17 missions and money


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An extensive slide presentation of the challenges of finances in missionary work, especially in the developing world

Published in: Spiritual
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17 missions and money

  1. 1. Missions and Money Partially adapted from Missions and Money Jonathan Bonk Dr. Robert Patton Missionary to Suriname, South America
  2. 2. Bonk – Basic concepts   Western missionaries are wealthy in contrast to those around them in most contexts overseas The Bible talks to the wealthy – and although the missionary is not wealthy in the USA, he is in his target country, and the Bible speaks to him
  3. 3. Basic concepts   Gross economic inequality in those with close social proximity may bring a lot of trouble Christian faith is not lived in isolation. It is a relational faith lived out in relational and social context
  4. 4. Basic concepts: Missionary adaptation     Some just associate with their social and cultural equals Some shift the debate to dependency Some have a simple lifestyle but still maintain their benefits of medical care, transportation, etc. Some live incarnationally, giving up privilege and living as nationals
  5. 5. Another alternative  Live as the righteous rich – giving generously to meet the needs of those less fortunate
  6. 6. The problem is increasing    The difference in lifestyle 100 or 200 years ago was perhaps 3:1 between the poor and the rich The difference now may be as high as 70:1 Mostly it is the Catholic priests or nuns who have lived in the slums in an incarnational living style
  7. 7. Wrong attitudes of missionaries    19th century – this discrepancy was considered inevitable because of the superiority of the western missionary and his culture Considered providential = white man’s burden Many felt colonialism was God’s way to spread the gospel.
  8. 8. Wrong attitude of superiority     British felt that they had an empire because they had the best Christianity They felt that the power of the gospel was shown in adopting western ideas This was largely rejected after World War I & II. Now largely secular science, education, technology is seen as superior Britain & Europe – declining Christianity
  9. 9. Rationale for missionary affluence    Economic – cheapest missionaries are those who stay longest on the field – need proper food and housing. In fact, missionary mortality is now like pastors in the USA 31% withdraw from ill health 15 % withdraw from death
  10. 10. Rationale for missionary affluence    Care of family – especially education for the children Social – fit into cultural expectations Strategic – funds needed for things like education
  11. 11. Relational costs of missionary affluence    Missionaries may be isolated from the trials of others – teaching nationals to trust the Lord Social isolation – partly because of the USA love of independence Economic disparity may lead to sense of superiority and special privileges
  12. 12. Relational costs…    Affluence causes a social gulf, especially in close relationships Affluence can lead to distrust Affluence can lead to envy and hostility, especially from those that do the same work
  13. 13. Strategic costs    Missionaries may depend on expensive technology appropriate only for a western culture It may be difficult for nationals to maintain such technology in the absence of the missionary Discrepancy may make partnership more difficult
  14. 14. Strategic costs  Affluence may result in strategies which may not effectively reach the poor
  15. 15. Theological issues    Can a secure missionary teach about simplicity, generosity, contentment and the sacrifice in discipleship? What about the sin of greed – both in the missionary and the poor. Some believe the west is driven by greed, avarice, gluttony, envy, luxury, and pride…
  16. 16. The Bible and wealth  I Tim. 6:[8] And having food and raiment let us be therewith content. [9] But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition.
  17. 17. The Bible and wealth  I Tim. 6: [5] Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself. [6] But godliness with contentment is great gain.[7] For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out.
  18. 18. The Bible and wealth  I Tim. 6: [10] For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.[11] But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.
  19. 19. What about dependency on God and prayer?  Deut 6: [11] And houses full of all good things, which thou filledst not, and wells digged, which thou diggedst not, vineyards and olive trees, which thou plantedst not; when thou shalt have eaten and be full;[12] Then beware lest thou forget the LORD, which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.
  20. 20. What about dependency on God and prayer?  Deut 8:[10] When thou hast eaten and art full, then thou shalt bless the LORD thy God for the good land which he hath given thee.[11] Beware that thou forget not the LORD thy God, in not keeping his commandments, and his judgments, and his statutes, which I command thee this day:
  21. 21. This was satan’s attitude in the king of Tyre  Ezekiel 28:[4] With thy wisdom and with thine understanding thou hast gotten thee riches, and hast gotten gold and silver into thy treasures:[5] By thy great wisdom and by thy traffick hast thou increased thy riches, and thine heart is lifted up because of thy riches:
  22. 22. True incarnation and the cross   Renounce: status, independence, and immunity Trevor Verryn: “Only the truly strong are able to lay aside their power in an act of self-emptying and assume a position of powerlessness.”
  23. 23. Summary of problems     Preoccupation with possessions Reliance upon power-based status and strategy Double standards of ethics Remember – missionaries are teachers, and will be judged more strictly according to James 3:1
  24. 24. It is true that    Sometimes the rich are righteous – Job, Abraham, Isaac, Joseph of Aramathea, Nicodemus Sometimes the poor are to blame for their poverty – Solomon looking at a broken down farm Private property is OK
  25. 25. But     A man’s life does not consist of the abundance of his possessions Wealth does not bring happiness The year of Jubilee prevented the indefinite accumulation of money The sabbatical year cared for the poor and animals
  26. 26. But…     Loans with no interest, and collateral was only temporary Gleaning was to leave things for the poor Debts cancelled every 7 years Employees were paid promptly
  27. 27. Spiritual dangers with wealth and prosperity    We may feel that we can safely ignore or forget God – we don’t need him. See Deut. 8:1-20 We may have a false sense of security: Proverbs 18:[11] The rich man's wealth is his strong city, and as an high wall in his own conceit.[12] Before destruction the heart of man is haughty, and before honour is humility.
  28. 28. Wealth and security can be enemies of humility  Jeremiah 9:[23] Thus saith the LORD, Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might, let not the rich man glory in his riches:[24] But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I am the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight, saith the LORD.
  29. 29. Wealth can…  Distort our judgment. Proverbs 28:[11] The rich man is wise in his own conceit; but the poor that hath understanding searcheth him out.
  30. 30. Wealth can…  Interfere with our repentance: Isaiah 22:[12] And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth:[13] And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die.
  31. 31. Wealth can lead to     Overindulgence Glutton Greed Abuse of personal power by mistreating the weak and contempt for the poor. See Solomon and Rehoboam misusing the people; Ahab murdering Naboth…
  32. 32. Wealthy have bad priorities    In Isaiah 5:7-23, the prophet describes how the wealthy are eager for the sabbath to finish so that they can get back to making money. They mix up evil and good, darkness and light The western world calls greed, gluttony and covetousness virtues!
  33. 33. Godliness and contentment are great gain….   In their trip through the wilderness, Israel often had limited but adequate food, and barely enough water. Yet when they complained, God said that they would not enter into His rest (Psalm 95:10-11) Some compromise their message to please the rich – not prophetic voice
  34. 34. Often in the OT, wealth and prosperity come to the evil   Brutality, disobedience, injustice often occur. Egyptian wealth was built on slavery. Canaan was wealthy but immoral. Sodom was wealthy but corrupt. See Psalm 37, where the psalmist struggles but sees the future…
  35. 35. The rich may fail to help the poor like they should    Lazarus and the rich man The tithes for the poor Don’t glean your fields again but leave them for the poor
  36. 36. it is possible to have too much as well as too little  Proverbs 30:[8] Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me:[9] Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.
