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  • 1. Android and Android Phones Lo, Johannes Paolo SY1219
  • 2. is Android ?Android, This word means a lot in present High-TechWorld. Today Smartphone are known for its operatingsystem which is Android. Earlier there is no option foroperating systems like Android in mobile, as usual there areSymbian, java featured operating systems but today thingshad changed a lot, everyone wants a Smartphone which isfunctioned on Android only. Even if someone asks me thatwhat smartphone would i should buy? I suggest them to buya one which consist of android in it with latest version nomatter what’s the cost. In a very short span of time androidcreated a reputed place in the market.
  • 3. After that on 12, November 2007 Android beta SDK was released.Many of you thinking what is SDK? its a Software Development Kitwhich gives you platform to make new applications, games and otherSoftware. With proper knowledge you can make any applicationaccording to your will. On 23 September, 2008 the first Android device is launched,that is HTC Dream G1 which operates Android 1.0,and after thatandroid shows 1.1 update which was released for T-Mobile G1 only. On November 5, 2007, the Open Handset Alliance, a bunch ofseveral companies which include Broadcom Corporation, Google, HTC,Intel, LG, Marvell Technology Group, Motorola, Nvidia, Qualcomm,Samsung Electronics, Sprint Nextel, T-Mobile and Texas Instrumentsexpose themselves in front of media itself. The aim of the OpenHandset Alliance is to develop open standards for mobile devices. Onthe same day, the Open Handset Alliance also unveiled their firstproduct, Android, a mobile device platform which is built on the Linuxkernel (version 2.6). On 9 December, 2008 14 new members accompany, includingARM Holdings, Asustek Computer Inc, Garmin Ltd, HuaweiTechnologies, PacketVideo, Atheros Communications, Vodafone, SonyEricsson, Toshiba Corp.
  • 4. HistoryAndroid, Inc. was founded in Palo Alto, California inOctober 2003 by Andy Rubin (co-founder of Danger),[RichMiner (co-founder of Wildfire Communications,Inc.),Nick Sears(once VP at T-Mobile),and Chris White(headed design and interface development at WebTV) todevelop, in Rubins words "smarter mobile devices that aremore aware of its owners location and preferences".Despite the past accomplishments of the founders andearly employees, Android Inc. operated secretly, revealingonly that it was working on software for mobile phones.That same year, Rubin ran out of money. Steve Perlman, aclose friend of Rubin, brought him $10,000 in cash in anenvelope and refused a stake in the company.[
  • 5. On November 5, 2007, the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium oftechnology companies including Google, device manufacturers such as HTCand Samsung, wireless carriers such as Sprint Nextel and T-Mobile, andchipset makers such as Qualcomm and Texas Instruments, unveiled itself, witha goal to develop open standards for mobile devices. That day, Android wasunveiled as its first product, a mobile device platform built on the Linux kernelversion 2.6.The first commercially available phone to run Android was theHTC Dream, released on October 22, 2008. Since 2008, Android has seen numerous updates which haveincrementally improved the operating system, adding new features and fixingbugs in previous releases. Each major release is named in alphabetical orderafter a dessert or sugary treat; for example, version 1.5 Cupcake was followedby 1.6 Donut. The latest release is 4.2 Jelly Bean. In 2010, Google launched itsNexus series of devices—a line of smartphones and tablets running the Androidoperating system, and built by a manufacturer partner. HTC collaborated withGoogle to release the first Nexus smartphone, the Nexus One. The series hassince been updated with newer devices, such as the Nexus 4 phone andNexus 10 tablet, made by LG and Samsung, respectively. Google releases theNexus phones and tablets to act as their flagship Android devices,demonstrating Androids latest software and hardware features.
  • 6. FoundationAndroid, Inc. was founded in Palo Alto, California, UnitedStates in October 2003 by Andy Rubin (co-founder ofDanger),Rich Miner (co-founder of Wildfire Communications,Inc.),Nick Sears (once VP at T-Mobile),and Chris White(headed design and interface development at WebTV) todevelop, in Rubins words "...smarter mobile devices that aremore aware of its owners location and preferences". Despitethe obvious past accomplishments of the founders and earlyemployees, Android Inc. operated secretly, revealing only thatit was working on software for mobile phones. That same year,Rubin ran out of money. Steve Perlman, a close friend ofRubin, brought him $10,000 in cash in an envelope andrefused a stake in the company.
