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Wolfgang_Voegler_CP_Prague_June2011 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. cropprotection EMEA cropprotection EMEAMonitor and Acetochlor – technical fit  for production systems Dr. Wolfgang Voegler, Prague June, 2011
  • 2. cropprotection EMEAcropprotection EMEA Monitor 2
  • 3. cropprotectionMONITOR® registration & product EMEAadvantagesProduct characterization and registration Active ingredient: Sulfosulfuron – ALS inhibitor (HRAC classification group B herbicide) Registered for the spring application in wheat; triticale,  in some countries even in potatoes & tomatos Registered use rates: 10…20 g ai/ha (12,5…25 g FP/ha) up to cereal growth stage BBCH 32  (BBCH 37) Apera: 12,5 g/ha Brome, Couch, volunteer barley & broadleaf weeds: 25 g/ha Addition of non‐ionic surfactant is recommendedProduct advantages Broad grass as well as broadleaf weed efficacy (Apera, Brome, Couch, Galium….) Very good crop selectivity Flexible use in combination with herbicides, fungicides, growth regulators, liquid fertilizers Prefered herbicide to solve unmet needs of Conservation Tillage systems 3
  • 4. cropprotectionEfficacy spectum – grass as well as EMEAbroadleaf weed efficacy 4
  • 5. cropprotection Monitor use recommendations EMEA MONITOR® 10 ‐ 12,5 g/haTarget weeds: (plus Partner without Apera efficacy, +/‐ MonFast™ 0,2 % or AHL ) Apera MONITOR® 8 ‐ 10 g/ha(+ broadleaf weeds) (plus Partner with Apera efficacy, +/‐ MonFast™ 0,2 % or AHL ) Solo applicationTarget weeds: MONITOR® 25 g/ha + adjuvant (ex: MonFast™ 0,2%) Brome (+ Herbizide partner eventually + CCC +/‐ Fungizide, NO AHL ) Couch Splitting MONITOR® 12,5 g/ha + MonFast™ 0,2% MONITOR® 12,5 g/ha + MonFast™ 0,2% Volunteer barley Galium (+ Herbizide partner;  NO AHL) (+/‐ CCC + Fungizide, NO AHL) +/‐ broadleaf weeds 21 25 29 30 32 Stadium Weizen / Triticale (BBCH) 5
  • 6. cropprotectionMonitor against Couch EMEA MONITOR® is suppressing (controlling) couch (AGRRE) in wheat and triticale Use rate = 25 g/ha plus MonFast™ Splitting shows best efficacy, timeframe between applications  ~ 2 weeks 100 Wirkungsgrad [%] 75 50 25 0 25g BBCH 21-29 25g BBCH 30-32 2*12,5g +0,2% +0,2% MonFast +0,2% MonFast MonFast BBCH 21- 29 & BBCH 30-32 6
  • 7. cropprotectionThe perfect combination for Couch control:Monitor in spring, Roundup® pre‐harvest or on stubble EMEAMONITOR® is suppressing Couch in crop, safes the yield ,  the yield advantage pays for more than the Roundup treatment = Roundup treatment is „Free Of Charge“ Significant advantage: as couch still has green leafs below canopy Roundup can be used on stubbles right after harvest Monitor 25 g/ha Monitor 25 g/ha / Roundup 1080 g/ha pre-harvest Monitor 25 g/ha / Roundup 1080 g/ha stubble 0 20 40 60 80 100 Long term efficacy AGGRE [%] Source: Monsanto inhouse trials 7
  • 8. cropprotectionRelation Brome infestation winter wheat yield(University Long Ashton, 1998‐99) EMEA 10 Yield decrease @ 9 5 plants/m2 ~ 1t 8 Yield t/ha 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 50 100 150 200 Treshhold Brome Plants/ m² < 1 Plants/m² 8
  • 9. Monitor vs. competitors, efficacy against cropprotection Bromus sterilis (BROST) EMEA Brome infestation untreated: 58 ears/m2  , assessment 66 DAT treatments a VM 3, 0,9l VM 2, 500g ef VM 2, 150g b All products were applied according to the registration, Surfactants were used as recommended by the companies VM 1, 135+135g f Monitor 12,5+12,5 f Splitting shows best efficacy VM 1, 270g def VM 1, 130g cde Monitor 25g  ef c Monitor 12g  c 0 20 40 60 80 100 BROST ears/m2 BROST, Rispen/m2 9trial 2009695C06
