A bad beginning makes a bad ending.<br />~Euripides<br />By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.<br />~Benjamin Franklin, Founding Father<br />DARE TO PREPARE<br />Emergency Preparedness Seminar<br />
The Need to prepare is real<br /><ul><li>Disasters disrupt hundreds of thousands of lives every year.
If a disaster occurs, emergency response may not be able to reach you immediately.
You should know how to respond to the disasters that may occur in your area – hurricanes, extreme cold, flooding, or terrorism.
You should be prepared to be self-sufficient for at least 14 days by providing for your own shelter, first aid, food, water, and sanitation. </li></ul>PREPAREDNESS IS INSURANCE<br />
Knowing the Risks<br />It is vital that the individual or family preparing to understand the potential hazards that threaten their community. Assess which disasters pose the highest risk and consider how to mitigate against those threats. This should be included in your emergency preparedness plan.<br />
Evacuation<br />Evacuation is the best option when your home or shelter is at an extremely high risk of damage and it threatens your life.<br />To evacuate:<br /><ul><li>Pre-plan and practice at least two escape routes from your own home.
Pre-plan and practice at least two evacuation routes from your home to a designated shelter.
Designate at least two shelters outside of your area.
Keep a Ready kit in each family car.</li></li></ul><li>Shelter-in-place<br /><ul><li>Designate an interior room in your home or shelter.
Cover doors, windows, and vents with 2-4 mil. Thick plastic sheeting.
Pre-cut plastic sheeting several inches larger than opening you are covering.
Duct tape plastic at corners first, then on all edges.
Sheltering-in-Place is the best choice for most emergencies unless your home has been damaged or has a high probability of being damaged.</li></li></ul><li>MAKE A PLAN<br />7 pillars of preparedness<br />The 7 Pillars of Preparedness are the essential categories that every plan must consider to be effective at mitigating against an emergency’s hazards. The preparedness defined for each pillar must be addressed and accommodated.<br />
Water Needs<br /><ul><li>A person can live just three days without water.
One Gallon of water should be available for each person/per day.
A person will consume 2 quarts of water per day.</li></ul>Other things to consider:<br /><ul><li>Needs vary – physical condition, health, age, and climate will change the amount of water a person needs to consume.
Distillation</li></li></ul><li>Making Water Safe<br />HEAT<br /><ul><li>Boiling water is a time tested and one of the most effective methods for water decontamination. It is effective in killing 99.9% of all bacteria and fungus.
It only requires water and a consistent heat source.
To make water safe by boiling, it is only necessary to bring the water to a rolling boil. Boiling water for longer only wastes time, water, and energy.
Note: boiling water does not remove heavy metals or chemical contamination.</li></li></ul><li>Making Water Safe<br />Chemicals<br />Treating water with non-scented household bleach is another way to purify water. The amount of bleach to mix in water is 1/8 teaspoon of liquid bleach per 1 gallon of water. Let stand for 15 minutes. If the water has a slight chlorinated smell it is safe to drink.<br />If after treating once, the water is still “dirty,” then treat again. If the water is not clear or you do not smell the scent of chlorine, then do not consume that water and locate another source of water.<br />Like boiling, bleach is effective at destroying 99.9% of viruses and bacteria, but does not remove heavy metals or chemicals from the water.<br />
Making Water Safe<br />Filtration<br />Filtration is the most effective method for purifying water from either a natural or man-made source. It eliminates all 99.9% of all viral and bacterial contaminates and it removes all heavy metals and harmful chemicals. Filtration is also much more expensive and require replacement filters to remain effective.<br />What are a filters advantages?<br /><ul><li>Highly Effective
Simple to use</li></ul>Cheaper is not better<br />
Making Water Safe<br />Distillation<br />Distillation is a proven method for removing microbes, but also heavy metals, salts, and most other chemicals from contaminated water.<br />Distillation involves boiling water and then collecting the vapor that condenses. The condensed vapor is free of all impurities and is safe to consume.<br />To Distill, Fill a pot half-way with water. Tie a cup onto the pot’s handle, so that the cup will hang right side up when the lid is upside down, and boil the water for 20 minutes. The water that drips into the cup is distilled.<br />
Managing Water<br />Follow these 5 Water Rules:<br />Allow people to drink according to their needs.<br /><ul><li>A person needs is based on their physical activity, age and health.</li></ul>Never ration water unless ordered to do so.<br /><ul><li>Never drink less than 1 quart of water per day.</li></ul>Drink water that you to be safe first.<br /><ul><li>Do not drink suspicious water until it has been treated</li></ul>Do not drink carbonated beverages instead of water.<br /><ul><li>Carbonated beverages do not meet drinking-water standards.</li></ul>Turn off main water valves.<br /><ul><li>By shutting off the water valve to your house, you will eliminate the possibility of contaminated water infiltrating into your home.</li></li></ul><li>Food Facts<br /><ul><li>An individual can only live 2 weeks without food.
