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[THVInstitute13] A Question of Interest: Knox's Headquarters field experience

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Presentation given by Knox Headquarters during Teaching the Hudson Valley's 2013 Summer Institute, "Placed-Based Learning & Common Core"

Presentation given by Knox Headquarters during Teaching the Hudson Valley's 2013 Summer Institute, "Placed-Based Learning & Common Core"

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  • 1. Knox’s Headquarters Field Experience Teaching the Hudson Valley: Place-Based Learning & Common Core July 31, 2013
  • 2. A Question of Interest TIME: 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. LUNCH: provided WHERE: Knox’s Headquarters State Historic Site, 289 Forge Hill Road, intersection of Forge Hill Road and Blooming Grove Turnpike (Route 94) in Vails Gate, just one mile from the National Purple Heart Hall of Honor and New Windsor Cantonment. HOST & CONTACT : Mike McGurty, Michael.mcgurty@parks.ny.gov, 845-926-2328, New York State Office of Parks, Recreation & Historic Preservation, www.nysparks.com. OVERVIEW: Common Core State Standards for Reading state, “…all students must be able to comprehend texts of steadily increasing complexity.” With that in mind, we will highlight ways to search for, analyze, and use primary sources to interpret Knox’s Headquarters. Meeting in the elegant 1754 English and Dutch style Ellison home in New Windsor, we will begin by exploring why a large number of American colonists --including the Ellisons--would or could not simply rebel. Centuries of military and economic might, liberal legal protections, religious tolerance, and cultural achievements argued strongly against any movement that could lead to the loss of benefits enjoyed by families of a certain class. In addition, war would be bad for business disrupting the trading network that extended from Albany to New York City and on to the Caribbean. The Ellison’s dock, wharf, and warehouses on Manhattan would be subject to seizure. However, as the American colonies’ disputes with Parliament finally led to armed conflict in 1775, the Ellisons could only hope for a swift end to the fighting and a return to the status quo. In New Windsor they did their best to appease patriot officials including opening their homes to Continental Army officers. Meanwhile, Thomas Ellison Jr. remained in New York City throughout the British occupation to watch over the family’s property. We will also explore the situation of African Americans in New York, during this era as the Ellison family was New Windsor’s largest slaveholder in 1790. Participants will receive the PowerPoint presentation and a reading list with the writings of Patriots, Loyalists, and the uncommitted for further study and analysis. TENTATIVE SCHEDULE 10 a.m. Welcome/Introduction 10:15 Revolutionary War era ideology 11:00 Break with refreshments 11:15 Ellison family’s response to war Noon Picnic lunch provided 1:00 Tour house, grounds, and 1741 gristmill 3:30 Wrap up, Q&A
  • 3. Schedule • 10 a.m. Welcome/Introduction • 10:15 Revolutionary War era ideology • 11:00 Break with refreshments • 11:15 Ellison family’s response to war • Noon Picnic lunch provided • 1:00 Tour house, grounds, and 1741 gristmill • 3:30 Wrap up, Q&A
  • 4. What Is All the Fuss About? • Colonial Americans deny that Parliament has the right to impose any internal taxes to raise a revenue • Any taxes require colonial assembly approval
  • 5. Stamp Act • Stamp Tax: Placed on legal documents, newspapers, magazines and other printed material – Intended to pay for the cost of the British North American garrison – British Army mainly on frontier trying to prevent colonials from settling on Indian land • Very expensive to maintain • Futile • Pontiac’s uprising • Colonial resistance to Crown measures • Transfer of the British Army to the coastal cities
  • 6. Townsend Duties • Excise Tax: Levied on the manufacture, sale or consumption of certain commodities • Technically consumers could avoid the tax by not purchasing the product
  • 7. 18th Century America just before the American Revolution • Population – Between 21/2 to 3 Million • Demographics • English descent -11/2 Million • African descent – 500,000 • Scots-Irish -175,000 • Scots – 175,000 • Germans – 150,000 • Irish – 75,000 • Dutch – 75,000 • Other European – 200,000 • Average age - 16 – Religion – Protestant • Significantly lesser numbers of Catholics and Jews • Some Africans tried to retain some practices from their homeland • Most of the population lives in close proximity to the eastern seaboard • Most people involved in the production of food – farmers – fishermen
  • 8. John Mitchell Map
  • 9. 18th Century America just before the American Revolution • Trade – Controlled by mercantile system • Colonies expected to provide raw materials to the mother country and consume the finished goods received in exchange • Import/export taxes intended to fund the administrative costs of governing the colonies – Americans consummate smugglers – Minimal British effort to enforce the trade laws – Both British and American merchants thrive
  • 10. Government • Royal Governor appointed by the Crown administered each colony – Pennsylvania proprietary colony administered by the Penns & Maryland by the Calverts until the Revolution – Colonial Assembly • Initially supposed to express will of colonists to Royal Governor • Develops exclusive right to raise taxes – Effectively became supreme authority – Royal Governor’s salary came from the assembly • British attempt to re-assert authority led to violent protests and Revolution – Enormous debt from the Great War for the Empire, (aka. French and Indian War and Seven Years War) causes the British to look to the colonies to raise revenue
  • 11. Who are Americans?
  • 12. People of the Time • Little is known about individuals • Military records are usually the best source of information – Careful recorded details of place of birth, height, age, color, hair color, eye color and trade • Descriptions used to identify individuals – Desertion • In later years used to make sure pensioners match the basic description of whom they claimed to be
  • 13. “Don’t look for it, Taylor. You may not like what you find.” Dr. Zaius (Maurice Evans) to astronaut George Taylor (Charlton Heston), Planet of the Apes, 1968
  • 14. Break
  • 15. Who Are Loyalists? • Owe privileged position to Crown • Conservative • Fear the majority – Africans – Native Americans – French Canadians • Pride in the empire • Live in communities where Loyalists are majority • Does sentiment without action make one a Loyalist?
  • 16. Who Are Patriots? • Ambitions thwarted by closed British society • Chafe at British restraints – Increased interference in colonial political affairs – Challenge to colonial westward expansion – Military garrisons during peacetime • Vehemently oppose direct Parliamentary measures to raise a revenue – Purview of colonial assemblies • Live in communities where Patriots are the majority • Patriot by default?
  • 17. Most Americans are Neither • A cadre of resolute wolves on each side lead a multitude of sheep – People generally conform to the majority opinion in their locality
  • 18. Loyalists by the Numbers • Number of Loyalists – ?300,000 – 500,000? – More? – Includes women and children in numbers • Served in provincial regiments fighting for Crown – Up to 50,000 • Fled with British at war’s end – Up to 75,000 – Up to 50,000 to Canada • British promised slaves freedom for service • Up to 5,000 went to Canada – Up to 15,000 to England • 1/3 black – British promised slaves freedom for service – Up to 12,000 to Florida & West Indies • ½ slaves (Property of southern Loyalists) • A small number of Loyalists quietly returned from exile • Overwhelming majority of Loyalists never left
  • 19. Ellison Family • Patriarch Thomas Ellison (1695 – 1779) – His father John, a joiner and merchant in New York City arrived c. 1690 • Laid groundwork for family trading network – 1723 Married Margaret Gerbrandt from another merchant family – 1723 or 1724 built house on waterfront property in New Windsor purchased by John Ellison I in 1718 – By 1730s had a wharf on the East River and dock on the North River (Hudson) – All three of his brothers die by 1733 • He inherited everything – When financially possible he added to his holdings in New York City and in the vicinity of New Windsor • 1739 purchased property where Knox’s Headquarters is located • 1741 constructed a gristmill on the Silver Stream next to the house • New King’s Highway is constructed sited to facilitate transport to mill
  • 20. Thomas Ellison House on the Hudson River in New Windsor
  • 21. Ellison Family • 1754 William Bull constructed English – Dutch style home – “Mount Ellison” – Initially quiet retreat for Thomas Ellison and Margaret – By 1764 son John and wife Catherine moved into the house • Managed milling operation • Brother William managed store and shipping operations in New Windsor • Other brother Thomas Jr. managed sale, purchase and export of grain and other products in New York City • Thomas Sr. coordinated the operation
  • 22. John & Catherine Ellison House, Knox’s Headquarters
  • 23. General Knox in one of the Knox’s Headquarters Parlors
  • 24. Ellison Ties to Crown • Thomas Ellison’s daughter Elizabeth married to Cadwallader Colden Jr. the son of Surveyor General, later acting governor and governor of the Province of New York Cadwallader Colden Sr. – Cadwallader Colden Sr. secured at least one land purchase for Thomas Ellison and ensured that the route of the New King’s Highway was laid out to best service the Ellison mill. • Rose to Colonel and commander of the 2nd Ulster Militia Regiment – Arrived too late, in 1757, to relieve Fort William Henry on Lake George – Spent most of rest of call-ups dispatching soldiers to keep watch for France’s Indian allies on the western borders of the province on the Delaware River – William Ellison was commissioned a captain in this regiment in 1772.
  • 25. New York City 1773
  • 26. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. November 4, 1765 • “I wrote to you this afternoon Mr. Henry Simson which Suppose you will Receive to morrow, Since which the governour (Cadwallader Colden Sr.) by Advise of the General(Thomas Gage) had Consented to Deliver the Stamps to morrow morning to the Corporation [of the City of New York] if they Will Receive them, it Will Settle the Minds of the Populace in some Measure, who have been greatly Raised by fortifying the fort in so Strong a manner, & Spikeing all the Cannon on the Battary. The governour has Made a great manny Enemies by this proceeding. It is Dangerous to Say Any thing in his Behalf. • Tuesday Morning The City hall Bell is now ringing to Call the Inhabitants to gather to have there Advise, by what I can Learn to know if it be Agreable that the Corporation Should Take them under there Care, what the Result of Will be Can t Say Every Body Seems to be Cautious what they Day & Do. I Just now heard that there was a Letter Sent to the Treasurer Last night to Deposite a Sum of money in a Certain or might wait the Consequm. All Business is at a Stand. Tho hope the Minds of the people Will be Satisfied to Day.”
  • 27. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. November 6, 1765 • “I Wrote twice to you by Mr Henry Simson Who goes up by Land, given you an acct. of our disturbances in town in Regard to the Stamp papers & of Extraordinary fortifying the ? ? On the top of the house Which greatly Rais’d the Minds of the People. The most of the family near the fort have moved their effects, I Believe there would been a great Disturbance in the City Last Night had not the Stamps been Deliver’d to the Mayor & Corporation, Who have placed them in the City hall which was not Don till after Dusk Last Night, which Quieted the Minds of the People, so that believe there never was was of 5 Novr. Height to the Less Noise, it was a long time before the Govr. Would Consent to Deliver them tho As hear all the Councils Advise was to Do it, indeed it is P. he woud not till had the generals opinion, which hear was, that he thought he woud Do Very Wisely & Safely to follow the Advise of his Council, on which they were Deliver’d up, The General has gain’d Credit by not Medling in the Affair, he Declin’d going in the fort with his family tho had the offer of a Roome. I expect the City Will be Quiet unless the new govenour (Henry Moore) when Arrives Shou’d Endeavour to put the Attempts in force which is Impossible, with what troops are here, --- …”
  • 28. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. July 8, 1770 • “Bror. Colden Will Inform you More Particular Respect the Importation, Committees went about yesterday to take the Sence of the City, but had not time to go quite thro, as the other provinces are against an Importation it is some Doubt if a majority of the Mercht for it__The Committee have agreed to Delivd out of the Store Such goods, as were not Imported against the non-importation, Agremt… • About Sun Set yesterday a Party against Importation Began to Perade the City with Collours, thi not a great number. Copr S. Captn Mc. D, Corp Low & Some Others at the head of them, near Near Mr Marsten Peloirman Disbrosse, met them, took the coullr from one man on which Blows with Sticks & throwing of Stones Insued, as there was but few with the magistrate they Rescued the collr Several People were hurt bu none Dangerous. Mr Gabl Wm Ludlow had his head broke by some of the Non Importers, & his bt Wm got Several Blows. It is Expected the Magistrate will Bind Some of the principle over, which expect Will put a stop to such Mobs & Riots-----”
  • 29. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. June 11, 1774 • “Our City in General are for prudent measures Some coud be for a non- importation from great Brittain, but believe there Will nothing be done till the Congress meets.”
  • 30. Rev. Charles Inglis * to Thomas Ellison Sr. December 22, 1774 • “We are in Peace at Present in this City; but how long it may continue is uncertain. We have just Reason to feat that Government will take vigorous Measures with the Americans, & our haughty, irregular Proceedings will but too well justify whatever measures may be pursued. It is expected our Ports will be all blocked up; & the Ruin of our Trade must be the inevitable consequence. We seem to think that England cannot subsist without our Trade; & the matter will soon be put to the trial. England It seems is of another opinion.” • * Grandson-in-law of Thomas Ellison Sr.
