Net 204: Copyright, the Creative Commons & Licensing Your Work

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Thinking about how to license your online conference paper for Internet Communities & Social Networks 204.

Thinking about how to license your online conference paper for Internet Communities & Social Networks 204.

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  • The first CC licences were released in 2002 The central to each of the CC licences are the four licence elements – Attribution, noncommercial, no derivative and sharealike These represent restrictions that copyright owners may want to put on how people can use their material. As you can see, each of the elements has a symbol that can be used to ‘represent’ each of these elements this makes the licences easier understand – in theory, once a person is familiar with the CC licences, they should be able to recognise what uses are allowed simply by looking at the symbols


  • 1. Internet Communities & Social Networks 204 Copyright, the Creative Commons & Licensing Your Work Dr Tama Leaver [email_address]
  • 2. Choosing how to license your work
    • Options:
    • Full Copyright
    • A ‘some rights reserved’ license eg a Creative Commons license.
    • The Public Domain
  • 3. [1] Full Copyright
    • Is automatic – you have it by default upon creation of a work.
    • Lasts a long time – differs by medium, but often your lifetime + 70 years.
    • Operates slightly differently in different countries – usually license according to country you create in.
    • Matters because any reproducing, borrowing, remixing, quoting your work must have your permission unless it’s Fair Dealing …
  • 4. Fair Dealing (similar but not the same as US Fair Use)
    • Research and Study;
    • Criticism and Review;
    • News Reporting;
    • Reproduction for Purposes of Judicial Proceedings or Legal Professional Advice;
    • Parody and Satire (with some exceptions).
    • (eg: 10% or one chapter of a book for research)
  • 5. Use Outside of Education
    • Students often rely on fair dealing for research and study when reproducing musical works and sound recordings on the soundtrack for their film. This exception will not apply where the work is taken out of the classroom or study context and presented to the general public.
  • 6. What is copyright and what effects me (and anything I create)?
    • Copyright is automatic and lasts a long time!
    • Fair dealing - in educational contexts, review purposes, legal advice.
    • Rely on a limited fair dealing in relation to ‘reporting the news’.
    • Fair dealing does not extend outside of the education context - ie don’t rely on it ! ( If it’s online don’t presume it’s protected by fair dealing !)
    • All material used other than material you create must have clear citation/credits.
  • 7. What can I use online?
    • Anything you have explicit permission from the copyright holder(s) to use.
    • Anything definitely in the public domain. ( Don’t presume no license = public domain! )
    • Anything explicitly licensed allowing re-use (ie open-content licenses, including ‘copyleft’ and Creative Commons licensing).
  • 8. [2] What are the Creative Commons?
    • An attempt to build a reasonable layer of licenses which allow creators to specify which rights they wish to retain, and which rights they are happy to give away.
    • Means new creators can re-use work without having go through the laborious task of contacting creators to get permission every time.
  • 9. Some rights reserved?
    • The Creative Commons are a series of licenses which allow content creators to specify which rights they wish other users to have.
    • CC is the middle ground in the spectrum from All Rights Reserved to the Public Domain.
    • The Creative Commons licenses result in ‘Some Rights Reserved’ ...
    Driven by a philosophy of sharing !
  • 10. Range of CC Licenses
  • 11. Attribution
  • 12. Non-commercial
  • 13. No derivatives
  • 14. Share-alike
  • 15. Creative Commons License Elements
    • 4 licence elements:
            • Attribution – attribute the author
            • Noncommercial – no commercial use
            • No Derivative Works – no remixing
            • ShareAlike – remix only if you let others remix (your work must have the same license)
  • 16.  
  • 17. How to choose your license ...
  • 18. [3] The Public Domain
    • Gives your work away complete, irreversibly, forever. You maintain no rights to that work at all.
  • 19. So, make your choice ...
    • And place text at the end of your conference paper, indicating the terms under which you’re placing your work online.
    • I recommend Creative Commons Attribution, because you want your ideas to share easily, but the choice is yours ...