Every member of your family needs a minimum of 1200 calories per day to avoid malnutrition and additional health problems.
A personal engaged in more strenuous activities will need to consume more food to sustain their health.</li></li></ul><li>Food Basics<br /><ul><li>Avoid foods that make you thirsty. Low sodium foods are best.
Stock foods that do not require refrigeration.
During an emergency consume foods in your refrigerator first, freezer second, and pantry third.
Be sure to store foods for anyone with special dietary needs, such as diabetics or infants.
Store foods you know you will eat.</li></li></ul><li>Managing Your Food Supply<br /><ul><li>Never eat foods from can that is swollen, dented, or corroded, even though the product may look safe to eat.
Do not eat any food that looks or smell abnormal.
Do not use powdered formulas with chemically treated water.
Discard any food that has been room temperature for more than 2 hours.
Use only pre-prepared canned baby formula for infants.
Note expiration dates and rotate accordingly.</li></li></ul><li>Preparing FOOD<br />During an emergency an alternative method of cooking may become necessary. Some of these include:<br /><ul><li>Charcoal grills (outdoor use only)
With proper planning, you can network with neighbors.</li></ul>Unless you are forced from your home by an imminent and life-threatening danger, never leave your home willingly.<br />
Shelter: Taking Stock<br />For anyone planning on remaining in their home during an emergency, it is imperative that any and all repairs be made before a emergency begins.<br />Inspect the following:<br /><ul><li>Roof – look for signs of leaking and repair
Foundation – look for any cracks or damage to your foundation
Windows – make sure all storm windows are closed and windows are locked
Doors – make sure all exterior doors have deadbolts and work properly
Pipes – ensure that pipes function properly and are not damaged</li></li></ul><li>Shelter: Shutting Off Utilities<br />Every person in your family, 12 years and older, must be able to confidently shut-off any and all of the following utilities:<br /><ul><li>Gas
Electric </li></li></ul><li>Shelter: Water Shut-off<br />Family members should know how to shut off waterlines. Label the shut-off valve clearly; it’s the first valve in the line after it enters the house.<br />By shutting off water to your home or shelter, it will eliminate the possibility of contaminated water backing up into your home through the pipes and it will stop the flow of water if your pipes burst due to freezing temperatures.<br />
Shelter: Gas Shut-off<br />If you smell gas after an emergency or you are evacuating to a shelter<br /><ul><li>shut off the meter valve found at the first fitting on the supply pipe coming out of the ground.
Use a wrench to turn the valve either way until it is perpendicular to the pipe.
Keep a wrench attached to the gas meter with a wire. </li></ul>NEVER ATTEMPT TO TURN THE GAS BACK ON. CALL YOUR GAS COMPANY.<br />
Shelter: Electric Shut-off<br />Turn off single breakers first, then switch off the main breaker. To turn back on, switch the main breaker first, then the single breakers. On older panels, pull the main fuse blocks.<br />
Health & Sanitation<br />Every emergency preparedness plan must consider health & sanitation as an important factor in enduring a person’s or family’s health during an emergency. During an emergency, municipal services may be disrupted due to power outages due to either a natural or man-made disaster.<br />Services that could be disrupted include:<br /><ul><li>Power
Sewer & Waste disposal</li></ul>Loss of these services will impact you and your family’s health.<br />
Health: Planning Ahead<br /><ul><li>Any individual who requires any prescription medication must stock at least one month of that medicine for an emergency.