  • 31. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. February 6, 1775 • “As there is Little prospect of our port being shut soon from the good esteem this province is in at home”
  • 32. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. February 11, 1775 • “from the good esteem this province is in at home don’t think the port will be Blocked up, I woud Rather hope her Conduct woud be a means of Reconciling us with our Mother Country.”
  • 33. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. March 14, 1775 • “Last Monday we had a Very Large Meeting of the Inhabitants when a majority appeared for a provincial Congress, which many here Disapproves of and to morrow we are to have an Election of Dupities, to meet Dupities from the Different Counties, in order to Choose Delegates for the next Congress, when there will be an Opposition, made to it the Others Say, we will have no provincial Congress but Choose Delegates for the Continental Congress our selves, and if the Counties does not Approve our Choice Let them Choose Such as they Like, the Parties for the Provincial Congress are Very Warm, in making all the Interest possible to Carry Their Point, our Streets above with papers, some of which Send you I do think There is a majority of freeholders and freemen Against a provincial Congress, but wether they will be warm in the Opposition to it don’t know… you will see by the papers of the Day, the Spirit prevailing in the City, I doubt if the other partie will make much opposition, as I think by the proceeds of the Committee They are not to take Votes against the provincial Congress
  • 34. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. April 12, 1775 • “The Parliament was for pursuing Vigours measures With Collonies and that a Bill was to be Brought in to prevent our Sending any produce out of the Kingdom which no doubt will effect the prise Considerable here… • Yesterday Afternoon Capt. Lawrence Arrived from London who Brings Acct. To the 17 of Febry. The Reverse of the Above, after Warm Debates in the House, Lord North made a move to Bring in a Bill to Suspend the Acts Relating to America, for Some time some say the 1 Aug and some Janry. To give the Collonies Time to make or Consider what part they will take, it is said the Boston Port is to be open’d and that there was great Commotions in England I Wish with all my hearth Those Unhappy Disputes was Settled to the Mutual Satisfaction of great Brittain and her Collonies. Yet I Cant but feat so great a Changes has not happen’d yet make no Doubt the parliment will do Everything Consistent With Their Dignity”
  • 35. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. June 13, 1775 • “Our Commotion are not yet over, for after the Provincial Congress had Published to keep peace and not Disturb the Kings Store and had got those replaced that was removed at Turtle Bay, Last Sunday Night they were Taken out it again Said by some New England Men and put on Board a sloop and Carryed up the Sound the King Fisher man of war went in persute of her but it is Returned without meeting with them and so I had expect it will Rest.”
  • 36. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. June 13, 1775 • “yesterday the man of War turned Several of the Jersey Boats Back will not Let them Bring any Iron and Some other things to town but hear will Let flour and provisions Come under the Carracter of Market Supply. The Capt. Will do Every Thing Can be Expected Consistant with his office am Told he will not Consult the Governour nor Kings Attorney, Least they might put a Stronger Construction on the Act of Parliament”
  • 37. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. September 9, 1775 • I wrote you by the Sloop who Left this yesterday morning, just as Captn. Coupar was Coming in, who has Brought Very Little more then we have had, not much Can be Expected Till the Parlimt. Meets. There was a good Deal of UnEasiness in Londn. As you will suppose by Seeing the Address of the Mayor and Alderman to his Majesty. • The Sale for Country produce is now over, Unless it be some flour for our Army.”
  • 38. Rev. Charles Inglis to Thomas Ellison Sr. September 28, 1775 • “Some Time ago I was apprehensive that it might be dangerous for them (his family) to remain here (New York City) thro the winter; especially if any Troops were sent over from England.” • At present matters are much more quiet than formerly. From the latest & best accounts received from England, it does not appear that any Troops are to be sent here this Fall; & many of the most troublesome people are gone hence on the Expedition to Canada. I am therefore induced sometimes to flatter myself that there will be no necessity for sending away my Family this Winter. I confess however that there is much Uncertainty in this; for the present Calm may be only a prelude to a violent succeeding Storm. In a large City like this, where there is no Government, which is the case at present, there must necessarily be some Danger. The citizens appear to be sensible of this, & seem resolved to preserve the peace of the city… • Next Summer I fear will be a ruinous one to America for they are determined in England to support the Sovereignty of Parliament over the Colonies; tho the Right of Taxation will be given up; if each Colony will contribute something reasonable towards the general support of the Empire. May God incline the Hearts of people on both sides to Peace, & avert the Ruin which threatens this once happy Country.”
  • 39. Thomas Ellison Jr. to Thomas Ellison Sr. May 31, 1776 • “As Brot John goes up Refer you to him for the News, Relating the Boston affair &. the Philadelphians Does not think it Advisable for them to Enter into a Non Importation, & Non Exportation Without Consulting the Country as well as the City if the Principle Mercht & of this City have not a Right, the City has not more Right to Determine for the City, the City has not more Right to Determine for the Whole province.”
  • 40. Ellison Family • Once British Drive the Patriots from New York City there are no existing letters from Thomas Ellison Jr. until after the end of the war. • During the Revolutionary War the Ellisons sold locally – Did supply, a few times, the Continental Army with flour, grain, wood and provided pasturage for horses – All of the family’s homes were rented by the Continental Army, at one time or another, for use as military headquarters
  • 41. What Were the Ellisons? • Loyalists or Patriots?
  • 42. Ellison Family After the Revolutionary War • Accepted independence and thrived • Rev. Charles Inglis conducted services at Trinity Church during entire British occupation – Fled with British Army – First Episcopal Bishop of Nova Scotia
  • 43. Educational Resources • Library of Congress – George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress, 1741-1799 • http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gwhtml/gwhome.html • Search by keyword – Journals of the Continental Congress • http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwjc.html • Search by keyword • National Archives • State Archives • Local Historical Societies • University & College Historic Collections • Private Research Institutions – Genealogy resources • Historic Sites
  • 44. Resources • Brigade of the American Revolution – http://www.brigade.org/ – http://www.brigade.org/CCM/biblio/CCMbiblio.html • William and Mary – Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture • Bibliographies
  • 45. The Brigade of the American Revolution • The Brigade is a non-profit living history association dedicated to recreating the life and times of the common soldier of the American War for Independence, 1775-1783. Members represent elements of all the armies then involved: Continental, Militia, British, Loyalist, German, French, Spanish, and Native American forces plus civilian men, women and children. Since 1962 the Brigade has been recreating a broad spectrum of the 18th Century. It's activities include military encampments, tactical exercises, firelock shooting competitions, craft demonstrations and social activities. The Brigade also conducts annual schools and educational seminars featuring experts from several fields of 18th Century study. The Brigade maintains a modest research library and publishes an educational journal, The Brigade Dispatch, a regularly scheduled newsletter, the Brigade Courier, and periodic instructional booklets and papers. Membership is open to all persons. Brigade Facts (FAQ) Answers the the most frequently asked questions about the Brigade Brigade Membership Information about joining one of over 130 Brigade member units or as an individual Brigade Publications and Merchandise A listing of the educational publications and recordings available from the Brigade Brigade 2009 Schedule The Brigade's upcoming calendar of events and event informationContacting the Brigade Addresses to contact regarding joining the Brigade or having the Brigade come to your town or historic site Now Available!
  • 46. The Brigade of the American Revolution • Military Music of the American Revolution Book • Come Visit the...Brigade Gallery Featuring photos of Siege of Yorktown 2006 and other wonderful events. Reference Links Brigade Northwest Department Home Page Brigade Southern Department Home Page Brigade Western Region Home Page Brigade Canadian Maritimes Region Home Page • Subscribe to BrigadeAmRev Powered by groups.yahoo.com Subscription to the Brigade's discussion group is open only to Brigade members, as a benefit of Brigade membership. • Comments about this web site? Please read this page first. • ©2007 Brigade of the American Revolution. Illustrations by George C. Woodbridge. Visits since April 5, 1996. Counter provided by Digits.com • TheHistory Channel • This website is hosted by ICDSoft.com.
  • 47. Civilian Class Membership (CCM) Bibliography • CCM Bibliography • The following books cover a wide range of topics which Civilian Class Membership (CCM) & musket alike may find of interest. If you have suggestions for the list, please contact VivianLea Stevens or Rebecca Fifield. It will be updated periodically to reflect the most current scholarship available. • Those books which should be part of your basic reading have a ‡ symbol before the listing. • The bibliography is divided into sections and by clicking on any of the section headings below, you may jump to that part of the bibliography. • Clothing Textiles & Needlework Childbirth & General Home Life Cooking & Foodways General Resources – Military History & Women General Resources – Women & General 18th Century History Material Culture Diaries Books for Children & Young Adults • Clothing • ‡ Arnold, Janet. Patterns of Fashion 1: Englishwomen’s Dresses and their Construction, c. 1660 - 1860. New York: Drama Book Publishers, 1972. • Baumgarten, Linda. "’Clothes for the People': Slave Clothing in Early Virginia." Journal of Early Southern Decorative Arts 14, no. 2 (1988): 27 - 61. • _______. Eighteenth Century Clothing in Williamsburg. Introduction by Mildred B. Lanier. Williamsburg, VA: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1986. • ‡ Baumgarten, Linda and John Watson with Florine Carr. Costume Close-up, Clothing Construction and Pattern, 1750-1790. Williamsburg, VA: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, in association with Quite Specific Media Group, New York, 1999. • Bradfield, Nancy. Costume In Detail: 1730-1930. New York: Costume & Fashion Press, 1997. • Brown, Clare. Silk Designs of the Eighteenth Century: From the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. London: Thames and Hudson, 1996. • Buck, Anne. Clothes and the Child: A Handbook of Children's Dress in England, 1500-1900. New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1996. • ‡ ________. Dress in Eighteenth-Century England. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1979. • Burnston, Sharon A. Fitting and Proper: 18th Century Clothing from the Collection of the Chester County Historical Society. Texarkana, TX: Scurlock Publishing Co., 2000. • Cunnington, Phillis and Anne Buck. Children’s Costume in England, 1300-900. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1965. • __________. Charity Costumes of Children, Scholars, Almsfolk, and Pensioners. London: A. & C. Black, 1978. • __________. Costume for Births, Marriages, and Deaths. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1972. • __________. Occupational Costume in England. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1967. • __________. English Costume for Sports and Outdoor Recreation, from the 16th to the 19th Centuries. London: A. & C. Black, 1969. • DeMarly, Diana. Working Dress, A History of Occupational Clothing. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1986. • Hart, Avril, and Susan North. Fashion in Detail: From the 17th and 18thCenturies. New York: Rizzoli, 1998. • Hersh, Tandy and Charles. Cloth and Costume, 1750-1800: Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. Carlisle, PA: Cumberland County Historical Society, 1995. • Kidwell, Claudia Brush. “Are Those Clothes Real? Transforming the Way Eighteenth-Century Portraits are Studied.” DRESS, the Journal of the Costume Society of America 24, (1997): 3 - 15. • ________. “Short Gowns”. DRESS, the Journal of the Costume Society of America 4, (1978): 30 - 65. • Rose, Clare. Children’s Clothes: Since 1750. London: Batsford, 1989. • Starobinski, Jean, Philippe Duboy et al. Revolution in Fashion: European Clothing, 1715-1815. New York: Abbeville Press, 1989. • Waugh, Nora. The Cut of Women’s Clothes: 1600-1930. New York: Theatre Arts Books, 1968. • _____. Corsets and Crinolines. New York: Theatre Arts Books, 1970. • back to index
