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Finding Free Primary Sources Online and Using them in Your Classroom
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Finding Free Primary Sources Online and Using them in Your Classroom


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The presentation was given by Tess Killian of Southeastern New York Library Resources Council and Susan Stessin-Cohn of Historic Huguenot Street during Teaching the Hudson Valley's Summer Institute in …

The presentation was given by Tess Killian of Southeastern New York Library Resources Council and Susan Stessin-Cohn of Historic Huguenot Street during Teaching the Hudson Valley's Summer Institute in July 2009.

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  • Introduce myself and Susan Work for The SENYLRC. We have a digital project that I help manage, called the Hudson River Valley Heritage. Will talk about it a little, but will focus on many projects that contain collections of primary sources that have some materials about the Hudson River Valley. Please ask questions, especially if I’m not making something clear to you. You have a print out of my slides which include the links to all of the resources that I’ll show you today
  • Start off with an overview of some exciting projects and programs that exist on the Web that are free. This is a select list, there is much more out there to explore. Several of these sites include lesson plans for the whole site or for some of the collections.
  • Just a few words about digital collections. Libraries, archives, museums and cultural heritage sites all have many primary sources or original materials in their collections. In the last 15 or so years many of these institutions have been digitizing these materials or making them available in some sort of digital form. This is a list of what these collections may have in common. Read thru the list. Google will find results from some of these collections, but not all of them. For some of them, we need to go through their front doors of their website
  • Tour of digital collection websites – national to local. The first collection that I’d like to show you is from the Library of Congress called American Memory. The mission of American memory is to be a digital record of American History created by LC and other institutions. They are trying to digitize ideas that help shape America through the written and spoken word, sound recordings, still and moving images, prints, maps sheet music. More than 9 million items in these collections. The collections are searchable by keywords or can be browsed by collection or topic. Teachers – classroom materials – themed resources – advertising - advertisements
  • The National Archives contains documents and materials created by the US Federal Government The National Archives job is to preserve these materials and make them available to us. “ The Nation’s Record Keeper” The have a nice section on Online Exhibits They give us an idea on what we may be looking for and show us what others have requested. The presidential libraries are listed. Here we should find FDR. Click on FDR and then Online Documents. Online Exhibits – The Deadly Virus (1918 flu)
  • One of New York’s greatest treasures is the New York Public Library.. This page shows both the new and old dittal collections. Go to NYPL Digital Gallery
  • They have a wonderful and extensive Digital Gallery that is browsable by category – show them this. Their mission is to collect, reserve and make holdings available digitally. And to connect us to the digital versions of fragile and hard to use originals. History and Geography
  • New York State – archives , museum library Next is the New York State Archives site The Digital Collections: A gateway to materials held by the new York stat archives, the New York state museum and the New York State library. This is also a collection of primary source materials. Selected materials not everything. Browse Collection – Environmental History Collection – Ulster County Clerk Archives
  • From the New York State Archives. Resource for teachers Document Index – United States History – American Revolution – Forces at West Point 1780
  • This is a link to the New York State library’s catalog, which contains some of the same materials as in the collections, but displayed like a traditional library catalog. The nice thing about this site is being able to see the hierarchy for the materials.
  • The browse function shows the hierarchy. Great for state publications. Browse Scanned Publications – Broadsides – look at one.
  • The Farmers’ Museum has a great site called Harvest of History. The goal is for kids to use the site to find out where their food comes from . They can even create their own movie. The target audience is 4 th graders. The reason that I’m showing it to you is because they have a section with primary sources that include materials from all over New York state. .
  • Portal to collections from across New York State – colleges, public libraries, historical societies. More than 200 digital collections from around the state – builds on services administered by 9 different library councils that cover the entire state of new York. No good way to browse Search for Native Americans
  • I saved the best resource for last. The last online resource that I want to show you is the Hudson River Valley Heritage. The goal of our site is to provide online access to historical materials from NYS Hudson River Valley. The site can be searched and browed by collection. There are over 33 organizations that provide their digital collections through this site. Over 13K items, and 10 exhibits. One with lessons that I will show you later. Show them the Hudson Celebrations site. Show them the Souvenir Program Do a search for Pluto
  • Grant Funded Hired Susan Educational Resources, including 9 lesson plans
  • Notice the rights statement in the information about the item. What do they allow? Here is a quick example of how to cite a photograph according to the MLA format.
  • If you create a lesson based on resources found in HRVH, it would be great to share them with others using the THV’s service to upload lessons here!
  • Transcript