Any member of your family, including pets, who have special needs must be considered before an emergency occurs.
Every member of your family should become CPR / First Aid certified.
A first aid kit should be kept in the home, each family car, and at work.
Regular health check-ups should be kept to maintain your health. </li></li></ul><li>Sanitation<br />During an emergency local municipal services and utilities may be unavailable, including power, gas, water, sewer, and trash collection. It is important that during these periods that proper sanitation is maintained to avoid dangerous health hazards.<br />
Sanitation: <br />Dealing with Garbage:<br /><ul><li>If possible, separate recyclables from other garbage.
Paper products can also be separated to use as kindling for a fire.
Keep all garbage in closed containers and dispose outside. During long term disruptions, it may be necessary to bury garbage in pits.
Never allow garbage to accumulate inside, both for fire and sanitation reasons.</li></li></ul><li>Sanitation <br />Dealing with human waste<br />Human waste harbors deadly bacteria and viruses and must be disposed of properly.<br />If water and sewer services are disrupted, do not use your toilet. The waste water may backup into your house , creating a potentially dangerous health hazard.<br />The best solution is to shut-off your water, and collect waste in a plastic garbage bags. If services are not restored in a timely manner, human waste should be buried in a hole at least 3 feet deep.<br />
Communications <br />The most important aspect of Communications is to ensure that everyone in your family knows the plan and has access to the plan at home, in the car, and at work/school.<br />YOU MUST PRACTICE THE PLAN.<br />
Communications <br />There are several aspects to successful communications during a crisis or emergency<br />Writea clear and concise plan so that each family member has a copy and can reference it in an emergency.<br /><ul><li>Where will you meet if you are separated?
What emergencies mean go and which mean to stay?</li></ul>Listento local civil authorities on an emergency radio to help assess the level of the crisis and the appropriate course of action.<br />Communicatea message of preparedness to your community.<br />
Communications <br />Ensuring consistent communications:<br /><ul><li>Cell phone communications will remain in effect during all but the most severe emergencies. They should be relied on first in an emergency.
FRS / GRMS radios have a limited range of anywhere from 8 to 30 miles. These radios do not require a license to operate.
Ham Radios offer the operator with long range communications. These units come in both mobile and stationary units. Ham Radios can be used to communicate worldwide. Operators must obtain a license to operate a Ham Radio.</li></li></ul><li>SECURITY<br />
Security <br /><ul><li>Security during an emergency must be considered as part of your emergency preparedness plan.
The average response time for police departments is 6 minutes; Fire departments across the nation average a response time of 5 minutes.
When a widespread emergency is active, response times increase as the demand for police and fire services increase and emergency personnel are allocated where they are needed most.</li></li></ul><li>Security <br />Security is more than just being able to defend yourself with a firearm. Security applies to every aspect of your plan and the other pillars of preparedness. Without considering this, your plan will fail and you will be placing you and your family at great risk.<br />
Security <br /><ul><li>If you chose to own a firearm, ensure that you exercise correct safety measures and that you learn how to properly use the weapon.
If you do not own a dog, get one from a local shelter. Dogs are more effective at deterring criminals than home alarm systems.