  • 48. Civilian Class Membership (CCM) Bibliography • Textiles & Needlework • Adrosko, Rita J. Natural Dyes and Home Dyeing. New York: Dover Publications, 1971. • Caulfeild, Sophia Frances Ann and Blanche Saward. The Dictionary of Needlework. 1882, reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1972. • Clabburn, Pamela. The Needleworker’s Dictionary. New York: William Morrow, 1976. • Colby, Averil. Quilting. Totowa, NJ: Scribner’s, 1971. • Davidson, Marguerite. A Handweaver’s Pattern Book. Chester, PA: John Spencer, Inc., 1975. • Davis, Mildred. The Art of Crewel Embroidery. New York: Crown Publishers, 1962. • ________. Early American Embroidery Designs. New York: Crown Publishers, 1968. • Groves, Sylvia. The History of Needlework Tools and Accessories. New York: ARCO Press, 1973. • Kannik, Kathleen, publisher. The Lady's Guide to Plain Sewing, by A Lady, Book I. Springfield, OH: Kannik's Korner, 1993. • __________. The Lady's Guide to Plain Sewing, Book II, by A Lady. Springfield, OH: Kannik's Korner, 1997. • __________. The Workwoman's Guide, by a Lady. 1838, reprint, Guilford, CT: Opus Publishing, 1986. • Montgomery, Florence. Textiles in America: 1650-1870. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1984. • Orlofsky, Patsy and Myron. Quilts in America. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974. • Robertson, Seonaid. Dyes From Plants. Cincinnati, OH: Van Nostrand- Reinhold, 1973. • Rogers, Gay Ann. An Illustrated History of Needlework Tools. London: J. Murray, 1983. • Saint-Aubin, Charles Germain de. Trans. Nikki Scheuer. Art of the Embroiderer. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1983. • Swan, Susan Barrows. Plain and Fancy: American Women and Their Needlework, 1700-1850. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1977. • __________. The Winterthur Guide to American Needlework. New York: Crown Publishers, 1976. • Teleki, Gloria Roth. The Baskets of Rural America. New York: E.P. Button, 1975. • Weigle, Palmy. Ancient Dyes for Modern Weavers. New York: Watson-Guptill, 1974. • back to index • Childbirth & General Home Life • Buel, Joy Day and Richard Buel, Jr. The Way of Duty: A Woman & Her Family in Revolutionary America. New York: Norton, 1984. • Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. Good Wives: Image and Reality in the Lives of Women in Northern New England, 1650-1750. New York: Vintage Books, 1991. • __________. A Midwife's Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard, Based on Her Diary, 1785-1812. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1990. • back to index
  • 49. Civilian Class Membership (CCM) Bibliography • Cooking & Foodways • Bradley, Martha. The British Housewife or, The Cook, Housekeeper's and Gardiner's Companion. 1758, reprint, Blackawton, Devon, England: Prospect Books, 1998. • Briggs, Richard. "The New Art of Cookery, according to the present practice; being a complete guide to all housekeepers, on a plan entirely new" ...Philadelphia: Printed for W. Spotswood, R. Campbell, and E. Johnson, • 1792. • Brown, Sanborn C. Wines and Beers of Old New England: A How-To-Do-It History. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1978. • Burt, Leah. The Farm and Garden of Henry Wick. Morristown, NJ: Morristown National Historic Park, [n.d.]. • Callingwood, Francis and John Woolams. The Universal Cook. London: For Scatcherd et al, 1806. • Carter, Charles. The Complete Practical Cook: or, a new System of Cookery. 1730, reprint, Blackawton, Devon, England: Prospect Books, 1984. • __________. The Compleat City and Country Cook. London: Printed for A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch and C. Davis ... T. Green ... and S. Austen ..., 1732. • Carter, Susannah. The Frugal Housewife. 1792, reprint, edited and illustrated by Jean McKibbin, Garden City, NY: Dolphin Books, 1976. • Crump, Nancy Carter. Hearthside Cooking. McLean, VA: EPM Publications, Inc., 1986. • De La Falaise, Maxime. Seven Centuries of English Cooking: A Collection of Recipes. New York: Grove Press, 1992. • Dillon, Clarissa F., comp. A Most Comfortable Dinner. Haverford, PA: the Author, 1994. • Farley, John. The London Art of Cookery, and Housekeeper's Complete Assistant. London: Printed for J. Scatcherd and J. Whitaker ... B. Law ... and G. and T. Wilkie ..., 1783. • Farmer, Dennis & Carol. The King's Bread, 2nd Rising: Cooking at Niagara, 1726 - 1815. Youngstown, NY: Old Fort Niagara Association, Inc., 1989. • Glasse, Hannah. The Art of Cookery Made Plain and Easy. 1747; reprint with historical notes by Karen Hess, Bedford, MA: Applewood Books, 1998. • Hess, Karen. Martha Washington’s Booke of Cookery. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995. • Hume, Audrey. Food. Williamsburg, VA: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1978. • Lanzerotti, B. Parting Glass: An American Book of Drink. Wheaton, [IL]: Twin Willows Publishing, 1993. • Maclean, Virginia. A Short-title Catalogue of Household and Cookery Books Published in the English Tongue, 1701-1800. London: Prospect Books, 1981. • McLintock, Mrs. Mrs. McLintock’s Receipts for Cookery and Pastry-Work. 1736, reprint, Aberdeen, Scotland: Aberdeen University Press, 1986. • Moss, Kay. The Backcountry Housewife, Vol. 1, A Study of Eighteenth Century Foods. Charlotte, NC: Schiele Museum of Natural History and Planetarium, Inc., 1985. • Phipps, Frances. Colonial Kitchens, Their Furnishings, and Their Gardens. New York: Hawthorn, 1972. • Raffald, Elizabeth. The Experienced English Housekeeper. Manchester : Printed by J. Harrop for the author, and sold by Messrs. Fletcher and Anderson ... London, and by Eliz. Raffald, confectioner ... Manchester, 1769. • Randolph, Mary. The Virginia Housewife, or Methodical Cook. 1860, reprint, New York: Dover Publications, 1993. • Rice, Kym S. Early American Taverns: For the Entertainment of Friends and Strangers. Chicago, IL: Regnery Gateway, in association with Fraunces Tavern Museum, 1983. • Root, Waverley and Richard de Rochemont. Eating In America: A History. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1976. • Rundell, Maria. A New System of Domestic Cookery. London: J.Murray, 1808. • Sass, Lorna J. Dinner with Tom Jones: Eighteenth-Century Cookery Adapted for the Modern Kitchen. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1977. • Simmons, Amelia. American Cookery. 1796, reprint, Bedford, MA: Applewood Books, 1996. • Smith, Eliza. The Compleat Housewife. 1758, reprint, London: Studio Editions, 1994. • back to index
  • 50. Civilian Class Membership (CCM) Bibliography • General Resources – Military History / Women & the Military • Billias, George Athan, ed. The American Revolution: How Revolutionary Was It? Philadelphia: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1990. • Birnbaum, Louis. Red Dawn at Lexington. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1986. • Blumenthal, Walter Hart. Women Camp Followers of the American Revolution. Salem, NH: Ayers Company, 1988. • ‡ Brandt, Donald J. “Rochambeau's Army, and Women in America.” The Brigade Dispatch 25, no. 3 (1995): 3 - 4. • Chartrand, Rene. “Notes Concerning Women in the 18th Century French Army.” The Brigade Dispatch 25, no. 3 (1995): 2 – 3. • Curtis, Edward E. The British Army in the American Revolution. New York: AMS Press, Inc., 1969. • Davey, Frances & Thomas Chambers. “A Woman? At the Fort!”: A Shock Tactic for Gender Integration in Historical Interpretation.” Gender & History 6, no. 3 (1994): 468 – 473. • DePauw, Linda Grant. “Women in Combat - The Revolutionary War Experience.” Armed Forces and Society 7, no. 2 (1981): 217-219. • Fleming, Thomas. Liberty: The American Revolution. New York: Viking, 1997 • Frey, Dr. Sylvia R. The British Soldier in America. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1986. • ‡ Hagist, Don N. “The Women of the British Army – A General Overview. Part 1 – Who & How Many.” The Brigade Dispatch 14, no. 3 (1993): 2 – 10. • ‡ __________. "The Women of the British Army – A General Overview. Part 2 – Sober, Industrious Women.” The Brigade Dispatch 14, no. 4 (1993): 9 – 17. • ‡ __________. "The Women of the British Army – A General Overview. Part 3 – Living Conditions.” The Brigade Dispatch 25, no. 1 (1995): 11 – 16. • ‡ __________. “The Women of the British Army – A General Overview. Part 4 – Lives of Women and Children.” The Brigade Dispatch 25, no. 2 (1995): 12 – 14. • Hibbert, Christopher. Redcoats & Rebels: The American Revolution Through British Eyes. New York: Norton & Co., 1990. • Jackson, John W. With the British Army in Philadelphia, 1777 - 1778. San Rafael, CA: Presidion Press, 1979. • ‡ Keegan, John. The Face of Battle. New York: Vintage Books, 1977. • Kopperman, Paul E. “The British High Command and Soldiers' Wives inAmerica, 1755 – 1783.” Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research 60 (1982): 14-34. • McKenney, Janice E. “’Women in Combat’: Comment.” Armed Forces in Society 8, no. 4 (1982): 686-92. • ‡ Martin, Joseph Plumb. Private Yankee Doodle: Being a Narrative of Some of the Adventures, Dangers and Sufferings of a Revolutionary Soldier. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1962. • May, Robin. The British Army in North America 1775 - 1783. Hong Kong: Osprey Publications, 1997. • ‡ Mayer, Holly. Belonging to the Army: Camp Followers and Community during the American Revolution. Columbia, SC: The University of South Carolina Press, 1996. • Moody, Sid. '76: The World Turned Upside Down. New York: Associated Press, 1976. • Rankin, Hugh F. Greene & Cornwallis: The Campaign in the Carolinas. Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Archives & History, 1976. • ‡ Rees, John “... the multitude of women”: An Examination of the Numbers of Female Campfollowers with the Continental Army. The Brigade Dispatch 3, no. 4(1992): 5 – 17. • ‡ __________. “... the multitude of women”: An Examination of the Numbers of Female Campfollowers with the Continental Army. The Brigade Dispatch 24, no. 1(1993): 6 – 16. • ‡ __________. “... the multitude of women”: An Examination of the Numbers of Female Campfollowers with the Continental Army. The Brigade Dispatch 23, no. 2(1993): 2 – 6. • Samuelson, Nancy B. “Revolutionary War Women and the Second Oldest Profession.” Minerva 7 (1989): 16 - 25. • St. John Williams, Noel T. Judy O'Grady & The Colonel's Lady: The Army Wife & Camp Follower Since 1660. Washington, DC: Brassey's Defense Publishers, 1988. • Wilbur, C. Keith, M.D. Revolutionary Medicine, 1700 - 1800. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 1997. • back to index
