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Dare To Prepare

Dare To Prepare



The North Carolina Ranger Corps' Dare To Prepare Emergency Preparedness Seminar

The North Carolina Ranger Corps' Dare To Prepare Emergency Preparedness Seminar



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    Dare To Prepare Dare To Prepare Presentation Transcript

    • A bad beginning makes a bad ending.
      By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.
      ~Benjamin Franklin, Founding Father
      Emergency Preparedness Seminar
    • The Need to prepare is real
      • Disasters disrupt hundreds of thousands of lives every year.
      • If a disaster occurs, emergency response may not be able to reach you immediately.
      • You should know how to respond to the disasters that may occur in your area – hurricanes, extreme cold, flooding, or terrorism.
      • You should be prepared to be self-sufficient for at least 14 days by providing for your own shelter, first aid, food, water, and sanitation.
    • Knowing the Risks
      It is vital that the individual or family preparing to understand the potential hazards that threaten their community. Assess which disasters pose the highest risk and consider how to mitigate against those threats. This should be included in your emergency preparedness plan.
    • Disasters
      • Personal
      • Local
      • State or Regional
      • National
      • Global
      • Fire
      • Extreme Heat
      • Hurricanes
      • Winter Weather
      • Floods
      • Terrorism
    • Getting started
      Every family plan should begin by knowing any pre-existing plans. Check for plans in your:
      • Community
      • Schools
      • Work
      Once plans have been reviewed incorporate them into your family plan.
    • Evacuation
      Evacuation is the best option when your home or shelter is at an extremely high risk of damage and it threatens your life.
      To evacuate:
      • Pre-plan and practice at least two escape routes from your own home.
      • Pre-plan and practice at least two evacuation routes from your home to a designated shelter.
      • Designate at least two shelters outside of your area.
      • Keep a Ready kit in each family car.
    • Shelter-in-place
      • Designate an interior room in your home or shelter.
      • Cover doors, windows, and vents with 2-4 mil. Thick plastic sheeting.
      • Pre-cut plastic sheeting several inches larger than opening you are covering.
      • Duct tape plastic at corners first, then on all edges.
      • Sheltering-in-Place is the best choice for most emergencies unless your home has been damaged or has a high probability of being damaged.
      7 pillars of preparedness
      The 7 Pillars of Preparedness are the essential categories that every plan must consider to be effective at mitigating against an emergency’s hazards. The preparedness defined for each pillar must be addressed and accommodated.
    • I
      7 pillars of preparedness
      FOOD & WATER
    • Food & Water
    • Water Needs
      • A person can live just three days without water.
      • One Gallon of water should be available for each person/per day.
      • A person will consume 2 quarts of water per day.
      Other things to consider:
      • Needs vary – physical condition, health, age, and climate will change the amount of water a person needs to consume.
      • A medical emergency may require more water.
      • Identify where a natural source of water exists within no more than 1 mile of your home or shelter.
      • Learn how to treat water from outside sources to make it safe for consumption.
      • Don’t forget your pets.
    • Water Storage
      • The safest method of water storage is to store commercially bottled water.
      • With bottled water, keep it in its original container and observe the expiration date.
      Other Storage methods
      • Rain barrels & Cisterns
      • Natural water source – river, stream, lake or pond.
      Sea water cannot be consumed without distillation and should never be consumed.
    • Water Storage
    • Making Water Safe
      There are several 4 ways to make water safe
      • Heat
      • Chemicals
      • Filtration
      • Distillation
    • Making Water Safe
      • Boiling water is a time tested and one of the most effective methods for water decontamination. It is effective in killing 99.9% of all bacteria and fungus.
      • It only requires water and a consistent heat source.
      • To make water safe by boiling, it is only necessary to bring the water to a rolling boil. Boiling water for longer only wastes time, water, and energy.
      • Note: boiling water does not remove heavy metals or chemical contamination.
    • Making Water Safe
      Treating water with non-scented household bleach is another way to purify water.  The  amount of bleach to mix in water is 1/8 teaspoon of liquid bleach per 1 gallon of water.  Let stand for 15 minutes. If the water has a slight chlorinated smell it is safe to drink.
