The Fate of A Polluted     Environment              Tara Hamashkur              Sawan Rahman
Environment is:A source for food supplyA major source of medicinesAn energy sourceA source of recreationNatural resource f...
In order to determine the extent ofenvironmental exposure to achemical, it is necessary to evaluatethat chemical’s environ...
One thing which sets us asidefrom other species is ourtendency to leave visible scarsand remains after we havepillaged the...
Air, waterand landPollution,,Overpopulation
 Since 1990, yearly emissions of carbon dioxide have gone up by about 6billion metric tons worldwide, Almost all of that ...
The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment has          concluded that in the past 50 years, the average          temperatures o...
Continuing a trend of warming over the past few years, NASA scientists   say 2011 was the ninth warmest year in terms of a...
As global warming, the ice is disappearing gradually. The annual migrations of themare turned into a and time, distance, t...
Sea levels have risen between 4-8 inches worldwide during the last century, and      experts predict they could rise as mu...
The livelihoods of nearly one billion people in some100 countries are threatened by desertificationDesertification contrib...
At least 279 species of plants and animals are already responding to global         warming, migrating north to escape ris...
♣ Up to 90% of West Africa’s coastalrainforests have disappeared since 1900.♣ In South Asia, about 88% of the rainforestsh...
 Between 1852 to 1947 about halfof the Earths mature tropicalforests have been destroyed.                                ...
Deforestation cause damage tohabitat, biodiversity loss andaridity.It has adverse impacts onatmospheric carbon dioxide.Def...
Overpopulation  The IAP has stated  that many  environmental  problems, are  aggravated by the  population  expansion..
Year           Billion                                 Steve Jones: "Humans are 10,000     1804             1             ...
DisasterDisaster is a sudden, calamitous event bringing greatdamage, loss, and destruction and devastation to lifeand prop...
The 2004 Asian           earthquake and           tsunamiThe 1925Ellington, Missouritornado            Phillipines: the   ...
Bhopal : the Union Carbide gas leak
Chernobyl: Russian nuclear power plant              explosion
Seveso Italian dioxin crisis
The Love Canal chemical    waste dump, USAThe Three Mile Island, USA:The nuclear nightmareThe 1952 London smogdisaster
 Plastic bottles take 700 years to begin composting 90% of the cost of bottled water is due to the bottle itself 80% of...
 38 million plastic bottles go to the dumpper year in America from bottled water. 24 million gallons of oil are needed t...
According to the International Union forConservation of Nature (IUCN), 784 extinctionshave been recorded since the year 15...
Caribbean Monk Seal      Golden Toad         Pyrenean Ibex    Thylacine         Baiji River Dolphin   Bubal Hartebeest
Quagga                Passenger Pigeon               Javan Tiger     Tecopa Pupfish                      Dodo bird
Some scientists estimate that up to half of presently existing speciesmay become extinct by 2100..
Global warming and industrial pollution threaten to wipe out     almost a third of frog and toad species worldwide
“Water and air , the two essential fluids on which all life depends on have                      become global garbage can...
The USA is responsible for the 30.3% of world’s gas emissions
33% of Chinese people live in such polluted cities, that the air they         breath is equivalent to 2 cigarette packs pe...
Cars responsible for 40-90% of world’s air pollution
Polluted drinking waters are a problem for about half of the world’spopulation. currently 450million people face water str...
Large hog farms emit hydrogen sulfide, a gas that most often causes flu-likesymptoms in humans, but at high concentrations...
1.2 trillion gallons of untreated sewage ,storm water, and industrial             waste are discharged into US waters annu...
1.2 trillion gallons of untreated sewage ,storm water, and industrial             waste are discharged into US waters annu...
Asian rivers are the most polluted in the world, they have 3times as many bacteria  from human waste as the global average...
In 2004 water of china’s seven major rivers found to be undrinkable
30% of Irelands rivers are polluted with sewage or fertilizers.
Each year there exists 250 million cases of water related diseases
40% of America’s rivers and 46% of America’s lakes are too polluted for                  fishing, swimming, or aquatic life.
Coral reefs are highly sensitive to small changes in water temperature. Scientists sayif current CO2 emission trends conti...