  • 51. Civilian Class Membership (CCM) Bibliography • General Resources – Women & General 18th Century History • Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972. • Chastellux, Marquis de. Travels in North-America, in the Years 1780-81-82. 1838, reprint, New York: Augusta M. Kelley, 1970. • Cumming, William P. and Hugh Rankin. The Fate of a Nation: The American Revolution through Contemporary Eyes. London: Phaidon Press, Ltd., 1975. • Dann, John C., Ed. The Revolution Remembered: Eyewitness Accounts of the War for Independence. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1980. • DePauw Linda Grant, Conover Hunt, and Miriam Schneir. Remember the Ladies: Women in America, 1750-1815. New York: The Viking Press, 1976. • Garrett, Elizabeth Donaghy. At Home – The American Family, 1750 – 1850. New York: Abrams, 1990. • ‡ Gilgun, Beth. Tidings from the 18th Century. Texarkana, TX: Scurlock Publishing, 1993. • Hill, Bridget, Ed. Eighteenth-Century Women: an Anthology. Boston: George Allen & Unwin, 1984. • Jones, Erasmus. The Man of Manners: or, Plebeian Polish’d. 1737, reprint, Sandy Hook, CT: The Hendrickson Group, 1993. • Leighton, Ann. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1986. • Norton, Mary Beth. Liberty’s Daughters: The Revolutionary Experience of American Women, 1750-1800. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980. • Nylander, Jane. Our Own Snug Fireside: Images of the New England Home, 1760 – 1860. New York: Knopf, 1993. • Offen, Karen M. and Susan Groag Bell. Women, the Family, and Freedom: The Debate in Documents, 1750-1880. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1983. • Risjord, Norman K. Jefferson's America: 1760-1815. Madison, WI: Madison House Publishers, Inc., 1991. • Ryan, Mary P. Womanhood in America: From Colonial Times to the Present. New York: Franklin Watts, 1983. • Spruill, Julia Cherry. Women's Life and Work in the Southern Colonies. New York: Russell & Russell, 1969. • Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. The Age of Homespun: Objects and Stories in the Creation of an American Myth. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001. • Wolf, Stephanie G. As Various As Their Land: The Everyday Lives of Eighteenth- Century Americans. New York: Harper Collins, 1993. • back to index • Material Culture – or the Stuff They Left Behind • Austin, John C. British Delft at Williamsburg. Williamsburg, VA: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1994. • Beckerdite, Luke, Ed. American Furniture 1997. Hanover, NH: Chipstone Foundation, 1997. • Buhler, Kathryn C. American Silver, 1655-1825, in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts Boston, 1972. • Calver, William and Reginald Bolton. History Written With Pick and Shovel. New York: New York Historical Society, 1950. • Greene, Jeffrey P. American Furniture of the 18th Century. Newton, CT: The Taunton Press, 1996. • Hornsby, Peter R.G. Pewter of the Western World, 1600-1850. Exton, PA: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., 1983. • Hough, Walter. Collection of Heating and Lighting Utensils in the United States National Museum. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1928. • ‡ Hume, Ivor Noel. A Guide to Artifacts of Colonial America. New York: Vintage Books, 1969. • Ketchum, William C., Jr. American Redware. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1991. • ‡ Neumann, George C. and Frank J. Kravic. Collector's Illustrated Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. Texarkana, TX: Rebel Publishing, 1975. • Palmer, Arlene. Glass in Early America: Selections from The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum. Winterthur, DE: The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, 1993. • Schiffer, Herbert, Peter, and Nancy. Antique Iron: Survey of American and English Forms. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., 1979. • __________. The Brass Book: American, English and European, Fifteenth Century through 1850. Westchester, PA: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., 1978. • Starbuck, David R. The Great Warpath: British Military Sites from Albany to Crown Point. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1999. • Tilden, Freeman. Interpreting Our Heritage. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1977. • back to index
  • 52. Civilian Class Membership (CCM) Bibliography • Diaries • Burgoyne, Bruce E. Trans Ed. A Hessian Diary of the American Revolution by Johann Conrad Dohla. London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. • Crane, Elaine Forman, Ed. The Diary of Elizabeth Drinker: The Life Cycle of an Eighteenth-Century Woman. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1994. • ‡ [Brown, Charlotte]. "Journal of Charlotte Brown, Matron of the General Hospital with the English Forces in America." In Colonial Captivities, Marches and Journeys, Ed. Isabel M. Calder. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, Inc., 1967. • Martin, Wendy, Ed. Colonial American Travel Narratives. New York: Penguin Classic Books, 1994. • Stone, William L. Trans. Letters of Brunswick and Hessian Officers During the American Revolution. New York: Da Capo Press, 1970. • Wasmus, J.F., Trans. Helga Doblin. An Eyewitness Account of the American Revolution and New England Life, The Journal of J. F. Wasmus, German Company Surgeon, 1776 - 1783. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1990. • Wister, Sally. Sally Wister's Journal: A True Narrative, Being a Quaker Maiden's Account of her Experiences with Officers of the Continental Army 1777 -1778. 1902, reprint, Bedford, MA: Applewood Books, 1995. • back to index • Books for Children & Young Adults NOTE: Most of these are fiction, but will give the young reader a sense of the period. • Avi. The Fighting Ground. New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1987. • Collier, James Lincoln and Christopher. My Brother Sam is Dead. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, 1988. • __________. The Bloody Country. New York: Four Winds Press, 1976. • __________. The Winter Hero. New York: Scholastic Books, 1985. • Fast, Howard. April Morning. New York: Crown Publishers, 1961. • Forbes, Esther. Johnny Tremain. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998. • Gregory, Kristiana. The Winter of Red Snow: The Revolutionary War Diary of Abigail Jane Stewart. New York: Scholastic Books, 1996. • Jensen, Dorothea. The Riddle of Penncroft Farm. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1989. • Myers, Anna. The Keeping Room. New York: Puffin Books, 1999. • Zall, Paul M. Becoming American: Young People in the American Revolution. Hamden, CT: Linnet Books, 1993. • Back to top • Back to the CCM Guide Main Page • Back to the Brigade Home Page
  • 53. Bibliography 1763-1789 • GENERAL, 1763-1789 • • Adams, Willi Paul. The First American Constitutions: Republican Ideology and the Making of the State Constitutions in the Revolutionary Era. Trans. Rita Kimber and Robert Kimber. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1980. 370 pp. JK31 A24 13 • • Albanese, Catherine L. Sons of the Fathers: The Civil Religion of the American Revolution. Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press, 1976. 288 pp. E209 A4 • • Alden, John R. A History of the American Revolution. New York: Knopf, 1969. 572 pp. E208 A33 • • Andrews, Charles M. The Colonial Background of the American Revolution: Four Essays in American Colonial History. Rev. ed. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1931. 230 pp. E210 A55 • • Arieli, Yehoshua. Individualism and Nationalism in American Ideology. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1964. 456 pp. HM136 A7 • • Bailyn, Bernard. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1967. 350 pp. JA84 U5 B3 • • Bailyn, Bernard, and John B. Hench, eds. The Press and the American Revolution. Worcester, Mass.: American Antiquarian Society, 1980. 390 pp. PN4861 P7 • • Becker, Robert A. Revolution, Reform, and the Politics of American Taxation, 1763-1783. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1980. 336 pp. HJ2368 B4 • • Bercovitch, Sacvan, ed. The Cambridge History of American Literature. Volume I: 1590-1820. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1994. 843 pp. PS92 C34 • • Bernstein, Richard B. with Kym S. Rice. Are We To Be a Nation?: The Making of the Constitution. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1987. 342 pp. KF4520 B47 1987. • • Bonwick, Colin. The American Revolution. Charlottesville: Univ. Press of Virginia, 1991. 348 pp. E208 B69 • • Bonwick, Colin. English Radicals and the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1977. HN400 R3 B66 • • Christie, Ian R. Wars and Revolutions: Britain, 1760-1815. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1982. 368 pp. DA505 C48 • • Christie, Ian R., and Benjamin W. Labaree. Empire or Independence, 1760-1776: A British-American Dialogue on the Coming of the American Revolution. New York: Norton, 1976. 346 pp. E210 C54 • • Cohen, Warren I., ed. The Cambridge History of American Foreign Relations. Vol. I: The Creation of a Republican Empire, 1776-1865. By Bradford Perkins. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1993. 276 pp. E183.7 C24 • • Countryman, Edward. The American Revolution. New York: Hill and Wang, 1985. 286 pp. E208 C 73 •
  • 54. Bibliography 1763-1789 • Development of a Revolutionary Mentality, The Library of Congress Symposium on the American Revolution, 1972. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1972. 168 pp. E204 L53 • • Douglass, Elisha P. Rebels and Democrats: The Struggle for Equal Political Rights and Majority Rule during the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1955. 382 pp. JK2413 D6 • • Dworetz, Steven M. The Unvarnished Doctrine: Locke, Liberalism and the American Revolution. Durham, N.C.: Duke Univ. Press, 1990. 257 pp. JC153 L87 D86 • • Egnal, Marc. A Mighty Empire: The Origins of the American Revolution. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ. Press, 1988. 232 pp. E210 E27 • • Emerson, Everett, ed. American Literature, 1764-1789: The Revolutionary Years. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1977. 302 pp. PS193 A4 • • Ferguson, E. James. The Power of the Purse: A History of American Public Finance, 1776-1790. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1961. 374 pp. HJ247 F4 • • Fundamental Testaments of the American Revolution. Library of Congress Symposium on the American Revolution, 1973. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1973. 128 pp. JA84 U5 L5 • • Greene, Jack P., ed. The American Revolution: Its Character and Limits. New York: New York Univ. Press, 1978. 432 pp. E209 A497 • • Greene, Jack P., and Pauline Maier, eds. Interdisciplinary Studies of the American Revolution. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage, 1976. 164 pp. HC104 I47 • • Greene, Jack P., and J. R. Pole, eds. The Blackwell Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, Ltd., 1991. 861 pp. E208 B635 • • Henderson, H. James. Party Politics in the Continental Congress. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974. 494 pp. JK1033 H43 • • Hoffer, Peter Charles. Revolution and Regeneration: Life Cycle and the Historical Vision of the Generation of 1776. Athens: Univ. of Georgia Press, 1983. 178 pp. E164 H7 • • Hoffman, Ronald, and Peter J. Albert, eds. Religion in a Revolutionary Age. Perspectives on the American Revolution. Charlottesville: United States Capitol Historical Society, Univ. Press of Virginia, 1994. 368 pp. BR520 R45 • • Hoffman, Ronald, and Peter J. Albert, eds. The Transforming Hand of Revolution: Reconsidering the American Revolution as a Social Movement. Perspectives on the American Revolution. Charlottesville: United States Capitol Historical Society , Univ. Press of Virginia, 1995. 527 pp. E209 T835 •
  • 55. Bibliography 1763-1789 • Jameson, J. Franklin. The American Revolution Considered as a Social Movement. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1926. 164 pp. E209 J33 • • Jensen, Merrill. The Founding of a Nation: A History of the American Revolution, 1763-1776. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1968. 750 pp. E195 J4 • • Kammen, Michael. A Season of Youth: The American Revolution and the Historical Imagination. New York: Knopf, 1978. 406 pp. F.209 K35 • • Keller, Rosemary. Patriotism and the Female Sex: Abigail Adams and the American Revolution. Brooklyn: Carlson, 1994. 269 pp. F.322.1 A38 K435 • • Kurtz, Stephen G., and James H. Hutson, eds. Essays on the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1973. 332 pp. E208 E83 • • Langley, Lester D. The Americas in the Age of Revolution, 1750-1850. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1996. Pp. xviii, 374. E18.82 L36 1996 • • Lewis, James A. The Final Campaign of the American Revolution: Rise and Fall of the Spanish Bahamas. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1991. 161 pp. E263 W5 L46 • • Lutz, Donald S. Popular Consent and Popular Control: Whig Political Theory in the Early State Constitutions. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1980. 276 pp. JK2331 L88 • • McCusker, John J. Rum and the American Revolution: The Rum Trade and the Balance of Payments of the Thirteen Continental Colonies. 2 vols. New York and London: Garland, 1989. 1,427 pp. E210 M39 • • McDonald, Forrest. E Pluribus Unum: The Formation of the American Republic, 1776-1790. 2d ed. Indianapolis: Liberty Press, 1979. 384 pp. E210 M14 • • McIlwain, Charles Howard. The American Revolution: A Constitutional Interpretation. New York: Macmillan, 1923. 212 pp. E210 M16 • • Maier, Pauline. The Old Revolutionaries: Political Lives in the Age of Samuel Adams. New York: Knopf, 1980. 332 pp. E302.5 M23 • • Main, Jackson Turner. The Social Structure of Revolutionary America. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1965. 338 pp. HN57 M265 • • Main, Jackson Turner. The Sovereign States, 1775-1783. New York: New Viewpoints, 1973. 510 pp. E208 M33 • • Main, Jackson Turner. The Upper House in Revolutionary America, 1763-1788. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1967. 324 pp. JK2506 M3 • • Marienstras, Elise, ed. L'Amerique et la France: Deux revolutions (America and France: Two revolutions). Paris: Sorbonne, 1990. Twelve essays in French, five essays in English. 221 pp. E204 A87 •
