Teaching Diversity in theHudson ValleyResources for teaching regional history with a multi-ethnic perspective“. . .the idea of history is not that of a single people, but the interaction, interconnectednessand interdependence of a multiplicity of racial, ethnic and religious groups.” — A. J. Williams-Myers, A Portrait of Eve: Towards a Social History of Black Women in the Hudson River Valley students about Jay’s role as K-12 PROGRAMS a slave owner and manumis- sion advocate as well as hisí Albany Heritage Area Visitor’s Center, Albany, Albany son William’s work as anCounty, features a planetarium and exhibits. The museum also organ- abolitionist.izes walking tours. A program for students in grades 2-12, The Abolition as a Social Move-Underground Railroad and the North Star, at the visitor center’s ment: Purity vs. Pragmatism,Henry Hudson Planetarium, teaches the role constellations played in for grades 8-12, explores thefreedom seekers’ search along the Underground Railroad. A second connections between theplanetarium program for grades 2-5, Skytellers, explores Native Abolition and Women’s RightsAmerican legends about the sky. A section of the museum’s perma- Movements. The lesson aimsnent exhibit highlights Albany’s role in the Underground Railroad to demonstrate that many ofMovement using documents and pictures to interpret the story. the issues dealt with in theWebsite: www.albany.org (click on Visitors Center) past were complex and hadPhone: (518) 434-0405 consequences that remain Courtesy of Sojourner Truth Library.í Bevier House Museum, Marbletown, Ulster County, offers significant today. Attitudes of Slavery: Changemuseum tours and education programs that engage students in Starts Slow, 7th and 8th grad-exploration of the lives of Native Americans and enslaved Africans. ers use documents to exploreExploring Ecology: From Native Americans to Today, teaches stu- views of slavery held by somedents, grades 2-6, about the land-use practices and technologies Americans during the lateemployed by Native Americans who lived in the areas now known as 18th and early 19th centuries.Dutchess and Ulster Counties. Hands that Picked no Cotton: Slavery Website: www.johnjayhomestead.orgin the Hudson Valley, introduces students, grades 3-12, to the insti- Phone: (914) 232-5651, ext. 103tution of slavery in New York State and at the Bevier Home.Website: www.bevierhousemuseum.org í Mount Gulian Historic Site, Fishkill, Dutchess County,Phone: (845) 338-5614 presents interactive programs to involve students in studying the life and times of the Verplanck family. A House Divided: Mount Gulianí Bowdoin Park, Wappingers Falls, Dutchess County, offers an Interprets the Civil War introduces students to some of the period’santhropology program introducing K-12 students to the Native complex racial issues. A collection of letters to and from one of theAmerican history and pre-history of the park. Groups can request an Verplanck sons brings to life his experience in President Lincoln’sinterpretive hike to a Native American rock shelter, in which students army, training and leading African American troops into battle.explore the interior and discuss the use and preparation of this typeof shelter. Programs on hunting, music, and survival techniques ofregional Native Americans are under development. Related Resource: Mount GulianPhone: (845) 298-4602 On the Morning Tide: African Americans, History andE-mail: email@example.com (for naturalist, David Beck) Methodology in the Ebb and Flow of Hudson Riverí John Jay Homestead, Katonah, Westchester County, Society, A. J. Williams-Myers, 2003, Africa World Press. Oneoffers tours and educational programs to engage students in a study chapter tells the story of James F. Brown, mentioned on theof the life and times of John Jay, a U.S. founding father. A program following page.for grades 8-12, Slavery, Abolition and the Jay Family, teaches