  37. 37. Personal gain first = spiritual bankruptcy   Lot – wanted to keep all the best land for himself. His later life was a total disaster, and he lost what he wanted Eli – thought of his belly and his boys more than God’s honor
  38. 38. God aligns Himself consistently with the poor    Israel vs. Egypt Jesus not only came for the poor but came as one of the poor God is against those who oppress or even neglect the poor: Job 31:1628
  39. 39. True righteousness    Obedience is concerned with the needs of the poor Not simply religious rites or pious platitudes A good example is Nehemiah when the poor were oppressed. He forced the rich to return lands and release slaves. The opposite occurred in Judah during Nebuchadnessar’s seige – they did it, and then reverted back…
  40. 40. True giving to God  Something we genuinely value, not just our surplus or discards. Example of Mary anointing Jesus. Jn. 12:[3] Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.
  41. 41. True giving to God  [4] Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray him,[5] Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?[6] This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.
  42. 42. True giving to God  [7] Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this.[8] For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.
  43. 43. True giving to God  Malachi 1:6-14 shows that they were giving second class offerings, and God was not impressed. Human rulers would not be impressed, and He is a GREAT God who deserves great offerings…[6] A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear?
  44. 44. True giving to God  Malachi 1:6b saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?[7] Ye offer polluted bread upon mine altar; and ye say, Wherein have we polluted thee? In that ye say, The table of the LORD is contemptible.
  45. 45. True economic repentance   Is costly and most people, including religious ones, do not repent. They will usually do away with the preacher and find another who is easier on their lives The prophets Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel have much to say about economic justice, but the people rejected their message
  46. 46. Goods and money and security are not top values  Mt. 6:[19] Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal:[20] But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal:[21] For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
  47. 47. What is truly important  Phil. 3:[7] But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.[8] Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ,
  48. 48. Paul, the man for one thing  Phil. 3:[13] Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended: but this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before,[14] I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus
  49. 49. Sharing possessions is a NT virtue  James 3:[14] What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him?[15] If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,….
  50. 50. Sharing possessions is a NT virtue  James 3:[16] And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit?[17] Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.
  51. 51. A surprising contrast   Wealth and prosperity are often a sign of greed, and poverty and hardship may be the result of obedience to God Wealth often is associated with mistreatment of the poor, preoccupation with self, and spiritual impotence. Zacheus was unrighteous but wealthy, but repented and gave much of his fortune away
  52. 52. Luke 6:  [20] And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.[21] Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.[22] Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake.
  53. 53. Luke 6:  [23] Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.[24] But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation.[25] Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.[26] Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets.
  54. 54. Remember the contrast  The rich young ruler was lost: Mt. 19:23] Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.[24] And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
  55. 55. Remember the contrast  The rich young ruler was lost: Mt. 19:25] When his disciples heard it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved?[26] But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.
  56. 56. Luke 12  [29] And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind.[30] For all these things do the nations of the world seek after: and your Father knoweth that ye have need of these things.[31] But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you.
  57. 57. Luke 12  [32] Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.[33] Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth. [34] For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
  58. 58. Wealth and prosperity   Are dangerous spiritually – be alert and careful It is against spirituality and humility
  59. 59. I Tim 6:  [6] But godliness with contentment is great gain.[7] For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out.[8] And having food and raiment let us be therewith content.[9] But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition.
  60. 60. I Tim 6:  [10] For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.[11] But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.
  61. 61. Wealth distorts true wisdom and expertise  Mt. 18:[1] At the same time came the disciples unto Jesus, saying, Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?[2] And Jesus called a little child unto him, and set him in the midst of them, [3] And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.[4] Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven.
  62. 62. James 2  [1] My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons.[2] For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;
  63. 63. James 2  [3] And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool:[4] Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts?
  64. 64. James 2  [5] Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?[6] But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?[7] Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called?
  65. 65. James 2  [8] If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well:[9] But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors.[10] For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
  66. 66. Luke 12 Wealth changes our priorities  [13] And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me.[14] And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you?[15] And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.
  67. 67. Luke 12 Wealth changes our priorities  [16] And he spake a parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully:[17] And he thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits?[18] And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods.
  68. 68. Luke 12 Wealth changes our priorities [19] And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry.[20] But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided? [21] So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
  69. 69. Wealth decreases prayer   Prayer is usually the cry of the person needing God‟s help. Often the wealthy think that they don’t need His help but can take care of their own needs with their wealth. Self-sufficiency and security are enemies of prayer
  70. 70. Wealth’s adverse effects:     Alienation with other humans Can become a god to the owner Breeds covetousness and greed Dissipation and indulgence
  71. 71. Wealth chokes the Word  Mt. 13:[22] He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.
  72. 72. Love can make us betray Jesus  Judas: Mt. 26:[14] Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests,[15] And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.[16] And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.
  73. 73. Judas problem showed in his response to Mary’s sacrifice  Judas complained when Mary sacrificed her heirloom perfume on Jesus. But he was interested not in the poor, but in getting ahold of more money… he held the bag…
  74. 74. The cost of greed… in Acts 5  [1] But a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession,[2] And kept back part of the price, his wife also being privy to it, and brought a certain part, and laid it at the apostles' feet.[3] But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?
  75. 75. The cost of greed… in Acts 5  [4] Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God. [5] And Ananias hearing these words fell down, and gave up the ghost: and great fear came on all them that heard these things.
  76. 76. The cost of greed… in Acts 5  [6] And the young men arose, wound him up, and carried him out, and buried him.[7] And it was about the space of three hours after, when his wife, not knowing what was done, came in.[8] And Peter answered unto her, Tell me whether ye sold the land for so much? And she said, Yea, for so much.
  77. 77. The cost of greed… in Acts 5  [9] Then Peter said unto her, How is it that ye have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? behold, the feet of them which have buried thy husband are at the door, and shall carry thee out.[10] Then fell she down straightway at his feet, and yielded up the ghost: and the young men came in, and found her dead, and, carrying her forth, buried her by her husband.
  78. 78. Jesus, born poor, ministered to the poor  Isaiah 61:[1] The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; [2] To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
  79. 79. Jesus judged in Mt. 25    Those that treated the poor, the hungry, the imprisoned, etc were blessed. The new believers in the church shared their goods in common Examples – Macedonian believers and the church of Philippi were poor but generous & supported Paul
  80. 80. God is pleased…  Heb. 13:[3] Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; and them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body.…[16] But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
  81. 81. God uses the weak and foolish things to give Himself glory  I Cor. 1:[18] For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.[19] For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.
  82. 82. God uses the weak and foolish things to give Himself glory  I Cor. 25] Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men. [26] For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called:
  83. 83. God uses the weak and foolish things to give Himself glory  I Cor. 1:[27] But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty;[28] And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are:
  84. 84. God uses the weak and foolish things to give Himself glory  I Cor. 1:[29] That no flesh should glory in his presence.[30] But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption: [31] That, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.