  • 56. Bibliography 1763-1789 • Martin, James Kirby. In the Course of Human Events: An Interpretative Exploration of the American Revolution. Arlington Heights, Ill.: AHM, 1979. 284 pp. E208 M35 • • Matson, Cathy D., and Peter S. Onuf. A Union of Interests: Political and Economic Thought in Revolutionary America. American Political Thought. Lawrence: Univ. Press of Kansas, 1990. 247 pp. JA84 U5 M29 • • Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763-1789. Vol. II of the Oxford History of the United States. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1982. 712 pp. E173 094; E208 M72 • • Morgan, Edmund S. The Birth of the Republic, 1763-89. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1977. 214 pp. E208 M85 • • Morgan, Edmund S. The Challenge of the American Revolution. New York: Norton, 1974. 236 pp. E208 M86 • • Nash, Gary B. The Urban Crucible: Social Change, Political Consciousness, and the Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1979. 568 pp. E188 N38 • • Nevins, Allan. The American States during and after the Revolution, 1775-1789. New York: Macmillan, 1924. 746 pp. E303 N52 • • Palmer, Robert R. The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1959-1964. D95 P3 • • Parker, John, and Carol Urness, eds. The American Revolution: A Heritage of Change. Minneapolis: Associates of the James Ford Bell Library, 1975. 184 pp. E204 J35 • • Purvis, Thomas L. A Dictionary of Early American History. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1995. 462 pp. E174 P87 1995 • • Purvis, Thomas L. Revolutionary America, 1763-1800. New York: Facts on File, 1995. 391 pp. E162 P86 1995 • • Rahe, Paul A. Republics Ancient and Modern: Classical Republicanism and the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1992. 1215 pp. E210 R335 • • Rakove, Jack N. The Beginnings of National Politics: An Interpretive History of the Continental Congress. New York: Knopf, 1979. 502 pp. E210 R34 • • Reid, John Phillip. Constitutional History of the American Revolution: The Authority of Rights. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1986. 384 pp. KF4749 R45 • • Reid, John Phillip. Constitutional History of the American Revolution: The Power to Tax. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1987. 430 pp. KF6289 R45 •
  • 57. Bibliography 1763-1789 • Saito, Makoto. Amerika kakumei-shi kenkYu (An interpretation of the American Revolution: Confederation versus consolidation). Tokyo: Univ. of Tokyo Press, 1992. In Japanese. 538 pp. • • Schlenther, Boyd Stanley. Charles Thomson: A Patriot's Pursuit. Newark: Univ. of Delaware Press, 1990. 325 pp. E302.6 T48 S35 • • Silverman, Kenneth. A Cultural History of the American Revolution: Painting, Music, Literature, and the Theatre in the Colonies and the United States from the Treaty of Paris to the Inauguration of George Washington, 1763-1789. New York: Crowell , 1976. 718 pp. NX503.5 S54 • • Titus, James. The Old Dominion at War: Society, Politics, and Warfare in Late Colonial Virginia. American Military History. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1991. 227 pp. E199 T63 • • Valeri, Mark. Law and Providence in Joseph Bellamy's New England: The Origins of the New Divinity in Revolutionary America. Religion in America Series. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1994. 218 pp. BX7250 V35 • • White, Morton. The Philosophy of the American Revolution. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1978. 312 pp. B878 W48 • • Wood, Gordon S. The Creation of the American Republic, 1776-1787. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1969. 668 pp. JA84 U5 W6 • • Wood, Gordon S. The Radicalism of the American Revolution. New York: Knopf, 1992. 457 pp. E209 W65 • • Wood, Gordon S., and Louise G. Wood, eds. Russian-American Dialogue on the American Revolution. Russian-American Dialogues on United States History, II. Columbia: Univ. of Missouri Press, 1995. pp. xii, 287. E203 R86 1995. • • Young, Alfred F., ed. The American Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism. DeKalb: Northern Illinois Univ. Press, 1976. 496 pp. E208 A43
  • 58. Bibliography Resistance, 1763- 1789 • RESISTANCE, 1763-1776 • • Ammerman, David. In the Common Cause: American Response to the Coercive Acts of 1774. Charlottesville: Univ. Press of Virginia, 1974. 182 pp. E210 A45 • • Bellesiles, Michael A. Revolutionary Outlaws: Ethan Allen and the Struggle for Independence on the Early American Frontier. Charlottesville: Univ. Press of Virginia, 1993. 442 pp. E207 A4 B44 • • Bradley, James E. Popular Politics and the American Revolution in England: Petitions, the Crown, and Public Opinion. Macon, Gal: Mercer Univ. Press, 1986. 276 pp. DA510 B63 • • Brown, Richard D. Revolutionary Politics in Massachusetts: The Boston Committee of Correspondence and the Towns, 1772-1774. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1970. 296 pp. F73.4 B89 • • Crowley, John E. The Privileges of Independence: Neomercantilism and the American Revolution. Early America: History, Context, Culture. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1993. 233 pp. E215.1 C75 • • Greene, Jack P., and William G. McLoughlin. Preachers and Politicians: Two Essays on the Origin of the American Revolution. Worcester, Mass.: American Antiquarian Society, 1977. 76 pp. E210 G69 • • Hoerder, Dirk. Crowd Action in Revolutionary Massachusetts 1765-1780. New York: Academic Press, 1977. 410 pp. E263 M4 H65 • • Jellison, Richard M., ed. Society. Freedom, and Conscience: The American Revolution in Virginia, Massachusetts, and New York. New York: Norton, 1976. 238 pp. E263 V8 S58 • • Jensen, Merrill. The American Revolution within America. New York: New York Univ. Press, 1974. 232 pp. E210 J45 • • Juster, Susan. Disorderly Women: Sexual Politics and Evangelicalism in Revolutionary New England. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ. Press, 1994. 238 pp. BX6239 J87 • • Kashatus, William C., III. Conflict of Conviction: A Reappraisal of Quaker Involvement in the American Revolution. Lanham, Md.: Univ. Press of America, 1990. 182 pp. E269 F8 K37 • • Knollenberg, Bernhard. Origin of the American Revolution, 1759-1766. New York: Macmillan, 1960. 496 pp. E210 K65 • • Labaree, Benjamin Woods. The Boston Tea Party. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1964. 356 pp. E215.7 L3 •
  • 59. Bibliography Resistance, 1763- 1789 • Sainsbury, John. Disaffected Patriots: London Supporters of Revolutionary America, 1769-1782. Kingston: McGill-Queen's Univ. Press, 1987. 318 pp. DA682 S25 • • Schlesinger, Arthur Meier. The Colonial Merchants and the American Revolution, 1763-1776. Studies in History, Economics, and Public Law, LXXVIII. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1918. 648 pp. HC31 C7 v. 78; HF3025 S3 • • Shaw, Peter. American Patriots and the Rituals of Revolution. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1981. 288 pp. E210 S49 • • Shy, John. Toward Lexington: The Role of the British Army in the Coming of the American Revolution. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1965. 474 pp. E210 S5 • • Taylor, Alan. Liberty Men and Great Proprietors: The Revolutionary Settlement on the Maine Frontier, 1760-1820. Chapel Hill, N.C.: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1990. 397 pp. F24 T39 • • Thomas, Peter D. G. Tea Party to Independence: The Third Phase of the American Revolution, 1773-1776. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991. 365 pp. E215.7 T48 • • Toohey, Robert E. Liberty and Empire: British Radical Solutions to the American Problem, 1774-1776. Lexington: Univ. Press of Kentucky, 1978. 224 pp. DA510 T66 • • Tucker, Robert W., and David C. Hendrickson. The Fall of the First British Empire: Origins of the War of American Independence. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1982.460 pp. E210 T83 • • Ubbelohde, Carl. The Vice-Admiralty Courts and the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1960. 254 pp. E215.1 U2 • • Ward, Harry M. Major General Adam Stephen and the Cause of American Liberty. Charlottesville: Univ. Press of Virginia, 1989. 328 pp. E207 S798 W37 • • Webking, Robert H. The American Revolution and Politics of Liberty. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1988. 199 pp. E210 W4 • • Wilderson, Paul W. Governor John Wentworth and the American Revolution: The English Connection. Hanover, N.H.: Univ. Press of New England, 1994. 380 pp. F37 W46 W55 • • Zobel, Hiller B. The Boston Massacre. New York: Norton, 1970. 384 pp. E215.4 Z6 •
  • 60. Bibliography Resistance, 1763- 1789 • Maier, Pauline. From Resistance to Revolution: Colonial Radicals and the Development of American Opposition to Britain, 1765-1776. New York: Knopf, 1972. 362 pp. E210 M27 • • Marston, Jerrilyn Greene. King and Congress: The Transfer of Political Legitimacy, 1774-1776. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1987. 476 pp. E210 M36 • • Martin, James Kirby. Men in Rebellion: Higher Governmental Leaders and the Coming of the American Revolution. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1973. 276 pp. E188 M37 • • Morgan, Edmund S., and Helen M. Morgan. The Stamp Act Crisis: Prologue to Revolution. Rev. ed. New York: IEAHC, Macmillan, 1963. 384 pp. E215.2 M58 • • Olson, Lester C. Emblems of American Community in the Revolutionary Era: A Study in Rhetorical Iconology. Washington,D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991. 328 pp. CR69 U6 038 • • Reid, John Phillip. In a Defiant Stance: The Conditions of Law in Massachusetts Bay, the Irish Comparison, and the Coming of the American Revolution. University Park: Pennsylvania State Univ. Press. 1977. 236 pp. KFM2478 R4 • • Reid, John Phillip. In a Rebellious Spirit: The Argument of Facts, the Liberty Riot, and the Coming of the American Revolution. University Park: Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, 1979. 180 pp. KFM2478 R43 • • Reid, John Phillip. In Defiance of the Law: The Standing-Army Controversy, the Two Constitutions, and the Coming of the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1981. 296 pp. UA25 R44 • • Roche, John F. The Colonial Colloquies in the War for American Independence. Millwood, N.Y.: Associated Faculty Press, Inc., 1986. 226 pp. E270 A1 R62 • • Ryerson, Richard Alan. The Revolution Is Now Beckon: The Radical Committees of Philadelphia, 1765-1776. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1978. 322 pp. F158.4 R87 •
  • 61. War Years and Diplomacy • WAR YEARS AND DIPLOMACY • • Bennett, Charles E., and Donald R. Lennon. A Quest for Glory: Major General Robert Howe and the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1991. 219 pp. E207 B44 • • Bowler, R. Arthur. Logistics and the Failure of the British Army in America, 1775-1783. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1975. 302 pp. E267 B68 • • Buel, Richard, Jr. Dear Liberty: Connecticut's Mobilization the Revolutionary War. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan Univ. Press, 1980. 442 pp. E263 C5 B83 • • Calloway, Colin G. The American Revolution in Indian Country: Crisis and Diversity in Native American Communities. Cambridge Studies in North American Indian History. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1995. 351 pp. E 83.775 C35 • • Carp, E. Wayne. To Starve the Army at Pleasure: Continental Army Administration and American Political Culture, 1775-1783. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1984. 320 pp. E259 C37 • • Cummins, Light Townsend. Spanish Observers and the American Revolution, 1775-1783. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1991 315 pp. E249.3 C86 • • Dull, Jonathan R. A Diplomatic History of the American Revolution. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1985. 242 pp. E249 D859 • • Dull, Jonathan R. The French Navy and American Independence: A Study of Arms and Diplomacy, 1774-1787. Princeton: Princeton Univ. 1975. 454 pp. E265 D8 • • Ferling, John, ed. The World Turned Upside Down: The American Victory in the War of Independence. Contributions in Military Studies, No. 79. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1988. 262 pp. E208 W87 • • Fischer, David Hackett. Paul Revere's Ride. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1994. 463 pp. F69 R43 F57 • • Fowler, William M., Jr. Rebels under Sail: The American Navy during the Revolution. New York: Scribner's, 1976. 368 pp. E271 F68 •