  • 7. Version historyEach version after "Astro" and "Bender" is named in alphabetical order after adessert or sugary treat, with 1.5 "Cupcake" being the first and every update sincefollowing this naming convention• 1.0 Astro• 1.1 Bender• 1.5 Cupcake• 1.6 Donut• 2.0/2.1 Eclair• 2.2 Froyo• 2.3 Gingerbread• 3.x Honeycomb• 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich• 4.1 Jelly Bean
  • 8. Android 1.0The first Android device which runs on Android 1.0 is HTC Dream (G1), incorporated the followingAndroid 1.0 features:- Web Browser to show, zoom and pan full HTML and XHTML web pages, multiple pages show aswindows, supporting POP3, IMAP4, and SMTP- Android Market app downloads and updates- Multitasking, instant messaging, GPS, Wi-Fi an bluetooth- No Microsoft Exchange Server, no camcorder, youtube video player- Camera Support : lacked in change of camera’s resolution, quality, white balance etc- Folder permits for the grouping of bunch of application icons into a single folder icon on the homescreen- Notification alert in the status bar optioned with ringtone, vibration alert or by LED- Google synchronization to many applications- Google Maps with Latitude (Street View as well as in satellite imagery), driving directions using GPS- Voice Dialer allows dialing and placing of phone calls without typing a name or number- Other apps include: Alarm Clock, Calculator, Dialer (Phone), Home screen (launcher), Pictures(Gallery), and SettingsAndroid 1.1This update was released for the T-Mobile G1 only. The update resolved bugs, changed the API andadded a number of other features :- Details and reviews available when a user searches for businesses on Maps- Longer in-call screen timeout default when using the speakerphone, plus ability to show/hide dial pad- Ability to save attachments in messages
  • 9. Android 1.5 (Cupcake)- Universal search box- Revamped Android market : Browsing categories and filters (Top free, Top paid,Just in)- Toggle between camera and videos modes, Video recording and playback inMPEG-4 and 3GP formats- Faster Camera start-up and image capture, integrated photo gallery- Much faster acquisition of GPS location (powered by SUPL AGPS)- Auto-pairing and stereo support for Bluetooth added (A2DP and AVRCP profiles)- On-screen soft keyboard- Directly upload videos to youtube and picassa
  • 10. Android 1.6 (Donut)- Virtual On-screen keyboard- Camcorder mode for recording (and watching) video- Stereo Bluetooth- Expanded Gesture framework and new GestureBuilder developmenttool- Home screen widgets and folders- Quick Search Box and Voice Search- Toggle between still and video captures modes, Support for WVGAscreen resolutions- Copy/Paste and search within the browser- Direct upload to Youtube and Picasa- user can select multiple photos for deletion- Battery usage indicator- Updated technology support for CDMA/EVDO, 802.1x, VPNs, and atext-to-speech engine- Multilingual tect-o-speech function
  • 11. • Android 2.0 (Eclair) - Multiple accounts for email and contact synchronization - Microsoft Exchange Support for syncing of e-mail - Quick Contact pop-up widget - Search saved SMS and MMS messages - Camera improvement include support for flash and digital zoom, scene mode, white balance, color effect and macro focus - Keyboard improvement : Adaptive Dictionary ,- Bluetooth 2.1 support - New browser User Interface and support for HTML5 - Improved Google Maps 3.1.2 - New calender features - Besides live wallpapers, it’s allowing Home screen background images to be animated to show movement - MotionEvent class enhanced to track multi-touch events• Android 2.0.1 - Minor API changes - bug fixes and framework behavioral changes• Android 2.1 - Minor amendments to the API and bug fixes
  • 12. Android 2.2 (Froyo)- Multiple user account- Speed, memory, and performance optimizations- Android market update : Batch and automatic updates, installing appsto the SD card- New tips widget for homescreen- Support for the Android Cloud to Device Messaging (C2DM) service- File uploading in the browser- Improved Microsoft Exchange support- USB tethering and Hotspot support, Voice dialing and contact sharingover Bluetooth- Multiple keyboard languages- Adobe Flash 10.1Android 2.2.1- Bug fixes- Security updates- Performance improvements
  • 13. • Android 2.3 (Gingerbread) - Native support for more sensors - UI refinements for simplicity and speed - New keyboard for faster text input - One-touch word selection and copy/paste - Near Field Communication (NFC), Improved power management - New Download Manager, Internet Calling - New audio effects such as reverb, equalization etc. - Support for WebM/VP8 video playback, and AAC audio encoding• Android 2.3.3 - Included several improvements and API fixes Android 2.3.4 - Support for voice or video chat using Google Talk
  • 14. Android 2.3.5- Improved network performance for Nexus S 4G- Fixed Bluetooth bug on Samsung Galaxy S- Shadow animations for list scrolling- Camera software enhancements- Improved battery efficiencyAndroid 2.3.6- Fixed a voice search bugAndroid 2.3.7- Introduced Google Wallet support for theNexus S 4G
