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ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
 

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

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    ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Presentation Transcript

    • WHAT IS Intelligence is not to make no mistakes but quickly to understand how to make them good
    • What is artificial intelligence…??? It is a technology and a branch of computer science that studies and develops intelligent machines and software. It includes intelligence and understanding.
    • EVOLUTION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
    • How does AI works??? Artificial intelligence works with the help of  Artificial Neurons(Artificial Neural Network) and  Scientific Theorems(ifthen statements , Logics)
    • STRUCTURE OF A BIOLOGICAL NEURON
    • STRUCTURE OF ARTIFICIAL NEURON
    • formula: N a=(Σ wj uj)+θ j=1 A negative value for a weight indicates an inhibitory connection while a positive value indicates an excitatory one. Although in biological neurons, θ has a negative value, it may be assigned a positive value in artificial neuron models. If θ is positive, it is usually referred as bias.
    • WHY DO WE NEED AI??? To supplement natural intelligence for e.g. we are building intelligence in an object so that it can do what we want it to do, as per e.g.. Robots, thus reducing human labor and reducing human mistakes.
    • SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF INTELLIGENT BEHAVIOR  Learn from experience and apply the knowledge acquired from experience.  Handle complex situations  Solve problems when important information is missing.  Determine what is important
    • SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF INTELLIGENT BEHAVIOR  React quickly and correctly to a new situation  Understand visual images  Process and manipulate symbols  Be creative and imaginative  Use heuristics
    • HUMAN INTELLIGENCE VS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
    • Human Intelligence VS Artificial Intelligence (PROS) HUMAN INTELLIGENCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE  Intuition, common sense,  Ability to simulate human judgment ,creativity, beliefs etc.  The ability to demonstrate their intelligence by communicating effectively.  Plausible reasoning and critical thinking. behavior and cognitive processes.  Capture and preserve human expertise.  Fast response. The ability to comprehend large amounts of data quickly.
    • Human Intelligence VS Artificial Intelligence(cons) HUMAN INTELLIGENCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE  Humans are fallible.  They have limited knowledge  No “common sense”. bases.  Information processing of serial nature proceed very slowly in the brain as compared to computers  Humans are unable to retain large amounts of data in memory.  Can not readily deal with “mixed” knowledge.  May have high development cost.  Raise legal and ethical concerns.
    • Alan Turing  In 1950 Alan Turing published a landmark paper in which he speculated about the possibility of creating machines with true intelligence. He noted that "intelligence" is difficult to define and devised his famous Turing Test. If a machine could carry on a conversation that was indistinguishable from a conversation with a human being, then the machine could be called "intelligent”. The Turing Test was the first serious proposal in the philosophy of artificial intelligence
    • TURING TEST Attempts to determine whether the responses from a computer with intelligent behavior are indistinguishable form responses from a human.
    • MAJOR BRNACHES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE VISION SYSTEMS EXPERT SYSTEM ROBOTICS AI and LAW ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE GAME PLAYING NATURAL LANGUAG PROCESSING SEARCH AND RETRIEVAL EDUCATION MEDICINE
    • VISION SYSTEMS • Includes hardware and software that permits computer to store, to capture and to manipulate visual images and pictures.
    • ROBOTICS ROBOTICS is the branch of technology that deals with the Design C0nstruction Operation and Application of Robots
    • TYPES OF ROBOTS There are many types of robots which are being classified as  Japanese robots  Humanoid robots  Autonomous robots and Entertainment robots. Get information on popular robots such as ASIMO , AIBO , QRIO and many more...................!! 
    •  Made by: Sony (Japan) AIBO  Height: 27cm  AIBO stands for: Artificial Intelligent Robot AIBO features a variety of senses: Touch - Feels human contact through sensors on head, back, chin & paws.  Hearing - Detects sound through a pair of stereo microphones, voice recognition.  Sight - Colour camera, distance sensors and facial recognition.
    • QRIO  Made by: Sony  Height: 61cm  What can it do?  Walk , talk , run, dance, re cognize voices and faces, play ball games and surf the web.
    • ASIMO  Made by: Honda  Height: 1.2m  ASIMO stands for: Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility, it also takes its name from robotic visionary Isaac Asimov.
    • The Rover was a remote-controlled robot used by NASA to explore the surface of Mars.
    • FUTURE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE WE ACHIEVE MORE THAN WE KNOW. WE KNOW MORE THAN WE UNDERSTAND. WE UNDERSTAND MORE THAN WE CAN EXPLAIN.
    • My Perspective  For Humans Intelligence is no more than TAKING a right decision at right time And  For Machines Artificial Intelligence is no more than CHOOSING a right decision at right time  I think Artificial intelligence is the Second intelligence ever to exist
    • Any Queries???  Be Not Afraid Of Falling Be Afraid Of Not Trying