  • 62. War Years and Diplomacy • Gruber, Ira D. The Howe Brothers and the American Revolution. New York: IEAHC, Athenaeum, 1972. 406 pp. E267 G86 • • Higginbotham, Don. War and Society in Revolutionary America: The Wider Dimensions of Conflict. American Military History. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1988. 337 pp. E209 H54 • • Higginbotham, Don. The War of American Independence: Military Attitudes, Policies, and Practice, 1763-1789. New York: Macmillan, 1971. 528 pp. E210 H63 • • Higginbotham, Don, ed. Reconsiderations on the Revolutionary War: Selected Essays. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1978. 228 pp. E2 04 R4 • • Hoffman, Ronald, and Peter J. Albert, eds. Arms and Independence: The Military Character of the American Revolution. Perspectives on the American Revolution. Charlottesville: United States Capitol Historical Society, Univ. Press of Virgin ia, 1984. 254 pp. E209 A75 • • Hoffman, Ronald, and Peter J. Albert, eds. Diplomacy and Revolution: The Franco-American Alliance of 1778. Perspectives on the American Revolution. Charlottesville: United States Capitol Historical Society, Univ. Press of Virginia, 1981. 214 pp. E249 D5 • • Hoffman, Ronald, and Peter J. Albert, eds. Peace and the Peacemakers: The Treaty of 1783. Perspectives on the American Revolution. Charlottesville: United States Capitol Historical Society, Univ. Press of Virginia, 1986. 280 pp. E249 P42 • • Huston, James A. Logistics of Liberty: American Services of Supply in the Revolutionary War and After. Newark: Univ. of Delaware Press, 1991. 373 pp. E255 H92 • • Hutson, James H. John Adams and the Diplomacy of the American Revolution. Lexington: Univ. Press of Kentucky, 1980 208 pp. E249 H87 •
  • 63. War Years and Diplomacy • Leadership in the American Revolution. Library of Congress Symposium on the American Revolution, 1974. Washington, D.C. Library of Congress, 1974. 148 pp. E204 L53 • • Leamon, James S. Revolution Downeast: The War for American Independence in Maine. Amherst: Univ. of Massachusetts Press, in cooperation with the Maine Historical Society, 1993. 320 pp. E263 M4 L3 • • Leckie, Robert. George Washington's War: The Saga of the American Revolution. New York: HarperCollins, 1992. 688 pp. E181 L45 • • Mackesy, Piers. The War for America, 1775-1783. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1964. 586 pp. E208 M14 • • Marks, Frederick W., III. Independence on Trial: Foreign Affairs and the Making of the Constitution. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1973. 272 pp. E203 M417 • • Martin, James Kirby, and Mark Edward Lender. A Respectable Army: The Military Origins of the Republic, 1763-1789. Arlington Heights, Ill.: Harlan Davidson, 1982. 256 pp. E230 M34 • • Mintz, Max M. The Generals of Saratoga: John Burgoyne and Horatio Gates. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1990. 288 pp. E241 S2 M56 • • Morris, Richard B. The Peacemakers: The Great Powers and American Independence. New York: Harper and Row, 1965. 580 pp. E249 M68 • • Nordholt, Jan Willem Schulte. The Dutch Republic and American Independence. Trans. Herbert H. Rowen. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1982. 364 pp. D88 S3813 • • O'Connor, Raymond G. Origins of the American Navy: Sea Power in the Colonies and the New Nation. Lanham, Md.: Univ. Press of America, 1994. 133 pp. E182 026 • • Peckham, Howard H., ed. The Toll of Independence: Engagements and Battle Casualties of the American Revolution. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1974. 192 pp. E230 P35 • • Rankin, Hugh F. The North Carolina Continentals. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1971. 436 pp. E263 N8 R29 • • Rosswurm, Steven. Arms, Country, and Class: The Philadelphia Militia and "Lower Sort" during the American Revolution. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1987. 390 pp. F158.44 R67 • • Royster, Charles. A Revolutionary People at War: The Army and American Character, 1775-1783. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1979. 470 pp. E259 R69 •
  • 64. War Years and Diplomacy • Scott, H. M. British Foreign Policy in the Age of the American Revolution. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990. 391 pp. DA510 S26 • • Searcy, Martha Condray. The Georgia-Florida Contest in the American Revolution, 1776-1778. University: Univ. of Alabama Press, 1985. 305 pp. F319 S2 S44 1985 • • Selesky, Harold E. War and Society in Colonial Connecticut. Yale Historical Publications. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1990. 294 pp. F97 S45 • • Shelton, Hal T. General Richard Montgomery and the American Revolution: From Redcoat to Rebel. New York: New York Univ. Press. 1994. 261 pp. E207 M7 S48 • • Shy, John. A People Numerous and Armed: Reflections on the Military Struggle for American Independence. New York: Oxford Univ. Press. 1976. 320 pp. E230 S5 • • Smelser, Marshall. The Winning of Independence. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1972. 442 pp. E208 S64 • • Sosin, Jack M. The Revolutionary Frontier, 1763-1783. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1967. 256 pp. E179.5 S68 • • Stinchcombe, William C. The American Revolution and the French Alliance. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse Univ. Press, 1969. 256 pp. E249 S86 • • Stourzh, Gerald. Benjamin Franklin and American Foreign Policy. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1954. 354 pp. E249 S88 • • Syrett, David. The Royal Navy in American Waters, 1775-1783. Studies in Naval History. Brookfield, Vt.: Scolar Press, Gower Publishing Co. Ltd., 1989. 260 pp. E271 S96 • • Tilley, John A. The British Navy and the American Revolution. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1987. 350 pp. E271 T57 • • Treese, Lorett. Valley Forge: Making and Remaking a National Symbol. University Park: Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, 1995. 285 pp. E234 T74 • • Wallace, Willard M. Appeal to Arms: A Military History of the American Revolution. New York: Harper, 1951. 316 pp. E220 W3 • • Ward, Christopher. The War of the Revolution. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1952. E230 W34 •
  • 65. Loyalists • LOYALISTS • • Allen, Robert S., ed. The Loyal Americans: The Military Role of the Loyalist Provincial Corps and Their Settlement in British North America, 1775-1784. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1983. 136 pp. E277 L69 • • Bailyn, Bernard. The Ordeal of Thomas Hutchinson. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1974. 444 pp. F67 H9805 • • Berkin, Carol. Jonathan Sewall: Odyssey of an American Loyalist. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1974. 212 pp. E278 S48 B47 • • Brown, Wallace. The Good Americans: The Loyalists in the American Revolution. New York: Morrow, 1969. 316 pp. E277 B8 • • Brown, Wallace. The King's Friends: The Composition and Motives of the American Loyalist Claimants. Providence: Brown Univ. Press. 1965. 422 pp. E277 B82 • • Brown, Wallace, and Hereward Senior. Victorious in Defeat: The Loyalists in Canada. Toronto: Methuen, 1984. 240 pp. E277 RR22 • • Calhoon, Robert McCluer. The Loyalists in Revolutionary America, 1760-1781. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1973. 598 pp. E277 C24 • • Calhoon, Robert M., with Timothy M. Barnes, Donald C. Lord, Janice Potter, and Robert M. Weir. The Loyalist Perception and Other Essays. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1989. Pp. xxii, 234. • • Calhoon, Robert M., Timothy M. Barnes, and George A. Rawlyk, eds. Loyalists and Community in North America. Contributions in American History, No. 158. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994. 236 pp. E277 17 • • Cashin, Edward J. The King's Ranger: Thomas Brown and the American Revolution on the Southern Frontier. Athens: Univ. of Georgia Press, 1989. 374 pp. E278 B862 C37 • • Cohen, Sheldon S. Yankee Sailors in British Gaols: Prisoners of War at Forton and Mill, 1777-1783. Newark: Univ. of Delaware Press. 1995. Pp. 278. E281 C7 • • Edelberg, Cynthia Dubin. Jonathan Odell: Loyalist Poet of the American Revolution. Durham, N.C.: Duke Univ. Press, 1987. 221 pp. PR 9199.2 035 Z64 • • Hodges, Graham Russell, ed. The Black Loyalist Directory: African Americans in Exile after the American Revolution. New York: Garland, with The New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1996. 360 pp. E277 B57 • • Lambert, Robert Stanebury. South Carolina Loyalists in the American Revolution. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1987. 362 pp. E277 L35 •
  • 66. Loyalists • McCaughey, Elizabeth P. From Loyalist to Founding Father: The Political Odyssey of William Samuel Johnson. New York: Columbia Univ. Press. 1980. 376 pp. E302.6 J7 M3 • • MacKinnon, Neil. This Unfriendly Soil: The Loyalist Experience in Nova Scotia, 1783-1791. Kingston: McGill-Queen's Univ. Press, 1986. 246 pp. F1038 M15 • • Nelson, William H. The American Tory. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1961. 194 pp. E277 N48 • • Norton, Mary Beth. The British-Americans: The Loyalist Exiles in England, 1774-1789. Boston: Little, Brown, 1972. 344 pp. E277 N66 • • Potter, Janice. The Liberty We Seek: Loyalist Ideology in Colonial New York and Massachusetts. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1983. 248 pp. E277 P67 • • Potter-Mackinnon, Janice. While the Women Only Wept: Loyalist Refugee Women. Montreal: McGill-Queen's Univ. Press, 1993. 215 pp. F1058 P68 • • Ranlet, Philip. The New York Loyalists. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1986. 318 pp. E277 R25 • • Smith, Paul H. Loyalists and Redcoats: A Study in British Revolutionary Policy. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1964. 212 pp. E277 S6 • • Thomas, Earle. Greener Pastures: The Loyalist Experience of Benjamin Ingraham. Belleville, Ont.: Mika, 1983. 244 pp. E278 I53 • • Walker, James W. St. G. The Black Loyalists: The Search for a Promised Land in Nova Scotia and Sierra Leone, 1783-1870. New York: Dalhousie Univ. Press, Holmes and Meier, 1976. 454 pp. E448 W34 • • Wilson, Ellen Gibson. The Loyal Blacks. New York: Putnam's, 1976. 476 pp. DT516.7 W54 • • Wright, Esther Clark. The Loyalists of New Brunswick. Fredericton, N.B., 1955. 372 pp. F1043 W75 • • Zimmer, Anne Y. Jonathan Boucher: Loyalist in Exile. Detroit: Wayne State Univ. Press, 1978. 396 pp. E277 B753 •
  • 67. Documentary Collections • DOCUMENTARY COLLECTIONS • • Bernard Bailyn and Jane Garrett, eds. Pamphlets of the 1750-1776, I, 1750-1765. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1965. 804 pp. E203 B3 • • Davies, K. G., ed. Documents of the American Revolution, 1770-1783. 21 vols. Kill-o'the'Grange: Irish Univ. Press, 1972-1981. E208 G68 • • Fundamental Testaments of the American Revolution. Library of Congress Symposium on the American Revolution. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1973. 128 pp. JA84 U5 L5 • • Greene, Jack P., ed. Colonies to Nation, 1763-1789. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967. 598 pp. Vol. II of David Donald, ed., A Documentary History of American Life. Reprinted separately with subtitle A Documentary History of the Ameri can Revolution. E173 D58 v. 2; E203 G7 • • Hyneman, Charles S., and Donald Lutz, eds. American Political Writing during the Founding Era: 1760-1805. 2 vols. Indianapolis: Liberty Press, 1983. JK113 A716 • • Jensen, Merrill, ed. English Historical Documents: American Colonial Documents to 1776. Vol. IX of David C. Douglas, ed., English Historical Documents. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1955. 912 pp. DA26 E56 • • Morison, Samuel Eliot, ed. Sources and Documents Illustrating the American Revolution, 1764-1788, and the Formation of the Federal Constitution. 2d ed. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1929. 422 pp. E203 M86 • • Simmons, R. C., and P. D. G. Thomas, eds. Proceedings and Debates of the British Parliaments respecting North America 1754-1783. 6 vols. to date. Millwood, White Plains, N.Y.: Kraus, 1982-. E187 G79 •
  • 68. Atlases and Geographies • ATLASES AND GEOGRAPHIES • • Cappon, Lester J., et al., eds. Atlas of Early American History: The Revolutionary Era, 1760-1790. Princeton: Newberry Library,IEAHC, Princeton Univ. Press, 1976. 200 pp. G1201 S3 A8 • • Harley, J. B., et al. Mapping the American Revolutionary War. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1978. 196 pp. GA405.5 H37 •
  • 69. Regional Studies • REGIONAL STUDIES • • Alden, John Richard. The South in the Revolution, 1763-1789. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1957. 458 pp. Vol. III of Wendell Holmes Stephenson and E. Merton Coulter, eds., A History of the South. F213 A4 • • Arnold, Douglas M. A Republican Revolution: Ideology and Politics in Pennsylvania, 1776-1790. Outstanding Studies in Early American History. New York: Garland, 1989. 389 pp. F135 A76 • • Barker, Charles Albro. The Background of the Revolution in Maryland. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1940. 432 pp. F184 B25 • • Brebner, John Bartlet. The Neutral Yankees of Nova Scotia: A Marginal Colony during the Revolutionary Years. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1937. 404 pp. F1038 B815 • • Brunhouse Robert L. The Counter-Revolution in Pennsylvania, 1776-1790. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical Commission, 1942. 376 pp. E263 P4 B78 • • Buckley, Thomas E. Church and State in Revolutionary 1776-1787. Charlottesville: Univ. Press of Virginia, 1977. 232 pp. BR555 V8 B8 • • Countryman, Edward. A People in Revolution: The American Revolution and Political Society in New York, 1760-1790. The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science, 99th Ser., 2. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1 981. 406 pp. E263 N6 C68; H31 J6 99th ser., no. 2 • • Crane, Elaine Forman. A Dependent People: Newport, Rhode Island, in the Revolutionary Era. New York: Fordham Univ. Press, 1985. 210 pp. F89 N5 C8 • • Crow, Jeffrey J., and Larry E. Tise, eds. The Southern Experience in the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1978. 328 pp. E230.5 S7 S68 • • Crowl, Philip A. Maryland during and after the Revolution: A Political and Economic Study. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1943. 186 pp. F185 C7 • • Foster, Joseph S. In Pursuit of Equal Liberty: George Bryan and the Revolution in Pennsylvania. University Park: Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, 1994. 213 pp. F153 B88 F67 •
