AKBAR(1556-1605)0Is regarded as one of the greatest rulers of India.0 Established the dynasty as an empire0
Problems faced by akbar0 As a new ruler he faced two main problems(out of which one point is common to all new kings) :-0 ...
BENEFITS OF HIS EARLY LIFE0 He had the support of bairam khan0 His revenue minister was raja todar mal,sher shah’s revenue...
Early life0   Jalaludin muhammed    akbar was born in 1542 at    amarkot in rajasthan,when    his father was runnig in    ...
Evidence to show humayun’s and  bairam khan’s friendship was      different from others0 Bairam khan was the regent when A...
The second battle of   panipat(november 5 1556)0 Causes:-0 Hemu the commander-in-chief of sher shah suri wanted to beome t...
The hot question-why is this          battle famous?0it is famous because-0 It could have been anyones day.0 In the middle...
2ND BATTLE OF PANIPAT IN           DETAIL0 The throne to which he suceeded was not a bed of roses.0 Taking advantage of Ak...
Akbar’s conquests0 Bairam Khan helped akbar conquer Punjab,Jaunpur,Ajmer and Gwalio.0 But by 1560 Akbar wished to rule ind...
Questions and answers1.    Who is the son of humayun?2.   Write a short note on the early life of akbar?3.    Briefly desc...
0 1. Identify.0 2. Who built it?Where and why did he build it there?0 3. How was he related to Akbar?
0 1. Identify the ruler.0 2. Who did he fight the first battle of panipat  against and why?0 3. What were the causes for h...
0 1. Identify the two people’s statue.0 2. Who erected it and where and when?0 3. Mention any one cultural contribution of...
Identify0 Write a short note on his-0 Conquests0 Intrests0 Early life
Questions and answers1.    Who is the son of humayun?2.   Write a short note on the early life of akbar?3.    Briefly desc...
By : KUNAL SINGH, KAIVALYA DESAI,AMOGH NAIGAONKAR, TAHER KAMARI,ADESHWARE GILL OF CLASS 7 C       By GROUP 2
Rules of this ppt and the              quiz :PLEASE do not make any noise while the ppt is being showed .PLEASE do pay y...
**Akbar decided early in his reign that he should conquer the threat of Sher Shahs dynasty, and decided to lead an army ag...
» The Hindu king Hemu, however, commanding the  Afghan forces, defeated the Mughal Army and  captured Delhi on 6 October 1...
Conquests0 The victory also left Akbar with over 1,500 war elephanta which he used to re-engage Sikandar Shah at the siege...
 Aftera dispute at court, Akbar dismissed Bairam Khan in the spring of 1560 and ordered him to leave in Hajj to Mecca. Ba...
Conquests . Around the same time, the Mughal army also conquered the  kingdom of the Gonds, after a fierce battle between...
Conquests0 Over the course of Akbars conquest of Malwa, he brought most of present-day Rajasthan, Gujarat and Bengal under...
CONQUESTS• Chittorgarh Fort was ruled by Udai Singh who often  gave refuge to the enemies of the Mughal  Emperor Akbar. Ud...
CONQUESTS   The total loot that fell into the hands of the Mughal was    distributed throughout the Mughal Empire. Akbar ...
Campaign against rajput                            states Followed policy of either allying chiefs by giving  them high p...
ConquestsPunjab, Jaunpur, Ajmer, Gwaliorconquered by Bairam Khan,Adham Khan (foster brother of Akbar)defeats Baz Bahadur ,...
Conquests Gondwana (1564) annexed into  Mughal Empire by Akbar.
Campaign against rajput states Followed policy of either allying  chiefs by giving them high posts  or through battles. ...
Campaign against Rajput states   Other Rajput chiefs gradually accepted   Akbar’s suzerainty.   However, some chiefs refus...
 Akbar turned attention to     Bengal and annexed it in AD     1574-1576.    Captured in Kashmir in AD     1586, Kabul a...
Deccan Campaign After consolidating his empire, he sent  officials to persuade the rulers of : Ahmadnagar Bijapur Golc...
