Behavioral Theories of Instruction and their role in Learning and Teaching <ul><li>By: Jessica Terpstra </li></ul><ul><li>...
Behaviorism <ul><li>Remember Pavlov’s salivating dog? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That’s behaviorism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reme...
Conditioning <ul><ul><li>The behaviorist would use a form of conditioning which would pattern a type of behavior  </li></u...
What is Behaviorism? <ul><li>Behaviorism is a theory of animal and human learning that only focuses on objectively observa...
Pros of Behavioral Theories <ul><li>With Autistic children rote behavior is necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Observable behavi...
Cons of Behavioral Theories   <ul><li>Ignores mental activities and problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Does not include all...
Group Participation <ul><li>Raise your hand if you think you use/have used this theory of teaching.  </li></ul><ul><li>Now...
Uses in Classroom <ul><li>Prize box (positive reinforcement) </li></ul><ul><li>Detention (negative reinforcement) </li></u...
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Jt Tb Behaviorism

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Jt Tb Behaviorism

  1. 1. Behavioral Theories of Instruction and their role in Learning and Teaching <ul><li>By: Jessica Terpstra </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Tasha Buchler </li></ul>
  2. 2. Behaviorism <ul><li>Remember Pavlov’s salivating dog? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That’s behaviorism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remember Skinner </li></ul><ul><li>and the rats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That’s behaviorism </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Conditioning <ul><ul><li>The behaviorist would use a form of conditioning which would pattern a type of behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 types of conditioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classic conditioning EX: Pavlov’s- dogs salivate when they eat or see food so a stimulus produces a specific response. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Behavioral or operant conditioning: If you reward following a positive behavior, the positive behavior will occur more often. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What is Behaviorism? <ul><li>Behaviorism is a theory of animal and human learning that only focuses on objectively observable behaviors and discounts mental activities. Behavior theorists define learning as nothing more than the acquisition of new behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviorism impacts learning because it only uses observable behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviorist learning involves a stimulus and a response. The Behaviorist learning involved the old practices that learning occurred through rote memorization and the isolation of facts. </li></ul><ul><li>In the behaviorist learning environment, the teacher would instruct and the students would listen, no active participation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pros of Behavioral Theories <ul><li>With Autistic children rote behavior is necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Observable behaviors are easy to assess </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the theories are proven effective </li></ul><ul><li>Some of them necessary ex: memorization of sight words. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cons of Behavioral Theories <ul><li>Ignores mental activities and problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Does not include all of the different learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>More teacher centered </li></ul><ul><li>More authoritarian </li></ul><ul><li>How is it that young children learn new things with the positive reinforcement? Ex: young children recognize new language patterns </li></ul>
  7. 7. Group Participation <ul><li>Raise your hand if you think you use/have used this theory of teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>Now please type in an example of how you’ve used this theory in your teaching </li></ul>
  8. 8. Uses in Classroom <ul><li>Prize box (positive reinforcement) </li></ul><ul><li>Detention (negative reinforcement) </li></ul><ul><li>Sight words- memorization of thought process, rote memorization </li></ul><ul><li>Reading taught through skill mastery </li></ul>
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