  • 70. Regional Studies • Ganyard, Robert L. The Emergence of North Carolina's Revolutionary State Government. Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 1978. 112 pp. E263 N8 G25 • • Gerlach, Larry R. Prologue to Independence: New Jersey in the Coming of the American Revolution. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1975. 588 pp. F137 G47 • • Gross, Robert A. The Minutemen and Their World. New York: Hill and Wang, 1976. 254 pp. F 14 C8 G76 • • Hall, Van Beck. Politics without Parties: Massachusetts, 1780-1791. Pittsburgh: Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, 1972. 394 pp. F69 H3 • • Hoffman, Ronald. A Spirit of Dissension: Economics, Politics and the Revolution in Maryland. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1973. 296 pp. HC107 M3 H63 • • Hoffman, Ronald, Thad W. Tate, and Peter J. Albert, eds. An Uncivil War: The Southern Backcountry during the American Revolution. Perspectives on the American Revolution. Charlottesville: United States Capitol Historical Society, Univ. Press of Virginia, 1985. 362 pp. E230.5 S7 U52 • • Lee, Jean B. The Price of Nationhood: The American Revolution in Charles County. New York: Norton, 1994. 406 pp. F187 C4 L44 • • Lovejoy, David S. Rhode Island Politics and the American Revolution 1760-1776. Providence: Brown Univ. Press, 1958. 262 pp. F82 L68 • • McCormick, Richard P. Experiment in Independence: New Jersey in the Critical Period, 1781-1789. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1950. 352 pp. F138 M2 • • Munroe, John A. Federalist Delaware, 1775-1815. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1954. 300 pp. F168 M8 • • Nadelhaft, Jerome J. The Disorders of War: The Revolution in South Carolina. Orono: Univ. of Maine at Orono Press, 1981. 322 pp. E263 S7 N34 • • Neuenschwander, John A. The Middle Colonies and the Coming of the American Revolution. Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat, 1974. 274 pp. E263 P4 N48 •
  • 71. Regional Studies • Ousterhout, Anne M. A State Divided: Opposition in Pennsylvania to the American Revolution. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1987. 358 pp. • • Patterson, Stephen E. Political Parties in Revolutionary Massachusetts. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1973. 310 pp. JK103 M4 P37 • • Peters, Ronald M., Jr. The Massachusetts Constitution of 1780: A Social Compact. Amherst: Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1978. 256 pp. JK3125 A80 P47 • • Risjord, Norman K. Chesapeake Politics. 1781-1800. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1978. 730 pp. JK2295 M32 R57 • • Rohrbough, Malcolm J. The Trans-Appalachian Frontier: People, Societies, and Institutions, 1775-1850. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1978. 460 pp. F484.3 R64 • • Selby, John E. The Revolution in Virginia, 1775-1783. Williamsburg, Va.: Colonial Williamsburg, dist. Univ. Press of Virginia, 1988. 456 pp. E263 V8 S45 • • Sosin, Jack M. The Revolutionary Frontier, 1763-1783. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1967. 256 pp. E179.5 S68 • • Taylor, Robert J. Western Massachusetts in the Revolution. Providence: Brown Univ. Press, 1954. 236 pp. E263 M4 T19 • • Tiedemann, Joseph S. Reluctant Revolutionaries: New York City and the Road to Independence, 1763-1776. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ. Press, 1997. 356 pp. F128.4 T54 • • Turner, Lynn Warren. The Ninth State: New Hampshire's Formative Years. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1983. 494 pp. F38 T87 • • Tyler, John W. Smugglers and Patriots: Boston Merchants and the Advent of the American Revolution. Boston: Northeastern Univ. Press, 1986. 364 pp. E209 T95 • • Wright, J. Leitch, Jr. Florida in the American Revolution. Gainesville: American Revolution Bicentennial Commission of Florida, Univ. Presses of Florida, 1975. 210 pp. E263 F6 W74 • • Young, Alfred F. The Democratic Republicans of New York: The Origins, 1763-1797. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1967. 654 pp. JK2318 N7 •
  • 72. Biographies and Writings of Notable Figures • BIOGRAPHIES AND WRITINGS OF NOTABLE FIGURES • ADAMS, ABIGAIL • Akers, Charles W. Abigail Adams: An American Woman. Boston: Little, Brown. 1980. 218 pp. E322.1 A38 A35 • Withey, Lynne. Dearest Friend: A Life of Abigail Adams. New York: Free Press, 1981. 384 pp. E322.1 A38 W56 • ADAMS, JOHN (AND FAMILY) • Butterfield, L. H., Marc Friedlaender, and Mary-Jo Kline, eds. The Book of Abigail and John: Selected Letters of the Adams Family, 1762-1784. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1975. 422 pp. E322.1 A293 • Butterfield, L. H., Robert J. Taylor, and Richard Alan Ryerson, editors in chief. The Adams Papers. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1961-. Relevant titles include the following; completed titles specify number of volumes. • --Series I, Diaries. L. H. Butterfield et al., eds., Diary and Autobiography of John Adams, 4 vols.; The Earliest Diary of John Adams, 1 vol. E322 A3; E322 A34 • --Series II, Adams Family Correspondence. L. H. Butterfield, Marc Friedlaender, et al., eds., Adams Family Correspondence. E322.1 A27 • --Series III, General Correspondence and Other Papers of the Adams Statesmen. L. Kinvin Wroth and Hiller B. Zobel, eds., Legal Papers of John Adams, 3 vols. Robert J. Taylor et al., eds., Papers of John Adams. JK1361 C6; E302 A6 • --Series IV, Adams Family Portraits. Andrew Oliver, Portraits of John and Abigail Adams, 1 vol. N7628 A30 055; E377 04 • Cappon, Lester J., ed. The Adams-Jefferson Letters: The Complete Correspondence between Thomas Jefferson and Abigail and John Adams. 2 vols. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press. 1959. E322 A516 • Ellis, Joseph J. Passionate Sage: The Character and Legacy of John Adams. New York: Norton, 1993. 277 pp. E321 F45 • Shaw, Peter. The Character of John Adams. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1976. 334 pp. E322 S54 • Smith, Page. John Adams. 2 vols. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1962. E322 S64 • ADAMS, SAMUEL • Miller, John C. Sam Adams: Pioneer in Propaganda. Boston: Little, Brown, 1936. 438 pp. E302 A2 M56 • ALLEN, ETHAN • Jellison, Charles A. Ethan Allen: Frontier Rebel. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse Univ. Press, 1969. 368 pp. E207 A4 J4 • ARNOLD BENEDICT • Brandt, Clare. The Man in the Mirror: A Life of Benedict Arnold. New York. Random House. 1994. 382 pp. E2787 A7 B73 • Randall, Willard Sterne. Benedict Arnold: Patriot and Traitor. New York: Morrow, 1990. 667 pp. E278 A7 R36 • BARTLETT, JOSIAH • Mevers, Frank C., ed. The Papers of Josiah Bartlett. Hanover, N.H.: New Hampshire Historical Society, Univ. Press of New England, 1979. 516 pp. E302.6 B2 A2 • BEAUMARCHAIS • Kite, Elizabeth S. Beaumarchais and the War of American Independence. 2 vols. Boston: Richard G. Badger, Gorham Press, 1918. PQ1956 K5 • BOUQUET HENRY • Stevens, S. K., Donald H. Kent, and Autumn L. Leonard, eds. The Papers of Henry Bouquet. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1951-. F152 B77 • BRANT, JOSEPH • Kelsay, Isabel Thompson. Joseph Brant, 1743-1807: Man of Two Worlds. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse Univ. Press, 1984. 790 pp. E99 I7 B784 • BURR, AARON • Kline, Mary-Jo, et al., eds. Political Correspondence and Public Papers of Aaron Burr. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1983. E302 B92 • Lomask, Milton. Aaron Burr: The Years from Princeton to Vice President, 1756-1805. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1979. 458 pp. E302.6 B9 L7
  • 73. Biographies and Writings of Notable Figures • TAYLOR, JOHN • Shalhope, Robert E. John Taylor of Caroline: Pastoral Republican. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1980. 314 pp. E302.6 T23 S42 • TRUMBULL, JOHN • Cooper, Helen A. John Trumbull: The Hand and Spirit of a Painter. New Haven: Yale Univ. Art Gallery, dist. Yale Univ. Press, 1982. 308 pp. ND237 T8 A4 • Jaffee, Irma B. John Trumbull, Patriot-Artist of the American Revolution. Boston: New York Graphic Society, Little, Brown, 1975. 352 pp. ND237 T8 A33 • WASHINGTON, GEORGE • Abbot, W. W., ed. The Papers of George Washington. Charlottesville: Univ. Press of Virginia, 1976. Completed titles specify number of volumes. • --W. W. Abbot et al., eds., The Papers of George Washington: Colonial Series; Revolutionary War Series; Presidential Series. R~12.72 • --Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds., The Diaries of George Washington, 6 vols. 1976-1979. E312.8 • Alden, John R. George Washington: A Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1984. 338 pp. E312 A58 • Brookhiser. Richard. Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington. New York: Free Press, 1996. 240 pp. E312 B85 • Ferling, John E. The First of Men: A Life of George Washington. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1988. 614 pp. E312 F47 • Flexner, James Thomas. George Washington: A Biography. 4 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1965-1972. E312.2 F55, F56, F6, F69 • Flexner, James Thomas. Washington: The Indispensable Man. Boston: Little, Brown, 1974. 442 pp. E312 F556 • Freeman, Douglas Southall. George Washington: A Biography. 7 vols. New York: Scribner's, 1948-1957. (Vol. VII by John A. Carroll and Mary W. Ashworth.) E312 F82 • Longmore, Paul K. The Invention of George Washington. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1988. 347 pp. E312.17 L84 • Phelps, Glenn A. George Washington and American Constitutionalism. American Political Thought. Lawrence: Univ. Press of Kansas, 1993. 265 pp. E312.29 P44 • WAYNE, ANTHONY • Nelson, Paul David. Anthony Wayne, Soldier of the Early Republic. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, 1985. 380 pp. E207 W35 N34 • WEST, BENJAMIN • Alberts, Robert C. Benjamin West: A Biography. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1987. 544 pp. ND237 W45 A6 • WILSON, JAMES • McCloskey, Robert Green, ed. The Works of James Wilson. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1967. KF213 W5 • Smith, Charles Page. James Wilson, Founding Father, 1742-1798. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1956. 440 pp. E302.6 W64 S6 • WOOLMAN, JOHN • Moulton, Phillips P., ed. The Journal and Major Essays of John Woolman. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1971. 354 pp. BX7795 W7 A3
  • 74. Biographies and Writings of Notable Figures • PAINE, THOMAS • Foner, Eric. Tom Paine and Revolutionary America. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1976. 348 pp. JC178 V2 F65 • Foner, Philip S., ed. The Complete Writings of Thomas Paine. 2 vols. New York: Citadel, 1945. JC177 A3 • PEALE, CHARLES WILLSON • Miller, Lillian B., et al., eds. The Selected Papers of Charles Willson Peale and His Family. 2 vols. to date. New Haven: National Portrait Gallery, Yale Univ. Press, 1983-. ND237 P27 S37 • Miller, Lillian B., and David C. Ward, eds. New Perspectives on Charles Willson Peale: A 250th Anniversary Celebration. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, for the Smithsonian Institution 1991. 335 pp. ND237 P27 N48 • Sellers, Charles Coleman. Charles Willson Peale. New York: Scribner's, 1969. 524 pp. ND237 P27 S44 • PENDLETON, EDMUND • Mays, David John. Edmund Pendleton, 1721-1803: A Biography. 2 vols. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1984. KF363 P4 M38 • Mays, David John, ed. The Letters and Papers of Edmund Pendleton, 1734-1803. 2 vols. Charlottesville: Virginia Historical Society, Univ. Press of Virginia, 1967. F230 P385 • RANDOLPH, JOHN • Dawidoff, Robert. The Education of John Randolph. New York: Norton 1979. 346 pp. E302.6 R2 D28 • RUSH, BENJAMIN • Butterfield, L. H., ed. Letters of Benjamin Rush. 2 vols. Princeton: American Philosophical Society, Princeton Univ. Press, 1951. R154 R9 A4. • D'Elia, Donald J. Benjamin Rush: Philosopher of the American Revolution. American Philosophical Society, Transactions, N.S., LXIV, pt. 5. Philadelphia, 1974. 114 pp. E302.6 R85 D44: 011 P6 ns v. 64, pt. 5 • Hawke, David Freeman. Benjamin Rush: Revolutionary Gadfly. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1971. 500 pp. E302.6 R85 H3 • SCHUYLER, PHILIP • Gerlach, Don R. Philip Schuyler and the American Revolution in New York, 1733-1777. Lincoln: Univ. of Nebraska Press, 1964. 380 pp. E207 S3 G4 • Gerlach, Don R. Proud Patriot: Philip Schuyler and the War of Independence. 1775-1783. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse Univ. Press, 1987. 652 pp. E207 S3 G423 • STILES, EZRA • Morgan, Edmund S. The Gentle Puritan: A Life of Ezra Stiles 1727-1795. New Haven: IEAHC, Yale Univ. Press, 1962. 500 pp. LD6330 1778 M6 • STUART, GILBERT • McLanathan, Richard. Gilbert Stuart: The Father of American Portraiture. New York: Abrams, 1986. 160 pp. ND1329 S7 M39