      If after treating once, the water is still “dirty,” then treat again. If the water is not clear or you do not smell the scent of chlorine, then do not consume that water and locate another source of water.
      Like boiling, bleach is effective at destroying 99.9% of viruses and bacteria, but does not remove heavy metals or chemicals from the water.
    • Making Water Safe
      Filtration is the most effective method for purifying water from either a natural or man-made source. It eliminates all 99.9% of all viral and bacterial contaminates and it removes all heavy metals and harmful chemicals. Filtration is also much more expensive and require replacement filters to remain effective.
      What are a filters advantages?
      • Highly Effective
      • Portable
      • Work quickly
      • Simple to use
      Cheaper is not better
    • Making Water Safe
      Distillation is a proven method for removing microbes, but also heavy metals, salts, and most other chemicals from contaminated water.
      Distillation involves boiling water and then collecting the vapor that condenses. The condensed vapor is free of all impurities and is safe to consume.
      To Distill, Fill a pot half-way with water. Tie a cup onto the pot’s handle, so that the cup will hang right side up when the lid is upside down, and boil the water for 20 minutes. The water that drips into the cup is distilled.
    • Managing Water
      Follow these 5 Water Rules:
      Allow people to drink according to their needs.
      • A person needs is based on their physical activity, age and health.
      Never ration water unless ordered to do so.
      • Never drink less than 1 quart of water per day.
      Drink water that you to be safe first.
      • Do not drink suspicious water until it has been treated
      Do not drink carbonated beverages instead of water.
      • Carbonated beverages do not meet drinking-water standards.
      Turn off main water valves.
      • By shutting off the water valve to your house, you will eliminate the possibility of contaminated water infiltrating into your home.
    • Food Facts
      • An individual can only live 2 weeks without food.
      • Every member of your family needs a minimum of 1200 calories per day to avoid malnutrition and additional health problems.
      • A personal engaged in more strenuous activities will need to consume more food to sustain their health.
    • Food Basics
      • Avoid foods that make you thirsty. Low sodium foods are best.
      • Stock foods that do not require refrigeration.
      • Be sure to have a can opener on hand.
      • During an emergency consume foods in your refrigerator first, freezer second, and pantry third.
      • Be sure to store foods for anyone with special dietary needs, such as diabetics or infants.
      • Store foods you know you will eat.
    • Managing Your Food Supply
      • Never eat foods from can that is swollen, dented, or corroded, even though the product may look safe to eat.
      • Do not eat any food that looks or smell abnormal.
      • Do not use powdered formulas with chemically treated water.
      • Always keep food in covered containers.
      • Discard any food that has been room temperature for more than 2 hours.
      • Use only pre-prepared canned baby formula for infants.
      • Note expiration dates and rotate accordingly.
    • Preparing FOOD
      During an emergency an alternative method of cooking may become necessary. Some of these include:
      • Charcoal grills (outdoor use only)
      • Propane powered camp stoves(outdoor use only)
      • Self-heating meals or Meals Ready To Eat (MRI)
      • Fireplace
      • Chaffing dish with sterno (indoors in well-ventilated area)
      • All canned foods can be consumed without heating.
    • Shelter
    • Shelter
      In all but the most severe emergencies , your home offers the best shelter.
      • It is familiar and offers comfort
      • It can be stored with provisions
      • With proper planning, you can network with neighbors.
      Unless you are forced from your home by an imminent and life-threatening danger, never leave your home willingly.
    • Shelter: Taking Stock
      For anyone planning on remaining in their home during an emergency, it is imperative that any and all repairs be made before a emergency begins.
      Inspect the following:
      • Roof – look for signs of leaking and repair
      • Foundation – look for any cracks or damage to your foundation
      • Windows – make sure all storm windows are closed and windows are locked
      • Doors – make sure all exterior doors have deadbolts and work properly
      • Pipes – ensure that pipes function properly and are not damaged
    • Shelter: Shutting Off Utilities
      Every person in your family, 12 years and older, must be able to confidently shut-off any and all of the following utilities:
      • Gas
      • Water
      • Electric
    • Shelter: Water Shut-off
      Family members should know how to shut off waterlines. Label the shut-off valve clearly; it’s the first valve in the line after it enters the house.
