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Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012
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Taminco NESCT Presentation - April 26, 2012

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Review of Regulatory Efforts Regarding VOCs for Coatings and the use of Alkanolamines to Achieve VOC Reductions

Review of Regulatory Efforts Regarding VOCs for Coatings and the use of Alkanolamines to Achieve VOC Reductions

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  • 1. Review of Regulatory Efforts RegardingVOCs for Coatings and the use ofAlkanolamines to Achieve VOCReductions Mike Hakos 4/26/2012
  • 2. Who Am I?• NA Market Manager (~1 year)• Account Manager with Taminco (2 years)• Sr. Account Representative with Eastman (8 years)• Customer Service with Hercules Adhesives (5 years)• EMBA St Joseph’s University (2009)• BS Chemistry Grove City College (1997)
  • 3. Who is Taminco? THE AMINE COMPANY• Activity leading supplier of alkylamines and derivatives• Turnover € 800 million (2011)• Personnel 800 people in 16 countries• Production 7 sites • Europe: Gent-Belgium, Leuna-Germany • Asia-Pacific: Yixing, Fengxian, and Nanjing (J/V) • Americas: Pace, FL & St Gabriel, LA-USA• Installed Production Capacity 1 million tonnes per annum• Sales Offices 17 (5 Americas, 6 Europe, 6 Asia)
  • 4. Genesis and Growth of Taminco 2003 2006 2007•Methylamines EU •Methylamines NA •Specialty Higher•Methylamine •Basic Higher Amines AminesDerivatives (NMP, (MIPA, Ethyls, n-Butyls, •MethylamineDMF, DMAPA, etc) etc) Derivatives (DMAE, MDEA, etc) Total Annual Sales: 353 800 € 185 55 41 80 Products Offered:
  • 5. Agenda • Review of Regulatory Efforts Regarding VOC for Coatings • Using Alkanolamines to achieve VOC Reductions
  • 6. Who are the Players in VOC Regulations?• SCAQMD - South Coast Air Quality Management District • Smog control agency for all or portions of Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside and San Bernardino Counties • 10,750 square miles and is the second most populated area in the United States• CARB – California Air Resource Board• OTC - Ozone Transport Commission • Responsible for advising EPA on transport issues and for developing and implementing regional solutions to the ground- level ozone problem in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions• EPA – Environmental Protection Agency
  • 7. Typical Regulation Path• SCAQMD tends to be national leader in legislation reducing of VOC emissions• In the past, it has been observed that SCAQMD pioneers legislation and limits, which is then later adopted by CARB, OTC, and EPA• This makes SCAQMD activities very interesting to industry• Open SCAMD meetings have very diverse attendance: paint companies, additive makers, contractors, etc.
  • 8. Update on SCAQMD• Key legislation governing Coatings VOC emissions is Rule 1113 • Adopted in 1977 • http://www.aqmd.gov/rules/reg/reg11/r1113.pdf• One key piece removed from this was the adoption of a GC method of determining VOC• They are currently discussing forming a VOC subcommittee in Q2 2012 to look at method’s of VOC determination
  • 9. Determining VOC in Architectural Paint• Currently determined by EPA Method 24 • Lack of precision in low VOC systems• ASTM-D6886 • GC Methodology of VOC analysis of paint using methyl palmitate (~330 C BP) as a cutoff • Designed by Cal Poly• SCAQMD Method 313 • Similar to D6886 but utilizes marker compounds• Other industries are using Thermogravemetric Analysis (MWF)
  • 10. Key Issues on a GC Methodology• Methyl Palmitate as a cutoff marker is very ambitious; most if not all commonly used paint additives would be ruled a VOC• Column choice and carrier gas can significantly impact results• Although GC is an excellent method of determining composition of a paint, it does not represent the volatility of the paint!• Does not account for compounds that are “Partial” VOC’s
  • 11. Our Conclusions• Volatility is difficult to predict, as the relative volatility of different compounds changes with temperature!• We can see inversions in the volatile nature of compounds as they are heated• It is our belief that thermal methods of analysis at temperatures as close as possible to application temperatures give the truest understanding of the volatility of compounds
  • 12. Our Conclusions• Are alternative test methods appropriate?• A test like Thermogravimetric Analysis run at 81oC would be one idea• Chamber testing at ambient temperatures would be another solution