Never share how much supplies you have stored for an emergency.</li></li></ul><li>community<br />
Community <br />A strong, well-prepared neighborhood or community instills in the families that reside there the peace of mind that they are part of a network of people, resources and skill sets that are just minutes rather than hours away. <br />Where to start:<br /><ul><li>Your Neighborhood
Your Civic Groups</li></li></ul><li>Building Your Community <br />There are several resources to assist anyone trying to build a more prepared community. It is important to start with realistic expectations and help friends, neighbors and members in your community take steps toward preparedness.<br />Resources<br />Citizens Corps<br />CERT – Community Emergency Response Team<br />USAonWatch – Neighborhood Watch program<br />North Carolina Rangers’ Preparedness Seminars<br />American Red Cross<br />National Safety Council<br />
Faith <br /><ul><li>Studies show that a positive mental attitude directly relates to an individuals ability to cope and survive an emergency.
Faith has been shown to be directly related to a positive mental attitude.</li></li></ul><li>Faith <br />Faith goes beyond just have a belief in God. By preparing and addressing each of the pillars laid out here, it will allow you and your family to have faith and confidence in yourselves and in your community.<br />
CPR / FIRST AID<br />CPR / First Aid is the most important skill a person can learn before an emergency happens. Knowing what to do in the event of an injury will help keep you and the person injured calm.<br />Every member of your family, group, and community should become certified in this essential skill<br />Resources<br /><ul><li>American Red Cross
Can Opener</li></li></ul><li>Essential Supplies To Go<br />A ready bag should be placed in each of your family cars. Each vehicle should have a bag with the following.<br /><ul><li>Food/Water for each family member for 5 days
Copies of important documents</li></li></ul><li>PAY ATTENTION<br />
Pay Attention <br />By paying attention to the events and threats in our communities, state, nation, and world, you may be able to react more proactively to a threat. <br /><ul><li>Know the signs of the threats exist in your area.
Always update your plan when you acquire new information.
Watch out for flying debris</li></li></ul><li>Tornados: after the Storm<br /><ul><li>Listen or watch local weather reports that the tornado warning has ended before leaving your shelter.
Flying debris and high winds may have damaged utility lines, so ensure there are no utility hazards before entering home.
Check your home’s structure for damage. If severe, do not enter and call 9-11.</li></li></ul><li>Winter Weather<br />
Winter weather: The Facts<br /><ul><li>Heavy snowfall and/or ice can immobilize an entire region
Winter storms can result in flooding, storm surge, closed highways, blocked roads, downed power lines, and hypothermia</li></li></ul><li>Winter weather: The TERMS<br /><ul><li>Freezing rain—rain that freezes when it hits the ground
Sleet—rain that turns to ice pellets before reaching the ground
Winter storm watch—a winter storm is possible in your area
Winter storm warning—a winter storm is occurring or will soon occur</li></li></ul><li>Winter weather: The TERMS<br /><ul><li>Blizzard warning—sustained winds and considerable amounts of snow for a period of three hours or longer
Wind chill advisory - This is issued for cold temperatures and winds, with wind chill temperatures computed to be -25 degrees or less for at least 3 hours.
Wind chill warning - This means life threatening cold with wind chill temperatures computed to be -40 degrees or less for at least 3 hours.</li></li></ul><li>Winter weather: Before the storm<br /><ul><li>Add to your disaster supplies kit:
Site area emergency—listen to your radio for safety information
General emergency—radiation could leak, listen to your radio and follow instructions</li></li></ul><li>Nuclear Power Incidents<br />If you are told to remain indoors:<br /><ul><li>Turn off the air conditioner, ventilation fans, and furnace
Do not use the phone unless absolutely necessary</li></li></ul><li>Nuclear Power Incidents<br />If you suspect you have been exposed to radiation:<br /><ul><li>Change clothes and shoes; put exposed clothing in a plastic bag and seal it
Seek medical attention once the all clear has been sounded.</li></li></ul><li>TERRORISM<br />The unlawful use of force or violence committed by a group or individual against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.<br />--U.S. Department of Justice<br />
Terrorism<br />The unlawful use of force or violence committed by a group or individual against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.<br />--U.S. Department of Justice<br />
Listen for official instructions and follow directions</li></li></ul><li>Radiological Dispersion Device<br />If indoors:<br /><ul><li>Time permitting, close windows, vents, fireplace dampers, exhaust fans, and clothes dryer vents