      By shutting off water to your home or shelter, it will eliminate the possibility of contaminated water backing up into your home through the pipes and it will stop the flow of water if your pipes burst due to freezing temperatures.
    • Shelter: Gas Shut-off
      If you smell gas after an emergency or you are evacuating to a shelter
      • shut off the meter valve found at the first fitting on the supply pipe coming out of the ground.
      • Use a wrench to turn the valve either way until it is perpendicular to the pipe.
      • Keep a wrench attached to the gas meter with a wire.
    • Shelter: Electric Shut-off
      Turn off single breakers first, then switch off the main breaker. To turn back on, switch the main breaker first, then the single breakers. On older panels, pull the main fuse blocks.
    • Health & sanitation
    • Health & Sanitation
      Every emergency preparedness plan must consider health & sanitation as an important factor in enduring a person’s or family’s health during an emergency. During an emergency, municipal services may be disrupted due to power outages due to either a natural or man-made disaster.
      Services that could be disrupted include:
      • Power
      • Water
      • Gas
      • Sewer & Waste disposal
      Loss of these services will impact you and your family’s health.
    • Health: Planning Ahead
      • Any individual who requires any prescription medication must stock at least one month of that medicine for an emergency.
      • Any member of your family, including pets, who have special needs must be considered before an emergency occurs.
      • Every member of your family should become CPR / First Aid certified.
      • A first aid kit should be kept in the home, each family car, and at work.
      • Regular health check-ups should be kept to maintain your health.
    • Sanitation
      During an emergency local municipal services and utilities may be unavailable, including power, gas, water, sewer, and trash collection. It is important that during these periods that proper sanitation is maintained to avoid dangerous health hazards.
    • Sanitation:
      Dealing with Garbage:
      • If possible, separate recyclables from other garbage.
      • Paper products can also be separated to use as kindling for a fire.
      • Keep all garbage in closed containers and dispose outside. During long term disruptions, it may be necessary to bury garbage in pits.
      • Never allow garbage to accumulate inside, both for fire and sanitation reasons.
    • Sanitation
      Dealing with human waste
      Human waste harbors deadly bacteria and viruses and must be disposed of properly.
      If water and sewer services are disrupted, do not use your toilet. The waste water may backup into your house , creating a potentially dangerous health hazard.
      The best solution is to shut-off your water, and collect waste in a plastic garbage bags. If services are not restored in a timely manner, human waste should be buried in a hole at least 3 feet deep.
    • Communications
    • Communications
      The most important aspect of Communications is to ensure that everyone in your family knows the plan and has access to the plan at home, in the car, and at work/school.
    • Communications
      There are several aspects to successful communications during a crisis or emergency
      Writea clear and concise plan so that each family member has a copy and can reference it in an emergency.
      • Where will you meet if you are separated?
      • What emergencies mean go and which mean to stay?
      Listento local civil authorities on an emergency radio to help assess the level of the crisis and the appropriate course of action.
      Communicatea message of preparedness to your community.
    • Communications
      Ensuring consistent communications:
      • Cell phone communications will remain in effect during all but the most severe emergencies. They should be relied on first in an emergency.
      • FRS / GRMS radios have a limited range of anywhere from 8 to 30 miles. These radios do not require a license to operate.
      • Ham Radios offer the operator with long range communications. These units come in both mobile and stationary units. Ham Radios can be used to communicate worldwide. Operators must obtain a license to operate a Ham Radio.
    • Security
      • Security during an emergency must be considered as part of your emergency preparedness plan.
      • The average response time for police departments is 6 minutes; Fire departments across the nation average a response time of 5 minutes.
      • When a widespread emergency is active, response times increase as the demand for police and fire services increase and emergency personnel are allocated where they are needed most.
    • Security
      Security is more than just being able to defend yourself with a firearm. Security applies to every aspect of your plan and the other pillars of preparedness. Without considering this, your plan will fail and you will be placing you and your family at great risk.
    • Security
      • If you chose to own a firearm, ensure that you exercise correct safety measures and that you learn how to properly use the weapon.
      • If you do not own a dog, get one from a local shelter. Dogs are more effective at deterring criminals than home alarm systems.
      • Always store ladders in secure location.
