Successful Writing Lecture Three
Pronouns: Subjective and Objective Summary <ul><li>Subjective pronouns can be used as the subject or part of the predicate...
Subjective Pronouns <ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>He </li></ul><ul><li>She </li></ul><ul><li>It  </li></ul><ul><li>We  </li>...
Objective Pronouns <ul><li>Me </li></ul><ul><li>Him  </li></ul><ul><li>Her </li></ul><ul><li>It </li></ul><ul><li>Us  </li...
Pronouns: Subjective and Objective Summary (cont’d) <ul><li>Objective nouns can be used as the object of either a verb or ...
Subjective and Objective Cont’d <ul><li>If subjective pronoun is used, it sounds formal and therefore, is usually preferre...
Subjective and Objective Cont’d <ul><li>When the interrogative pronoun is not the first word of a question, or is at the e...
Subjective and Objective Cont’d <ul><li>Popular usage has been moving towards the elimination of whom especially when it c...
Singular and Plural <ul><li>Summary: use a singular pronoun when the intent of the antecedent is singular </li></ul><ul><l...
Singular and Plural (cont’d) <ul><li>An indefinite pronoun, like someone, everyone, no one, and one, is usually considered...
Point of View: Answers <ul><li>Reference One:  </li></ul><ul><li>When people read about a natural disaster in another coun...
Point of View  <ul><li>Reference Two:  </li></ul><ul><li>When we read about a natural disaster in another country, it hard...
Point of View Summary <ul><li>One of the problems about the point of view is a careless shift from one subject to another ...
Preciseness <ul><li>Requirement for good writing </li></ul><ul><li>Use concrete details (form the habit of thinking concre...
Effectiveness <ul><li>Adds power to the meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting effective words is not easy and it needs study...
Homework <ul><li>Effectiveness Activity Page 33 </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Successful writing. Lecture three.

754 views

Published on

Lecture Three

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
754
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Successful writing. Lecture three.

  1. 1. Successful Writing Lecture Three
  2. 2. Pronouns: Subjective and Objective Summary <ul><li>Subjective pronouns can be used as the subject or part of the predicate of a sentence </li></ul><ul><li>A predicate is one of the two main parts of a sentence , the other being the subject , which the predicate modifies. For the simple sentence &quot;John is yellow&quot;, John acts as the subject, and is yellow acts as the predicate (a subsequent description of the subject, headed with a verb). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Subjective Pronouns <ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>He </li></ul><ul><li>She </li></ul><ul><li>It </li></ul><ul><li>We </li></ul><ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>They </li></ul><ul><li>Who </li></ul>
  4. 4. Objective Pronouns <ul><li>Me </li></ul><ul><li>Him </li></ul><ul><li>Her </li></ul><ul><li>It </li></ul><ul><li>Us </li></ul><ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>Them </li></ul><ul><li>Whom </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pronouns: Subjective and Objective Summary (cont’d) <ul><li>Objective nouns can be used as the object of either a verb or preposition (a grammatically distinct class of words whose most central members characteristically express spatial relations (such as in , under , toward ) </li></ul><ul><li>Both can be used as a part of a predicate and the difference lies in style </li></ul>
  6. 6. Subjective and Objective Cont’d <ul><li>If subjective pronoun is used, it sounds formal and therefore, is usually preferred in formal writing </li></ul><ul><li>If it is objective, it sounds colloquial, and is therefore, preferred in informal speech </li></ul><ul><li>Phrases like ‘I think, I believe, I suppose, when inserted into a clause, do not affect the roles of the other components in the clause </li></ul>
  7. 7. Subjective and Objective Cont’d <ul><li>When the interrogative pronoun is not the first word of a question, or is at the end of the question the standard usage is to use whom </li></ul><ul><li>For whom was the party given? </li></ul><ul><li>You listened to whom? </li></ul><ul><li>With whom did you go? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Subjective and Objective Cont’d <ul><li>Popular usage has been moving towards the elimination of whom especially when it comes first in a question </li></ul><ul><li>Who is it for? </li></ul><ul><li>Who did you meet? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are you looking for? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Singular and Plural <ul><li>Summary: use a singular pronoun when the intent of the antecedent is singular </li></ul><ul><li>an antecedent is a noun, noun phrase, or clause to which an tie refers in a co-reference . For example, in the passage &quot;I did not see John because he wasn't there&quot;, &quot;John&quot; is the antecedent of the tie (anaphor) &quot;he&quot;; together &quot;John&quot; and &quot;he&quot; are called a co-reference because they both refer to the same thing </li></ul>
  10. 10. Singular and Plural (cont’d) <ul><li>An indefinite pronoun, like someone, everyone, no one, and one, is usually considered to be singular and referred to with singular pronouns but sometimes it is used in the plural sense and form </li></ul><ul><li>Use a plural pronoun when the intent of the antecedent is plural </li></ul>
  11. 11. Point of View: Answers <ul><li>Reference One: </li></ul><ul><li>When people read about a natural disaster in another country, it hardly affects them. Of course, they feel bad and upset when people get killed. But as these disasters happen thousands of miles away from them and because they don’t affect their own life, they are not traumatized by them. If a flood killed their own close friends, they would be more emotionally upset. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Point of View <ul><li>Reference Two: </li></ul><ul><li>When we read about a natural disaster in another country, it hardly affects us. Of course, we feel bad and upset when people get killed. But as these disasters happen thousands of miles away from us and because they don’t affect our own life, we are traumatized by them. If a flood killed our close friends, we would be more emotionally upset. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Point of View Summary <ul><li>One of the problems about the point of view is a careless shift from one subject to another within a sentence or from one sentence to the next </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: rewrite the paragraph using a consistent controlling pronoun, or point of view. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Preciseness <ul><li>Requirement for good writing </li></ul><ul><li>Use concrete details (form the habit of thinking concretely even at the initial stage of writing) </li></ul><ul><li>Look for specific words (and learn how to use them alongside the expansion of your vocabulary) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Effectiveness <ul><li>Adds power to the meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting effective words is not easy and it needs study and practice </li></ul>
  16. 16. Homework <ul><li>Effectiveness Activity Page 33 </li></ul>

×