  85. 85. The parable of the good Samaritan   Shows that it is not religious orthodoxy (both the priest and Levite were orthodox), but one‟s relationship with the poor or needy show the individual‟s standing with God. It is with specific people, and not just a sociological class…
  86. 86. Genuine repentance shown by sacrificial giving  Rom. 12:[1] I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.[2] And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.
  87. 87. The widow’s mite   Worth a part of a penny, but more than the wealthy Given to a corrupt clergy but with the right motives
  88. 88. Christ’s followers     Self-sacrifice instead of self-indulgence Mary’s giving the perfume… Peter misunderstood about Christ’s sacrificial death – and Jesus called him satan because his statement is a satanic lie – save yourself. The priests said: He saved others; Himself He cannot save; ironically, they were correct
  89. 89. Christ’s followers must be servants    This is a reorientation for the wealthy, including the wealthy missionary Generosity must go also to Christ’s enemies – Mt. 5:38-45 Those who lose economically are usually resistant to the gospel – e.g., Demetrius and the silversmiths of Ephesus
  90. 90. Religious leaders often love money  They will be judged more severely: James 3:[1] My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. [2] For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body.
  91. 91. Religious leaders often love money  They will be judged more severely: James 2:[14] What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him?[15] If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,
  92. 92. Religious leaders often love money  They will be judged more severely: James 2:[16] And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit?[17] Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.
  93. 93. True faith shows itself in obedience  James 2:[18] Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.[19] Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble.[20] But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
  94. 94. True faith shows itself in obedience  James 2:[21] Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? [22] Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?[23] And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.
  95. 95. True faith shows itself in obedience  James 2:[24] Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.
  96. 96. The missionary is affected by western consumerism  Western consumerism is based on the idea that a man’s life indeed does consist of his possessions – especially those that are most up-to-date
  97. 97. Reminder of usual methods of missionary handling     Associate with peers – upper level of developing country – though Christianity is geared for the poor Ignore and explain away Simplify life but maintain many of the benefits – medicine, transport, education Incarnational lifestyle
  98. 98. The gap in finances missionary to national      1800 – two to one 1913 – three to one 1970 – seven to one 1992 – seventy-two to one Most effective missionary work often done by poorer churches
  99. 99. Repentance, not revolution     Move in the direction of the cross, weakness We must live what we preach We are assigned a status by the culture. We should be the righteous rich – how we behave toward the poor. Job was proactive in helping the poor
  100. 100. Culturally appropriate helping the poor    Deut. 15:1-11 The time of cancelling debts – also help poor brother Nehemiah 5:1-12: The rich repented of their oppression of their Jewish brothers We need justice, and not mere legality which can protect the rich
  101. 101. Paul’s instruction to Timothy  I Tim. 6:[17] Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;[18] That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate; [19] Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.
  102. 102. Jesus   Never too busy to help the sick and poor, although He was to save the world. The good news intersects with the actual needs of people. We western missionaries often serve on our terms, not that of the people whom we are called to serve!
  103. 103. Two errors in self-denial   Be careful not to seem self-righteous and display that Do not insist that others conform to the same external standards that we have from our western culture but are not necessarily biblical
  104. 104. Be careful of the church of the west     Often there is more the mind of the west than the mind of Christ Simplify personal lifestyles. We are Christian soldiers in a cosmic conflict. We are not the owner but the steward of resources – travel lightly Do not waste things on self-indulgence
  105. 105. Needs not by western standards   Sometimes we may need to sell possessions to help others. We need to be careful about our children – Lot and Eli put children’s affluence above spiritual preparation
  106. 106. Wealthy churches must support their missionaries…    According to their own standards. The church of Laodicea will have problems asking members to sacrifice. But missionaries are free to live according to their conscience. There is a similar problem with training institutions which coddle their students
  107. 107. We need to be aware of God’s servants who are poor   Often the church advances through the work of humble and poor servants who are largely unknown and unappreciated Missionaries may play a rather small part in the total story
  108. 108. Institutional repentance     Reformers are usually not welcome Christian obedience cannot be easily legislated Usually a mission organization will not appreciate reformation We need to move from independence to interdependence with national churches
  109. 109. Three major models    Incarnation The cross Weakness as power
  110. 110. Incarnation   It should be prescriptive strategy rather than theological description Lesson: speed, mobility, power, comprehensiveness, and success are not the measures of missionary strategy
  111. 111. Incarnation: Jesus was    Born poor, ministered to the poor, and died poor Born as a helpless baby, needing to grow in wisdom by learning obedience He rejected the tendency to demonstrate His power rather than work in poverty, obscurity, and weakness – the opposite is rejected as satanic
  112. 112. Missionary attitude    God sent Jesus into the world in poverty. So like He sent Jesus, Jesus sends us We are to be in the world but not of the world Our attitude should be like Christ Jesusgiving up power and privilege
  113. 113. Missionary standards    Sacrifice more than “what could have been at home” Jesus had lifelong suspicion, misunderstandings and eventually death We are a threat to the uncommitted when we give up our treasures, love our enemies, bless our persecutors, surrender to service
  114. 114. The threat of changing standards   The missionary who is not of the world shows the standards of another King, not the prince of the world. But they have spiritual weapons for a spiritual battle…
  115. 115. The cross    His disciples can look forward to suffering here and now: Mt. 10:38 Peter knew not the things of God but of man when he suggested Christ reject the cross: Mk. 8:31-34 The cross separates us from the spirit of this age, and those of that spirit
  116. 116. Philippians 3:  [17] Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample.[18] (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ:
  117. 117. Philippians 3:  [19] Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.) [20] For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:
  118. 118. The cross =self-judgment    Don’t build on self-gratification They may run to the security of the enemy of their souls away from the lover of their souls. They live in pleasant self-fulfilling lives but the lives fall down on the ground and die without multiplying
  119. 119. The church of the west must change to take up the cross   Affluent churches as well as individuals need to come to Jesus for what they truly need. This is also true of mission organizations who insist that they will cover all the risks of the missionary.
  120. 120. Weakness rather than strength   The early church had little funds and no political power, but accomplished the task of spreading the gospel We must not rely on our strength, but on the strength that comes only from the Lord. When we are weak, then we are strong – if we are in His will
  121. 121. Part II Avoiding Dependency Dr. Robert Patton Missionary to Suriname, South America
  122. 122. Dependency     Of course, our first reliance is on God! But we must not rely on the resources outside locally Otherwise you may miss the resources that God will provide, a Furthermore, then you cannot help others
  123. 123. .Indigenous - something locally owned and operated   There is often an imported and expensive foreign structure requiring outside support Placing nationals in responsible positions is not indigenization, but nationalization
  124. 124. .Indigenous - something locally owned and operated   We need not only legal ownership and national ownership, But also psychological ownership
  125. 125. Truly indigenous = ownership     This is ours. It belongs to us. We are going to make it work. We will manage it ourselves with our own decisions, structures, and resources
  126. 126. Characteristics of the dependency syndrome     Fatalism – nationals saying: we can‟t help ourselves... and missionaries saying: they can‟t help themselves Not all dependent churches are poor- it has more to do with the mentality of the people Foreign funding can be like a poison or pollutant But - It is possible to cure dependency
  127. 127. Dependency can be cured  One “poor” church has 3 offerings    .For the poor .Tithe .Thanks offering
  128. 128. Dependency can be cured  Successful cure through discipleship.      2 days of fasting & prayer, then 3 days of teaching on stewardship and discipleship Spiritual renewal is key. Repeated again after 6 months. Soon the church was self reliant.