  • 10. cropprotectionMonitor against volunteer barley EMEA Less foreign matter in wheat, safes cost for drying, very important for seed production Best product against volunteer barley in wheat/triticale Splitting 2*12,5g plus MonFast™ @ 0,2% (BBCH 21 and BBCH 29…32) delivers best results © 2001 Böcker, BSL Gerldern  Untreated Monitor +MonFast 10
  • 11. cropprotection Not all complaints are confirmed EMEA resistance cases Not all complaints are confirmedresistance cases Unfavarable application conditions Reduced rates, missing adjuvants, mixture partner antagonism ……. situation at seed sampling poor APERA  control only in  the first spraying lane 11
  • 12. cropprotectionApera resistance – joint project with Uni  EMEAHohenheim, Bayer, Du Pont & MTC Sample collection across Europe 254 Apera samples tested out of which: 168 showing resistance against Flupyrsulfuron,  163 against Sulfosulfuron , 115 against Meso‐/Iodosulf., 6 against Fenoxaprop‐ethyl Problem awarness is given Publications to force GAP Internal as well as external trainings 12
  • 13. cropprotectionInhouse Apera resistance tests to check the EMEAsituation 13
  • 14. Example pro‐active grass weed cropprotection EMEAmanagement Oillseed Rape Winter Wheat Winter Barley HRAC‐Group‐ FOP´s / DIM´s A (Propaquizafop,  Quizalofop,Cycloxydim…) FOP´s / DIM´s (Clodinafop) A FOP´s / DIM´s A (Pinoxaden, Fenoxaprop) FOP´s / DIM´s A Sulfonylureas B „Bleacher“ (Flurtamone)  F Inhib.cell division (Flufenacet)  K+ (Propaquizafop, Fluazifop,  Quizalofop, Cycloxydim) (Sulfosulfuron, Iodosulf.  Thifensulf., Propoxycarbazon,  Pyroxulam…) Ureas (IPU, Chlortoluron)  C Cell growth inhibitors K Cell growth inhibitors K FOP´s / DIM´s (Pinoxaden)  A (Propycamid) (Pendimethalin, DFF) Fenoxaprop Additional safety++ &  Reduction weed G G • Stubble application • Pre‐Harvest application pressure • control of tough weeds • Control Brome, blackgrass, volunteer cereals 14
  • 15. cropprotection EMEAcropprotection EMEAAcetochlor 15
  • 16. cropprotectionAcetochlor EMEA Chloroacetamide – inhibition of cell division (K3) Dimethenamid‐P, S‐Metolachlor,  Pethoxamid,….. Second most important herbicide world wide Registered in corn, soya, sunflower,  cotton (Greece) Registration: F, I, Sp, E.‐Europe (Pl,CZ, SK,  HU, RO, BU, Ukr…) Acetochlor, is being reviewed under  Directive 91/414/EEC. Feedback  Annex  1 inclusion is expected until end of 2011.  www.hracglobal.com 16
  • 17. Acetochlor: benefits of pre‐ cropprotection EMEAemergence weed control  “Start clean, stay clean” concept protection of the crop against weed competition from the very early stages Trend to earlier sowing means plants grow more slowly in the early  stages Pre‐em herbicide limits early weed competition Acetochlor facilitates the benefits of earlier sowing: more water  efficiency, and increased yield – key elements for higher sustainability  in corn production. Key to integrated weed management Foundation of a weed control programme Sequences/mixtures with other pre‐em and post‐em herbicides Weed resistance management: no resistant weeds in Europe known
  • 18. cropprotectionMain herbicides used in corn pre‐ EMEAor early post‐emergence of corn Examples of commercial product registered in Chemical Family Active Company France Germany Spain Italy (HRAC group) Monsanto HARNESS No HARNESS BOLERO Acetochlor Dow Agro TROPHEE TROPHY TROPHY Sciences DUAL GOLD DUAL GOLD DUAL DUAL GOLD Chloroacetamide (K3) S-metolachlor Syngenta GOLD Dimethenamid-P BASF SPECTRUM SPECTRUM No SPECTRUM Pethoxamid Stahler SUCCESSOR SUCCESSOR SUCCESSOR DIPLOME CADOU No CADOU (mixed with TERANO DIPLOME Flufenacet Bayer Oxyacetamide (K3) metosulam) (mixed with (mixed with metosulam) metosulam) Pendimethalin BASF PROWL STOMP PROWL STOMP Dinitroanilines (K1) LAGON (mixed BANDUR LAGON No Aclonifen Bayer with IFT) (mixed Diphenylether (F3) with IFT) Isoxaflutole (IFT) Bayer MERLIN MERLIN MERLIN MERLIN Isoxazoles (F2) No No No LUMAX Mesotrione Syngenta (with S- Triketone (F2) metolachlor) No CLICK CUNA CLICK And ready- And And ready- Terbuthylazine (1) Syngenta Triazines (C1) mixes ready- mixes mixes Metosulam (1) Bayer No TACCO No Yes Triazolopyrimidines (B) (1) : Voluntarily withdrawn from EU review process. Application re-submitted for Annex I inclusion (Regulation 33/2008), decision pending 18