In the U.S. 41% of all insecticides are used on corn. Of these, 80% are used to treata pest that could be controlled simpl...
Over 80% of items in landfills can be recycled, but they’re not
 Prevent pollution(air, water, noise) Protect and respect the worldsnatural, cultural, indigenous andhistorical heritage...
More than 10 million trees         protect 250.000 acres ofreplanted in Tanzanian forests.   rainforests, an area 300times...
Forests, jungles, trees, plants…     Produce the Oxygen we breathe.     They are the lungs of the EarthIf we destroy them,...
Parks are one way of protecting ecosystem for future.Ex: Yellowstone, widely held to be the first national park in the wor...
The Nichols Bridge way extends over theworlds largest green roof to Millennium Park                                       ...
Repair of ecosystemPeople can find ways to lower human effects on ecosystem:Ex1: Fish ladders are like artificial river ra...
Ex2: when mines are dug ,the land isdamaged. in this case reclamation or   phytoremidiation is practiced.
Develop renewable energy sources:solar, wind and hydro-power .
Plastic-eating fungi found in Amazonmay solve landfill problems, usefulfor bioremediation
recycling takes less energy thanmaking products from rawmaterials.ex1; when 1glass bottle isrecycled the energy saved coul...
ex2.: aluminum is made from bauxite ,which is mined from earth’s crust bytaking a lot of electricity . When you throw away...
This is a project represents a message of a         society facing the future
It will perhaps even become a symbol for the first zero carbon footprint                           Olympic Games.
Earth Day 2012 – the 42ndAnniversary more than one billion people around theglobe will participate in Earth Day 2012 andhe...
Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising theability of future gene...
Save the Earth for kids
“A proverb says; take care of small things, big things   will fall in place”the ways leading to pollutions are small thing...
The fate of a polluted environment
The fate of a polluted environment
The fate of a polluted environment
The fate of a polluted environment
The fate of a polluted environment
The fate of a polluted environment
The fate of a polluted environment
The fate of a polluted environment
The fate of a polluted environment
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The fate of a polluted environment

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2011 3rd stage of Biology

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  • A Billion Acts of Green is already the world's largest environmental service campaign. With over 800 million environmental actions registered on the Earth Day Network website the global support behind the movement has been tremendous. But the work is not finished yet.
  • The fate of a polluted environment

    1. 1. The Fate of A Polluted Environment Tara Hamashkur Sawan Rahman
    2. 2. Environment is:A source for food supplyA major source of medicinesAn energy sourceA source of recreationNatural resource for industrialproducts
    3. 3. In order to determine the extent ofenvironmental exposure to achemical, it is necessary to evaluatethat chemical’s environmental fate.While the amount and frequency of achemical’s release, as well as theenvironmental medium — air, water, orsoil — into which it’s released areimportantconsiderations, environmental fate isdetermined by what happens after thechemical has been released into theenvironment.
    4. 4. One thing which sets us asidefrom other species is ourtendency to leave visible scarsand remains after we havepillaged the Earths resources.Even satellite pictures of theAmazon reveal the damagethat the industrial exploitationof natural resources caninflict.
    5. 5. Air, waterand landPollution,,Overpopulation
    6. 6.  Since 1990, yearly emissions of carbon dioxide have gone up by about 6billion metric tons worldwide, Almost all of that increase is due to humanactivities. Carbon dioxide takes 100 years to disperse in the atmosphere. Even ifemissions are stopped today, we will still feel the effects for years to come. During the 20th century alone, the average surface temperature of theworld has increased by 1.2 to 1.4°F.
    7. 7. The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment has concluded that in the past 50 years, the average temperatures of Alaska, eastern Russia and western Canada have increased as much as 7°F. This rise is almost twice the global average.The World Health Organization blames 150,000 deaths per yearon the effects of global warming including extremeweather, drought, heat waves, decreased food production andthe increased spread of diseases like malaria
    8. 8. Continuing a trend of warming over the past few years, NASA scientists say 2011 was the ninth warmest year in terms of average global temperatures since 1980.