  • 13. What is Taminco Doing?• We have been doing extensive studies in trying to understand volatility in conjunction with Cal Poly• We have prepared a paper on this issue, if you would be interested in reading this, please get a card from me and send me an e-mail. We are happy to share this work• We have presented our work to ACA, ASTM, and the SCAQMD
  • 14. Using Alkanolamines in Paint Formulas• As you know, Amines or Ammonia are typically used for neutralization in paint formulations as pH modifiers• Although small portions of the overall coating formulation, your choice of neutralizing amine can bring some distinct benefits• Taminco offers Advantex® and Vantex®-T as neutralizing amines that provide interesting, more environmentally friendly options
  • 15. Advantex®• Secondary amine• Low Odor• 100% VOC• Can help significantly in formula optimization• Can help with tint strength• Has benefits in flash rust inhibition• Although this product is a 100% VOC, the multifunctional nature may allow you to reduce or replace other VOC producing materials
  • 16. Sample Formula Optimization with Advantex® Quantities in I II III IV V VI VII VIII Pounds/100 gallons Water 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Tamol 731A 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 3.8 3.8 BYK 348 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 Tego Foamex 810 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 Kathon LX 1.5% 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 Propylene Glycol 12.9 6.5 0 30.1 15.1 0 12.9 6.5 TIOXIDE TR 93 225.0 225.0 225.0 225.0 225.0 225.0 225.0 225.0 Grind Water 101.9 101.9 101.9 101.9 101.9 101.9 126.5 126.5 Rhoplex VSR 2015 524.2 524.2 524.2 524.2 524.2 524.2 524.2 524.2 Advantex 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 Ammonia, 28% 6.0 6.0 6.0 BYK 348 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 Tego Foamex 810 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 RM 2020NPR 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 RM 8W 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 Water 19.2 25.7 31.7 15.1 29.2 6.5TOTAL 1033.8 1033.9 1033.4 1033.3 1033.4 1032.4 1032.5 1032.6 PVC - 19.6%, VS - 34.5%, VOC < 50 g/l
  • 17. Sample Formula Optimization with Advantex® Quantities in I II III IV V VI VII VIII Pounds / 100 Gal 28% 28% 28% Amine Advantex Advantex Advantex Advantex Advantex NH3(aq) NH3(aq) NH3(aq) Amine Level 3.5 3.5 3.5 6.0 6.0 6.0 3.5 3.5 Propylene Glycol 12.9 6.5 0.0 30.1 15.1 0.0 12.9 6.5 Surfactant 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 Defoamer 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 1.5 1.5 Dispersant 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 3.8 3.8 Viscosity, KU 94 94 94 96 98 101 103 103 Viscosity, ICI 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 F/T, 3 Cycles 102 104 Fail-3rd 108 Fail-1st Fail-1st 112 114Final Viscosity, KUViscosity Difference 8 10 12 9 11 Leveling 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 ASTM D4062 Low Temperature Film Formation, 6 Mils, 40 oF Sealed 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 Unsealed 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
  • 18. What did we do in this formulation by using Advantex®?• Remove NH3 and reduce odor• Reduce Propylene Glycol by 75%• Reduce surfactant by 50%• Reduce defoamer by 40%• Optimize dispersant levels
  • 19. What did we do in this formulation by using Advantex®? • Although more expensive than NH3 up front, by optimizing your formulations with Advantex® you can pull out other expensive raw materials and maintain performance! • Pulling out all of the above can have a significant impact on your VOC content, Advantex® can bring a lot of flexibility to your formulations
  • 20. Flash Rust Inhibition Flat Enamel A B C D Amine 28% NH3 (aq.) 28% NH3 (aq.) Advantex® Advantex® Level / 100 Gallons 8.5 8.5 4.0 4.0 Sodium Nitrite 0.0 9.0 0.0 9.0 pH 8.61 8.48 8.59 8.43 Viscosity, KU 106 108 108 105 Contrast Ratio, 3 Mils 0.974 0.978 0.976 0.978 Reflectance 92.4 92.1 92.0 92.0 Gloss, 85 Degrees 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 Adhesion, Cold Rolled Steel 7 Days Dry 4B 3B 4B 4B Flash Rust (10=No Rust, 0=Heavy Rust) 24 Hours Dry, 75°F, 50%RH 6 10 10 10
  • 21. Water Resistance Benefits A BWater 34.33 34.33Propylene Glycol 34.55 34.55BYK 1650 1.00 1.00AMP-95 4.00 0.00Advantex® 0.00 4.00BYK 156 6.00 6.00Triton CF-10 2.00 2.00Ti-Pure R-900 253.50 253.50Mincx 4 24.94 24.94UCAR 481 562.35 562.35Texanol 15.75 15.75Popylene Glycol 8.64 8.64BYK 1650 1.00 1.00Acrysol RM-8 35.95 35.95Water 83.33 83.33Total 1067.34 1067.34
  • 22. Water Resistance of Dried Paint Film (24 hours) While both films still contain a fair amount of un-evaporated alkanolamine, Advantex®, with its ideal balanced HLB value of 10, provides for excellent water resistance at intermediate dry times.
