Intro to Poetry
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Intro to Poetry

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PP on purposes of poetry, steps to using close reading for poetry, and analysis steps

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Intro to Poetry  Intro to Poetry Presentation Transcript

  • Poetry Reading Strategies: While Reading: Close Reading After Reading: Paraphrasing
  • Purposes of Poetry Why write a poem? Poets have various purposes. When you write a poem, it helps to know what your purpose is:
    • To tell a story – it can be long or short
    • To be humorous – funny ideas, silly rhymes, humorous descriptions
    • To express a feeling – a release of feeling by explaining what the emotion is like and what it feels like to go through it
    • To describe – a person, place, or thing; usually includes sensory details (sights, sounds, smells,etc.)
    • To persuade – convince a reader to think a certain way or do a particular thing
  • Close Reading
    • The best strategy to use with a poem is close reading.
    • Close reading means reading word for word, line for line.
    • Read the poem a number of times (usually 3 or 4 times depending on the length and complexity of the poem).
  • Before Reading
    • Read the title
    • Make a prediction. What do you think this poem will be about?
    • Who is the poet? Do you know anything about the kind of poetry this person reads?
    • Is the poem structured in a different or unique way? Why might this be so?
  • First Reading
    • Read for enjoyment.
    • Get a feeling for the poem’s words.
    • A poem is like a song. The sound of the words can be as important as the meaning.
    • Listen for the rhythm of the poem.
    • Write a few sentences stating what the poem is about?
  • Second Reading
    • Read for meaning.
    • Look for clues that help you understand what the poem is saying.
    • Try to visualize the images.
    • Paraphrase to make sure you understand the meaning
  • Third Reading
    • Study the structure and language of the poem.
    • What kind of poem is it?
    • Does it have a rhyme scheme?
    • How many stanzas are in it?
    • What type of language is used? alliterations, similes, metaphors, personification, idioms, etc.
  • Fourth Reading
    • Read for feeling.
    • What are the mood and tone of the poem?
    • How does this poem make you feel?
  • After Reading
    • Complete your analysis of the poem using the notes and annotations you made during each of your readings
    • The Acronym TPCASTT may help you
      • Title
      • Paraphrase
      • Connotation
      • Attitude
      • Shift
      • Title
      • Theme
  • TPCASTT
    • Title: What will this poem be about? Make a prediction
    • Paraphrase: After 1 st reading state what the poem is about in your own words.
    • Connotation: Look at the poet’s choice of words, metaphors, simile’s alliteration, etc.
    • Attitude: What is the attitude of the speaker toward the poem’s subject?
  • TPCASTT
    • Shift: Is there a change or shift in time, tone, or speaker in the poem.
    • Title (again): What do you think the title means now?
    • Theme: What is the theme or message of the poem? What is the insight or perspective about life the poet wants you to see or think about?