  129. 129. Lessons from Irian Jaya     No foreign funds used in local church development Mission employed no paid evangelists Missionaries did not burden the churches with a structure they could not sustain Church members paid pastors by cultivating the fields for them
  130. 130. Lessons from Irian Jaya    They practiced self-support in church and community No preferential treatment was given to believers in medical or community work Stewardship was taught from the beginning
  131. 131. Lessons from Irian Jaya   Missionaries were given crosscultural training and sensitivity Warning - don‟t resent the church‟s move toward self-reliance
  132. 132. Characteristics of the Syndrome of Dependency     It affects all aspects of mission life It especially affects Bible distribution It is longstanding, and not confined to one geographic area The problem is still contemporary
  133. 133. Dependency syndrome    Who have problems? Missionaries whose programs create the problems Church leaders whose salaries come from foreign sources
  134. 134. Dependency syndrome    What is the problem? Foreign funds often come in large amounts and in hidden ways. There is a great temptation to misuse the funds - more than locally managed funds
  135. 135. Dependency Syndrome    Unhealthy dependence makes it nearly impossible for churches to send out their own missionaries. What we seek is outreach from an energized church which has spiritual and financial energy left over to reach others. This can become a way of life
  136. 136. Dependency syndrome     This can become a way of life It can have very attractive nature- you can support a national for $50 per month Local people are deprived of the opportunity to support their own evangelist Sometimes the evangelist is seen as a „foreign agent‟
  137. 137. Things to ask about partnership     Many suggest western funds and eastern manpower Which way to resources flow? If one way then it is sponsorship rather than partnership. Partnership works best when money is not an issue Interdependence - two relatively equal partners
  138. 138. National contributions   Knowledge of the language and culture Ability to live in circumstances that would be very difficult for a western missionary to tolerate
  139. 139. Risks involved in challenging dependence    Loss of reputation and attack on the individual May affect your own salary You may lose potentially good leaders
  140. 140. Dependency syndrome    Resolving dependency is a great blessing Often there is a direct revelation of the Lord It is very difficult for westerners to accept that their giving could be the root cause of dependency problems
  141. 141. Breaking dependency is a spiritual problem.      Attack dependency with Prayer Sound teaching Discipleship Spiritual decision-making
  142. 142. What should wealthy churches do with their money?   Where does the money come from? Ethically? Invest in cross-cultural training for missionaries
  143. 143. What should wealthy churches do with their money?    Helping with debt encountered in college Mobilization of resources to send people where the gospel is not preached Outreach in your own communities
  144. 144. What should wealthy churches do with their money?     Invest in campus organizations, radio broadcasting, Bible translation
  145. 145. What should wealthy churches do with their money?     Invest in Help refugees Preventive health programs Employment projects, job creation schemes and revolving loan funds
  146. 146. Where should we exercise care?     Individual church leaders paid directly Child care programs bypassing family Bibles - be careful that we do not overly subsidize them and make their value too little Be careful about overseas scholarships
  147. 147. Where should we exercise care?    Building church buildings which the people could build themselves. Remember people can have a church building equal to the house in which they live Food aid projects which can affect the cost of local products.
  148. 148. Historical Development of the Syndrome of Dependency   Healthy churches are not dependent on outside resources Three self is important –  self-governing,  self-supporting,  self-propagating
  149. 149. Historical Development of the Syndrome of Dependency   Some want also an indigenous theology and hymnology The problem is when missionaries entrench themselves and build huge foreign institutions.
  150. 150. Practical Suggestions for Missionaries  Large mission stations have a negative impact     .They put distance between missionary and people .They are expensive to maintain .We must focus more on being than doing .Recognize what God is doing, and join Him in His work
  151. 151. Cross-cultural training is vital     This is more than a crash course We must adjust to the other‟s point of reference Where does my primary fellowship come from? Is my identity tied with position and responsibility, or who I am in Christ?
  152. 152. Missionary attitudes     Decline to take charge of anything that could be done by a local person Excuse yourselves from business meetings when possible Be ready to remove the scaffolding which has been built Avoid personal agenda which must be completed before leaving
  153. 153. Proper missionary ownership     I will give away my rights I will resist giving an answer for everything on every subject I will defer to others and not make them dependent on my money I will not condemn anyone if a program is closed because it cannot be maintained
  154. 154. Proper missionary ownership     I will not allow dependency to develop I will not become bitter or discouraged if my rights, privileges and responsibilities are taken from me I came to be replaced by others I will not react with anger when others talk about how things can go in the future
  155. 155. Destructive missionary attitudes    These people do not appreciate what we have done for them As a missionary I need to do more than be We will give them authority when they are ready for it (maybe in 100 years)
  156. 156. Destructive missionary attitudes   If we turn the work over too soon, maybe it will be destroyed What is your attitude toward transition to local responsibility?
  157. 157. Questions for missionaries    What will you do if your present role is ended? Could you move your scaffolding elsewhere? Can you help a local church develop a sending ministry?
  158. 158. Questions for missionaries    Could you serve in an existing church without a position of power or leadership? Could you help actively develop local resources and break dependency? Could you be a mobilizer for missions, looking for others to serve wider?
  159. 159. What can Local Leaders do to Avoid or Break the Dependency Syndrome?    We must not allow the past colonialism, paternalism, or apartheid to make us bitter We must not build up our own empire Make a strong commitment to the process of change
  160. 160. What can Local Leaders do to Avoid or Break the Dependency Syndrome? Get the whole team on track for transition.  Give attention to how the missionaries feel, but do not become paralyzed by that.