Annual Events at and enslaved Africans on colonial and Philipsburg contemporary cuisine. The event features food-making demonstrations, dance The Green Corn Festival, Friday through performances, planting, harvesting, and Monday, Labor Day cooking weekend. A celebration activities; Courtesy of Philipsburg Manor. of Native American his- garden tory and culture, the tours, festival includes tradi- and tasty tional craft and food traditional Courtesy of Philipsburg Manor. demonstrations, story- cuisine. telling, song and dance. Pinkster Africans. Festivities include drumming and Okra, Beans and Festival, traditional dance, African folktales, and Leafy Greens: The third demonstrations of traditional African instru- African-American Sunday in ments and wares. There is also an on-site Foodways Festival, last Sunday in July. May. A celebration of spring brought to the Pinkster school program for grades 2-12 on This festival explores the influence of free Hudson Valley by the Dutch and adapted by the three days following the festival. Students learn about the contributions of African American soldiers í Philipsburg Manor, Sleepy Hollow, Westchester County, is a and the struggle to help them find their rightful places in the military living history museum that includes the stories of 23 enslaved Africans and in American society. who lived and labored at Philipsburg Manor. A colonial-era pro- Guided museum tours introduce students to the story of escaped visioning plantation that exported food for sugar plantations in the slave, journal keeper, and Mount West Indies, Philipsburg Manor also chronicles the development of Gulian gardener James F. Brown. commerce and cultural diversity in colonial New York. Hands-on Dutch Settlers and Trade with activity sessions follow tours of the Manor’s gristmill, farm, house, the Native Americans acquaints and slaves’ garden, opening a window into what daily life was like students with the colonial period in the mid-1700s for enslaved people.Courtesy of Mount Gulian. in the Hudson Valley, with a focus Website: www.hudsonvalley.org on the life ways of the Wappinger Phone: (914) 631-8200, ext. 628 Indians and the early Dutch fur traders. The program and activities í Philipse Manor Hall State Historic Site, Yonkers, West- stress the economic and historical chester County, features a long-term, interactive exhibit, Slavery: The forces that shaped the region. Students learn vocabulary from Native Great and Foul Stain. The exhipit explores the views on slavery pro- American languages and engage in a fur trading game. pounded by the first 18 U.S. presidents and other prominent figures. Website: www.mountgulian.org A program recommended for grades 4-12, The Enslaved Population of Phone: (845) 831-8172 Philipse Manor Hall, introduces students to Philipse Manor through the eyes of the enslaved people who lived and worked there. Students begin í New York State Museum, Albany, Albany County, offers their visit with a tour and then engage in role-playing. Tours related to education programs on the Iroquois Nation from pre-colonial times both exhibits are available for students grades 1-12. to the present. A Mohawk longhouse replication allows hands-on Websites: www.philipsemanorfriends.org or exploration of Iroquois life. Native Peoples of New York and People www.nysparks.state.ny.us/sites/info.asp?siteID=24 of the Longhouse, programs for grades 1-12, are available October- Phone: (914) 965-4027 April. Cradleboards and Cornhusk Dolls, for preschoolers and kinder- garteners, is available September-June. í Rockland County Historical Society, New City, Rockland The Ellis Island Experience introduces students in grades 1-8 to County, offers Growing up Lenape: Early Life in Rockland County. The the dreams and hardships of immigrant families and working condi- program is an opportunity for students to experience what life was like tions in Lower East Side sweatshops. for the county’s first human inhabitants, the Munsee speaking Lenape. Street Scenes: New York City in 1895 allows students in grades A hands-on demonstration of corn grinding, typical Lenape clothing, 1-8 to experience the struggles of tenement life at the end of the and games will be given to show how they worked and lived. Student 19th century. Students compare and contrast the lives of the City’s participation will be encouraged. The class will explore how each family working poor, mainly immigrant populations to the wealthy elite. member contributed to the familys’ survival. Students will also compare Both programs are available October–April. the Lenapes’ lives to what students’ own lives are like today. Website: www.nysm.nysed.gov Website: www.rocklandhistory.org Phone: (518) 474-5877 Phone: (845) 634-9629