» AD 1596 : Berar annexed.» AD 1601 : Khandesh annexed.
BY: VAIBHAV JOSHI,ROHANALLEN, RITVIK JAIN & NIVIN   By GROUP 3
AKBAR’S ADMINISTRATION :The administrative machinery of the Mughuls, which functioned throughout the Mughul’s rule, was in...
CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION :Akbar was the overall in-charge of the central government. All the executive, judicial and legisla...
Akbar was, however, assisted by a number of ministers in the  administration. Among others, the most important  ministers ...
PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION:Akbar divided his vast empire into fifteen (15) Subas or provinces.  In each suba or province th...
The provinces were further divided into Sarkars and Sarkars into Parganas. The head of the Sarkar was Faujdar who kept his...
MILITARY :Akbar paid much attention towards the organization, equipment and discipline of the army. For efficient military...
A large number of troops were, no doubt, supplied by these Mansabdars but Akbar had maintained a standing army of his own....
AKBAR(TRADE AND ECONOMY )BY ADITYA.M ,SHASHANK.S,SAURAV.R,PALASH.D GROUP 4
LAND REVENUE SYSTEMIt goes without saying that Sher Shah Suri was theforerunner of Akbar in the field of land revenue syst...
DIVISION OF LANDS   Land was divided into 4 classes. Polaj landwas that land which was regularly cultivatedand yielded rev...
TRADE   Trade was another source of revenue.The goods which were traded were textiles,saltpetre, spices, indigo and cotton...
AKBAR’S COIN    Akbar issued gold, silver as well as copper coins. His coins were similar tothose of the Sher Shah Suri’s ...
BY GROUP 5JOSHUA ,KENRICK, PARV, DAIVIKCulturalContributions.
An Introduction…..Akbar was born when his father was inexile, Thus he did not receive anyformal education, So his fatherap...
Akbar, With addition to religiouslearning, he wanted his people toexcel in mathematics, agriculture,history, logic and ast...
Some Important People in Akbar’sCourt.Abdul Fazl Wrote the Akbarnama, which is anbiography of Akbar’s life, and Ain -i-Akb...
Some Important People in Akbar’sCourt…….•   Todar Mal excelled as a revenue minister.•   Bhagwan Das Brother of Jodha Bai ...
Word Meanings.• Exile- anyone separated from his or her country or home  voluntarily or by force of circumstances.• Benevo...
Hope You Paid Attention To ThePresentation, Cause we are goingto have a ……
Rules• No Shouting out answers, Raise your hand to answer. Do  Not Do Like This-• Each Correct Direct Answer Worth 10  Poi...
1. Under What Circumstance Did Akbar Not Receive   Formal Education?2. Whom did his father appoint as a tutor and guardian...
BY GROUP 6TO PAINTING AND ARCHITECTURE
• Art of painting was established• Royal Karkhanas were established• Artists from the empire could gather to work• Local s...
• Most outstanding contribution – New capital, Fatehpur  Sikri 36 km from Agra.• Agra was the birth place of Sufi Saint Sa...
• The last days of Akbar were full of grief, because:A) His sons Murad and Danyal diedB) Salim his only surviving son had ...
• Mansab – rank given to officials especially in the army or  administration• Jaziya – a tax which the non muslims had to ...
• QUESTIONS ALLOTED FOR EACH TEAM.• DISCUSSION WILL BE ALLOWED• 10 POINTS FOR RIGHT ANSWER• 5 POINTS FOR PASS QUESTION• 15...
• What was encouraged in Akbars  empire? What else was  established?A. Painting was encouragedand royal Karkhanas wereesta...
• State the two styles which  blended with each other?A. The local styles blended withthe Persian styles
• Name the scenes depicted on  the paintings of the court?A. The paintings depictedscenes of hunting and scenes ofthe court.
• What did Akbar vow if a son  was born to him?A. He vowed that he wouldtravel 228 miles on foot fromAgra to the tomb of M...
• Name the tomb and the most  interesting building of the  capital?A.The tomb – Moinuddin Salim   Chisti     The building ...