  161. 161. What can Local Leaders do to Avoid or Break the Dependency Syndrome?   If older members cannot, then let them be involved with something less stressful and not active at the heart of the process. Spiritual unity is a must
  162. 162. What can Local Leaders do to Avoid or Break the Dependency Syndrome?    BEGIN WITH SPIRITUAL RENEWAL Good planning is necessary Give attention to restructuring the box
  163. 163. Practical suggestions     Let the imagination flow Give joyfully Be prepared to reduce expenses Be sure to put evangelism & missionary outreach into the agenda
  164. 164. Encouragement to remove dependency     You aren‟t the first to face change Pray that the Holy Spirit will show the right time for change Ask for divine guidance - humility, spiritual discernment and determination Allow a reasonable time for change to take place
  165. 165. Leadership qualities    Be at peace with God We must believe our present calling of God is valid - and with God‟s help it can be carried out We must be committed to leading people and not simply fixing problems
  166. 166. Leadership qualities     Respect the need of change and do not fear it Those who change need to be prepared to be criticized We may need to sacrifice personally Be humble when we see progress
  167. 167. Leadership qualities      See the long-term picture Have unquestioned personal integrity. Remember - the failure to confront diminishes our ability to lead Employ the most gifted Be certain that we have God‟s agenda in mind
  168. 168. Effects of long-term foreign subsidy    Outsiders often set the agenda Progress is often determined by the availability of outside money Often foreign-salaried nationals are not free to decide and innovate
  169. 169. Effects of long-term foreign subsidy   There is adverse effects of the self-image and community image of the church Local value systems can be damaged
  170. 170. Problems in stewardship teaching in mission-established institutions    The hearts of the members may be cold Outside funding creates the appearance of wealth There is often hidden income and hidden expenses
  171. 171. Problems in stewardship teaching in mission-established institutions   The project or church seems to belong to someone else There is inadequate training of the treasurers
  172. 172. Why is there an urgency to relieve dependency?    Churches & mission societies often have broken relationships over money Missionaries & agencies do not know how to remove the scaffold Paternalistic mission societies are an embarrassment in the kingdom of God
  173. 173. Why is there an urgency to relieve dependency?    Discouraged church leaders go elsewhere for fellowship and employment Dependent churches cannot reach their potential for the Lord There is a problem not trusting local treasurers
  174. 174. Promoting local ownership    A feeling of ownership must precede responsibility Programs may be inappropriate or too expensive to maintain Both anticipate and precipitate change
  175. 175. How do you know if local leadership occurs   Do the leaders have to check with someone first? Is control maintained by outside finances?
  176. 176. Where is the money coming from?    Sleeping Christians Non-believers Unemployed – via microloans, etc.    keep it small keep it local keep a watchful eye
  177. 177. Teaching giving    Ownership before stewardship Full heart experience before teaching stewardship Emphasize “thanks”giving
  178. 178. Teaching giving    Emphasize the joy of giving, not just the law of tithing Emphasize local creativity Train treasurers in integrity
  179. 179. Teaching giving    Don‟t rely on the gimmicks of the world - raffles, games, teas, Remember everything comes from the Lord “In kind” offerings are as important as money
  180. 180. What sources of income hinder church giving?    Income from church-run properties Avoid all illegal practices Avoid private gifts to church leaders who are unknown personally
  181. 181. What sources of income hinder church giving?   Be careful of relief supplies which ruin the value of locally grown produce Avoid securing a vehicle through a developmental agency
  182. 182. What sources of income hinder church giving?    Community income better than church business All people in the community benefit Draws on resources of wealthy nonbelievers
  183. 183. What sources of income hinder church giving?   Church thrives on the giving of believers The church is not competing with business people
  184. 184. Transitions to local ownership   Make certain that the Holy Spirit is guiding Meet to determine the seriousness of the undertaking
  185. 185. Transitions to local ownership    Set up a timetable for the forseeable future Outside decisions will no longer be the basis on which decisions are made Don‟t be derailed by indecision
  186. 186. Transition to local ownership      Expect opposition from satan He does not want strong churches Allow enough time for local support Pray for the Lord to remove difficulties Don‟t worry about the reactions of others
  187. 187. Transition to local ownership      Encourage local creativity Local solutions to local problems New music from the hearts of the people Local ways of raising funds Expect some insecurity
  188. 188. Indigenous Church and Missionary Sending    Indigenous church = locally owned and operated: China .Some missionaries had introduced the ideas of self-supporting and self-propagating churches .When cut off from other countries, the church became truly indigenous
  189. 189. Indigenous Church and Missionary Sending    Indigenous church = locally owned and operated: China They learned how to live in a hostile political environment They decided to take the gospel west - 10/40 window
  190. 190. African independent churches   Often started by leaders of missionestablished churches with a “low ceiling” where they could not grow They rejected foreign control and funding
  191. 191. African independent churches   They were usually led by a charismatic talented leader - a “prophet” Not all would be called evangelical
  192. 192. African independent churches   The second generation is rethinking the isolationist stance of the first generation Many churches were not involved in E3 evangelism
  193. 193. African independent churches   They show that churches can exist in Africa on their own resources. They did not have such a huge superstructure built by foreign funds
  194. 194. Remember    An indigenous church should seem indigenous - not standing out from the culture as a foreign culture institution. A church cannot be indigenous in its own society if it has the identity of the church from another society Some have indigenous leadership but not indigenous support structure
  195. 195. Foundation of an Indigenous Outreach Movement    It is born out of a full-heart experience It is the result of WIDESPREAD church spiritual renewal. The congregation is filled with the Holy Spirit with spiritual energy left over for others
  196. 196. Foundation of an Indigenous Outreach Movement   It requires special emphasis and training. Pastoral training is not enough to answer the questions facing crosscultural missionaries
  197. 197. Foundation of an Indigenous Outreach Movement    It develops a caring sending base with healthy mission support for those willing to serve at a distance Faithful reporting back to prayer supporters and financial supporters Keep the vision of the unreached especially the 10/40 window
  198. 198. Foundation of an Indigenous Outreach Movement   Be careful of outside support to make your vision possible - they may not believe in the importance of local funding They are not dependent on foreign funds to start or keep going
  199. 199. Alan Tippett’s marks of an indigenous church       A healthy self-image - the Body of Christ in its own community Self-functioning Self-determining Self-supporting Self-propagating Self-giving - managing its own service programs
  200. 200. Healthy Indigenous churches   Indigenous theology – which deals with all the elements affecting the lives of their people daily Indigenous worship - fitting for the culture
  201. 201. Healthy Indigenous churches    Indigenous church structure - it should fit the culture. Can it support the structure it inherited without foreign funds? Can the structure be reproduced elsewhere?
  202. 202. Healthy Indigenous churches    Self-image: Does the community look to the church in times of crisis? Does it have a healthy reproductive system?
