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 The American Vision Chapter 1 Coverging Culters Section 5

The American Vision Chapter 1 Coverging Culters Section 5






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     The American Vision Chapter 1 Coverging Culters Section 5 The American Vision Chapter 1 Coverging Culters Section 5 Presentation Transcript

    • BELLRINGERUse Section 4 notes to answer the following.1. What was the main goal of early European exploration?2. Who was the first explorer to find a water route to Asia?3. What European country controlled the sea route around Africa.
    • Chapter One: Converging CulturesSection Five: Europe Encounters America.A. The Vikings The first Europeans to settle in America were the Vikings.
    •  These people were from Scandinavia. They made settlements in America around the year 1000 A.D. However, the Vikings’settlements did not last.Why don’t we give theVikings as much attention aswe give Christopher Columbus?
    • B. Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus was an Italian born navigator. He believed that Europe and Asia were not all that far apart and that he could get there by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean. However, no rulers were willing to financially support Columbus’ journey. Why?
    •  Then in 1492, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain agreed to sponsor Columbus. Columbus was giventhree ships, the Nina,the Pinta and theSanta Maria.After more than two months,Columbus finally reached theCaribbean (the island of San Salvador).
    •  Believing he had reached India, he called the people he saw Indians. Columbus returned to America four more times and explored other Caribbean islands. He never knew he had discovered a new continent.
    • C. Spain Claims America By the 1500’s, Spain was eager to make colonies in America. However, Portugal also wanted to claim parts of America.To prevent war, thetwo countries came toan agreement:The Treaty of Tordesillas.
    •  The treaty drew a line of demarcation down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. Spain would get everything tothe west ofthe line, Portugalwould geteverythingto the east.
    • Trivia Questions:What is the only country in South America that doesn’t speak Spanish?What is their official language?What does the Treaty of Tordesillas have to do with this?
    •  Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci, concluded that this new land was not Asia, but a new continent. Therefore, the new land was later named for him in his honor – America.
    •  Ferdinand Magellan discovered a strait (small stretch of water connecting two larger bodies of water) in Southern South America. He managed to navigate his way through the strait to the ocean on the other side.
    •  He named this ocean “The Pacific”, which means peaceful. His crew continued their journey all the way back to Spain. They became the first people to circumnavigate - go all the way around the world.
    • D. The Columbian Exchange The exchange of animals, plants, ideas and diseases from Europe to the Americas and the Americas to Europe.
    • Examples from Europe to the Americas; -Wheat, horses, firearms, small pox.Examples from Americas to Europe; -Potatoes, chocolate, tobacco, corn -Millions of Native Americans died from diseases brought over by Europeans.
    • REVIEW1. What does the word circumnavigate mean?2. Who was Ferdinand Magellan and what did he do?3. How did the Columbian Exchange change the world?