Income inequality and voter participation pwrpt

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Rutgers University class project for introduction to political science methods, designed a research project that could be measured quantitatively and then executed it, this powerpoint was used to present our results

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Income inequality and voter participation pwrpt

  1. 1. INCOME INEQUALITY Mark Decandia, Mich AND VOTER ael Milan, Marco Paredes, Sam PARTICIPATION IN A Patel, Taylor DeBerr y, Vilan UNITED STATES Kvyat
  2. 2. RESEARCH QUESTIONDoes higher income inequality lead to decreased voter participation? Why?
  3. 3. CONCEPTSIncome inequality  Poverty lineVoter turnoutDemocracyGini index
  4. 4. ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS TO CONSIDERHow is income inequality measured?How is voter participation measured?Why chose a democracy, specifically the United States?
  5. 5. HYPOTHESIS
  6. 6. RESEARCH DESIGNComparative longitudinal study for election years since 1960Independent Variable: Income inequalityDependent Variable: Voter participationUsing Gini coefficients to determine income inequality throughout election years
  7. 7. THE GINI INDEXEconomic measure of income inequalityScale from 0.0 to 1.0Score of 0.0 indicates perfect equalityScore of 1.0 indicates perfect inequality
  8. 8. EXISTING THEORIES AND RESEARCHRelative Power TheoryConflict TheoryResource Theory*Solt (2008)
  9. 9. RELATIVE POWER THEORYThe theory that economic inequality should have a negative effect on political engagement generally and among poorer individuals especially due to its consequences for the distribution of power.
  10. 10. CONFLICT THEORYOnly theory that inequality should be expected to increase people’s engagement of politicsStates that higher levels of inequality cause divergences in political preferences that fuel debates about the appropriate course of policy; these debates then cause higher levels of political mobilizationDoes not support our hypothesis
  11. 11. RESOURCE THEORYMaintains that whether economic inequality has a negative relationship to political engagement or a positive one depends on each individuals incomeMoney = More Resources = More likely to vote
  12. 12. CHART OF ELIGIBLE VOTERS VS VOTER TURNOUT Voting-age Voter Turnout of voting-ageYear population registration Voter turnout population (percent)2008* 231,229,580 NA 132,618,580* 56.82004 221,256,931 174,800,000 122,294,978 55.32000 205,815,000 156,421,311 105,586,274 51.31996 196,511,000 146,211,960 96,456,345 49.11992 189,529,000 133,821,178 104,405,155 55.11988 182,778,000 126,379,628 91,594,693 50.11984 174,466,000 124,150,614 92,652,680 53.11980 164,597,000 113,043,734 86,515,221 52.61976 152,309,190 105,037,986 81,555,789 53.61972 140,776,000 97,328,541 77,718,554 55.21968 120,328,186 81,658,180 73,211,875 60.81964 114,090,000 73,715,818 70,644,592 61.91960 109,159,000 64,833,0965 68,838,204 63.1
  13. 13. VOTER TURNOUT PERCENTAGE VS. GINI INDEX Year Voter Turnout Gini Index 2008 56.8 .467 2004 55.3 .466 2000 51.3 .462 1996 49.1 .455 1992 55.1 .434 1988 50.1 .427 1984 53.1 .415 1980 52.6 .403 1976 53.6 .398 1972 55.2 .401 1968 60.8 .406 1964 61.9 .419 1960 63.1 .423 Source: World Bank
  14. 14. POVERT Y LINE GRAPH
  15. 15. DATA SUMMARYCorrelation of Gini Index vs. Voter PercentageWhat this means for our hypothesisData supports which theories?
  16. 16. DATA SUMMARY (CONT.)Higher percentage of wealthy voters – poverty stricken less like to come out to voteData indicates that relative power theory and resource theory are accurateConflict theory flawed – increase in inequality results in decreased voter turnout
  17. 17. RESULTSOur compiled data supports our hypothesis, thus it is valid.Statistically, greater income inequality has led to decrease in voter turnoutGini index increases (indicating greater inequality) as voter percentage decreasesVoter turnout since 1960 has decreased from ~60% to ~48% (Approximate values)
  18. 18. CONCLUSION After conducting our research, we have several related concepts to explore on voting and income inequality.  As voter participation changes, how does this affect representation of elected officials?  If the economically -disadvantaged voters are turning out in lesser numbers, how does this affect representation of their interests?  How can elected officials accurately represent the needs of their constituents if the turnout is biased based on economic standings?  Acknowledgement of the link between income inequality and voter representation is a key to understanding aspects of our representative democracy

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