  203. 203. What about a missions sending program?     There is no vision for the unreached A poverty mentality exists They may have inherited an expensive structure taking all their resources to maintain There may be no prayer movement
  204. 204. What about a missions sending program?    Maybe there are no training institutes to prepare people for missionary training Perhaps the church has no sending agency - usually a special department is necessary to function cross-culturally There may be no prayer movement
  205. 205. African conversions - especially marginal conversions    Often we leave intact the unsaved person‟s basic assumptions of life A missionary sending movement requires many in the church to make that commitment Examples:  Life forever - descendents remember your name  Many hold two worldviews simultaneously
  206. 206. Marginal commitments show…  Depth of commitment from beginning       .Evidence .Behavior .Ritual .Values .Themes .Basic life presuppositions
  207. 207. Obstacles to genuine conversion    Easy believism - don‟t count the cost Motivation to accepting Jesus Christ eg learning English, foreign travel, schooling & employment, etc Conflicting world views
  208. 208. Results of marginal Christian conversions    Rise of independent churches culturally appropriate and filled with power Who is the final authority in their lives Unhealthy fatalism - no local decisions and support
  209. 209. Results of marginal Christian conversions    Unlikely to be enthusiastic missionaries Unlikely to feel that the church deserves much of their income For a dynamic missionary movement, the Holy Spirit, not the spirits, must be in charge
  210. 210. Results of marginal Christian conversions     They will not destroy the sacred objects used in the previous way of life The former way of solving problems will not be replaced Christianity will not be seen as a way of life worth dying or living for Answer: evangelism &/or discipleship
  211. 211. Conflicting World Views and the Problem of Dependency  Societies usually work by consensus - time consuming    Man is seen as family, not individuals West - project-oriented rather than people-oriented = broken relationships if not careful We need cross-cultural training
  212. 212. Conflicting World Views and the Problem of Dependency   God in his providence places us to do His will and to encourage others to be all that they can be Personal integrity may be sacrificed to keep the “heavy box” going
  213. 213. Conflicting World Views and the Problem of Dependency    Worldview of control? Worldview to be controlled as victims? Remember God allows some things in our lives for His purposes in our lives
  214. 214. Problems with world views    Power encounter = rendering the other powers powerless. Sometimes a public confrontation with the old sources of power is necessary People movement - larger groups turn to Christ, like villages
  215. 215. Problems with world views   Westerners tend to look at worldviews as either/or Non-westerners often look at Christianity as merely a supplement of what they already believe
  216. 216. Worldview problems   When you hold a unified worldview, this means that you can do some things, but other things you cannot do Medicine - example   western - what happened and how did it happen? non-western - why did this happen, who caused it?
  217. 217. .Ethnicity and Cross-cultural church planting: why dependency develops   A truly indigenous church has deep roots in the culture. In that society, it is seen as a legitimate wholesome local institution to which they can belong.
  218. 218. .Ethnicity and Cross-cultural church planting: why dependency develops   Often ethnic churches are dependent, and must make decisions acceptable at the foreign support base. Often the music is not indigenous, or worship service
  219. 219. .Ethnicity and Cross-cultural church planting: why dependency develops    Church structure is often too expensive Often the vision comes from outside We need to be willing to leave behind that which is not essential but determined by the outsider‟s culture.
  220. 220. .Ethnicity and Cross-cultural church planting: why dependency develops   We need to preserve self-respect and allow expression of good things in the target culture. We need to be careful not to undermine the parents and their role
  221. 221. Suggestions of cross-cultural planters   Inter-ethnic mission societies have a better chance of starting an indigenous church Train in cross-cultural and interethnic institutions
  222. 222. Role of business people in self-reliance for churches   They must be soundly converted before they will give generously to the Lord They may be willing to live in a more conservative lifestyle
  223. 223. Enhancing the role of the businessman     Make the purpose of the church clear separate out business parts. Church and business need each other Both groups should promote spiritual renewal Church leaders must show themselves as hardworking shepherds
  224. 224. Enhancing the role of the businessman   Business people must be certain that there is economic justice in how they earn their money. They can set the example of caring for employees, giving good quality service, and generosity to the church
  225. 225. Enhancing the role of the businessman   Business people must make the frame of reference the kingdom of God Help the unemployed by revolving loan funds. Local funds are preferred - better monitored
  226. 226. What triggers the move to Self-Reliance?     Direct revelation from the Lord sometimes supernatural Divine intervention - God removing foreign funds. It partially depends on the teaching of faithful stewardship Widespread genuine spiritual revival is needed!
  227. 227. What Triggers the move to Self-Reliance?   Sound teaching initially with those sowing the gospel seed Sound teaching and practices promoted by committed and creative local leaders
  228. 228. What Triggers the move to Self-Reliance?    Not so effective = one-sided plan initiated by missionaries. The question is one of true psychological ownership Outside funds are arbitrarily cut off - be careful that this is not an act of paternalism.
  229. 229. What Triggers the move to Self-Reliance?   Serious restructuring of institutions inherited from the past Positive shift in the attitude among the missionaries
  230. 230. Avoiding dependency in Crosscultural church planting   When church planting, E2 or E3 congregations should avoid sending too many persons from the original congregation to help Avoid well-paid outside church planter beyond the capabilities of the church
  231. 231. Avoiding dependency in Crosscultural church planting     Things to do: Encourage the church from the beginning to use stewardship Teach stewardship from salvation Without adequate base, finances will prevent building & sending missionaries
  232. 232. Cross-cultural church planting      Don‟t pity people that they cannot pay Don‟t surrender leadership to outside wealthier believers Consider self-supporting church leaders Consider renting facilities until you can build Spiritual renewal is vital
  233. 233. Best ideas for change     The funders need to be willing to change Spirit of anticipation to change Do what you need to do to precipitate change. Ideally the beginning of stopping dependence will come from those who are dependent
  234. 234. Best ideas for change   Know the difference between absolute poverty where help is necessary, and relative poverty where change is necessary You will find those in relative poverty can give to God
  235. 235. What can outsiders do?    The biggest thing outsiders can do is pray. It is a spiritual battle Remind dependent people about the unreached world. Ask them to help reach, explaining that resources need to be channeled there
  236. 236. What can outsiders do?   Help spiritual maturity resulting in joyful giving. Those who fund must look at how/why they fund. For example, they be deliberately absent when funding decisions are made.
  237. 237. What can outsiders do?    Cause awareness of local resources You can work not only to increase income, but also to decrease expenses Have sermons & seminars, etc on stewardship
  238. 238. Initiating the process of change:    Recognize the role of outsiders in creating the problem Have frank discussions about the current situation Be humble and admit that altruism of outsiders may be behind the dependency
  239. 239. Initiating the process of change:   Seek advice of local people for a proper solution True interdependence is best at the local level among relative equals
  240. 240. Meaningful Ways to Help the Poor   The poor lack margin - financially or spiritually Building in biblical principles will give you margin against poverty, sickness, demonic possession, and depression
  241. 241. The good news of God is the best way to help those who lack margin     Everyone must pay their debts Christians must pay their taxes Christians should tithe - start teaching from day 1. This means that we recognize that everything we have comes from God Christians should put something into savings
  242. 242. Wrong assumptions   The poor have nothing to give back to God Change your idea of what can go into the offering basket
  243. 243. Christian demeanor and the dependency syndrome      Avoid the mandate to rule syndrome Be willing to let the nationals take over, even to not showing up at meetings Defer to the local leadership We urgently need extensive crosscultural training and sensitivity Avoid paternalism
  244. 244. Reflections on Bible Societies   One Bible society was supported from the outside by more than 99% There is a problem of getting funds to go out of the country “blocked cash”
  245. 245. Reflections on Bible Societies   We need to work to get the countries able to print their own Bibles It is a problem to buy and give away highly subsidized Bibles
  246. 246. Reflections on Bible Societies   We need to use sound business principles to work with Bibles There is a problem when directors also belong to NPO‟s as they are now in competition to raise funds...