      • Always lock all windows and doors.
      • Never share how much supplies you have stored for an emergency.
    • community
    • Community
      A strong, well-prepared neighborhood or community instills in the families that reside there the peace of mind that they are part of a network of people, resources and skill sets that are just minutes rather than hours away.
      Where to start:
      • Your Neighborhood
      • Your Church
      • Your Workplace
      • Your Schools
      • Your Civic Groups
    • Building Your Community
      There are several resources to assist anyone trying to build a more prepared community. It is important to start with realistic expectations and help friends, neighbors and members in your community take steps toward preparedness.
      Citizens Corps
      CERT – Community Emergency Response Team
      USAonWatch – Neighborhood Watch program
      North Carolina Rangers’ Preparedness Seminars
      American Red Cross
      National Safety Council
    • faith
    • Faith
      • Studies show that a positive mental attitude directly relates to an individuals ability to cope and survive an emergency.
      • Faith has been shown to be directly related to a positive mental attitude.
    • Faith
      Faith goes beyond just have a belief in God. By preparing and addressing each of the pillars laid out here, it will allow you and your family to have faith and confidence in yourselves and in your community.
    • Acquiring Skills
      & Provisions
      CPR / First Aid is the most important skill a person can learn before an emergency happens. Knowing what to do in the event of an injury will help keep you and the person injured calm.
      Every member of your family, group, and community should become certified in this essential skill
      • American Red Cross
      • National Safety Council
      • American Heart Association
    • Important Skills
      • First Aid / CPR
      • How to use a fire extinguisher
      • How to safely use a firearm
      • How to start a fire without a modern implement
      • How to shut-off your shelter’s utilities
      • How to Shelter-in-Place
      • How to use a FRS/GMRS radio
      • How to read a map and compass
      • How to properly use a knife/axe
      • How to treat/boil water
      • How to fish/hunt
    • Essential Supplies To Stay
      • Food for 14 days of non-perishable foods
      • Water – 1 gal./day per family member for 14 days
      • First Aid Kit
      • Fire Extinguisher
      • Portable Radio
      • Flashlights (2)
      • Multi-tool
      • Work Gloves
      • Whistle
      • Waterproof matches
      • Electric lamps
      • Waterproof matches
      • Whistle
      • Rain Gear
      • Utility Wrench
      • Axe
      • Duct Tape
      • Plastic Sheeting – 2-4 mil
      • Large Trash bags (50)
      • Sharpening tool
      • Extra Clothing
      • Sunscreen
      • Work gloves
      • Work boots
      • Blankets
      • Prescription medications
      • Toilet Paper
      • Can Opener
    • Essential Supplies To Go
      A ready bag should be placed in each of your family cars. Each vehicle should have a bag with the following.
      • Food/Water for each family member for 5 days
      • First Aid Kit
      • Emergency blankets (1 for each family member)
      • Face respirator (1 for each family member)
      • Flashlight
      • Emergency Radio
      • Batteries for radio and flashlight (3 sets)
      • Work Gloves
      • Candles
      • Whistle
      • Rope
      • Small Tarp
      • Duct Tape
      • Change of clothes
      • Personal hygiene items
      • Cash or travelers checks
      • Copies of important documents
    • Pay Attention
      By paying attention to the events and threats in our communities, state, nation, and world, you may be able to react more proactively to a threat.
      • Know the signs of the threats exist in your area.
      • Always update your plan when you acquire new information.
      • Stay informed on current events.
      • Get to know your neighbors.
