Record Homelessness
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Record Homelessness Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Record Homelessness in NYC: What the Next Mayor Can Do Talking Transition November 18, 2013
  • 2. Rising Family Homelessness in NYC • In September, an average of 52,351 homeless people slept each night in NYC shelter system – up 69% since current mayor took office. • Includes 12,464 homeless families – up 80% since mayor took office. • Includes 22,136 homeless children – up 69% since mayor took office. • Avg. shelter stays for families with kids now 13 ½ months (409 days). • Homeless families & kids nearly four-fifths (79%) of NYC shelter population.
  • 3. 55,000 Number of Homeless People Each Night in the NYC Shelter System, 1983-2013 September 2013: 52,351 50,000 45,000 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 Source: NYC Department of Homeless Services and Human Resources Administration and NYCStat, shelter census reports 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 10,000 1983 1984 15,000
  • 4. Number of Homeless People Each Night in the NYC Shelter System, September 2013 11,044 22,136 Total NYC Municipal Shelter Population: 52,351 Children 19,171 Adults in Families Single Adults Source: City of New York, NYCStat
  • 5. Number of Homeless Families Each Night in NYC Shelter System, 1983-2013 September 2013: 12,464 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 Source: NYC Department of Homeless Services and Human Resources Administration and NYC Stat, shelter census reports 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 0 1983 1984 2,000
  • 6. Number of Homeless Children Each Night in NYC Shelter System, 1983-2013 September 2013: 22,136 20,000 15,000 10,000 Source: NYC Department of Homeless Services and Human Resources Administration and NYCStat, shelter census reports 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 0 1983 1984 5,000
  • 7. Rising Family Homelessness in NYC • NYC housing affordability gap growing wider. • Unemployment rate still high in NYC, higher in Bronx and Brooklyn where most low-income New Yorkers live. • From 2007-2011, during economic downturn, NYC median apartment rents went up 8.5% but median renter incomes fell 6.8%. • 78% of low-income renters have high rent burdens.
  • 8. NYC's Widening Housing Affordability Gap, 2007-2011 (Percentage Change in Rents and Incomes) 10.0% 8.5% 8.0% 6.0% 4.0% 2.0% Median Renter Incomes 0.0% -2.0% Median Rents -4.0% -6.0% -8.0% -10.0% Source: U.S. Census Bureau data from NYU Furman Center report (August 2013) -6.8%
  • 9. Rising Family Homelessness in NYC • NYC now spends more than $1 billion/year on homeless shelter and services – up 85% under current mayor. • Avg. annual cost to shelter a homeless family is $37,600 – up 23% since mayor took office. • NYC homelessness now a major contributor to national homelessness problem. • 1 of 6 homeless families in shelters nationwide is in NYC.
  • 10. 85% Increase in Homeless Services Expenditures Under Current Mayor (NYC Department of Homeless Services Expenses in Millions) $1,001.4 $1,000.0 $800.0 $600.0 $540.2 $400.0 $200.0 $0.0 FY 2002 Source: NYC Office of Management and Budget FY 2013
  • 11. NYC Homeless Population a Significant Share of All Homeless Nationwide (Percentage of Estimated U.S. Homeless Population in NYC) 16% 16% 13% 14% 12% 10% 8% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% Total Homeless Population Total Homeless Families Total Homeless Families in Shelters Source: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, "2012 Point-in-Time Estimates of Homelessness" (Dec 2012)
  • 12. Rising Family Homelessness in NYC • Recent policy failures a major cause of rising & record NYC homelessness. • Under Mayors Koch, Dinkins & Giuliani the City targeted Federal housing resources (e.g. public housing) to help homeless families get homes. • Current mayor ended that policy in 2005, substituted temporary subsidies which worked badly, then eliminated all housing aid in 2011. • Previously 1 in 4 families entering shelter was formerly-homeless – now 63%.
  • 13. Fewer Homeless Families Helped by Federal Housing Aid, FY 1990-FY 2012 3,975 2,880 2,852 3,418 3,035 3,530 3,646 3,537 2,857 2,743 2,010 3,000 2,183 4,000 3,202 5,000 4,042 6,000 3,615 5,777 (No. Moved from Shelters with Public Housing and Sect 8 Vouchers) 204 211 327 489 678 1,000 626 779 2,000 0 FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Source: Mayor's Management Report and NYC Department of Homeless Services
  • 14. Fewer Homeless Families Aided by City-Assisted Housing, FY 1990-FY 2012 1,181 1,204 999 1,500 1,392 2,000 1,908 2,071 (Number Moved from Shelters to City-Subsidized Apartments) 106 29 134 250 173 350 158 103 156 309 188 184 202 250 304 500 327 514 1,000 0 FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Source: Mayor's Management Report and NYC Department of Homeless Services
  • 15. Shelter Return Rates for Time-Limited and Non-Time-Limited Housing Aid 50% 49.4% 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 3.9% 5% 4.1% All Subsidized Housing** Section 8 Voucher** 1.4% 0% Advantage program* NYCHA Public Housing** Source: *NYC Department of Homeless Services (through Aug. 2013), **Vera Institute, "Understanding Family Homelessness" (200 5)
  • 16. Percentage of All Families Entering NYC Shelters Who Were Formerly-Homeless 70% 63% 60% Bloomberg Cuts Off Homeless Families from Federal Housing Programs 50% 55% 45% 37% 40% 29% 30% 22% 24% 25% 27% 24% 49% 39% 40% 40% 26% 20% 10% 0% Source: FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY FY 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 YTD NYC Department of Homeless Services
  • 17. Solutions to Homelessness in NYC • Mayor-elect de Blasio and his new administration can build on proven housing-based solutions to the problem of homelessness. • Research & evidence overwhelmingly show that longterm subsidized housing reduces family homelessness. • Wealth of research & experience point to success and cost savings from permanent supportive housing for homeless people living with special needs. • Solutions endorsed by United to End Homelessness coalition of 130 groups.
  • 18. Solutions to Homelessness in NYC Housing-based solutions: 1. Resume priority referrals of homeless families to public housing and Section 8 vouchers (at least 2,500 families/yr. to public housing). 2. Partner with State to create a new rental assistance program modelled on Section 8 vouchers. 3. Partner with State on a “New York/New York IV Agreement” to create permanent supportive housing. 4. New NYC housing plan should set aside at least 10% of apartments for homeless New Yorkers.
  • 19. Solutions to Homelessness in NYC Eliminate barriers to shelter and punitive policies: 1. Eliminate bureaucratic barriers to shelter for homeless families at intake centers. 2. Rescind proposed shelter-denial rules for homeless adults. 3. Reform rules that threaten loss of shelter to protect families, children, and people living with disabilities. Reform shelter system: 1. Phase out use of apartment buildings as temporary shelter and use of commercial hotels & motels.
  • 20. Solutions to Homelessness in NYC Expand homelessness prevention: 1. Enhance funding for homelessness prevention programs, including legal services and eviction prevention services. 2. Expand access to prevention rent subsidy programs (e.g., FEPS program). 3. Enhance rent-increase exemption programs to assist seniors and tenants living with disabilities (SCRIE and DRIE programs).