• Name the new capital and the  extent from Delhi’s capital?A. Fatehpur Sikri – 36 km fromAgra
1. Why were the last days ofAkbar full of grief? 2. What did Abul Fazl state in theAkbarnama? - In Brief3. Why was Fatehpu...
T H A N K YO U F O R WAT C H I N G C L A S S          7 C ’ S P P T O N A K BA R THIS PPT WAS COMPILED BY TAHER KAMARI,AD...
AKBAR'S FULL LIFE, GREAT FOR STUDENTS OF GRADE 6,7,8,9,10
AKBAR'S FULL LIFE, GREAT FOR STUDENTS OF GRADE 6,7,8,9,10
AKBAR'S FULL LIFE, GREAT FOR STUDENTS OF GRADE 6,7,8,9,10
AKBAR'S FULL LIFE, GREAT FOR STUDENTS OF GRADE 6,7,8,9,10
AKBAR'S FULL LIFE, GREAT FOR STUDENTS OF GRADE 6,7,8,9,10
AKBAR'S FULL LIFE, GREAT FOR STUDENTS OF GRADE 6,7,8,9,10
AKBAR'S FULL LIFE, GREAT FOR STUDENTS OF GRADE 6,7,8,9,10
AKBAR'S FULL LIFE, GREAT FOR STUDENTS OF GRADE 6,7,8,9,10
AKBAR'S FULL LIFE, GREAT FOR STUDENTS OF GRADE 6,7,8,9,10
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AKBAR'S FULL LIFE, GREAT FOR STUDENTS OF GRADE 6,7,8,9,10

  1. 1. AKBAR(1556-1605)0Is regarded as one of the greatest rulers of India.0 Established the dynasty as an empire0
  2. 2. Problems faced by akbar0 As a new ruler he faced two main problems(out of which one point is common to all new kings) :-0 Internal and external revolts0 Because of his age hemu was plotting an attack against him.0 He faced many difficulties as no one lived long enough to consolidate it.0 Had a guardian named bairam khan who guided him, even after he became the king.
  3. 3. BENEFITS OF HIS EARLY LIFE0 He had the support of bairam khan0 His revenue minister was raja todar mal,sher shah’s revenue minister.He took some tips from him and managed an efficient revenue system.0 He did not have many people revolting against him
  4. 4. Early life0 Jalaludin muhammed akbar was born in 1542 at amarkot in rajasthan,when his father was runnig in search of shelter.
  5. 5. Evidence to show humayun’s and bairam khan’s friendship was different from others0 Bairam khan was the regent when Akbar became the king.He could have killed akbar and become the king.But he did not do that.WHY?Because he promised humayun that he will take care of akbar.This shows that their friendship was different from others.
  6. 6. The second battle of panipat(november 5 1556)0 Causes:-0 Hemu the commander-in-chief of sher shah suri wanted to beome the king .So he revolted against akbar and taking advantage of his young age and the fact that he was a new king he attacked him.0 EFFECTS:- Akbar became the king and regained delhi and agra.
  7. 7. The hot question-why is this battle famous?0it is famous because-0 It could have been anyones day.0 In the middle of the battle it was hard to predict who would win
  8. 8. 2ND BATTLE OF PANIPAT IN DETAIL0 The throne to which he suceeded was not a bed of roses.0 Taking advantage of Akbar’s young age,hemu the commander –in-chief of the afghan ruler Adil Shah (descendent of sher shah) captured Delhi and Agra.Bairam Khan marched towards Delhi .The two armies met on the november 5, 1556 at the battle field of Panipat.Both sides incurred loses.The battle turned in the favour of the mughals when an arrow struck the right eye of hemu and he became unconscious.There was a panic in his army and his soldiers began to flee.Hemu was brought captive before Akbar and execueted .Akbar regained Delhi and Agra.
