The New Resilient City:
Infrastructure Meets Community Fabric

REBUILD BY DESIGN
2
Source: Dan Nguyen/SIRR Report
3
Outer borough impacts…beach

4
Source: Getty
5
Source: Irene Plagianos/DNA info
Source: Suzanne DeChillo/The New6York Times
7
Outer Borough Impacts…buildings

8
Source: CGC76/Flickr
Outer borough impacts…beach

Source: MTA
9
Source: Mario Alias/Flickr
10
Source: 2012 CBS Interactive 11
Outer borough impacts…beach

12
There were lots of people helping
other people

Source: CAAAV

13
FEMA June 2013 Flood Maps

100-YEAR FLOODPLAIN*
1983
FIRMs

2013
PWMs

Change
(%)

Residents

218,000

398,000

82%

Jobs
...
Flood Maps in 2020s and 2050s

100-YEAR FLOODPLAIN*
2013
PWMs
398,000

801,000

101%

Jobs

271,000

430,000

59%

Buildin...
Top Ten High-Water Events at the Battery, 1900-2012

Note:

Among top 10 high
water marks at the
Battery since 1900, all
a...
Cost and Likelihood of Future Storms

Likelihood of a $19B
storm (like Sandy) will
grow 17% by the 2020s
and 40% by the 20...
REBUILD BY DESIGN 18
DRAFT

Dutch River Delta
19
NYC: 68,000 buildings in the 100-year floodplain
40% impractical or infeasible to elevate
CONFIDENTIAL

21
CONFIDENTIAL

22
REBUILD BY DESIGN 23
CONFIDENTIAL

24
REBUILD BY DESIGN 25
Credit: Photos of Old America, 1999

CONFIDENTIAL

26
Credit: Photos of Old America, 1999

CONFIDENTIAL

27
CONFIDENTIAL

28
DRAFT

San Antonio Riverwalk
29
Neighborhood Retail and Services

30
CONFIDENTIAL

31
CONFIDENTIAL

32
HR&A Advisors, Inc. | Cooper, Robertson &
Partners

REBUILD BY DESIGN| 33

33
CONFIDENTIAL

34
CONFIDENTIAL

35
CONFIDENTIAL

36
Blending and Layering Resiliency

37
BLENDING RESILIENCY INTO DESIGN
Retreat
Redundancy
Hardening
Accommodation

Habitat
Restoration
Biodiversity
Climate Adapt...
BLENDING RESILIENCY INTO DESIGN

Accommodation
Hardening
Habitat Restoration
Water Quality
Waterfront Access
Open Space

R...
REDUCING RISK

LAYERS OF RESILIENCY
3) Buildings

2) Infrastructure
1) Coastal

THREAT

PROTECTING ASSETS
REDUCING RISK

PROTECTIVE LAYERS WITHIN INFRASTRUCTURE
1) Ingress prevention

2) Infrastructure

2) Compartmentalization
a...
Large-Scale Coastal Protection

42
1992

1995

Coney Island, NY
43
Coney Island Beach Nourishment
44
CONFIDENTIAL

45
46
47
CONFIDENTIAL

48
CONFIDENTIAL

49
CONFIDENTIAL

50
Parks and the Public Realm

51
52
53
54
55
CONFIDENTIAL

56
CONFIDENTIAL

57
Building Adaptation

58
Arverne-by-the-Sea
59
Raised site and flood protection
BUILDING and STREET ADAPTATION
Programs to assist when investment costs more than the
buildings

CONFIDENTIAL

60
BUILDING and STREET ADAPTATION
Policy levers to reduce carbon and provide local benefits

CONFIDENTIAL

61
BUILDING and STREET ADAPTATION
Area-wide strategies

Special Initiative for
Rebuilding and Resiliency
Community-Based Adaptation Services

63
Communities devastated by Sandy
continue to suffer from isolation from
discussions about recovery and
resilience.

Proposa...
Innovation and Resilience through
Regional Design

65
PROCESS / TALENT / FUNDING

66
Priorities
for Creating
a Livable
and
Resilient
New York
City

Mobilize Existing Resources
and Diverse Expertise.

Strengt...
mas.org/urbanplanning/resilience/
#AllHandsonDeck
@MASNYC
The New Resilient City
The New Resilient City
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The New Resilient City