  • 23. Vantex®-T• Tertiary Amine• 283o C boiling point• Very low non-amine odor, does not add to VOC load of paint• Partial coalescent – can replace solvent and anti- freeze (both VOC’s)• Excellent for colloid stability• Syneresis Control• Enabling paint makers to formulate highly functional zero-VOC paints
  • 24. Measured VOC Content under Method 24 T#20 Formulation - Semigloss A B C D E F (lbs./100 gals.) (lbs./100 gals.) (lbs./100 gals.) (lbs./100 gals.) (lbs./100 gals.) (lbs./100 gals.)Water 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0Natrosol Plus 330 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5Vantex®-T 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0Tamol 731A 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0Drewplus L-493 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5Carbowet DC 01 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0Proxel DB-20 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0TiPure R-706 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0Mixex 10 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0Attagel 50 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 GrindWater 88.3 88.3 88.3 88.3 88.3 88.3Optive 130 525.0 525.0 525.0 525.0 525.0 525.0Drewplus L-493 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0Acrysol RM 2020 NPR 26.1 26.1 26.1 26.1 26.1 26.1Acrysol RM 8W 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0Rhodoline FT-100 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5Water 10.0 8.0 6.0 4.0 2.0 0.0Total 1067.9 1067.9 1067.9 1067.9 1067.9 1067.9 PVC - 24.6%, VS- 34.5%, Calculated VOC <5 g/l
  • 25. Measured VOC Content under Method 24 T#21 Formulation - Flat Enamel A B C D E F (lbs./100 gals.) (lbs./100 gals.) (lbs./100 gals.) (lbs./100 gals.) (lbs./100 gals.) (lbs./100 gals.)Water 275.5 275.5 275.5 275.5 275.5 275.5Natrosol Plus 330 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5Vantex®-T 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0Acticide BW 20 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1FoamStar A-38 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5Tamol 1124 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0Carbowet DC 01 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0Tronox CR 826 235.0 235.0 235.0 235.0 235.0 235.0#10 White 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0Mixex 4 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0Optiwhite MX 150.0 150.0 150.0 150.0 150.0 150.0 GrindWater 45.7 45.7 45.7 45.7 45.7 45.7EcoVAE 350.0 350.0 350.0 350.0 350.0 350.0Polyphobe TR 116 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0FoamStar 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5Water 10.0 8.0 6.0 4.0 2.0 0.0Total 1160.8 1160.8 1160.8 1160.8 1160.8 1160.8 PVC - 47.5%%, VS- 38.8%
  • 26. Measured VOC Content under Method 24 T20 Semigloss Sample Solids % Volatiles % Water % VOC (g/L)T20A 53.27 46.73 44.73 26.28T20B 52.99 47.01 45.15 24.50T20C 52.99 47.01 46.61 5.26T20D 53.32 46.68 46.43 3.28T20E 53.38 46.62 45.84 10.21T20F 53.29 46.71 46.51 2.67 T21 Flat Enamel Sample Solids % Volatiles % Water % VOC (g/L)T21A 57.34 42.66 41.33 28.15T21B 57.02 42.98 43.51 -7.43T21C 57.47 42.53 43.49 -13.28T21D 57.50 42.50 43.95 -20.13T21E 57.48 42.52 43.99 -20.00T21F 57.78 42.22 43.91 -23.27 Increasing amounts of Vantex® – T do not contribute VOC to the finished paint!
  • 27. Syneresis Control A B CWater 208.6 208.6 208.6Natrosol Plus 330 1.5 1.5 1.5AMP 95 12.0 - -Vantex®-T - 12.0 -NH3 - - 12.0Nuosept 95 1.5 1.5 1.5Tamol 731 12.0 12.0 12.0Carbowet DC 01 2.0 2.0 2.0Drewplus T4507 2.0 2.0 2.0Ti-Pure R-706 230.0 230.0 230.0Atomite 30.0 30.0 30.0Attagel 50 5.0 5.0 5.0 GrindAirflex EF-833 (55.0%) 453.9 453.9 453.9RM 2020NPR 15.0 15.0 15.0RM 825 7.0 7.0 7.0Drewplus T4507 2.0 2.0 2.0Water 80.4 80.4 80.4Total 1,062.9 1,062.9 1,062.9
  • 28. Syneresis after 1 week at Room Temperature The lower liquid/liquid interfacial tensions exhibited by aqueoussolutions of Vantex®-T lead to better pigment dispersion, emulsion stability, and syneresis control in paints!
  • 29. Why would you use Alkanolamines?• Lower Odor • These products have virtually no odor which is a marked improvement for manufacturing and application• Flexibility in Formulation• Vantex®– T is a zero VOC under EPA Method 24• A new tool in the toolbox!
  • 30. Future Work• Chamber Testing• Where should we focus our efforts?• We need your feedback
  • 31. If you would like further information..• Mike Hakos • michael.hakos@taminco.com• Our Midwest and East Coast distribution partner, TH Hilson• Online at : • www.specialtyamines.com • www.aminestoanend.com

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