  9. 9. Akbar’s conquests0 Bairam Khan helped akbar conquer Punjab,Jaunpur,Ajmer and Gwalio.0 But by 1560 Akbar wished to rule independently.He therefore .ordered Bairam to leave on a pilgrimage to Mecca,where he was assasinated on the way by an Afghan.0 In order to establish himself firmly,Akbar set out to to extend his empire further.He adopted two methods for this-0 Matrimonial alliances0 Direct conquest
  10. 10. Questions and answers1. Who is the son of humayun?2. Write a short note on the early life of akbar?3. Briefly describe the causes and effect of the second battle of panipat? How did it differ from the first battle of panipat?4. Who was akbar’s guardian? Did akbar give him what he deserved?Why/WHY not?5. What were the two methods adopted by akbar to establish himself firmly? Give examples where he applies his methods in situations?6. Why did akbar conquer bengal? Where is bengal located?Name anyother city conquered near bengal.
  11. 11. 0 1. Identify.0 2. Who built it?Where and why did he build it there?0 3. How was he related to Akbar?
  12. 12. 0 1. Identify the ruler.0 2. Who did he fight the first battle of panipat against and why?0 3. What were the causes for his success in this battle?0 4. When was the battle fought?
  13. 13. 0 1. Identify the two people’s statue.0 2. Who erected it and where and when?0 3. Mention any one cultural contribution of this erected these statues.
  14. 14. Identify0 Write a short note on his-0 Conquests0 Intrests0 Early life
  15. 15. Questions and answers1. Who is the son of humayun?2. Write a short note on the early life of akbar?3. Briefly describe the causes and effect of the second battle of panipat? How did it differ from the first battle of panipat?4. Who was akbar’s guardian? Did akbar give him what he deserved?Why/WHY not?5. What were the two methods adopted by akbar to establish himself firmly? Give examples where he applies his methods in situations?6. Why did akbar conquer bengal? Where is bengal located?Name anyother city conquered near bengal.
  16. 16. By : KUNAL SINGH, KAIVALYA DESAI,AMOGH NAIGAONKAR, TAHER KAMARI,ADESHWARE GILL OF CLASS 7 C By GROUP 2
  17. 17. Rules of this ppt and the quiz :PLEASE do not make any noise while the ppt is being showed .PLEASE do pay your full attention in this ppt and don’t disturb others.PLEASE do watch the video as it is very interesting.PLEASE feel free to ask your doubts but please don’t shout , we will answer all your doubts.PLEASE tell us if you want to answer anyone’s doubt , we will give everyone a chance.
  18. 18. **Akbar decided early in his reign that he should conquer the threat of Sher Shahs dynasty, and decided to lead an army against the strongest of the three,Sikandar Shah Suri, in the Punjab. He left Delhi under the regency of Tardi Baig Khan. Sikandar Shah Suri presented no major concern for Akbar, and often withdrew from territory as Akbar approached.
  19. 19. » The Hindu king Hemu, however, commanding the Afghan forces, defeated the Mughal Army and captured Delhi on 6 October 1556.» Akbar marched on Delhi to reclaim it . Akbars army, led by Bairam Khan, met the larger forces of Hemu on November 5, 1556 at the Second Battle of Panipat, 50 miles (80 km) north of Delhi. The battle was going in Hemus favour when an arrow pierced Hemus eye, rendering him unconscious. The leaderless army soon capitulated and Hemu was captured and executed.
  20. 20. Conquests0 The victory also left Akbar with over 1,500 war elephanta which he used to re-engage Sikandar Shah at the siege of Choopa. Sikandar, along with several local chieftains who were assisting him, surrendered and so was spared death. With this, the whole of Punjab was annexed to the Mughal empire. Before returning to Agra, Akbar sent a detachment of his army to Jammu, which defeated the ruler Raja Kapur Chand and captured the kingdom. Between 1558 and 1560, after moving the capital from Delhi to Agra, Akbar further expanded the empire by capturing and annexing the kingdoms of Gwalior, northern Rajputana and Jaunpur.
  21. 21.  Aftera dispute at court, Akbar dismissed Bairam Khan in the spring of 1560 and ordered him to leave in Hajj to Mecca. Bairam left for Mecca, but on his way was goaded by his opponents to rebel. He was defeated by the Mughal army in the Punjab and forced to submit. Akbar, however forgave him and gave him the option of either continuing in his court or resuming his pilgrimage, of which Bairam chose the latter.
