Unit 2 Planning and enabling learning (level 4) Negotiating with learners Presented by: Carol Haynes
What is negotiation? “agreement and compromise towards outcome”(Wilson 2009, p665)
What is negotiation with learners"the journey of how to get to the destination, not the destination itself"Negotiation Circle (2009)(http://www.negotiationbeyondconflict.com/definition-of-negotiation.html)
BehaviourismInfluenced learning in 1960 & 1970’s• Introduced precision into teaching and Learning• Accurate & Exacting - Accountability in Education• Autocratic Teaching = Passive role by studente.g.: Objectives set by tutor only taking guidance from Syllabus / Awarding body Does not allow for inclusive learning Does not allow for negotiation
Cognitivism• Behaviour & the way teachers and students identify to informationHumanistic approach• Physical needsE.g.: Abraham Maslow Hierarchy (1971)
Andragogical – Is more Negotiation driven• Term around since 1833 – ‘Alexander Kapp’• Malcom Knowles – “the art and science of helping adults learners” (Knowles, 1990, P54)5 assumptions:Adults move from dependency to autonomyAdults gain experience (in life)Adults are ready to learnAdults move from ‘need to learn’ to ‘want to learn’Adults mature and become motivated
Negotiation with learners• Group learning contracts / negotiation at group level or individuals• Enter in to negotiation (humanistic & andragogical)
What is negotiated with learners• initial assessment / agreeing goals /action Individual learning plans – (ILP) S – specific M – measurable A – achievable SMART R – realistic T – time bound targets
An easier negotiation with learners =• Ground RulesLearner set ground rules / have a hand in setting them.They will buy in to them with greater respect and enthusiasm.
Methods of negotiation with learners Discussion Question & answer Written
REFERENCESWilson, L (2009) Practical Teaching – A Guide to PTLLS & DTLLS; MelodyDawes.The Negotiation Circle Ply Ltd. (2009) – A meaningful definition of negotiation(Online): Available: http://www.negotiationbeyondconflict.com/definition-of-negotiation.html Accessed: 09/08/2010Abraham Maslow Hierarchy (1971)Knowles M, (1990) The adults learner: A neglected species; (4th End) Houston:Gulf Publishing CompanyWilson, L (2009) Practical Teaching – A Guide to PTLLS & DTLLS; MelodyDawes.