í St. Paul’s Church BACKGROUND RESOURCESNational HistoricSite, Mount Vernon, African American HistoryWestchester County,runs regular tours of its BOOKS AND PAPERShistoric cemetery includ- African American Heritage Trail, Westchester County Office of Tourism.ing visits to the graves Download or print this 6-page guide and map of sites reflectingof African Americans the actions and experiences of African Americans in the evolutionand an overview of their of the county at www.westchestergov.com/africanamerican_lives. Among the graves, aaheritage.htm. For a print copy, phone (914) 995-8500.are those of several men who were born enslaved and then foughtwith Union regiments during the Civil War. Afro-Americans in New York Life and History, published by New YorkWebsite: www.nps.gov/sapa History Net, is a journal featuring research and descriptive articlesPhone: (914) 667-4116 pertaining to the life and history of Afro-Americans in New York State. Subscribe by sending your name, address, and subscription fee ($8 per year) to: Afro-Americans in New York Life and History, Related Resource: St. Pauls Church P.O. Box 63, Buffalo, NY 14207. The Ties that Bind: Three Generations of an African Bound for Canaan: The Epic Story of the Underground Railroad, American Family Living Near St. Paul’s Church in America’s First Civil Rights Movement, Fergus M. Bordewich, Mount Vernon, Volume 82, Number 1, Winter 2006, The 2005, Harper Collins. Westchester Historian. Order the entire issue for $7.00 (tax and shipping included) from Westchester County Historical Long Hammering: Essays on the Forging of an African American Society, 2199 Saw Mill River Road, Elmsford, NY 10523. Presence in the Hudson River Valley to the Early Twentieth www.westchesterhistory.com Century, A. J. Williams-Myers, 1994, Africa World Press. Mighty Change, Tall Within: Black Identity in the Hudson Valley, Myra B. Young Armstead, edi-í Underground Railroad History Project of the Capitol tor, 2003, SUNY Press, www.sunypress.edu.Region, Inc., Albany, Albany County, offers walking tours of historicsites connected to the Underground Railroad (UGR) in Albany and Troy. Nyack in Black and White, Carl Nordstrom,Dates and times are posted on the website and groups may arrange 2005, The Historical Society of the Nyacksalternate times. The project’s website and the Nyack Public Library. $16 at theprovides short biographies of local library or $20.28, with tax and shipping, fromfigures important in the abolition http://nyackhistory.org/publications. htm.movement, highlighting the stories On the Morning Tide: African Americans, History and Methodologyof African American abolitionists and in the Ebb and Flow of Hudson River Society, A. J. Williams-freedom seekers. Also available on Myers, 2003, Africa World Press, http://aalbc.com/writers/africathe website are descriptions of UGR worldpress.htm.institutions and their instruments forcommunication, as well as historical A Portrait of Eve: Towards a Social History of Black Women in theUGR locations in Albany and Troy. Hudson River Valley, A. J. Williams-Myers, circa 1987, Center for theThe project sponsors an annual win- Courtesy of the Underground Railroad History Study of African Presence in the Hudson River Valley, New Paltz, NY. Project of the Capitol Region Inc.ter conference on the UGR, featuringresearch on a variety of aspects of the movement, music, literature, and Sojourner Truth: Slave, Prophet, Legend, Carleton Mabee and Susanbiographies by and about the enslaved. Check the website for details. Mabee, 1993, New York University Press.Website: www.ugrworkshop.com WEBSITESPhone: (518) 432- 4432 www.fergusbordewich.comí Van Cortlandt Manor, Croton-on-Hudson, Westchester For author FergusCounty, introduces students to manor life just after the Revolutionary Bordewich’s 2005 article,War. A program for students, grades 5-12, African Americans in Courtesy of Fergus Bordewich. The Underground RailroadSearch of Freedom, explores the history of slavery in New York in the New York Hudsonand engages students in activities recreating the work of enslaved Valley, click on his blog.people. The program is based on a collection of primary documents, The website also has aincluding numerous family letters. timeline of the nationalWebsite: www.hudsonvalley.org UGR movement includingPhone: (914) 271-8981 Hudson Valley events and people.