  22. 22. Conquests . Around the same time, the Mughal army also conquered the kingdom of the Gonds, after a fierce battle between Asaf Khan, the Mughal governor of Allahabad, and Rani Durgavati queen of the Gonds. However after the victory of the Mughals, Asaf Khan allegedly misappropriated most of the wealth plundered from the kingdom and later Akbar subsequently ordered him to restore some of the wealth, apart from installing Durgavatis son, a convert to Islam, as the local administrator of the newly conquered region.
  23. 23. Conquests0 Over the course of Akbars conquest of Malwa, he brought most of present-day Rajasthan, Gujarat and Bengal under his control, but Akbar believed that Chittorgarh Fort was a major threat to Mughal Empire because it housed Rajputs who were considered sworn enemies of the Mughals, in the year 1567, Akbar began to gather his forces who were briefly interrupted during the Battle of Thanesar, but by autumn Akbar was prepared to mount his siege.
  24. 24. CONQUESTS• Chittorgarh Fort was ruled by Udai Singh who often gave refuge to the enemies of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Udai Singhs kingdom was of great strategic importance as it lay on the shortest route from Agra to Gujarat and was also considered a key to central Rajasthan. Fearing Akbars impending assault Udai Singh retired to the hills, leaving two warriors Jaimal and Patta in charge of the fort• In October 1567, the Mughal army of approximately 5000 men led by Akbar surrounded and besieged 8000 Hindu Rajputs during the Siege of Chittorgarh and within a few months Akbars ranks expanded to over 50,000 men. After an arduous siege Akbar ordered his men and augmented them to lift baskets of earth in order to create a hill in front of the fort by which the Mughal Cannons could be placed.
  25. 25. CONQUESTS The total loot that fell into the hands of the Mughal was distributed throughout the Mughal Empire. Akbar then ordered the statues of two of the "armored elephants" that led the Mughal assault be carved and erected at the chief gate of the Agra Fort. Akbar then built similar spiked-gates throughout his fortresses in order to deter elephant attacks. It is said that the brass candlesticks taken from the Kalika temple after its destruction were given to the shrine of Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer, a shrine that Akbar vowed to rebuild after his victory. Akbar then celebrated the victory over Chittor and Ranthambore by laying the foundation of a new city, 23 miles (37 km) W.S.W of Agra in 1569. It was called Fatehpur Sikri ("city of victory").
  26. 26. Campaign against rajput states Followed policy of either allying chiefs by giving them high posts or through battles. For instance, he married Jodha Bai, eldest daughter of Raja of Amber so that he accepted Akbar’s suzerainty.
  27. 27. ConquestsPunjab, Jaunpur, Ajmer, Gwaliorconquered by Bairam Khan,Adham Khan (foster brother of Akbar)defeats Baz Bahadur , ruler of Malwa.
  28. 28. Conquests Gondwana (1564) annexed into Mughal Empire by Akbar.
  29. 29. Campaign against rajput states Followed policy of either allying chiefs by giving them high posts or through battles. For instance, he married Jodha Bai, eldest daughter of Raja of Amber so that he accepted Akbar’s suzerainty.
  30. 30. Campaign against Rajput states Other Rajput chiefs gradually accepted Akbar’s suzerainty. However, some chiefs refused such as Rana Pratap of Mewar were defeated by Akbar, but retained freedom after some time.
  31. 31.  Akbar turned attention to Bengal and annexed it in AD 1574-1576.  Captured in Kashmir in AD 1586, Kabul and Kandahar in AD 1587 and Sind in AD 1590Other conquests
  32. 32. Deccan Campaign After consolidating his empire, he sent officials to persuade the rulers of : Ahmadnagar Bijapur Golconda To accept him as their suzerain. Defeated Chand Bibi Queen of Ahmadnagar and killed by her own noble.
  33. 33. » AD 1596 : Berar annexed.» AD 1601 : Khandesh annexed.
