Daw Dhendup (101035): dawadhenks27@gmail.com
Karma Yoezer (101037): kyoezer21@gmail.com
Bhutanese Economy I (Eco-242)
B.A ...
INTRODUCTION
What is the corruption perception of Bhutanese youth in
2012?
RQ1: What are the types of corruption which are...
JUSTIFICATION: WHY SURVEYED IN RTC?
 No specific study has been done
 Youths are the future nation
 RTC is located in t...
 Transparency and Corruption (2004): misuse of
public funds, nepotism and favoritism
 Bardhan and Mookherjee (2001): lev...
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
o Melgar and Rossi (2009): accessibility of information
and ability to analyze
o Personal interaction...
• Data collected in 2012 by Rabten, Wangchuk and Dorji
Questionnaire
Data and Methodology
:
Demographic
variables
General ...
General forms of corruption
Nepotism
&
favoritism
Misuse of
public funds
Misuse of human
resources
Natural
Resources
misus...
Factors which can affect corruption perception
Variable “X” Variable “Y”
Level of
corruption
perception
Age
Gender
Residen...
Data Entry
Variables Coding
Gender Male = 1, female = 0
Age 18 till 35
Course B.A/BCA = 1, Business = 0
Residence Boarder ...
RESULT
Ordinary Linear Regression Mode of factors Affecting
Corruption Perception
R Square = 0.081= 10%
Significance F = 0.150
In...
RESULT ANALYSIS
 All the five variables were insignificant
 Proves no variables could affect the perception
 Average Bh...
POLICY RECOMMENDATION
 High in public fund misuses, Anti-Corruption
Commission of Bhutan, Royal Audit Authority of
Bhutan...
Corruption Perception of Bhutanese Youth: A case study of RTC students in 2012 by Karma Yoezer and Dawa Dhendup
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Corruption Perception of Bhutanese Youth: A case study of RTC students in 2012 by Karma Yoezer and Dawa Dhendup

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  • The first research question talks about the types of corruption perceived by RTC students which is perceived to have either greater or lesser impacts on society. The second research question specifically talks about the factors which can affect corruption perception of Bhutanese youth towards health sector.
  • Reasons, why our research was conducted in RTC.
  • These are sources that we have used while doing a review of literature.
  • Sources referred to related how other researchers have evaluate the same topic.
  • Our methodology was employed on these three questionnaires to find answer to our research questions.
  • We have focused on various types of corruption and further employed to evaluate and compare between those types of corruption in terms of its impacts on society in Bhutan.
  • We have emphasized on five independent variables which can affect the level of corruption perception of Bhutanese youth. To analysis whether such variables can have impact on corruption perception or not.
  • How data entry has been done to run the regression to find model.
  • 67% of respondents strongly perceived that misuse of public funds can impact society adversely in Bhutan. 23% of respondents perceived that fronting nation to non-nation can have lesser impacts on society in Bhutan.
  • The ordinary linear regression has been used to study model and to evaluate its significance. To employ how “X” variables could impact “Y” variable. We have found that none of the variables are significant. The reason could be low level of corruption in Bhutan, average people do not perceive existence of corruption in Bhutan, may be it is prevalent within high level people. Moreover, average people are happy with what has been done by health personnel.
  • Talks about why all the surveyed variables found to be insignificant. What could be the justification for that……..
  • Some of the policy recommendations need to be followed by the future researchers.
  • Corruption Perception of Bhutanese Youth: A case study of RTC students in 2012 by Karma Yoezer and Dawa Dhendup

    1. 1. Daw Dhendup (101035): dawadhenks27@gmail.com Karma Yoezer (101037): kyoezer21@gmail.com Bhutanese Economy I (Eco-242) B.A Economics & Environmental Studies Faculty: Tanveer Reza Rouf Date: 19/06/13 Corruption Perception of Bhutanese Youth: A case study of RTC students in 2012
    2. 2. INTRODUCTION What is the corruption perception of Bhutanese youth in 2012? RQ1: What are the types of corruption which are perceived to have negative impacts in Bhutan? RQ2: What factors affect corruption perception in health sector? “Corruption is operationally defined as the misuse of entrusted power for private gain.”
    3. 3. JUSTIFICATION: WHY SURVEYED IN RTC?  No specific study has been done  Youths are the future nation  RTC is located in the capital  Interaction with various people  Exposure to social media
    4. 4.  Transparency and Corruption (2004): misuse of public funds, nepotism and favoritism  Bardhan and Mookherjee (2001): level of corruption in the least developed, developing countries and developed nations  Anti-Corruption Commission of Bhutan (2008): nepotism and favoritism Review of Literature  Types of corruption:
    5. 5. REVIEW OF LITERATURE o Melgar and Rossi (2009): accessibility of information and ability to analyze o Personal interaction o Social-demographic variables o Melgar, Rossi and Smith (2010): age is not significant Factors affecting level of corruption:
    6. 6. • Data collected in 2012 by Rabten, Wangchuk and Dorji Questionnaire Data and Methodology : Demographic variables General forms of corruption Corruption in health sector
    7. 7. General forms of corruption Nepotism & favoritism Misuse of public funds Misuse of human resources Natural Resources misuse Misuse of public facilities Fronting nation to non-nation
    8. 8. Factors which can affect corruption perception Variable “X” Variable “Y” Level of corruption perception Age Gender Residence Course Experience
    9. 9. Data Entry Variables Coding Gender Male = 1, female = 0 Age 18 till 35 Course B.A/BCA = 1, Business = 0 Residence Boarder = 0, Dayscholar = 1 Experience Strongly agree = 3, partly agree = 2, disagree = 1, don't know = 0 Level of corruption 1-10% = 0, 11-20%=1, 21-40%= 2, 50% above=3
    10. 10. RESULT
    11. 11. Ordinary Linear Regression Mode of factors Affecting Corruption Perception R Square = 0.081= 10% Significance F = 0.150 Independent Variables Coefficient (P-Value) Age 0.05 (0.11) Gender -0.31 (0.18) Residence -0.28 (0.34) Course -0.31 (0.25 ) Experience 0.09 (0.64)
    12. 12. RESULT ANALYSIS  All the five variables were insignificant  Proves no variables could affect the perception  Average Bhutanese people do not sense it  Are satisfied with provided health care/facilities  Low level of corruption in Bhutan
    13. 13. POLICY RECOMMENDATION  High in public fund misuses, Anti-Corruption Commission of Bhutan, Royal Audit Authority of Bhutan and other affiliated organizations must work unanimously to bring it under compromise  Further research on variables other than demographic variables such as “Is there corruption within high level people in health sector?”

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