  1. 1. The New Resilient City: Infrastructure Meets Community Fabric REBUILD BY DESIGN
  2. 2. 2 Source: Dan Nguyen/SIRR Report
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. Outer borough impacts…beach 4 Source: Getty
  5. 5. 5 Source: Irene Plagianos/DNA info
  6. 6. Source: Suzanne DeChillo/The New6York Times
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Outer Borough Impacts…buildings 8 Source: CGC76/Flickr
  9. 9. Outer borough impacts…beach Source: MTA 9 Source: Mario Alias/Flickr
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. Source: 2012 CBS Interactive 11
  12. 12. Outer borough impacts…beach 12
  13. 13. There were lots of people helping other people Source: CAAAV 13
  14. 14. FEMA June 2013 Flood Maps 100-YEAR FLOODPLAIN* 1983 FIRMs 2013 PWMs Change (%) Residents 218,000 398,000 82% Jobs 214,000 271,000 27% Buildings 36,000 68,000 89% Floor Area (SF) 377M 534M 42% 100-Year Floodplain: V Zone (FEMA 2013 PWMs) 100-Year Floodplain: A Zone (FEMA 2013 PWMs) 500-Year Floodplain (FEMA 2013 PWMs) * Numbers are rounded for clarity CONFIDENTIAL 14
  15. 15. Flood Maps in 2020s and 2050s 100-YEAR FLOODPLAIN* 2013 PWMs 398,000 801,000 101% Jobs 271,000 430,000 59% Buildings 68,000 114,000 68% Floor Area (SF) * Numbers are rounded for clarity Change (%) Residents CONFIDENTIAL 2050s Projected 534M 855M 60% 15
  16. 16. Top Ten High-Water Events at the Battery, 1900-2012 Note: Among top 10 high water marks at the Battery since 1900, all are post-1950 Sandy eclipsed the previous record, set in 1960, by almost 40% Source: UCAR/ NCAR, NOAA CONFIDENTIAL 16
  17. 17. Cost and Likelihood of Future Storms Likelihood of a $19B storm (like Sandy) will grow 17% by the 2020s and 40% by the 2050s ~$90B ~$35B 1/50 ~$19B 1/60 Likely loss of 1/70-year storm (like Sandy) will grow to $35B by the 2020s and $90B by the 2050s (in current dollars) 1/70 Likelihood of Damage (%) (Return Period, 50 = 1/50 years) Source: Swiss Re model CONFIDENTIAL 17
  18. 18. REBUILD BY DESIGN 18
  19. 19. DRAFT Dutch River Delta 19
  20. 20. NYC: 68,000 buildings in the 100-year floodplain 40% impractical or infeasible to elevate CONFIDENTIAL 21
  21. 21. CONFIDENTIAL 22
  22. 22. REBUILD BY DESIGN 23
  23. 23. CONFIDENTIAL 24
  24. 24. REBUILD BY DESIGN 25
  25. 25. Credit: Photos of Old America, 1999 CONFIDENTIAL 26
  26. 26. Credit: Photos of Old America, 1999 CONFIDENTIAL 27
  27. 27. CONFIDENTIAL 28
  28. 28. DRAFT San Antonio Riverwalk 29
  29. 29. Neighborhood Retail and Services 30
  30. 30. CONFIDENTIAL 31
  31. 31. CONFIDENTIAL 32
  32. 32. HR&A Advisors, Inc. | Cooper, Robertson & Partners REBUILD BY DESIGN| 33 33
  33. 33. CONFIDENTIAL 34
  34. 34. CONFIDENTIAL 35
  35. 35. CONFIDENTIAL 36
  36. 36. Blending and Layering Resiliency 37
  37. 37. BLENDING RESILIENCY INTO DESIGN Retreat Redundancy Hardening Accommodation Habitat Restoration Biodiversity Climate Adaptation Water Quality Outdoor Recreation Waterfront Access Open Space
  38. 38. BLENDING RESILIENCY INTO DESIGN Accommodation Hardening Habitat Restoration Water Quality Waterfront Access Open Space Resiliency Sustainability Resiliency is not the sole driver…
  39. 39. REDUCING RISK LAYERS OF RESILIENCY 3) Buildings 2) Infrastructure 1) Coastal THREAT PROTECTING ASSETS
  40. 40. REDUCING RISK PROTECTIVE LAYERS WITHIN INFRASTRUCTURE 1) Ingress prevention 2) Infrastructure 2) Compartmentalization and Water Removal 3) Critical Facilities Protection PROTECTING ASSETS THREAT
  41. 41. Large-Scale Coastal Protection 42
  42. 42. 1992 1995 Coney Island, NY 43 Coney Island Beach Nourishment
  43. 43. 44
  44. 44. CONFIDENTIAL 45
  45. 45. 46
  46. 46. 47
  47. 47. CONFIDENTIAL 48
  48. 48. CONFIDENTIAL 49
  49. 49. CONFIDENTIAL 50
  50. 50. Parks and the Public Realm 51
  51. 51. 52
  52. 52. 53
  53. 53. 54
  54. 54. 55
  55. 55. CONFIDENTIAL 56
  56. 56. CONFIDENTIAL 57
  57. 57. Building Adaptation 58
  58. 58. Arverne-by-the-Sea 59 Raised site and flood protection
  59. 59. BUILDING and STREET ADAPTATION Programs to assist when investment costs more than the buildings CONFIDENTIAL 60
  60. 60. BUILDING and STREET ADAPTATION Policy levers to reduce carbon and provide local benefits CONFIDENTIAL 61
  61. 61. BUILDING and STREET ADAPTATION Area-wide strategies Special Initiative for Rebuilding and Resiliency
  62. 62. Community-Based Adaptation Services 63
  63. 63. Communities devastated by Sandy continue to suffer from isolation from discussions about recovery and resilience. Proposal: establish long-term local hubs integrating recovery assistance (like Build It Back), agency services (like building permits) and facilitation of long-term planning for resilience.
  64. 64. Innovation and Resilience through Regional Design 65
  65. 65. PROCESS / TALENT / FUNDING 66
  66. 66. Priorities for Creating a Livable and Resilient New York City Mobilize Existing Resources and Diverse Expertise. Strengthen Local Capacities. Invest In Flexible And Adaptive Infrastructure. Lead With Policies That Sustain Resilience.
  67. 67. mas.org/urbanplanning/resilience/ #AllHandsonDeck @MASNYC
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