  34. 34. BY: VAIBHAV JOSHI,ROHANALLEN, RITVIK JAIN & NIVIN By GROUP 3
  35. 35. AKBAR’S ADMINISTRATION :The administrative machinery of the Mughuls, which functioned throughout the Mughul’s rule, was introduced by Akbar and that is why, by ‘Mughul Administration’, we mean Akbar’s Administration. Akbar was not only a brave soldier, a successful leader and a great religious reformer but also a great administrator. He introduced various reforms in all the branches of the administration, whether central, provincial, revenue, military or judicial.His administration was so good that the whole
  36. 36. CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION :Akbar was the overall in-charge of the central government. All the executive, judicial and legislative powers of the state were combined in him. There were no limitations on his despotism and his word was law. But Akbar had always the welfare of his people in his mind and so his was a benevolent despotism. He himself supervised all the branches of his administration and worked hard to discharge his manifold duties. He would hold an open court, listen to the complaints of his subjects and try to pacify
  37. 37. Akbar was, however, assisted by a number of ministers in the administration. Among others, the most important ministers were – the Vakil, who maintained a general control over all the central departments and acted as the chief adviser of the King; Diwan, who was in-charge of finance and revenue; Mir Bakshi, who maintained the records of all the Mansabdars and distributed pay among the high officials; Sadar-i-Sadur, who acted as a religious adviser to the king, disbursed royal charity and discharged the function of the Chief Justice of the empire. Beside these four ministers, there were other ministers of lower rank- Khan-i-Saman, who was in-charge of the royal household; Muhtasib, who saw that the people (Muslims) led a highly moral life according to the Muslim law; and Daroga-i-Dak Chowki, an officer who was in-charge of the postal and intelligence department.Refer pg 58
  38. 38. PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION:Akbar divided his vast empire into fifteen (15) Subas or provinces. In each suba or province there was a Subedar, a Diwan, a Bakshi, aSadar, a Qazi, a Kotwal, a Mir Bahr and Waqa-i-Nawis.The Subedar or Governor was the head of the provincial administration. He enjoyed vast powers and was in-charge of the provincial military, police, judiciary and the executive. The (provincial) Diwan was in-charge of the provincial finance and all bills of payments were signed by him. The Bakshi looked after the management of the provincial army. The Sadar was in- charge of the judicial charity department. The Qazi was in- charge of the judicial department of his province. He supervised the work of Qazis in the districts and towns. The Kotwal was the supreme administrator of all the ‘thanas’ of the province and was responsible for the maintenance of law and order in all the cities. The Mir Bahr was in-charge of customs and taxation department. The Waqa-i-Nawis was in-charge of the secret
  39. 39. The provinces were further divided into Sarkars and Sarkars into Parganas. The head of the Sarkar was Faujdar who kept his own small force and maintained law and order in his area. He was assisted by a number of other officials who collected the revenue, maintained the accounts and deposited the money into the state treasury. The head of the Parganas was called Shikdar whose functions were the same as those of the Faujdar in a Sarkar. Each Pargana comprised several villages. Each village was under the charge of a Muqaddam, a Patwari and a Chowkidar who carried on the work of
  40. 40. MILITARY :Akbar paid much attention towards the organization, equipment and discipline of the army. For efficient military administration he introduced a new system known as the Mansabdari System. The Mansabdars had to maintain soldiers according to his grade or rank. There were thirty three grades of these Mansabdars who maintained soldiers ranging from 10 to 10,000. They were paid salaries in cash and the system of assignments of lands was discouraged. They were directly under the charge of the emperor and were promoted, degrade or dismissed at his will. He also revived the practice of taking the descriptive rolls of the soldiers and branding the horses.
  41. 41. A large number of troops were, no doubt, supplied by these Mansabdars but Akbar had maintained a standing army of his own. The Mughal army consisted of infantry, cavalry, artillery, elephants, and navy. The cavalry was the most important wing of the army and special attention was paid towards its organization and equipment.He had a sharp vigilance and great discipline.