  247. 247. Reflections on Bible Societies    We need business-minded directors. There is need of men who can use tough-minded “bottom-line” mentality They must be people of integrity
  248. 248. Practical suggestions for Bible Societies    Reconsider who should be on Bible society boards. Avoid dependency mentality. Put in church leaders for questions of translation and interchurch cooperation Have the general secretary of the Bible society get paid directly by the churches
  249. 249. Practical suggestions for Bible Societies    Create a network of market-minded business men of integrity Experiment with locally printed editions of Bibles at lower cost Get a “can do” mentality at all levels of Bible Society activity, including costs related to translation, production, storage and distribution.
  250. 250. Sustainability in Medical Mission Institutions     Dependency in the institutions has its roots in spiritual issues The road to dependency is often paved with good intentions Some of the best examples were from places without government subsidy The key is local ownership with independent board leadership
  251. 251. Sustainability in Medical Mission Institutions   Short-termers help when visiting teams of specialists come. Have an atmosphere where doctors can feel at home
  252. 252. To transfer medical care to local ownership      Anticipate a change Precipitate the change - work proactively Learn how to get change Be prepared to do serious restructuring if necessary Don’t expect someone to hand you a ready-made solution
  253. 253. AIDS and Orphanages in Africa    Behavior change is the biggest need to control AIDS - a closed sexual relationship with spouse/spouses Accurate information of HIV carrier vs. AIDS is important What to do about orphans - but orphanages may bypass the extended family and the local church
  254. 254. AIDS and Orphanages in Africa       What can outsiders do to strengthen the extended family? .Increase food production .Stimulate job creation .Give appropriate job training .Revolving loan funds What are the roles of the nationals in making decisions???
  255. 255. Maximizing the benefit of short-term missions   Cultural sensitivity is very important - both listening and being are important in ministry Positive methods:     Serious training in cross-cultural issues, including other religions Spiritual warfare training Awareness of how the rest of the world views Americans Self-examination for areas of personal strengths and weaknesses.
  256. 256. Problems with short term missions      More doing than being Attitude of superiority We think that we can do the job better than the local people. We must not undermine local initiative and resources Ownership of projects Insensitivity to cultural issues
  257. 257. A positive civic organization example    The group went to learn .They were not isolated in western mission stations or hotels. They lived with Indian hosts They had preparation to be learners
  258. 258. Suggestions for short term missions     Come to learn Remember you are guests, not specialists Don’t look for simplistic answers to complex cultural issues Your testimony has value, but share it discreetly - better to listen to the testimonies from the people where you go
  259. 259. Suggestions for short term missions     Who you are is more important that what you do People in absolute poverty need help to survive. Relative poverty - they are quite capable of surviving Take time to learn about the country The course: Perspectives on the World Christian Movement is helpful
  260. 260. PART III – TO GIVE OR NOT TO GIVE A number of financial options are available
  261. 261. Part III Summary from To Give or Not to Give: Rowell    Money is amoral – but can bind the owner We need to model dependence on God and not self-reliance We need to show the cross
  262. 262. Preoccupation with money  Focus strictly on budgets, marketing schemes, and numbers may leave us without spiritual power!
  263. 263. To work for God’s glory:     More cooperation and less competition More self-denial and less self-sufficiency Less ambition to lead and more willingness to serve More willingness to develop and less desire to dominate
  264. 264. What sort of poverty?    Absolute poverty = lacks food, safe water, sanitation, health care, and personal safety Relative poverty – denied regular amenities of that society Social exclusion – denied opportunities for education, advancement; living in dangerous situations
  265. 265. Western missionaries must be careful    Not to use fear of dependency as an excuse for not giving Instead- help impoverished people find their true identity as humans Have true unity with God, with others, the environment, and with themselves too
  266. 266. We need to    Have an approach which pleases God Have staying power, and not just respond to a crisis Help the culture correspond to Christ
  267. 267. Problems with dependency   Unhealthy reliance on Western support limiting their vision Subjugation of native workers, making them passive or at least considering them inferior to the donors
  268. 268. This is NOT to discourage western giving   Most problems with giving is the strings attached to the funds Western organizations as well as NGOs will sometimes compete for the best talented nationals, removing them from the churches which are struggling to become self-sufficient
  269. 269. The right attitude     Humility, not patronizing Sharing is not patronizing No double standards of lifestyle choice, financial support and ministry responsibilities Honor each partner‟s responsibilities
  270. 270. The right attitude   Allow nationals to cast a vision or initiate ministry – this will reduce the risk of dependency Foster interdependency. This is illustrated in I Cor. 12:14-26 where we see that various parts of the body of Christ work together [14] For the body is not one member, but many.
  271. 271. The right attitude  [15] If the foot shall say, Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?[16] And if the ear shall say, Because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?[17] If the whole body were an eye, where were the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where were the smelling?
  272. 272. The right attitude  [18] But now hath God set the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him.[19] And if they were all one member, where were the body?[20] But now are they many members, yet but one body…. [25] That there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another.
  273. 273. The right attitude  26] And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it.
  274. 274. Interdependency    We need to receive as well as give We need to be able to teach and learn from each other, and even reprove and offer correction to each other Reciprocity is tied to responsibility
  275. 275. The three-self paradigm   Self-governing, self-supporting, and self-propagating started with Henry Venn and John Nevius. Both were trying to avoid European dominance in a time when Europeans were feeling superior and colonial imperialism occurred. They were not worried about dependency
  276. 276. The goal of Nevius    No outside dominance Outside assistance is OK Remember God calls us to generous giving. In Mt. 25:31-46, Jesus tells about how those who treat others at the end of the tribulation will be considered as to serving Himself
  277. 277. Jesus judgment after the tribulation: Mt 25:31-46  [34] Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:[35] For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in:
  278. 278. Jesus judgment after the tribulation: Mt 25:31-46  [36] Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me.[37] Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink?[38] When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee?[39] Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee?
  279. 279. Jesus judgment after the tribulation: Mt 25:31-46  [40] And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.[41] Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels…[46] And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
  280. 280. Some Biblical principles on giving   We are hypocrites if we see others in need, and fail to help them, particularly fellow believers: James 2:14-17[14] What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him?[15] If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food.
  281. 281. Don’t be a hypocrite  16] And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit?[17] Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.
  282. 282. No hypocrisy  I Jn. 3:16-18[16] Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren. [17] But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? [18] My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.
  283. 283. Biblical principles of giving  Galatians 6:9-10[9] And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not. [10] As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all men, especially unto them who are of the household of faith.
  284. 284. God Himself owns all resources    Psalm 24:[1] The earth is the LORD's, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein. Haggai 2:[8] The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. Thus God has ultimate control of what happens to all resources
  285. 285. God Himself owns all resources    Psalm 24:[1] The earth is the LORD's, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein. Haggai 2:[8] The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. Thus God has ultimate control of what happens to all resources
  286. 286. God controls all resources   I Chron. 29:11-12[11] Thine, O LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all.[12] Both riches and honour come of thee, and thou reignest over all; and in thine hand is power and might; and in thine hand it is to make great, and to give strength unto all. Deut. 8:17-18
  287. 287. God controls all resources  Deut. 8:17-18[17] And thou say in thine heart, My power and the might of mine hand hath gotten me this wealth. [18] But thou shalt remember the LORD thy God: for it is he that giveth thee power to get wealth, that he may establish his covenant which he sware unto thy fathers, as it is this day
  288. 288. Stewards must be faithful:  I Cor. 4:[1] Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God. [2] Moreover it is required in stewards, that a man be found faithful.
