An informative and, dare I say, entertaining view of prostate cancer
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An informative and, dare I say, entertaining view of prostate cancer

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I put this presentation together for my husband, a family doctor who presents to small community groups.

I put this presentation together for my husband, a family doctor who presents to small community groups.

This marks my first attempt at following the Slide:ology approach.

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An informative and, dare I say, entertaining view of prostate cancer An informative and, dare I say, entertaining view of prostate cancer Presentation Transcript

  • Prostate Cancer...and Why You Needn’t Be Afraid to Drop Your Trousers
  • What is on Your Mind? What is Prostate Cancer? Am I at risk? How does one fight Prostate Cancer? What can I do today?
  • The Prostate
  • What is on Your Mind? What is Prostate Cancer? Am I at risk? How does one fight Prostate Cancer? What can I do today?
  • One of These Men Will Face Prostate Cancer
  • Known Risk Factor: Age Age
  • Known Risk Factor: Family History
  • Known Risk Factor: African Descent
  • Known Risk Factor: High Fat Diet
  • Possible Risk Factors: Inherited Genes
  • Possible Risk Factor: Toxic Chemicals
  • Possible Risk Factor: STDs and Genital Warts
  • Possible Risk Factor: Lack of Vitamin D Family history
  • Possible Risk Factor: Obesity and Lack of Exercise
  • Possible Risk Factor: Infrequent Ejaculation
  • Not Risk Factors
    • Benign prostate disease
    • Alcohol
    • Vasectomy
  • Signs and Symptoms: Urgent, Frequent Urination
  • Signs and Symptoms: Blood in Urine
  • Signs and Symptoms: Burning Urination
  • Signs and Symptoms: Weak, Interrupted Urination Weak, Interrupted Urination
  • Signs of Late Stage Prostate Cancer
    • Bone pain
    • Weight loss
    • Fatigue
    • Anaemia
    WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING
  • What is on Your Mind? What is Prostate Cancer? Am I at risk? How does one fight Prostate Cancer? What can I do today?
  • Diagnosing Prostate Cancer: Medical History
  • Diagnosing Prostate Cancer: Digital Rectal Exam
  • Diagnosing Prostate Cancer: Digital Rectal Exam
  • Diagnosing Prostate Cancer: Digital Rectal Exam
    • Lumps
    • Changes in size
    • Changes to the feel of the gland tissue
    • Average risk men 50-70+ years
    • High-risk men start earlier
    • Identifies up to 60% of cancers
    • DRE plus PSA identifies 26% more cancers than PSA alone
    What is the doctor looking for? Who should have a DRE? How effective is a DRE?
  • Diagnosing Prostate Cancer: PSA Test
    • Identifies 63-82% of cancers
    • Can identify cancer up to 4 years earlier than clinically detected
    • Excellent method to monitor cancer treatment
    • DRE plus PSA identifies 26% more cancers than PSA alone
    • High false positive rate
    • Less specific in older men
    • Leads to unnecessary investigations
    • Leads to unnecessary treatment
    Cons Pros
  • Diagnosing Prostate Cancer: Tests
  • Prostate Cancer Prognosis
    • PSA level
    • Gleason score (aggressiveness)
    • Stage
    • Age
    • Other health issues (co-morbidity)
    Main factors Other factors
  • Treatment
    • Watchful waiting (active surveillance)
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Hormonal therapy
  • What is on Your Mind? What is Prostate Cancer? Am I at risk? How does one fight Prostate Cancer? What can I do today?
  • Your “To-do” List
    • SEE YOUR FAMILY DOCTOR!
    • Eat less fat
    • Eat a diet high in vegetables and fruit
    • Eat foods that contain lycopene and soy
    • Take Vitamin D supplement (1000 IU/day)
    At least 50% of cancer cases can be prevented through healthy living!
  • Dr. Tom Greavette, MD CCFP McMaster Niagara Family Health Centre 22 Ontario Street St. Catharines, Ontario L2R 7M3 Tel: 905.984.3335 www.pagingdrtom.com [email_address]