Successful writing. Lecture two.


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  • *read this slide first before referring to the book
  • *read the next two slides first before referring to the book
  • *do author exercise on page 17, give them time to do it, may have to explain some of sayings in the paragraph.
  • *except one: a friend or pal of the person *excerpt two: someone who the writer does not have an intimate relationship with
  • *get a student to read the formal style paragraph on page 17
  • *have a student read the paragraph on informal style on page 17 *website indicates all of the main rules between formal and informal writing, read that after the paragraph is read
  • *I will read the sentence on page 18 about this as it is too short to have one person read
  • *skip over Chinglish and come back to it next week if there is not enough time
  • *get someone in the class to read page 20, top paragraph
  • Successful writing. Lecture two.

    1. 1. Successful Writing Unit Two
    2. 2. Unit Objectives <ul><li>Differentiate various styles in English, namely formal, general, colloquial, and slang </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid some pitfalls of “Chinglish” </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an awareness of audience in note writing </li></ul>
    3. 3. Formal and General Styles <ul><li>Formal words: not as common as general words, more elegant </li></ul><ul><li>General words: form the basis of vocabulary and are used for everyday communication </li></ul><ul><li>Use general words in most cases and formal words in specific, formal contexts (important letters, thesis etc.) </li></ul>
    4. 4. Colloquial words <ul><li>A colloquialism is a word or phrase that is common in everyday, unconstrained conversation rather than in formal speech or academic writing </li></ul><ul><li>might include contractions such as you’re, she’ll, they’ll etc. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Slang <ul><li>Slang: slang refers to informal (and often passing) words pertaining to items used by a specific social group, for instance teenagers, soldiers, prisoners, or surfers. </li></ul><ul><li>Slang is not considered the same as colloquial speech which is informal, relaxed speech used on occasion by any speaker </li></ul><ul><li>the jargon of a particular class or profession </li></ul>
    6. 6. Style and Audience <ul><li>Excerpts on page 17 & answer questions below </li></ul><ul><li>Formal Style </li></ul><ul><li>Informal Style </li></ul><ul><li>Colloquial Style </li></ul>
    7. 7. Formal Style <ul><li>less personal and more objective than informal writing (writing with an aim or goal) </li></ul><ul><li>complexity in writing is not only fine but is often required </li></ul><ul><li>Always use a passive voice instead of an active voice (For example, don’t write ‘we are concerned that’, instead write ‘there has been concern that’) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Informal Style <ul><li>A more relaxed way of writing standard English </li></ul><ul><li>Less distance between the writer and the reader because the tone is more personal than the formal style of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Some rules to remember </li></ul>
    9. 9. Colloquial Style <ul><li>Uses general words and slang words </li></ul><ul><li>Shortened or abbreviated words (example, I def. want to do that l8r  meaning I definitely want to do that later) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Classroom Activity <ul><li>Page 19 </li></ul><ul><li>Groups of 2 decide what the relationship is between the writer and the target reader of each excerpt and </li></ul><ul><li>point out the words that make the difference </li></ul>
    11. 11. Chinglish <ul><li>How to avoid literal translation </li></ul><ul><li>His body is very healthy  He is very healthy </li></ul><ul><li>He only said a few sentences. He made us very disappointed  We were quite disappointed that he just said a few words </li></ul>
    12. 12. Chinglish (continued) <ul><li>Unidiomatic use of English: not using or containing expressions natural to a native speaker of a language. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct translations can make things more difficult when learning English </li></ul><ul><li>Page 20 </li></ul>
    13. 13. Chinglish (continued…) <ul><li>Be careful with the connotation of English words </li></ul><ul><li>Expressions that may seem the same in two languages may actually have completely different connotations </li></ul>
    14. 14. Chinese and English <ul><li>In Chinese: natural to emphasize your ideas by repeating it in a round about way </li></ul><ul><li>In English: it is best to just get right to the point using the appropriate words to emphasize your idea </li></ul>
    15. 15. Homework <ul><li>Read Page 20 and do the Classroom Activity on page 21 </li></ul><ul><li>Write a formal note </li></ul><ul><li>Write an informal note </li></ul><ul><li>Write a colloquial note </li></ul><ul><li>*notes will be Thank-you notes for someone who invited you over for dinner </li></ul>