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Special educationpp

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  • 1. Special Education Presenter- Tawana Childs and Bijal Shukla Students of differentiation class Instructor-Dr. Davenport
  • 2. What is Special Education • Special education program was mandated in United States in 1975 known as Education for all Handicapped children Act (EHA) • It was renamed as IDEA .Under IDEA federal laws demands states to provide special education that is consistent with federal standards in order to receive federal funds. • FAPE entitles every student to a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) in the least restrictive environment • IEP -Individualized Education Program generally includes: goals, objectives, activities and any additional supports needed to ensure the child reaches his or her maximum potential
  • 3. Programs offered: • Autism • LLD-Mild • LLD – Moderate • Preschool Disabled • Behavioral Disability • brain injury • Multiple disabilities • Child study services • Speech or languages services • Occupational or physical therapy • Extended school year program • Mental retardation • Visual impairment • Emotional disturbance • Orthopedic impairment • Specific learning disabilities • Traumatic brain injury • Multiple disabilities
  • 4. INCLUSION • The practice of providing a child with disabilities with his or her education within the general education classroom, with the supports and accommodations needed by that student .
  • 5. • In Texas programs offered in continuum of special education are held as same standard curriculum, strategies, accommodations and modifications. • Changes in tests or course presentations; location student responses; time requirements or other attributes that are necessary to ensure success for a student with disabilities to participate but do not fundamentally alter or lower the standard or expectation or invalidate the test. • Assist in the determination of appropriate positive behavior intervention and strategies for the child.
  • 6. Legal Battles and cases • Brown v. Board of education was a court case in 1954 that was focused on the integration of students. This case served as a beginning to the dismantling of racial segregation in elementary and secondary schools. • Larry P v. Riles. This was a case dealing with Larry P. Larry was a black student in California. The Larry P. Case set a standard for the use of data indicating disproportionate placement of minority groups as prima facie evidence of discrimination. Diana v State Board of Education.
  • 7. • Diana v State Board of Education. This was a case in which the use of tests to place students was once again being Diana, a Spanish-speaking student in Monterey County, California, had been placed in a class for mildly mentally retarded students because she had scored low on an IQ test given to her in English. The court ruled that Spanish-speaking children should be retested in their native language to avoid errors in placement.
  • 8. • Another landmark case worth mentioning is Jordan Burriola v. Greater Toledo YMCA. This case alleges that Jordan Burriola was unlawfully terminated from the daycare program because of his disability-autism.” Autism is a developmental disability that significantly affects a students verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and educational performance” • McCarthy and the counselors discussed modifications, or “supports,” that would work well for Jordan at Calvary, and could easily be implemented. Suggested modifications included a written schedule of daily activities, visuals to redirect Jordan, and use of a “break” card. The necessary modifications were never implemented by the YMCA. This case ordered that Jordan would be reinstated and all reasonable modifications be implemented into the YMCA program.
  • 9. You can judge a society by the way it treats its children - African Proverb