  • 19. Acetochlor has the widest spectrum  cropprotection EMEA of chloroacetamide herbicides* acetochlor S-metolachlor dimethenamide-PBayer Code Latin Name 2000 g ai/ha 1920 g ai/ha 1008 g ai/haECHCG Echinochloa crus-galli 8 8 7DIGSS Digitaria 8 8 7 Equivalent in %DIGSA Digitaria sanguinalis 8 8 7 Scale ControlSETSS Setaria 8 8 7 9 100%SETVE Setaria verticillata 8 8 7 8 95%SETVI Setaria viridis 8 8 7 7 90%AMASS Amaranthus 8 3 6 6-5 70 - 80 4 50%AMARE Amaranthus retroflexus 8 3 6 3-2 20 - 30 %CHESS Chenopodium 5 2 5 1 10%CHEAL Chenopodium album 6 2 5MERAN Mercurialis annua 2 1 1POLAV Polygonum aviculare 3 1 3POLCOPOLPE Polygonum convolvulus Polygonum persicaria 3 4 1 2 2 4 * Arvalis (2010)SOLNI Solanum nigrum 7 1 7
  • 20. cropprotection Acetochlor – efficacy comparison to EMEA other pre‐emergence herbicides in corn isoxaflutole metosulam Triazine Dimethena- acetochlor S-metolachlor isoxaflutole 75 g ai/ha pendimethaline 25 g ai/haBayer Code Latin Name 500-1000 mid-P 2000 g ai/ha 1920 g ai/ha 100 g ai/ha + aclonifen 1000 g ai/ha + flufenacet g ai/ha 1008 g ai/ha 500 g ai/ha 600 g ai/haECHCG Echinochloa crus-galli 4 8 8 7 6 7 7 7DIGSS Digitaria 1 8 8 7 6 7 7 3DIGSA Digitaria sanguinalis 1 8 8 7 6 7 7 3SETSS Setaria 4 8 8 7 6 7 7 3SETVE Setaria verticillata 4 8 8 7 6 7 7 3SETVI Setaria viridis 4 8 8 7 6 7 7 3AMASS Amaranthus 3 8 3 6 7 8 7 3AMARE Amaranthus retroflexus 3 8 3 6 7 8 7 3CHESS Chenopodium 3 5 2 5 7 8 7 3CHEAL Chenopodium album 3 6 2 5 7 8 7 3MERAN Mercurialis annua 7 2 1 1 4 5 4 5POLAV Polygonum aviculare 7 3 1 3 1 2 7 1POLCO Polygonum convolvulus 7 3 1 2 1 2 4 1POLPE Polygonum persicaria 3 4 2 4 8 8 7 3SOLNI Solanum nigrum 3 7 1 7 7 8 8 7 20
  • 21. Comparison trials – long term efficacy cropprotection EMEAFrance, 2002, average of 8 trials% efficacy 90 4 leaf 8 leaf 80 Flowering 70 60 50 40 30 2016 1440 1830 g/ha New Guardian dim ethenam id-P S-m etolachlor presentation title Page 21
  • 22. cropprotectionApplication scheme EMEA 1. Acetochlor pre‐emergence or  2.Sequential application of  very early post another ai if necessary 3 6 8 corn leaf stage weed sensitive period1. Apply Acetochlor at the registered use rate (2000 g ai/ha) rate before emergence of or very early post2. Control later emerging weeds with another herbicide if necessary 22
  • 23. cropprotectionAcetochlor: more advantages  EMEA Performance under dry conditions Acetochlor is rated among the best pre‐em herbicides in dry conditions (ARVALIS*) Weed resistance management Limited resistance despite widespread use around the world since the 1970’s some weeds cannot be effectively controlled by other pre‐emergence herbicides, particularly  sulfonyl ureas Management of resistance in grasses Flexible dose rate Standard rate – season long weed control Reduced rate – sequential/tank mix with pre or post em herbicides Crop selectivity Excellent selectivity in maize (safener) all types of maize : grain and silage, sweet maize, and inbreds No “carry‐over” = no restriction on subsequent crops Registered in cotton in Greece * http://www.arvalisinstitutduvegetal.fr/en/ – See Figure 5
  • 24. cropprotection Acetochlor makes the difference! EMEA Untreated TreatedTata, August 2004 24
  • 25. cropprotection EMEA Many thanksWolfgang.voegler@monsanto.com 25