      • Stay tuned to local media for emergency announcements
    • Natural disasters
      Extreme Heat
      Winter Storms
    • HURRICANES: Facts
      • All Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coastal areas are subject to hurricanes
      • Hurricanes can cause catastrophic damage to coastlines and several hundred miles inland
      • Winds can exceed 155 miles per hour
    • HURRICANES: Facts
      • Hurricanes can produce widespread torrential rains
      • Floods and flash flooding are often have deadly and destructive results
      • Excessive rain can trigger landslides or mud slides
      • Tropical depression—an organized system of clouds and thunderstorms
      • Tropical storm—an organized system of strong thunderstorms
      • Hurricane—an intense tropical weather system
      • Storm surge—a dome of water pushed onshore by a hurricane
      • Storm tide—a combination of storm surge and normal tide
      • Secure your property; install straps to secure your roof to the structure
      • Trim trees and shrubs around your home
      • Clear loose and clogged rain gutters and downspouts
      • Secure boats
      • Consider building a safe room
      • Listen to radio or TV for information
      • Secure your home, close storm shutters, secure outdoor objects
      • Moor boats if time permits
      • Ensure a water supply for sanitary purposes
      • If you are directed to by local authorities.*
      • Live in a mobile home, temporary structure, or high-rise building
      • Live on the coast, floodplain, or inland waterway
      • Feel you are in danger
    • HURRICANES: shelter-in-place
      • Stay indoors, away from windows
      • Keep curtains and blinds closed
      • Seek shelter in a safe room
      • Absent a safe room, go to:
      • Small interior, first floor room
      • Closet or hallway
    • HURRICANES: shelter-in-place
      • Turn off utilities and propane tanks
      • Avoid using the phone
      • Close all interior doors
      • Lie on the floor under a table or sturdy object
      • One of the most common hazards in the United States
      • Some floods develop slowly
      • Flash floods develop quickly
      • Risks are greater in low-lying areas, near water, or downstream from a dam
    • FLOODS: The Terms
      • Flood/Flash flood watch—flooding is possible
      • Flood warning—flooding is occurring or will occur soon
      • Flash flood warning—a flash flood is occurring; seek higher ground
    • Before the Flood
      • Buy flood insurance
      • Avoid building in a floodplain
      • Elevate furnace, water heater, and electric panel
      • Install check valves in sewer traps
      • Construct barriers
      • Seal basement walls
    • After the Flood
      • Listen to radio or TV for information
      • Move immediately to high ground
      • Be aware of streams, drainage channels, and ravines
      • Do not walk through moving water
      • Do not drive into flooded areas
    • After the Flood
      • Listen to radio or TV for information
      • Avoid floodwaters and moving water
      • Be aware of areas where floodwaters have receded
      • Stay away from downed power lines
    • After the Flood
      • Return home only when authorities indicate it is safe
      • Use caution when entering buildings
      • Service damaged septic tanks, cesspools, pits, and leaching systems
      • Clean and disinfect damaged property
    • After the Flood
      • Do not use fresh food that has come in contact with flood waters.
      • Drink only water that has not been contaminated.
      • Do not operate electrical equipment in wet areas.
      • Use battery powered lanterns or flashlights.
    • Tornados: The Facts
      • Nature’s most violent storms
      • Every state is at some risk
      • Tornadoes may strike quickly with little or no warning
      • They generally occur near the trailing edge of a thunderstorm
    • Tornados: The terms
      • Tornado watch—tornadoes are possible; remain alert for approaching storms
      • Tornado warning—a tornado has been sighted or indicated by weather radar; take shelter
    • Tornados: Before the Storm
      • Consider building a safe room.
      • Identify a small, interior room of your shelter.
      • Remove any dead or dying trees or limbs around your shelter.
      • Secure loose debris outside your shelter.
      • Be alert to changing weather conditions.
      • Listen to radio or TV for information.
    • Tornados: Before the Storm
      • Look for approaching storms
      • Look for danger signs:
      • Dark, greenish sky
      • Large hail
      • Large, dark low-lying cloud
      • Loud roar
    • Tornados: During the Storm
      • Go to a shelter
      • Immediately get out of a vehicle, trailer, or mobile home
      • If outside, lie flat in a ditch and cover your head.
      • Do not get under an overpass or bridge.
      • Never attempt to outrun a tornado.
      • Watch out for flying debris
    • Tornados: after the Storm
      • Listen or watch local weather reports that the tornado warning has ended before leaving your shelter.
      • Flying debris and high winds may have damaged utility lines, so ensure there are no utility hazards before entering home.
      • Check your home’s structure for damage. If severe, do not enter and call 9-11.
