kidshealth.org
  34. 34. MedicineNet.com </li></ul>

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