REPORTED SPEECH Use reported speech to say what another person said. You’ll be fired… He said (that) he would be fired.
Direct speech Reported speech“I love you” He said (that) he loved her.“I want to see you again” He told her (that) he wanted to see her again.“I can help you.” He said (that) he could help me.“I’ll phone you” He told me (that) he would phone me.“I met a girl.” He told me (that) he had met a girl.“I’ve broken my leg” He said (that) he had broken his leg.
REMEMBER THE CHANGES: Verbal: DIRECT REPORTEDSimple present Simple pastPresent continuous Past continuousPresent perfect Past perfectPresent perfect continuous Past perfect continuousSimple past Past perfectSimple future Simple conditionalSimple conditional Conditional perfectCan CouldMay MightMust Had to
Other changes: DIRECT REPORTEDThis ThatThese ThoseHere ThereNow ThenToday That dayYesterday The day beforeTomorrow The next dayLast (…) The (…) beforeNext (…) The following (…)Ago Before
That is optional after say and tell Pronouns also change in the reported speech: “I’m coming.” She told me (that) she was coming
BE CAREFUL: You can use said or told in the reported speech, but they are used differently: You can’t use said with an object pronoun. He told her he loved her NOT He said(x) her he loved her. You MUST use told with an object. He told her he loved her NOT He told he(x) loved her.
REPORTED QUESTIONS In reported questions: The tenses change in exactly the same way as in sentences; We don’t use do/ did. DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH “Do you want to dance?” He asked her if she wanted to dance. “Where do you live?” He asked her where she lived.
If the question starts with do, can, etc., add if. DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH “Do you like the music?” He asked her if she liked the music. “Can you sing?” She asked him if he could sing. The word order is subject + verb DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH “Are you a student?” He asked her if she was a student. “Have you seen the She asked him if he had film?” seen the film.