مهارات التعلم والتفكير والبحث (1)

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مهارات التعلم والتفكير والبحث (1)

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مهارات التعلم والتفكير والبحث (1)

  1. 1. ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫٣٣٤١-٤٣٤١ﻫـ‬
  2. 2. ‫ﺗﺮﺣﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬
  3. 3.  ...‫ﺗﺮﺣﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬                                 
  4. 4.  ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬           ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ :‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬                     ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬         ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬
  5. 5.  ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬                ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬          CoRT     PMI • CAF Consider all factors • Result • Other People’s Views • AlternativesPossibilities • SCAMPER    ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ‬  
  6. 6.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬
  7. 7.  ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬ (‫ﻧﻬﺞ‬ ١٤٠) ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﻘﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ :‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬                     
  8. 8.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ :‫ﻭﺟﻠﺴﺎﺗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬      .‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ :‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ :‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻣﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ The Six Thinking Hats:‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ CoRT:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ S.C.A.M.P.E.R:‫ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬
  9. 9.  :‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻟﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ‬  :‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ - ً‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬    •  •  • 00 :‫ﺮ‬ ّ‫ﻓــــﻜ‬ - ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴ‬    00 :‫ﺗﻌــــﻠﻢ‬ - ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜ‬     00 :‫ﺷـــــﺎﺭﻙ‬ - ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺍﺑﻌ‬    00 :‫ﺍﻛﺘﺴــــﺐ‬ - ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴ‬    :‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺷﺮﺍﺕ‬ - ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺳﺎﺩﺳ‬  
  10. 10.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻭﺭ‬   ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻀﻴﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﻬﺪﻑ‬ .‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﻬﻢ‬ ،‫ﺳﻌﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ :‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ً‫ﺍ‬‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﺫﻥ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻬﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺒﺔ‬ /‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻊ‬                         
  11. 11.  :‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻄﺔ‬  ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻣﺲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤١٢٣٤ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺩﻭﺍﺗﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﻣﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺗﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻧﻮﺍﻋﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺖ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ‬‫ﻗﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻛﻮﺭﺕ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻋﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺳﻜﺎﻣﺒﺮ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬‫ﺇﻧﺠﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺼﻒ‬‫ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻲ‬‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬
  12. 12.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﻢ‬   :‫ﺍﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬   ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬     :‫ﺍﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻒ‬    :‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ - ً‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬  ‫ﺍﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬                AL-Mohanad   "CD"                    APA  
  13. 13.  ‫ﺍﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬                     "CD"            :‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺐ‬ - ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬                  :‫ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬ - ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜ‬  ‫ﺍﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬                           
  14. 14.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬                     :‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬    :‫ﺍﻟﺘﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬ - ً‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪ‬ (١)(٢)(٣)‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻮﺑﺎﺕ‬ (٤)‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﺮ‬ (٥)  a b c d :‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬ - ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ‬               aa bb cc dd
  15. 15.  :‫ﻣﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬    ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻲ‬  •   •  •  •   •     •   •   •   •   •  •  •    •  •  
  16. 16.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎﺕ‬                      :‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻗﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ‬            
  17. 17.                  *             ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ (‫ﻧﻬﺞ‬ ١٤٠) ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺒﺔ‬ /‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎﺕ‬     *           ‫ﻋﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ (‫ﻧﻬﺞ‬ ١٤٠) ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺒﺔ‬ /‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻱ‬ *
  18. 18.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬                                
  19. 19.  ------------------- :‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬
  20. 20.  ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬
  21. 21.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬...‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳــﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺇﻛﺴــﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴــﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺪﻑ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ...‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻳﺰﻱ‬ :‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ــ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﺫﻥ‬ ‫ــ‬ ً‫ﺍ‬‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻊ‬         ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬
  22. 22.  20   • Neurons            •  •     •    ‫ﺩﻣﺎﻏﻚ؟‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻳﺰﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻥ‬ ً‫ﺍ‬‫ﺟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻇﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻃﺎﻗﺎﺗﻪ‬ ،‫ﺩﻣﺎﻏﻚ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻌــﺪ‬ .‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻚ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻨﺘﻘﻞ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺬﺍﻛﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬
  23. 23.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬...‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ 50 ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬          :‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ‬           Study Skill   Cottrell, 1999, P.47  ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬
  24. 24.  :‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬             :‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬   ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬    •   • •  ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬
  25. 25.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬...‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬    •  •  •   •   •   •  ""      •  •  •  •     •    •   •    •   •      •  •  •  ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬
  26. 26.  :‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺋﻖ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ‬   • •   • • •  • • •   •  • • • •  • •   • • ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬
  27. 27.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬...‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ 50 ١   ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻷﻧﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺬﺍﻛﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻷﺳﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻒ‬        ٢    ‫ﺃﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬‫ﺭﺃﻳﻚ‬    ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬
  28. 28.  ‫ﺃﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬‫ﺭﺃﻳﻚ‬              ٣          ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺮﻳﺮ‬          ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬
  29. 29.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬...‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ 60 ١      ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺮﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ٢   ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﻄﺒﻖ‬ (١٠) ‫ﻳﻨﻄـــــــﺒﻖ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ( ١ )       ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬
  30. 30.  ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﻄﺒﻖ‬ (١٠) ‫ﻳﻨﻄـــــــﺒﻖ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ( ١ )          ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺷﺮ‬     ."‫ﺫﺍﻫﺐ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻳﻔﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻢ‬َ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎ‬ ‫"ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮﺳﻮﻥ‬ .‫ﺭﺍﻟﻔﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬
  31. 31.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬...‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠــﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺇﻟــﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴــﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﺨﻴــﺺ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺬﻛﺮ‬ :‫ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳــﺘﻪ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﺬﻫﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺮﻳﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺿﺮ‬ ...‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻳﺰﻱ‬ :‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ــ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﺫﻥ‬ ‫ــ‬ ً‫ﺍ‬‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻊ‬               ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬
  32. 32.  20                    ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺎﻍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺯ‬ Mind Programs  Brain Hardware    Memory Memory   ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺎﻍ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻳﺰﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺳــﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺴــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻚ‬ ‫ﺿﻮﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ؟‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺬﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ‬ ،‫ﻟﺪﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﺸﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬
  33. 33.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬...‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ 120 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬        Information Processing Skill                 ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬
  34. 34.  :‫ﺍﻟﺘﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ـ‬ ً‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺬﺍﻛﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻤﺎﻁ‬ • ‫ﺍﻟﺬﺍﻛﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻂ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻒ‬  •   –•  •   •  •  ""•  • •      •  • • ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬
  35. 35.  ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬...‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ • ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﻴﺰ‬ (Encoding)  •  • • ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ‬ (Storage) • • • ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﺟﺎﻉ‬ (Retrieval) • • :‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﺨﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬ - ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﺨﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ‬ • " Carr& Ogle, 1987 " :‫ﻟﻠﺘﻠﺨﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ •  ً‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺍﺑﻌ‬      ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬
  36. 36.  :‫ﻟﻠﺘﻠﺨﻴﺺ‬SRKW‫ﺇﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ • SRKW  ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺮ‬  Scan (S)   Reading (R)   Key Words (K)   Writing (W)   :‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬ - ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ‬ • "  "  :‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ • 

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