    • Winter Weather
    • Winter weather: The Facts
      • Heavy snowfall and/or ice can immobilize an entire region
      • Winter storms can result in flooding, storm surge, closed highways, blocked roads, downed power lines, and hypothermia
    • Winter weather: The TERMS
      • Freezing rain—rain that freezes when it hits the ground
      • Sleet—rain that turns to ice pellets before reaching the ground
      • Winter storm watch—a winter storm is possible in your area
      • Winter storm warning—a winter storm is occurring or will soon occur
    • Winter weather: The TERMS
      • Blizzard warning—sustained winds and considerable amounts of snow for a period of three hours or longer
      • Frost/Freeze warning—below freezing temperatures expected
      • Wind chill advisory - This is issued for cold temperatures and winds, with wind chill temperatures computed to be -25 degrees or less for at least 3 hours.
      • Wind chill warning - This means life threatening cold with wind chill temperatures computed to be -40 degrees or less for at least 3 hours.
    • Winter weather: Before the storm
      • Add to your disaster supplies kit:
      • Rock salt to melt ice
      • Sand to improve traction
      • Snow shovels
      • Prepare to rely on alternate heating sources
      • Winterize your car
    • Winter weather: During the storm
      • Listen to radio or TV for information
      • Eat regularly and drink ample fluids
      • Avoid overexertion when shoveling snow
    • Winter weather: During the storm
      • Watch for signs of frostbite
      • Watch for signs of hypothermia
      • Conserve fuel
      • Maintain ventilation when using kerosene heaters
      • Drive only if absolutely necessary
    • Winter weather: IF You are Stranded
      • Always have a Ready Kit with you
      • Pull off the highway
      • Turn on hazard lights
      • Remain in your vehicle
      • Run the engine and heater ten minutes an hour
      • Exercise to maintain body heat
    • Winter weather: IF You are Stranded
      • Take turns sleeping
      • Drink fluids
      • Conserve battery power
      • Turn on the inside light at night
      • If stranded in a remote area, mark large block letters in the snow (SOS or HELP)
      • Once the blizzard passes, proceed on foot if necessary
    • Man-made disasters
      • Fire
      • Hazardous Material Incidents
      • Nuclear Power Incidents
      • Terrorism
      • Civil Unrest
      • Pandemic
      • Terrorism
    • Pandemic
    • Pandemic
    • FIRE
    • Fire: The Facts
      • More than 4,000 die and more than 25,000 are injured each year in fires
      • Many can be prevented
      • Property loss due to fires is estimated at $8.6 billion a year
    • Fire: The Facts
      • Fire spreads quickly
      • Heat and smoke can be more dangerous than flames
      • Asphyxiation is the leading cause of fire deaths
    • Before the Fire
      • Install smoke alarms on every level of the home
      • Test and clean smoke alarms monthly
      • Replace batteries at least yearly
    • Before the Fire
      • Review and practice escape routes with your family
      • Make sure windows open easily
      • Consider escape ladders
      • Teach family members to stay low to the floor
      • Clean out storage areas
    • Before the Fire
      • Never use flammable liquids indoors
      • Store flammable liquids in approved containers in well-ventilated areas
      • Never smoke near flammable liquids
      • Discard materials soaked in flammable liquids
    • Before the Fire
      • Ensure chimneys are properly insulated and maintained
      • Be careful when using alternative heating sources
      • Check on legality of kerosene heaters
      • Place heaters at least three feet from flammable materials
      • Use only the fuel designated for your unit
      • Store ashes in a metal container
      • Keep open flame away from walls, furniture, drapery
    • Before the Fire
      • Keep a screen in front of the fireplace
      • Have heating units inspected and cleaned annually
      • Inspect all household electrical wires and cords.
