The first research question talks about the types of corruption perceived by RTC students which is perceived to have either greater or lesser impacts on society. The second research question specifically talks about the factors which can affect corruption perception of Bhutanese youth towards health sector.
Reasons, why our research was conducted in RTC.
These are sources that we have used while doing a review of literature.
Sources referred to related how other researchers have evaluate the same topic.
Our methodology was employed on these three questionnaires to find answer to our research questions.
We have focused on various types of corruption and further employed to evaluate and compare between those types of corruption in terms of its impacts on society in Bhutan.
We have emphasized on five independent variables which can affect the level of corruption perception of Bhutanese youth. To analysis whether such variables can have impact on corruption perception or not.
How data entry has been done to run the regression to find model.
67% of respondents strongly perceived that misuse of public funds can impact society adversely in Bhutan. 23% of respondents perceived that fronting nation to non-nation can have lesser impacts on society in Bhutan.
The ordinary linear regression has been used to study model and to evaluate its significance. To employ how “X” variables could impact “Y” variable. We have found that none of the variables are significant. The reason could be low level of corruption in Bhutan, average people do not perceive existence of corruption in Bhutan, may be it is prevalent within high level people. Moreover, average people are happy with what has been done by health personnel.
Talks about why all the surveyed variables found to be insignificant. What could be the justification for that……..
Some of the policy recommendations need to be followed by the future researchers.
Corruption Perception of Bhutanese Youth: A case study of RTC students in 2012 by Karma Yoezer and Dawa Dhendup
Daw Dhendup (101035): firstname.lastname@example.org
Karma Yoezer (101037): email@example.com
Bhutanese Economy I (Eco-242)
B.A Economics & Environmental Studies
Faculty: Tanveer Reza Rouf
Corruption Perception of Bhutanese
A case study of RTC students in 2012
What is the corruption perception of Bhutanese youth in
RQ1: What are the types of corruption which are
perceived to have negative impacts in Bhutan?
RQ2: What factors affect corruption perception in
“Corruption is operationally defined as the misuse
of entrusted power for private gain.”
JUSTIFICATION: WHY SURVEYED IN RTC?
No specific study has been done
Youths are the future nation
RTC is located in the capital
Interaction with various people
Exposure to social media
Transparency and Corruption (2004): misuse of
public funds, nepotism and favoritism
Bardhan and Mookherjee (2001): level of
corruption in the least developed, developing
countries and developed nations
Anti-Corruption Commission of Bhutan (2008):
nepotism and favoritism
Review of Literature
Types of corruption:
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
o Melgar and Rossi (2009): accessibility of information
and ability to analyze
o Personal interaction
o Social-demographic variables
o Melgar, Rossi and Smith (2010): age is not significant
Factors affecting level of corruption:
• Data collected in 2012 by Rabten, Wangchuk and Dorji
Data and Methodology
General forms of corruption
Misuse of human
Factors which can affect corruption perception
Variable “X” Variable “Y”
Gender Male = 1, female = 0
Age 18 till 35
Course B.A/BCA = 1, Business = 0
Residence Boarder = 0, Dayscholar = 1
Experience Strongly agree = 3, partly agree = 2, disagree = 1,
don't know = 0
1-10% = 0, 11-20%=1, 21-40%= 2, 50% above=3
Ordinary Linear Regression Mode of factors Affecting
R Square = 0.081= 10%
Significance F = 0.150
Independent Variables Coefficient (P-Value)
Age 0.05 (0.11)
Gender -0.31 (0.18)
Residence -0.28 (0.34)
Course -0.31 (0.25 )
Experience 0.09 (0.64)
All the five variables were insignificant
Proves no variables could affect the perception
Average Bhutanese people do not sense it
Are satisfied with provided health care/facilities
Low level of corruption in Bhutan
High in public fund misuses, Anti-Corruption
Commission of Bhutan, Royal Audit Authority of
Bhutan and other affiliated organizations must work
unanimously to bring it under compromise
Further research on variables other than demographic
variables such as “Is there corruption within high
level people in health sector?”