  289. 289. We are dependent on God: [6] And these things, brethren, I have in a figure transferred to myself and to Apollos for your sakes; that ye might learn in us not to think of men above that which is written, that no one of you be puffed up for one against another.[7] For who maketh thee to differ from another? and what hast thou that thou didst not receive? now if thou didst receive it, why dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not received it?
  290. 290. God wants our blessing to call others to Himself:  Ps. 67:[5] Let the people praise thee, O God; let all the people praise thee.[6] Then shall the earth yield her increase; and God, even our own God, shall bless us.[7] God shall bless us; and all the ends of the earth shall fear him.
  291. 291. God wants us to share:  2 Cor. 8:[13] For I mean not that other men be eased, and ye burdened:[14] But by an equality, that now at this time your abundance may be a supply for their want, that their abundance also may be a supply for your want: that there may be equality:[15] As it is written, He that had gathered much had nothing over; and he that had gathered little had no lack.
  292. 292. Some Biblical principles on giving: God wants us to share  Proverbs 11:[24] There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and there is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty.[25] The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself.
  293. 293. God repays giving to the poor:  Proverbs 19:[17] He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again.
  294. 294. Fools hoard  Luke 12:[16] And he spake a parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully:[17] And he thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits?[18] And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods.
  295. 295. Fools hoard  Luke 12:[19] And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry.[20] But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?[21] So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
  296. 296. God gives extra weight to the gifts of the poor  Mark 12:[41] And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the people cast money into the treasury: and many that were rich cast in much.[42] And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing.
  297. 297. God gives extra weight to the gifts of the poor  Mark 12:[43] And he called unto him his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury:[44] For all they did cast in of their abundance; but she of her want did cast in all that she had, even all her living.
  298. 298. How to Give Without Dependency Dependency  Giving with domination  Subjugation of nationals  Competition via westerns  Patronizing favorites  Complacency re multiplying  Giving minimalized  Western agenda/control  Stagnates growth Investing  Model of discipleship  Sponsorship of nationals  Model sacrificial giving  Promoting their fellows  Capacity for multiplication    Giving maximized National agenda/control Stimulates growth
  299. 299. God changes lives   Zaccheus gives generously God changes thieves who steal to those who work to help others: Eph. 4:28[28] Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth.
  300. 300. Serving God vs. mammon  Poor believers are prized as those rich in faith. James 2:[5] Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?[6] But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?
  301. 301. Prosperity is spiritually dangerous     Brings pride and self-reliance Often the poor are despised See the poor as spiritual assets and not as financial liabilities Give them dignity
  302. 302. What we should do    We should serve God and use money We must not use God and serve money The church at present time is only 0.02% of giving to reach the lost. The rest is for Christians
  303. 303. Principles of giving   Manna – in the wilderness, everyone was equal economically. We should be generous and share. The example was the Macedonian church in 2 Cor. 8:[12] For if there be first a willing mind, it is accepted according to that a man hath, and not according to that he hath not.
  304. 304. Principles of giving  [13] For I mean not that other men be eased, and ye burdened: [14] But by an equality, that now at this time your abundance may be a supply for their want, that their abundance also may be a supply for your want: that there may be equality: [15] As it is written, He that had gathered much had nothing over; and he that had gathered little had no lack.
  305. 305. Remember   We cannot serve two masters – both God and mammon 2 Cor. 9:[8] And God is able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work:
  306. 306. Initial principles of helping in the United States    God intervenes in human troubles; man who is created in His image should do so and help also Charity is best experienced in close personal relationships Man’s greatest needs are spiritual
  307. 307. Principles of help…    Sharing comes in the framework of church, family and neighborhood Mostly help was in kind Distinction between worthy poor (situations are difficult) and wayward poor – they make their own problems
  308. 308. Principles of help    Avoid public statutory relief – which promotes indulgent lifestyle Personal involvement in the spiritual aspects of life Over time, repentance and change in life show true change
  309. 309. Problems in the USA   Social darwinism – ignored the poor and favored the rich – bad Social universalism – better, but asked the government to care for the poor – their power, money, and size. They substituted tax for tithe, and material aid was separated from spiritual considerations
  310. 310. USA and welfare   Johnson’s administration was worse – bureaucracy without productivity. People wanted their entitlements. there was a redistribution of wealth but no moral transformation
  311. 311. Warfare, not welfare   During World War II and afterwards, the USA put full effort into the war without requiring paybacks. There was a commitment to thrift and generosity. We need the same warfare mentality in the war against satan now
  312. 312. Christians in the USA do not want to give      They keep 98.4% of their weath 6% of evangelicals tithe USA holds 80% of evangelical wealth Only 0.2% go for reaching others The USA government budget – true foreign aid is only 0.14% of the federal budget
  313. 313. In the world today    The wealthiest 20% consume 80% of goods The poorest 20% consume 1.4% of goods Be careful that affluence does not spoil your influence
  314. 314. Problems in USA lifestyle      Insulation from the culture you wish to impact Isolation from neighbors in our passion for privacy Pace of life which is too hectic Illusions of superiority Good may lead to hostility and envy
  315. 315. Rules to help: Affiliation     Interpersonal networks to support indigent people Social nets of family and friends Rebuild families and put orphans in a family Support system for material assistance
  316. 316. Rules for help: Bonding    Material support must combine with persistent ongoing commitment We suffer with others in need Personal involvement is key
  317. 317. Rules for help: Categorize    Distinguish between the worthy poor and the wayward poor. Help the worthy poor The wayward poor need jobs    Test the willingness to work Train – social and employment skills Accountability
  318. 318. Rules to help: discern      Gifts of the Spirit – so we are not relying on human worldly wisdom Remember that people are lost Employment – top priority Freedom to choose work and a career with a fair day’s pay Receive God’s grace
  319. 319. Principles of sending groups   The primary group responsible for missions is the church, not the mission agencies Providential provocation – consider going where the need is greatest, with doors open to new ministry opportunities. But commit for the long haul
  320. 320. Principles for sending groups    Romans 5:20 Where sin abounds, grace abounds much more. We must be willing to go and even suffer to experience this grace Prophetic view – sometimes it is prudent to get property in perilous times if God wills it (Jeremiah buying land occupied by the Babylonians)
  321. 321. Principles for those who go   The poor need our friendship as much as our finances We need a long term covenantal relationship – not a commercial or contractural one
  322. 322. Principles for those who go   Promote the nationals: teach them to see with spiritual eyes and speak for themselves The kingdom of God is populated by the meek, the poor and the persecuted
  323. 323. Principles for those who go     Stand at the side of nationals as a committed ally and encourage them Proportional sacrifice: Money, manpower, language acumen, cultural knowledge, disciplined austerity Peacemaking prayer including others Personal covenants with close personal relationships