New York State Regiments●     an Overview        By Jason Schaaf
●                    The Number 10●    In the entirety of the war the death toll roughly equals      650,000●●    The popu...
Regiments of the Hudson Valley●
69th Infantry Regiment                     “Irish Brigade”●    Comprised of 3 separate units       –   1st Regiment of the...
20th New York State Militia                 “Ulster Guard”●    Mustered April 20th 1861       –   Remained in service till...
124th New York “Orange                   Blossoms”●    Officially mustered into service September     5, 1862 in Orange Co...
40th New York “Mozart’s Regiment”●    Mustered into service June 27, 1861     out of Yonkers       –   Led by Col. John S....
Gettysburg                         July 1-3 rd 1863●   III Army Corp       –   Major General Dan Sickles               ●  ...
150th New York       “Dutchess County Regiment”●    Mustered out of Poughkeepsie on October 10th 1862●●    Remained stagna...
7th New York                  “Seymour Guard”●    Mustered out of Albany on December 19 th, 1862●●    Early service was re...
Women and Civil War●    Over 20,000 women directly supported the Union Cause       –   Mostly as Nurses and laundresses   ...
The Inspiration of a Museum
Expectations●    What should be in a Museum     dedicated to New York in the Civil     War?●      – Available for teachers...
Inspiration: What can we learn from         examining pictures?
Inspiration: What can we  learn from examining   letters, journals and          diaries?
Inspiration: What can we learn from          examining food?●    Salt pork, bacon, or beef●    Soft bread, flour, cornmeal...
Inspiration: What can we learn from         examining clothing?
Civil war regiments, New York State
Civil war regiments, New York State
Civil war regiments, New York State
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Civil war regiments, New York State

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New York State Regiments in the Civil War: An Overview, Jason Schaaf, education manager, Hudson River Valley Institute at Marist College.Presented at Teaching the Hudson Valley's 2012 summer institute.

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Civil war regiments, New York State

  1. 1. New York State Regiments● an Overview By Jason Schaaf
  2. 2. ● The Number 10● In the entirety of the war the death toll roughly equals 650,000●● The population of the country today is 10x what it was in 1861●● Relative loss of life then equals 6.5 million●● Each day of the war the country by this comparison would be 4,452.●
  3. 3. Regiments of the Hudson Valley●
  4. 4. 69th Infantry Regiment “Irish Brigade”● Comprised of 3 separate units – 1st Regiment of the Irish Brigade (69th Infantry New York State Volunteers – 182d Infantry New York State Volunteers (69th Artillery, serving as infantry, – 1st Regiment of Corcorans Legion) and the 69th National Guard Infantry (State Militia).● Uneasy relationship at wars start – 71st New York – Nativist Brigade● Battle of Fredericksburg – 10th Infantry Regiment “Sons of Erin”
  5. 5. 20th New York State Militia “Ulster Guard”● Mustered April 20th 1861 – Remained in service till 1866 – Formed by Col. George Watson Bratt –● Severed in all the major battles in the East except Chancellorsville –● Antietam September 17,1862 – Hell of the Cornfield
  6. 6. 124th New York “Orange Blossoms”● Officially mustered into service September 5, 1862 in Orange County, NY – Led by Col. Augustus Van Horne Ellis – Starts at 1000 men●●● Present at all the major battles of the Army of the Potomac – They got their name before Chancellorsville –
  7. 7. 40th New York “Mozart’s Regiment”● Mustered into service June 27, 1861 out of Yonkers – Led by Col. John S. Cocks – Absorbed 4 Mass Units – – By end of the war absorbs several more decimated units – – Suffers the 2nd highest casualty rate of any New York Regiment – Experiences at Chancellorsville –
  8. 8. Gettysburg July 1-3 rd 1863● III Army Corp – Major General Dan Sickles ● Colorful history – – – ● Resentment over Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville – Gettysburg ● Devil’s Den ● Combined 124th and 40th losses close to 300 –
  9. 9. 150th New York “Dutchess County Regiment”● Mustered out of Poughkeepsie on October 10th 1862●● Remained stagnant in guard duty at Camp Belger – Lost 1/3 of their number● Gettysburg – “Go in Dutchess County”!!● Sherman’s March – Siege and burning of Atlanta● Cpt. David B. Sleight of LaGrange – Killed March 16th 1865 at Averysborough
  10. 10. 7th New York “Seymour Guard”● Mustered out of Albany on December 19 th, 1862●● Early service was relatively easy – Protected Washington DC –● U.S. Grant – Aggressive strategy● Cold Harbor and Petersburg Prt. David Evans Company E 7th New York – A new type of war
  11. 11. Women and Civil War● Over 20,000 women directly supported the Union Cause – Mostly as Nurses and laundresses ● Requirements “past 30 years of age, healthy, plain almost to repulsion in dress and devoid of personal attractions.” –Dorthea Dix● Ladies of Poughkeepsie ● Created the Flag for 20th New York State Militia ●● “Lyons Wakeman” ● Sarah Rossetta Wakeman ● Served as part of the 153rd New York ● Saw action at the Battle of Pleasant Hill● ●
  12. 12. The Inspiration of a Museum
  13. 13. Expectations● What should be in a Museum dedicated to New York in the Civil War?● – Available for teachers? – Available for Students? – Available online?●
  14. 14. Inspiration: What can we learn from examining pictures?
  15. 15. Inspiration: What can we learn from examining letters, journals and diaries?
  16. 16. Inspiration: What can we learn from examining food?● Salt pork, bacon, or beef● Soft bread, flour, cornmeal, or hardtack● Beans or peas● Rice or hominy● Coffee● Tea● Sugar● Vinegar● Molasses
  17. 17. Inspiration: What can we learn from examining clothing?

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