      • Install A-B-C fire extinguishers and learn how to use them
      • Consider an automatic fire sprinkler system
      • Schedule a fire safety inspection
    • During A Fire
      • If your clothes catch on fire:
      • Stop, drop, and roll
      • To escape a fire:
      • Check closed doors for heat before opening
      • Crawl low under smoke to the exit
      • Close doors behind you
      • Once out—stay out—do not reenter
      • Call 9-1-1
    • After A Fire
      • Cool and cover burns; call 9-1-1
      • Do not reenter a building if you detect heat or smoke
      • Contact your landlord if you are a tenant
      • Do not open a safe or strong box
    • Technological Hazards
    • Technological Hazards
      • Hazardous Materials
      • Household Chemicals
      • Nuclear Power Plants
    • Chemical Hazards
      • Chemicals are found everywhere but can be hazardous if used or released improperly
      • Hazards can occur during production, storage, transportation, use, or disposal
    • Hazardous Materials
      Sources include:
      • Chemical manufacturers
      • Service stations
      • Hospitals
      • Hazardous materials waste sites
      • Household Chemicals
    • Nuclear Power Incidents
      • Nuclear power plants operate in most states
      • Facilities are monitored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission
      • An accident could result in dangerous levels of radiation
      • If an accident occurs, authorities would activate warning systems
    • Minimizing Exposure
      • Distance
      • Shielding
      • Time
    • Know the Terms
      • Notification of an unusual event—no radiation, no action
      • Alert—small amounts of radiation, no action
      • Site area emergency—listen to your radio for safety information
      • General emergency—radiation could leak, listen to your radio and follow instructions
    • Nuclear Power Incidents
      If you are told to remain indoors:
      • Turn off the air conditioner, ventilation fans, and furnace
      • Go to a basement or underground room
      • Do not use the phone unless absolutely necessary
    • Nuclear Power Incidents
      If you suspect you have been exposed to radiation:
      • Change clothes and shoes; put exposed clothing in a plastic bag and seal it
      • Take a thorough shower
      • Seek medical attention once the all clear has been sounded.
      The unlawful use of force or violence committed by a group or individual against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.
      --U.S. Department of Justice
    • Terrorism
      The unlawful use of force or violence committed by a group or individual against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.
      --U.S. Department of Justice
    • Terrorists' Goals
      • Mass causalities
      • Loss of critical resources
      • Disruption of vital services
      • Disruption of the economy
      • Individual and mass panic and fear
    • Terrorism: The Threats
      • Biological Attacks
      • Chemical Attacks
      • Radiological Dispersion Device
      • Explosives
      • Nuclear Blast
    • Biological Attack
      Types of Agents
      • Bacteria
      • Viruses
      • Toxins
      Delivery methods:
      • Aerosols
      • Animals
      • Food and water
      • Person-to-person
    • Chemical Attack
      Types of Chemical Weapons:
      Mustard Gas
      Dispersal Method:
    • Chem-Bio Attack: Before
      • Ensure that you have a shelter in-place kit for your home or shelter
      • Make sure to pre-cut shelter plastic to fit over all windows, doors, and vents
      • Select a inner room as your shelter-in-place room.
    • Chem-Bio Attack: During
      In your home of office building:
      • Close doors and windows; turn off ventilation
      • Seek shelter in an internal room; take disaster supplies
      • Seal the room
      • Listen to radio for instructions
    • Chem-Bio Attack: During
      If you are in an unprotected area:
      • Move away immediately
      • Get upwind of contaminated area
      • Find shelter
    • Chem-Bio Attack: During
      If you are exposed to a biological or chemical agent:
      • Remove and bag your clothes
      • Follow decontamination instructions
      • Wash with soap and water
      • Seek medical assistance
    • Chem-Bio Attack: After
      • Follow decontamination guidelines
      • Do not leave shelter until authorities announce it is safe
      • Seek medical assistance
    • Decontamination Guidelines
      • Use caution when helping others
      • Remove all clothing
      • Flush eyes with water
      • Wash face and hair
      • Change into uncontaminated clothes
      • Proceed to a medical facility
    • Radiological Dispersion Device
    • Radiological Dispersion Device
      • Often referred to as a “dirty bomb”
      • Combines a conventional device—such as a bomb—with radioactive material (Alpha & Beta Radiation)
      • Designed to scatter dangerous and sub-lethal amounts of radioactive material
    • Radiological Dispersion Device
      If outdoors:
      • Seek shelter indoors
      • Move upwind if shelter is not available
      • Listen for official instructions and follow directions
    • Radiological Dispersion Device
      If indoors:
      • Time permitting, close windows, vents, fireplace dampers, exhaust fans, and clothes dryer vents
      • Seal windows and external doors
      • Listen for official instructions
    • Radiological Dispersion Device
      • Do not consume water from a natural source or eat any produce from a garden.
      • Listen to the radio to determine when it is safe to leave your shelter
      • Stay away from damaged areas