  • 15. • Android 3.0 (Honeycomb) - Specifically optimized for tablets and devices with larger screen sizes - Hardware acceleration, Support for multi-core processors, Ability to encrypt all user data - Refined multitasking, rich notifications, home screen customization, widgets, Redesigned keyboard - Support for video chat, Multiple browser tabs, form auto fill, new “incognito” mode allowing anonymous browsing - Bluetooth tethering - Built-in support for Media/Picture Transfer Protocol - New two plane contacts and Email UI - Ability to view albums and other collections in full-screen mode• Android 3.1 - UI refinements - Connectivity for USB accessories - Expanded Recent Apps list - Resizable Home screen widgets - Support for external keyboards and pointing devices, joysticks and gamepads, FLAC audio playback - High-performance Wi-Fi lock, HTTP proxy for each connected Wi-Fi access point
  • 16. Android 3.2This update first appear on Huawei’s MediaPad tablet. Changesincluded:- Improved hardware support, including optimizations for awider range of tablets- Increased ability of apps to access files on the SD card- Compatibility display mode for appsAndroid 3.2.1- Bug fixes and minor security- Stability and Wi-Fi improvements- Update to Android Market with automatic updates andGoogle books- Improved Adobe Flash support and Chinese handwritingpredictionAndroid 3.2.2- Included bug fixes and other minor improvements for theMotorola Xoom 4G
  • 17. Android 4.0 (Ice-cream sandwich)- Increase in speed and performance- Virtual buttons in the UI- Separation of widgets in a new tab- Easier-to-create folders with a drag-and-drop style- A customizable launcher, Resizable widgets- Improved visual voicemail with the ability to speed up or slow down voicemail messages- Pinch-to-zoom functionality in the calendar- Offline search, a two-line preview, and new action bar at the bottom of the Gmail app- Ability to swipe left or right to switch between Gmail conversations, Automatic syncing ofbrowser with users’ Chrome bookmarks- Integrated screenshot capture (accomplished by holding down the Power and Volume-Downbuttons)- Improved error correction on the keyboard, Real-time speech to text dictation- Ability to access apps directly from lock screen- Improved copy and paste functionality- Face Unlock : New feature that allows users to unlock handsets using facial identificationsoftware- New tabbed web browser (allowing up to 16 tabs)- Modern Roboto font- Data Usage section in settings that lets users set warnings when they approach a certain usagelimit, and disable data use when the limit is exceeded- New Ability to shut down apps that are using memory in the background- Improved camera app with zero shutter lag, time lapse settings, panorama mode, ability tozoom while recording, 1080p video recording for basic Android devices- New gallery layout, organized by location and person, Built-in photo editor- Android Beam, a Near Field Communication (NFC)
  • 18. Android 4.0.2- Fixed minor bugs on the Verizon Galaxy NexusAndroid 4.0.3- Bug fixes and optimizations- Improvements to graphics, databases, spell-checking, Bluetooth functionality- Calendar provider enhancements, new cameraapps enhancing video stabilization and QVGAresolution- Accessibility refinements such as improvedcontent access for screen readers
  • 19. Design• Android consists of a kernel based on the Linux kernel 2.6 and Linux Kernel 3.x (Android 4.0 onwards), with middleware, libraries and APIs written in C and application software running on an application framework which includes Java-compatible libraries based on Apache Harmony. Android uses the Dalvik virtual machine with just-in-time compilation to run Dalvik dex-code (Dalvik Executable), which is usually translated from Java byte code.• The main hardware platform for Android is the ARM architecture. There is support for x86 from the Android x86 project, and Google TV uses a special x86 version of Android.
  • 20. Uses• While Android is designed primarily for smartphones and tablets, the open and customizable nature of the operating system allows it to be used on other electronics, including laptops and netbooks, smart books, e-book readers, and smart TVs (Google TV). Further, the OS has seen niche applications on wristwatches, headphones, car CD and DVD players, smart glasses (Project Glass), refrigerators, vehicle satnav systems, home automation systems, games consoles, mirrors, cameras, portable media players, landlines, and treadmills.• The first commercially available phone to run Android was the HTC Dream, released on October 22, 2008. In early 2010 Google collaborated with HTC to launch its flagship Android device, the Nexus One. This was followed later in 2010 with the Samsung-made Nexus S and in 2011 with the Galaxy Nexus.• iOS and Android 2.3.3 Gingerbread may be set up to dual boot on a jail broken iPhone or iPod Touch with the help of OpeniBoot and iDroid.• In December 2011 it was announced the Pentagon has officially approved Android for use by its personnel.
  • 21. Respectfully Submitted To: Prof. Erwin Globio MSIT