  42. 42. AKBAR(TRADE AND ECONOMY )BY ADITYA.M ,SHASHANK.S,SAURAV.R,PALASH.D GROUP 4
  43. 43. LAND REVENUE SYSTEMIt goes without saying that Sher Shah Suri was theforerunner of Akbar in the field of land revenue system.Sher Shah laid down the main principles which werefollowed later on in the time of Akbar. Sher Shah had fixedthe state demand at one-third of the produce and maderegulations for the equitable collection of land revenue.Sher Shahs system was adopted by Akbar with thenecessary alterations. Sher Shahs regime was too short tostabilize the system. Akbars long region gave him ampleopportunity to plan out, develop and perfect his system.
  44. 44. DIVISION OF LANDS Land was divided into 4 classes. Polaj landwas that land which was regularly cultivatedand yielded revenue from year to year. Parautiland was that land which was occasionally leftuncultivated so that it may regain itsproductive capacity during the interval.Chachhar land was that land which was leftuncultivated for 3 or 4 years. Banjar land wasthat land which was left uncultivated for,, 5 ormore years
  45. 45. TRADE Trade was another source of revenue.The goods which were traded were textiles,saltpetre, spices, indigo and cotton. Akbarencouraged both inland and overseas trade.He constructed roads and maintained themto encourage inland and overseas trade.India traded with China, Central Asia andEurope.
  46. 46. AKBAR’S COIN Akbar issued gold, silver as well as copper coins. His coins were similar tothose of the Sher Shah Suri’s coinage and it adapted their weight, fabric andthe Islamic motifs. The gold coins which were issued during Akbar’s reign werecommonly known as Gold Mohurs. Copper coins were known as “dam” andforty such “dams” was equal to one rupee in value. Nine such rupees wereequal to one gold mohur. Later on in 988 A.H. the heavy weight coins becamerare and light weight coins were given more importance. It is only after thisperiod that the fractional coins came into existence. Though there were quite avariety of fractions introduced, but they are rare to be found now. Akbar’s coins were mostly round in shape. However, in between the year993 to 998 A.H., square shaped gold and silver coins were issued. Hence, bothsquare and round shaped coins came into existence. In 998 A.H. the squareshaped coins were abandoned and after this period only round shaped coinswere minted. To commemorate some event, Akbar had issued a fewcommemorative gold coins in hexagonal shape. However, these coins areextremely rare to be found now.
  47. 47. BY GROUP 5JOSHUA ,KENRICK, PARV, DAIVIKCulturalContributions.
  48. 48. An Introduction…..Akbar was born when his father was inexile, Thus he did not receive anyformal education, So his fatherappointed Bairam Khan as his tutor.From him, Akbar rose to become anexcellent rider, a fearless soldier,Benevolent ruler and of course a wiseadministrator.
  49. 49. Akbar, With addition to religiouslearning, he wanted his people toexcel in mathematics, agriculture,history, logic and astronomy.He also held frequent discussions withReligious thinkers, scholars andwriters. Who were highlydistinguished in their respectivefields.
  50. 50. Some Important People in Akbar’sCourt.Abdul Fazl Wrote the Akbarnama, which is anbiography of Akbar’s life, and Ain -i-Akbari,which deals with the law and revenue systemof the empire.Faizi was a poet who translated theRamayana and Mahabharata into Persian.The Bhagvad Gita, the bible and other famousworks were translated into Persian, so thenormal man could read these .
  51. 51. Some Important People in Akbar’sCourt…….• Todar Mal excelled as a revenue minister.• Bhagwan Das Brother of Jodha Bai (Akbars Wife) and Man Singh were excellent generals.• Birbals witticism has now become a major part of the Indian Folklore.• Tansen , The Greatest singer of the period, enriched the Hindustani classical music with compositions of new ragas in honour of Akbar’s empire.• Humam (a Physician) , Mulla Do Piaza, Shaikh Mubarak, Surdas, Tuslidas and Mira Bai along with others received royal patronage
  52. 52. Word Meanings.• Exile- anyone separated from his or her country or home voluntarily or by force of circumstances.• Benevolent- desiring to help others; charitable• Witticism- a witty remark or sentence.• Folklore- the traditional beliefs, legends, customs, etc., of a people;lore of a people.