  • 75. Biographies and Writings of Notable Figures • MADISON, JAMES • Brant, Irving. James Madison. 6 vols. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1941-1961. E342 B7 • Hutchinson, William T., et al., eds. The Papers of James Madison. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1962-1977; Charlottesville: Univ. Press of Virginia, 1977-. E302 M19 • Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography. New York: Macmillan, 1971. 768 pp. E342 K46 • MARSHALL, JOHN • Baker, Leonard. John Marshall: A Life in Law. New York: Macmillan 1974. 862 pp. KF8745 M3 B3 • MARTIN, LUTHER Clarkson, Paul S., and R. Samuel Jett. Luther Martin of Maryland. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1970. 346 pp. KF368 M5 C5 • MASON, GEORGE • Miller, Helen Hill. George Mason: Gentleman Revolutionary. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1975. 400 pp. M45 M53 • Rutland, Robert A., ed. The Papers of George Mason, 1725-1792. 3 vols. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1970. E302 M38 • MAZZEI, PHILIP • Marchione, Margherita, Stanley Idzerda, and S. Eugene Scalia, eds. Philip Mazzei: Selected Writings and Correspondence. 3 vols. Prato, Italy: Cassa di Risparmi e Depositi di Prato, dist. Kraus Reprint, 1983. E302.6 M49 A3 • MONROE, JAMES • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1971. 718 pp. E372 A65 • MORGAN, DANIEL • Higginbotham, Don. Daniel Morgan, Revolutionary Rifleman. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1961. 252PP. E207 M8 H5 • MORRIS, GOUVERNEUR • Mintz, Max M. Gouverneur Morris and the American Revolution. Norman: Univ. of Oklahoma Press, 1970. 298 pp. • MORRIS, ROBERT • Ferguson, E. James, et al., eds. The Papers of Robert Morris, 1781-1784. Pittsburgh: Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, 1975-. E302.6 M8 A35 • Ver Steeg, Clarence L. Robert Morris: Revolutionary Financier, with an Analysis of His Earlier Career. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1954. 276 pp. E302.6 M8 V4 • NORTH, LORD • Thomas, Peter D. G. Lord North. New York: St. Martin's, 1976. 184 pp. DA506 N7 T48 • OTIS, JAMES (AND FAMILY) • Waters, John J., Jr. The Otis Family in Provincial and Revolutionary Massachusetts. Chapel Hill: IEAHC, Univ. of North Carolina Press. 1968. 238 pp. CS71 088
  • 76. Biographies and Writings of Notable Figures • IREDELL, JAMES • Higginbotham, Don, ed. The Papers of James Iredell. 2 vols. Raleigh: North Carolina Division of Archives and History, 1976. KF8745 I7 A4 • JAY, JOHN • Johnston, Henry P., ed. The Correspondence and Public Papers of John Jay... 3 vols. New York: Putnam's, 1890-1891. E302 • Morris, Richard B. John Jay: The Nation and the Court. Boston: Boston Univ. Press, 1967. 128 pp. KF8745 J3 M6 • Morris, Richard B., et al., eds. John Jay:... Unpublished Papers.... 2 vols. New York: Harper and Row, 1975-1980. • JEFFERSON, THOMAS • Boyd, Julian P., et al. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1950-. E302 J463 • Cunningham, Noble E., Jr. In Pursuit of Reason: The Life of Thomas Jefferson. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1987. 430 pp. E332 C95 • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson and His Time. 6 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1948-1981. E332 M25 • Matthews, Richard K. The Radical Politics of Thomas Jefferson: A Revisionist View. Lawrence: Univ. Press of Kansas, 1984. pp. E332.2 M37 • Peterson, Merrill D. Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation: A Biography. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1970. 1088 pp. P45 • LAFAYETTE • Gottschalk, Louis. Lafayette in America, 1777-1783. 3 vols. Arveyres, France: L' Esprit de Lafayette Society, 1975. Reprint of the three following volumes. E207 L2 G685 • Gottschalk, Louis. Lafayette Comes to America. Chicago: Univ. Of Chicago Press, 1935. 196 pp. D146 L2 G6 • Gottschalk, Louis. Lafayette Joins the American Army. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1937. 380 pp. E207 L2 G7 • Gottschalk, Louis. Lafayette and the Close of the American Revolution. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1942. 470 pp. E207 L2 G68 • Gottschalk, Louis. Lafayette between the American and the French Revolution (1783-1789). Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1950. 474 pp. DC146 L2 G59 • Idzerda, Stanley J., et al., eds. Lafayette in the Age of the American Revolution: Selected Letters and Papers, 1776-1790. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ. Press, 1977-. E207 L2 A4 • LAURENS HENRY • Hamer, Philip M., et al., eds. The Papers of Henry Laurens. 11 vols. to date. Columbia: South Carolina Historical Society, Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1974-E302 L3 • LEE, ARTHUR • Potts, Louis W. Arthur Lee: A Virtuous Revolutionary. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1981. 330 pp. E302.6 L38 P67 • LEE, CHARLES • Alden, John Richard. General Charles Lee: Traitor or Patriot? Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1951. 380 pp. E207 L47 A5 • LEE, HENRY • Royster, Charles. Light-Horse Harry Lee and the Legacy of the American Revolution. New York: Knopf, 1981. 316 pp. E207 L5 R69 • LEE, RICHARD HENRY • Ballagh, James Curtis, ed. The Letters of Richard Henry Lee. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1911-1914. E302 L472 • LINCOLN, BENJAMIN • Mattern, David B. Benjamin Lincoln and the American Revolution. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1995. Pp. xiv, 307. • LIVINGSTON, WILLIAM • Livingston, William, et al. The Independent Reflector; or Weekly Essays on Sundry Important Subjects, More Particularly Adapted to the Province of New-York. Ed. Milton M. Klein. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1963. 470 pp. AP2 A2 I4 • Prince, Carl E., et al., eds. The Papers of William Livingston. 5 vols. Trenton: New Jersey Historical Commission, 1979-1988. E302 L63 • McKEAN, THOMAS • Rowe, G. S. Thomas McKean: The Shaping of an American Republican. Boulder: Colorado Associated Univ. Press, 1978. 518 pp. E302.6 M13 R68
  • 77. Biographies and Writings of Notable Figures • GADSDEN, CHRISTOPHER • Godbold, E. Stanly, Jr., and Robert H. Woody. Christopher Gadsden and the American Revolution. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1982. 314 pp. E302.6 G15 G62 • Walsh, Richard, ed. The Writings of Christoper Gadsden, 1746-1805. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1966. 370 pp. E302 G14 A2 • GATES, HORATIO • Nelson, Paul David. General Horatio Gates: A Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1976. 334 pp. E207 G3 N44 • GEORGE III • Brooke, John. King George III. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1972. 432 pp. DA506 A2 B75 • Clarke, John. Life and Times of George III. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1972. 224 pp. DA506 A2 C43 • GRAVIER, CHARLES • Murphy, Orville T. Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes: French Diplomacy in the Age of Revolution, 1719-1787. Albany: State Univ. of New York Press, 1982. 620 pp. DC131.9 V3 M84 • GREENE, NATHANAEL • Showman, Richard K., et al., eds. The Papers of General • Nathanael Greene. 4 vols. to date. Chapel Hill: Rhode Island Historical Society, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1980-. E203 G73 • Thayer, George Theodore. Nathanael Greene: Strategist of the American Revolution. New York: Twayne, 1960. 500 pp. E207 G9 T48 • HAMILTON, ALEXANDER • Cooke, Jacob Ernest. Alexander Hamilton. New York: Scribner's, 1982. 284 pp. E302.6 H2 C 73 • McDonald, Forrest. Alexander Hamilton: A Biography. New York: Norton, 1979. 478 pp. E302.6 H2 M32 • Stourzh, Gerald. Alexander Hamilton and the Idea of Republican Government. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford Univ. Press, 1970. 286 pp. E302.6 H8 S8 • Syrett, Harold C., et al., eds. The Papers of Alexander Hamilton. 27 vols. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1961-1987. E302 H247 • HANCOCK, JOHN • Baxter, William T. The House of Hancock: Business in Boston, 1724-1775. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1945. 350 pp. HF3163 B6 B35 • Fowler William M., Jr. The Baron of Beacon Hill: A Biography of John Hancock. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979. 380 pp. E302.6 H23 F65 • HENRY, PATRICK • Beeman, Richard R. Patrick Henry: A Biography. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974. 246 pp. E302.6 H5 B44 • Meade, Robert Douthat. Patrick Henry. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1957-1969. E302.6 H5 M4
  • 78. Biographies and Writings of Notable Figures • CARROLL, JOHN • Hanley, Thomas O'Brien, S.J., ed. The John Carroll Papers. 3 vols. Notre Dame, Ind.: American Catholic Historical Association, Univ. of Notre Dame Press, 1976. BX4705 C33 A34 • CARTER, LANDON • Greene, Jack P., ed. The Diary of Colonel Landon Carter of 1752-1778. 2 vols. Charlottesville: Virginia Historical Society, Univ. Press of Virginia, 1965. F229 C29 • CHAUNCY, CHARLES • Griffin, Edward M. Old Brick: Charles Chauncy of Boston, 1705-1787. Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1980. 258 pp. BX7260 C527 G74 • CLINTON, HENRY • Willcox, William B. Portrait of a General: Sir Henry Clinton in the War of Independence. New York: Knopf, 1964. 572 pp. DA67.1 C55 W5 • COOPER, SAMUEL • Akers, Charles W. The Divine Politician: Samuel Cooper and the American Revolution in Boston. Boston: Northeastern Univ. Press, 1982. 458 pp. F73.44 C7 A38 • COPLEY, JOHN SINGLETON • Klayman, Richard. America Abandoned: John Singleton Copley's American Years, 1738-1774: An Interpretative History. Lanham, Md.: Univ. Press of America, 1983. 134 pp. ND1329 C67 K4 • Prown, Jules David. John Singleton Copley. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: National Gallery of Art, Harvard Univ. Press, 1966. ND237 C7 P7 • CORNWALLIS • Wickwire, Franklin, and Mary Wickwire. Cornwallis: The American Adventure. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1970. 502 pp. E267 W48 • DICKINSON, JOHN • Flower, Milton E. John Dickinson: Conservative Revolutionary. Charlottesville: Friends of the John Dickinson Mansion, Univ. Press of Virginia, 1983. 352 pp. E302.6 D5 F57 • DRINKER, ELIZABETH • Crane, Elaine Forman, et al., eds. The Diary of Elizabeth Drinker. 3 volumes. Boston: Northeastern Univ. Press, 1991. 2,333 pp. F158.9 F89 D75 • DULANY, DANIEL (AND FAMILY) • Land, Aubrey C. The Dulanys of Maryland: A Biographical Study of Daniel Dulany, the Elder (1685-1753), and Daniel Dulany, the Younger (1722-1797). 2d ed. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1968. 404 pp. F184 D8 L3 • FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN • Ketcham, Ralph. Benjamin Franklin. New York: Washington Square Press, 1966. 242 pp. E302.6 F8 K43 • Labaree. Leonard W., ed. The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1964. 360 pp. E302.6 F7 A2 • Labaree, Leonard W., et al., eds. The Papers of Benjamin Franklin. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1959-. E302 F82 • Lemay, J. A. Leo, and P. M. Zall, eds. The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin: A Genetic Text. Center for Editions of American Authors. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1981. 352 pp. E302.6 F7 A2 • Van Doren, Carl. Benjamin Franklin. New York: Viking, 1938. 888 pp. E302.6 F8 V33 • Wright, Esmond. Franklin of Philadelphia. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1986. 424 pp. E302.6 F8 W69
  • 79. Bibliographies • BIBLIOGRAPHIES • • Gephart, Ronald M., comp. Revolutionary America, 1763-1789: A Bibliography. 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1984. Z1238 G43 • • Shy, John, comp. The American Revolution. Goldentree Bibliographies in American History. Northbrook, Ill.: AHM, 1973. 162 pp. Z1238 S45 • • Smith, Dwight L., ed. Era of the American Revolution: A Bibliography. Clio Bibliography Series. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC- Clio, 1975. 396 pp. Z1238 E7 •
  • 80. Databases • DATABASES • Accessible Archives CD-ROM Edition of the Pennsylvania Gazette, with Additions from the Pennsylvania Packet: The American Revolution, Folio III, 1766-1783. Malvern, Pennsylvania: Accessible Archives, 1995. • Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774-1789. Summerfield, Florida: Historical Database, 1995.
  • 81. “Get up and get your lunch.”