www.hudsonrivervalley.net/lessonplans.php WEBSITES Offers a variety of lessons plans for grades 7-11. Scroll down to www.hopefarm.com Slavery and the Underground Railroad in the Hudson River Valley. Hope Farm Press and Bookshop publishes and distributes www.hudsonvalley.org/learn books on New York State history. Their online database is search- Presents several online exhibits. Cross Roads and Cross Rivers is able by ‘Hudson Valley,’ ‘Indian,’ and other keywords. the history of peoples that con- http://oyate.org verged at Philipsburg Manor, 1680 Oyate reviews publications to ensure to 1750. Slavery in the North fea- that portrayals of Native American lives tures activities for grades 4-8. A and histories are honest and balanced. resource list is included. Pinkster Festival presents the history of this http://www.nmai.si.edu/ Courtesy of Philipsburg Manor. African-Dutch celebration of The National Museum of the spring. Pretends to Be Free exhibits American Indian provides lessons and Courtesy of Oyate. local high school students’ artistic resources on Native American tradi- interpretation of advertisements for tions, art, music, culture, history, con- runaway slaves and a lesson plan temporary life and more. for recreating the activity. http://www.berkshiremuseum.org/programs/ youth/1_ http://lib.newpaltz.edu/banner/archives/stcoll2.html mohican_3_5.html The Sojourner Truth Library at SUNY New Paltz features records The Berkshire Museum offers several links to learn more about associated with the life of this famous Ulster County resident Native Americans including searchable databases, book reviews, along with a list of related sites in the county. articles, fact sheets and more. www.cr.nps.gov/nr/ travel/underground/ny5.htm Information about Tarrytown AME Zion church, preserved by the National Park Service as part of the New York Freedom Trail On-line Access to Additional Materials initiative. Hudson River Valley Heritage, www.hrvh.org, is a collec- tion of documents, images, audio, and other resources fromNative American History more than 25 colleges, museums, libraries, historical societies, and other organizations in the region. It is searchable by keyBOOKS AND PAPERS words, such as African American, Indian, and more. Of special interest is a section called, "The Missing Chapter: UntoldChief Ninham, Forgotten Hero, Bowler Elementary School Stories of the African American Presence in the Mid- Students, Eva Jean Bowman, Richard Walling and John Soto, Hudson Valley," www.hrvh.org/exhibit/aa07. This section is 1999, Muh He Con Neew Press, www.native-books.com. This also searchable and includes lessons and supporting materials picture book for younger students, tells the story of the leader for grades 4-8. The Southeastern New York Library Resources of the Wappingers in the Battle of Van Cortlandt’s Woods. Council, www.senylrc.org, administers HRVH and regularly adds material to the site.Indians of the Northeast, Colin G. Calloway, 1991, Facts on File. Well-balanced description of distant and recent history.The Lenapes: A Study of Hudson Valley Indians, Alfieri J. Berardis, et al., 1999, Marist College. Available online at www.ulster.net~ hrmm/halfmoon/lenape/indexm.htm.The Mohicans and Their Land 1609-1730, Shirley Dunn, 1995, Teaching the Hudson Valley is a program of the Hudson River Valley Purple Mountain Press. An in-depth examination of interactions National Heritage Area and its management entity, the Hudson River between early European traders and settlers and the Mohicans Valley Greenway Conservancy HRV, Inc., in partnership with the native to the Hudson Valley. Out of print, used copies are National Park Service/Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site, available at amazon.com and other sources for used books. Hyde Park, NY; the Hudson River Estuary Program/New York StateNative Americans of the Northeast, Sheila Wyborny, 2005, Kidhaven Department of Environmental Conservation; and the Hudson River Press. Overview of customs, beliefs and social structure. Valley Institute at Marist College. www.TeachingtheHudsonValley.org, 845-229-9116, ext. 35,Through Indian Eyes: The Native Experience in Books for Children, e-mail: rova_TeachingtheHudsonValley@nps.gov. Beverly Slapin and Doris Seale, 1998, New Society Publishers. A guide to evaluating children’s books for anti-Native American This brochure was developed by Helen Cowart, Student Conservation bias. Also contains essays, poetry, and recommended resources. Associate, 2007.