    9. 9. As global warming, the ice is disappearing gradually. The annual migrations of themare turned into a and time, distance, the deep and even the race against disaster
    10. 10. Sea levels have risen between 4-8 inches worldwide during the last century, and experts predict they could rise as much 2 feet in the next 100 years.
    11. 11. The livelihoods of nearly one billion people in some100 countries are threatened by desertificationDesertification contributes to internal displacementand international migration of people.About 25 per cent of the Earth’s land, or 3.6 billionhectares, is decertified.By the 2050s, 50 per cent of agricultural land in LatinAmerica will be subject to desertification.
    12. 12. At least 279 species of plants and animals are already responding to global warming, migrating north to escape rising temperatures.
    13. 13. ♣ Up to 90% of West Africa’s coastalrainforests have disappeared since 1900.♣ In South Asia, about 88% of the rainforestshave been lost.♣ Amazon Rainforest with the highest tropicaldeforestation rate between 2000 and 2005.♣ Brazil has lost 90–95% of its Mata Atlânticaforest..♣ Madagascar has lost 90% of its easternrainforests.
    14. 14.  Between 1852 to 1947 about halfof the Earths mature tropicalforests have been destroyed. Deforestation It’s predicted that by 2030, 80%will have been lost. Scientists estimate that all tropicalforests will be gone by the middle ofthe 21st century
    15. 15. Deforestation cause damage tohabitat, biodiversity loss andaridity.It has adverse impacts onatmospheric carbon dioxide.Deforested regions typicallyincur significant adverse soilerosion and frequently degradeinto wasteland.
    16. 16. Overpopulation The IAP has stated that many environmental problems, are aggravated by the population expansion..
    17. 17. Year Billion Steve Jones: "Humans are 10,000 1804 1 times more common than we 1927 2 should be". 1959 3 1974 4 1987 5 1999 6 2011 7The population is expected toreach between 8 and 10.5billion between the year 2040,and 2050..
    18. 18. DisasterDisaster is a sudden, calamitous event bringing greatdamage, loss, and destruction and devastation to lifeand property. The damage caused by disasters isimmeasurable and varies with the geographicallocation, climate and the type of the earthsurface/degree of vulnerability. This influences themental, socio-economic, political and cultural state ofthe affected area.
    19. 19. The 2004 Asian earthquake and tsunamiThe 1925Ellington, Missouritornado Phillipines: the Mount Pinatubo volcanic eruption
    20. 20. Bhopal : the Union Carbide gas leak
    21. 21. Chernobyl: Russian nuclear power plant explosion
    22. 22. Seveso Italian dioxin crisis
    23. 23. The Love Canal chemical waste dump, USAThe Three Mile Island, USA:The nuclear nightmareThe 1952 London smogdisaster
    24. 24.  Plastic bottles take 700 years to begin composting 90% of the cost of bottled water is due to the bottle itself 80% of plastic bottles are not recycled
    25. 25.  38 million plastic bottles go to the dumpper year in America from bottled water. 24 million gallons of oil are needed toproduce a billion plastic bottles Each year, more than 26 billion bottles arethrown away (less then 15% are recycled) Studies have shown that chemicals calledphthalates, which are known to disrupttestosterone and other hormones, can leachinto bottled water over time.
    26. 26. According to the International Union forConservation of Nature (IUCN), 784 extinctionshave been recorded since the year 1500 (to theyear 2004).
    27. 27. Caribbean Monk Seal Golden Toad Pyrenean Ibex Thylacine Baiji River Dolphin Bubal Hartebeest
    28. 28. Quagga Passenger Pigeon Javan Tiger Tecopa Pupfish Dodo bird
    29. 29. Some scientists estimate that up to half of presently existing speciesmay become extinct by 2100..
    30. 30. Global warming and industrial pollution threaten to wipe out almost a third of frog and toad species worldwide
    31. 31. “Water and air , the two essential fluids on which all life depends on have become global garbage cans” says; Jacques Cousteau
    32. 32. The USA is responsible for the 30.3% of world’s gas emissions
    33. 33. 33% of Chinese people live in such polluted cities, that the air they breath is equivalent to 2 cigarette packs per day.
    34. 34. Cars responsible for 40-90% of world’s air pollution
    35. 35. Polluted drinking waters are a problem for about half of the world’spopulation. currently 450million people face water stress. By 2025 it may increase between 2.6 to 3.1 billion people.
