Basic Life Support Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
Start CPR Immediately <ul><li>Better chance of survival </li></ul><ul><li>Brain damage starts in 4-6 minutes </li></ul><ul...
Survey The Scene, then: RAP <ul><li>R - Responsiveness  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tap shoulder and shout “Are you ok?”  </li><...
RAP <ul><li>A  - Activate EMS ( if unresponsive) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Call 911 (another can stay by the phone and update ...
RAP <ul><li>P - Position on back </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All body parts rolled over at the same time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Checking Vital Signs <ul><li>A – Airway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open the airway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Head tilt chin li...
B – Check For Breathing <ul><li>Look, listen and feel for breathing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No longer than 10 seconds second...
Breathing <ul><li>If the victim is not breathing,  give two breaths (1 second or longer) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pinch the n...
Compressions <ul><li>After giving breaths… </li></ul><ul><li>Locate proper hand position for chest compressions </li></ul>...
Compressions <ul><ul><li>Using both hands, give 30 chest compressions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Count 1, 2, 3 … </li>...
CPR <ul><li>After 30 chest compressions give: </li></ul><ul><li>2 slow breaths  </li></ul><ul><li>Continue until help arri...
When Can I Stop CPR? <ul><li>Victim revives </li></ul><ul><li>Trained help arrives </li></ul><ul><li>Too exhausted to cont...
Checking for CPR Effectiveness <ul><li>Does chest rise and fall with rescue breaths? </li></ul><ul><li>Have a second rescu...
CPR for Infants  (Under 1 Year of Age) <ul><li>Same procedures (RAPAB) except: </li></ul><ul><li>Seal nose and mouth or no...
CPR: Infants <ul><li>RAPAB </li></ul><ul><li>Give CPR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Press sternum 1/2 to 1/3 depth of the chest  <...
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CPR Basics

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CPR Basics

  1. 1. Basic Life Support Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
  2. 2. Start CPR Immediately <ul><li>Better chance of survival </li></ul><ul><li>Brain damage starts in 4-6 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Brain damage is certain after 10 minutes without CPR </li></ul>
  3. 3. Survey The Scene, then: RAP <ul><li>R - Responsiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tap shoulder and shout “Are you ok?” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. RAP <ul><li>A - Activate EMS ( if unresponsive) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Call 911 (another can stay by the phone and update EMS personnel on status of paitent) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. RAP <ul><li>P - Position on back </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All body parts rolled over at the same time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Always be aware of head and spinal cord injuries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support neck and spinal column </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Checking Vital Signs <ul><li>A – Airway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open the airway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Head tilt chin lift </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. B – Check For Breathing <ul><li>Look, listen and feel for breathing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No longer than 10 seconds seconds </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Breathing <ul><li>If the victim is not breathing, give two breaths (1 second or longer) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pinch the nose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seal the mouth with yours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If the first two don’t go in, re-tilt and give two more breaths </li></ul>
  9. 9. Compressions <ul><li>After giving breaths… </li></ul><ul><li>Locate proper hand position for chest compressions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Place heel of one hand on center of chest on sternum </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Compressions <ul><ul><li>Using both hands, give 30 chest compressions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Count 1, 2, 3 … </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth of compressions: 1 .5 to 2 inches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For children: ½ to 1/3 of chest depth and use 1 or 2 hands (keep one hand on forehead if possible) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. CPR <ul><li>After 30 chest compressions give: </li></ul><ul><li>2 slow breaths </li></ul><ul><li>Continue until help arrives or victim recovers </li></ul><ul><li>If the victim starts moving: check breathing </li></ul>
  12. 12. When Can I Stop CPR? <ul><li>Victim revives </li></ul><ul><li>Trained help arrives </li></ul><ul><li>Too exhausted to continue </li></ul><ul><li>Unsafe scene </li></ul>
  13. 13. Checking for CPR Effectiveness <ul><li>Does chest rise and fall with rescue breaths? </li></ul><ul><li>Have a second rescuer check pulse while you give compressions </li></ul>
  14. 14. CPR for Infants (Under 1 Year of Age) <ul><li>Same procedures (RAPAB) except: </li></ul><ul><li>Seal nose and mouth or nose only </li></ul><ul><li>Give shallow “puffs” </li></ul>
  15. 15. CPR: Infants <ul><li>RAPAB </li></ul><ul><li>Give CPR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Press sternum 1/2 to 1/3 depth of the chest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use middle and ring finger </li></ul></ul><ul><li>30 compressions to 2 </li></ul><ul><li>If alone, resuscitate for 2 minutes then call 911 </li></ul>
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