Innovation in Organizations November, 2011 Taesung Kim (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Types of Innovation-Decisions1. Optional innovation-decisions: choices are made by an independent individual2. Collective innovation-decisions: … by consensus among the members of a system3. Authority innovation-decision: … by a few powerful individuals in a system4. Contingent innovation-decisions: … only after a prior innovation-decision
The Role of Champions1. The presence of an innovation champion: contributes to the success of an innovation in an organization2. The role: something like that of an opinion leader in a community3. The characteristics: innovation-minded, good at people skills rather than power
The Innovation Process in an Org Decision Initiation Implementation Agenda Redefining/ Matching Clarifying Routinizing Setting Restructuring
The Innovation Process in an Org1. Agenda-Setting: Organizational problems create a perceived need for innovation. Sometimes the need sets off the innovation, and sometimes knowledge of an innovation creates a need for it.2. Matching: Fitting an organizational problem with an innovation.
The Innovation Process in an Org3. Redefining/Restructuring: The innovation is re- invented to fit the org, and organizational structures are altered. Both the innovation and the org usually change in the innovation process.4. Clarifying: The relationship between the org and the innovation is defined more clearly. The framing of an innovation has important consequences.
The Innovation Process in an Org5. Routinizing: The innovation becomes an ongoing element in the org’s activities, which means sustainability. Sustainability of the innovation is related to (a) its degree of re-invention, (b) the fit between the intervention and the org, and (c) the involvement of a local champion.
Discussion Questions1. Assuming you are writing: leader’s attitude toward change (+)2. Org’s internal characteristics: centralization, formalization (-) / complexity, interco