  53. 53. Hope You Paid Attention To ThePresentation, Cause we are goingto have a ……
  54. 54. Rules• No Shouting out answers, Raise your hand to answer. Do Not Do Like This-• Each Correct Direct Answer Worth 10 Points, each pass question worth 5 points.Best Of Luck And May the best Team Win.
  55. 55. 1. Under What Circumstance Did Akbar Not Receive Formal Education?2. Whom did his father appoint as a tutor and guardian?3. What did Akbar Excel in?4. What else did Akbar want his people to excel in?5. Name the person who wrote the Akbarnama and what is it about?6. Who translated the Ramayana and Mahabharata into Persian. ?7. Name the people who received royal patronage?8. Who was the greatest singer in Akbar’s time?9. Name the wife of Akbar and also her brother?10. Give the Meaning of Folklore.
  56. 56. BY GROUP 6TO PAINTING AND ARCHITECTURE
  57. 57. • Art of painting was established• Royal Karkhanas were established• Artists from the empire could gather to work• Local styles were blended with Persian styles.• They depicted hunting scenes and court scenes using bright blue and red.• It was also used for book illustrations• Two painters in fame were Jaswant and Basawan
  58. 58. • Most outstanding contribution – New capital, Fatehpur Sikri 36 km from Agra.• Agra was the birth place of Sufi Saint Salim Chisti.• It has several fine buildings, such as Panch Mahal, Jodha Bai’s Palace, Diwan – i – Khas, Jama Masjid, Ibadat khana and Buland darwaza – celebrate victory over Gujarat.• Most interesting building octagonal Diwan – i – Khas, the hall of private audience.• Fatehpur Sikri was abandoned due to unavailability of water.• Akbar preferred red sandstone to marble.
  59. 59. • The last days of Akbar were full of grief, because:A) His sons Murad and Danyal diedB) Salim his only surviving son had revolted against himC) Abul Fazl also died in thisD) Salim was proclaimed his successor• He died in A.D. 1605
  60. 60. • Mansab – rank given to officials especially in the army or administration• Jaziya – a tax which the non muslims had to pay in a muslim country• Connoiseur – expert
  61. 61. • QUESTIONS ALLOTED FOR EACH TEAM.• DISCUSSION WILL BE ALLOWED• 10 POINTS FOR RIGHT ANSWER• 5 POINTS FOR PASS QUESTION• 15 SECONDS FOR DISCUSSION• 20 POINTS FOR OPEN QUESTION• 10 POINTS FOR HALF ANSWERED (OPEN QUESTION)• -5 FOR ANOTHER TEAM IF PERSON FROM THAT TEAM SHOUTS OUT ANSWER• SELECT A TEAMMATE TO ANSWER
  62. 62. • What was encouraged in Akbars empire? What else was established?A. Painting was encouragedand royal Karkhanas wereestablished.
  63. 63. • State the two styles which blended with each other?A. The local styles blended withthe Persian styles
  64. 64. • Name the scenes depicted on the paintings of the court?A. The paintings depictedscenes of hunting and scenes ofthe court.
  65. 65. • What did Akbar vow if a son was born to him?A. He vowed that he wouldtravel 228 miles on foot fromAgra to the tomb of MoinuddinChisti in Ajmer He fulfilled hispromise on Jahangir’s birth.
  66. 66. • Name the tomb and the most interesting building of the capital?A.The tomb – Moinuddin Salim Chisti The building – Diwan – i –khas
  67. 67. • Name the new capital and the extent from Delhi’s capital?A. Fatehpur Sikri – 36 km fromAgra
  68. 68. 1. Why were the last days ofAkbar full of grief? 2. What did Abul Fazl state in theAkbarnama? - In Brief3. Why was Fatehpur Sikri chosenas the capital and name somefine buildings?
  69. 69. T H A N K YO U F O R WAT C H I N G C L A S S 7 C ’ S P P T O N A K BA R THIS PPT WAS COMPILED BY TAHER KAMARI,ADESHWERE GILL AND AMOGH NAIGAONKAR OF CLASS7C .

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