Tawana Childs and Bijal Shukla
Students of differentiation class
What is Special Education
• Special education program was mandated in
United States in 1975 known as Education for all
Handicapped children Act (EHA)
• It was renamed as IDEA .Under IDEA federal laws
demands states to provide special education that
is consistent with federal standards in order to
receive federal funds.
• FAPE entitles every student to a free and
appropriate public education (FAPE) in the least
• IEP -Individualized Education Program generally
includes: goals, objectives, activities and any
additional supports needed to ensure the child
reaches his or her maximum potential
• LLD – Moderate
• brain injury
• Child study
• Speech or
• Occupational or
• Extended school
• Visual impairment
• Specific learning
• Traumatic brain
• The practice of providing a
child with disabilities with
his or her education
within the general
education classroom, with
the supports and
by that student .
• In Texas programs offered in continuum of special
education are held as same standard curriculum,
strategies, accommodations and modifications.
• Changes in tests or course presentations; location
student responses; time requirements or other
attributes that are necessary to ensure success for
a student with disabilities to participate but do not
fundamentally alter or lower the standard or
expectation or invalidate the test.
• Assist in the determination of appropriate positive
behavior intervention and strategies for the child.
Legal Battles and cases
• Brown v. Board of education was a court case in 1954
that was focused on the integration of students. This
case served as a beginning to the dismantling of racial
segregation in elementary and secondary schools.
• Larry P v. Riles. This was a case dealing with Larry P.
Larry was a black student in California. The Larry P. Case
set a standard for the use of data indicating
disproportionate placement of minority groups as prima
facie evidence of discrimination. Diana v State Board of
• Diana v State Board of Education. This was a
case in which the use of tests to place
students was once again being Diana, a
Spanish-speaking student in Monterey County,
California, had been placed in a class for
mildly mentally retarded students because she
had scored low on an IQ test given to her in
English. The court ruled that Spanish-speaking
children should be retested in their native
language to avoid errors in placement.
• Another landmark case worth mentioning is Jordan Burriola v.
Greater Toledo YMCA. This case alleges that Jordan Burriola was
unlawfully terminated from the daycare program because of his
disability-autism.” Autism is a developmental disability that
significantly affects a students verbal and nonverbal
communication, social interaction, and educational performance”
• McCarthy and the counselors discussed modifications, or
“supports,” that would work well for Jordan at Calvary, and could
easily be implemented. Suggested modifications included a written
schedule of daily activities, visuals to redirect Jordan, and use of a
“break” card. The necessary modifications were never implemented
by the YMCA. This case ordered that Jordan would be reinstated
and all reasonable modifications be implemented into the YMCA
You can judge a society by the way it
treats its children
- African Proverb
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