    • 1. Teaching the Hudson Valley Beyond Field Trips Teaching The Hudson Valley In Tough Times Finding Free Primary Sources Online and Using Them In Your Classroom Tessa Killian Southeastern NY Library Resources Council Susan Stessin-Cohn Historic Huguenot Street Schultz's Studio, New Paltz, N.Y. Cows in front of the New Paltz Creamery. Haviland- Heidgerd Historical Collection, Elting Memorial Library
    • 2. Outline •  Primary sources •  Tour of online digital collections that contain primary sources •  Examples of lessons created from primary sources •  Try a lesson •  Create a lesson using a primary source World War II collection of boxes for the Red Cross at a Milton School. Marlboro Free Library.
    • 3. Primary Sources Audio Objects • Speeches • Household Appliances & Tools • Music • Toys • Interviews • Buildings Visual Material • Radio Shows • Maps • Monuments • Films and Videos • Clothing • Fine Art – paintings, prints & drawings • Photographs • Daguerreotypes Places Primary • Cemeteries • Cultured Landscapes – • Ellis Island, Gettysburg, Colonial Documents Williamsburg • Historic Museums - Historic Huguenot Street,  Census records Philipsburg Manor, etc.  Government records • Parks  Personal papers  Business records  Organizational records  Special formats Stessin-Cohn 2009 @Susan
    • 4. Types of Primary Source Materials Government Records Business Records  Ledgers  Tax records  Account books  Minutes from meetings Census Records  Employees records  School records  State - years vary  Advertising  Maps  Federal - 1790-1930  Old catalogs  Wills  City directories  Overseer of the Poor records  Military records  Voter lists Special Formats  Immigration papers  Birth Certificates Personal Papers  Letters • Maps  Death Certificates  Diaries/journals • Photographs  Wills • Newspapers  Friendship albums • Magazines Organizational Records  Scrapbooks • Blueprints  Clubs  Photographs  Recipe albums • Oral histories  Fraternities  Genealogies • Travel brochures • Site brochures  Labor unions @Susan Stessin-Cohn 2009
    • 5. Where to find primary sources online… •  Digital collections contain primary source materials; •  available from libraries, archives, museums and cultural heritage organizations (national, state, regional, university); •  have search and browse capabilities; •  include information about the resources (bibliographic record or metadata); •  allows us to view and use materials that may otherwise be unavailable. •  Now we will show you some of the collections that contain primary sources! Highway Bridge over Esopus Creek. New York State Archives
    • 6. Library of Congress: American Memory
    • 7. American Memory: Teacher’s Guides
    • 8. American Memory: Classroom Materials
    • 9. The National Archives
    • 10. The New York Public Library
    • 11. The New York Public Library
    • 12. The New York State Digital Collection
    • 13. The New York State Archives
    • 14. New York State Digital Collections: Catalog
    • 15. Farmers’ Museum, Cooperstown New York: Harvest of History
    • 16. New York Heritage
    • 17. Hudson River Valley Heritage
    • 18. Exhibit in HRVH: The Missing Chapter
    • 19. Citing Sources & Copyright MLA Format for a photograph: Cramer, Konrad. Konrad Cramer Photograph of Hervey White. Woodstock Public Library District. 24 July 2006 <http://www.hrvh. org/u?/woodstock,108>.
    • 20. Teaching The Hudson Valley
    • 21. Please contact us with questions Tessa Killian Southeastern NY Library Resources Council 845 883 9065 Susan Stessin-Cohn Historic Huguenot Street 845.255.6738 Stowall Studios, Woodstock, N.Y. Two young women. Woodstock Public Library District