    36. 36. Large hog farms emit hydrogen sulfide, a gas that most often causes flu-likesymptoms in humans, but at high concentrations can lead to brain damage.
    37. 37. 1.2 trillion gallons of untreated sewage ,storm water, and industrial waste are discharged into US waters annually.
    38. 38. 1.2 trillion gallons of untreated sewage ,storm water, and industrial waste are discharged into US waters annually.
    39. 39. Asian rivers are the most polluted in the world, they have 3times as many bacteria from human waste as the global average and 20times more lead than rivers in industrialized countries
    40. 40. In 2004 water of china’s seven major rivers found to be undrinkable
    41. 41. 30% of Irelands rivers are polluted with sewage or fertilizers.
    42. 42. Each year there exists 250 million cases of water related diseases
    43. 43. 40% of America’s rivers and 46% of America’s lakes are too polluted for fishing, swimming, or aquatic life.
    44. 44. Coral reefs are highly sensitive to small changes in water temperature. Scientists sayif current CO2 emission trends continue, the worlds coral reefs could be virtuallydestroyed by 2050.
    45. 45. In the U.S. 41% of all insecticides are used on corn. Of these, 80% are used to treata pest that could be controlled simply by rotating a different crop for just one year.
    46. 46. Over 80% of items in landfills can be recycled, but they’re not
    47. 47.  Prevent pollution(air, water, noise) Protect and respect the worldsnatural, cultural, indigenous andhistorical heritage Support environmentaleducation and training. Use water, energy and otherresources efficiently to reducewaste. Overpopulation.
    48. 48. More than 10 million trees protect 250.000 acres ofreplanted in Tanzanian forests. rainforests, an area 300times bigger than central park.
    49. 49. Forests, jungles, trees, plants… Produce the Oxygen we breathe. They are the lungs of the EarthIf we destroy them, we destroy ourselves.
    50. 50. Parks are one way of protecting ecosystem for future.Ex: Yellowstone, widely held to be the first national park in the world.USA has 54 national parks.
    51. 51. The Nichols Bridge way extends over theworlds largest green roof to Millennium Park Green technology is environmentally friendly and is created and used in a way that conserves natural resources and the environment.
    52. 52. Repair of ecosystemPeople can find ways to lower human effects on ecosystem:Ex1: Fish ladders are like artificial river rapids.
    53. 53. Ex2: when mines are dug ,the land isdamaged. in this case reclamation or phytoremidiation is practiced.
    54. 54. Develop renewable energy sources:solar, wind and hydro-power .
    55. 55. Plastic-eating fungi found in Amazonmay solve landfill problems, usefulfor bioremediation
    56. 56. recycling takes less energy thanmaking products from rawmaterials.ex1; when 1glass bottle isrecycled the energy saved couldlight a 100 watt bulb for fourhours
    57. 57. ex2.: aluminum is made from bauxite ,which is mined from earth’s crust bytaking a lot of electricity . When you throw away a drink can of aluminumwithout recycling ,you waste as much energy as it takes to run a televisionfor about three hours.
    58. 58. This is a project represents a message of a society facing the future
    59. 59. It will perhaps even become a symbol for the first zero carbon footprint Olympic Games.
    60. 60. Earth Day 2012 – the 42ndAnniversary more than one billion people around theglobe will participate in Earth Day 2012 andhelp Mobilize the Earth™. People of allnationalities and backgrounds will voicetheir appreciation for the planet anddemand its protection. Earth Day was allegedly pioneered by John McConnell in 1969
    61. 61. Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising theability of future generations to meet their own needs. It contains within it two keyconcepts: the concept of needs, in particular the essential needs of the worlds poor, towhich overriding priority should be given; and the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and socialorganization on the environments ability to meet present and future needs."
    62. 62. Save the Earth for kids
    63. 63. “A proverb says; take care of small things, big things will fall in place”the ways leading to pollutions are small thingswhich if continues make the fate of our planetunavailable for a healthy life.“ There is enough in the world for everyone’s need, but not enough for everyone’s greed.” -Mahatma Gandhi

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