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Chapter 4 section 3
 

Chapter 4 section 3

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    Chapter 4 section 3 Chapter 4 section 3 Presentation Transcript

    • Monday, November 12,2012Monday, November 12,2012 Agree Disagree 1. The British Agree DisagreeAgree Disagree 1. The British Agree Disagree ____ ____ used guerrilla ____ ________ ____ used guerrilla ____ ____ warfare to defeat the Colonists.warfare to defeat the Colonists. ____ ____ 2. Saratoga ____ _________ ____ 2. Saratoga ____ _____ is considered theis considered the turning point of the Revolutionary War.turning point of the Revolutionary War.
    • Chapter Four: The American RevolutionChapter Four: The American Revolution Section Three: The War for IndependenceSection Three: The War for Independence A. The Opposing SidesA. The Opposing Sides CHUNK #4 -CHUNK #4 - Turn to pages 138-138. ReadTurn to pages 138-138. Read TheThe Opposing Sides.Opposing Sides. List the advantages andList the advantages and disadvantages of both the Colonial and the English.disadvantages of both the Colonial and the English. AdvantagesAdvantages ColonialColonial DisadvantagesDisadvantages Advantages EnglishAdvantages English DisadvantagesDisadvantages
    • Colonial DisadvantagesColonial Disadvantages 1. Poorly1. Poorly equippedequipped.. 2. Not enough2. Not enough menmen ((many desertedmany deserted).). 3. Not enough3. Not enough moneymoney to pay for supplies,to pay for supplies, soldiers, etc.soldiers, etc.
    • Colonial AdvantagesColonial Advantages  Tactics:Tactics: Guerilla warfareGuerilla warfare used by theused by the militias was very successful against themilitias was very successful against the English.English.  Colonists were fightingColonists were fighting on their own territoryon their own territory ((home field advantagehome field advantage).).
    • English AdvantagesEnglish Advantages  BetterBetter trained and equipped.trained and equipped.  HiredHired German mercenariesGerman mercenaries (soldiers for(soldiers for hire) calledhire) called HessiansHessians to help them fight.to help them fight. English DisadvantagesEnglish Disadvantages  The war was notThe war was not popular in England.popular in England.
    • B. The Northern CampaignB. The Northern Campaign The Battle of TrentonThe Battle of Trenton  Washington turned around in theWashington turned around in the middle of his retreat andmiddle of his retreat and crossed backcrossed back over the Delaware Riverover the Delaware River..
    •  Led a surprise attackLed a surprise attack on theon the HessiansHessians (German mercenaries(German mercenaries hired to fighthired to fight for the British)for the British) andand killed aboutkilled about 10001000..
    • Valley ForgeValley Forge  Considered to be aConsidered to be a low pointlow point forfor Washington's army.Washington's army.  WashingtonWashington’s army spent the winter of’s army spent the winter of 1777 at Valley Forge, PA where about1777 at Valley Forge, PA where about 2500 died of starvation and cold2500 died of starvation and cold..
    • The Battle of SaratogaThe Battle of Saratoga  Turning point in theTurning point in the American RevolutionAmerican Revolution..  The colonists knew they would needThe colonists knew they would need foreign help to defeat the English.foreign help to defeat the English.  The French had been sending money andThe French had been sending money and supplies, but would not send troopssupplies, but would not send troops unless they knew the coloniesunless they knew the colonies could wincould win..
    •  This was the victory the colonistsThis was the victory the colonists needed to getneeded to get French helpFrench help..  TheThe FrenchFrench soon acknowledgedsoon acknowledged American independenceAmerican independence..
    • C.C. The War is WonThe War is Won The Battle of YorktownThe Battle of Yorktown  English General CornwallisEnglish General Cornwallis marched to Virginia .marched to Virginia .  He was met byHe was met by American forcesAmerican forces and wasand was outnumberedoutnumbered..  He retreated toHe retreated to Yorktown, VA.Yorktown, VA.
    •  Washington attacked Cornwallis and theWashington attacked Cornwallis and the French navy kept the English fromFrench navy kept the English from sending reinforcementssending reinforcements..  CornwallisCornwallis surrenderedsurrendered on October 19,on October 19, 1783 and the war was over.1783 and the war was over.
    • Treaty of Paris 1783Treaty of Paris 1783  England recognized AmericanEngland recognized American independence.independence.  Gave theGave the newnew UNITED STATESUNITED STATES all the territory toall the territory to the Mississippi River.the Mississippi River.
    • REVIEWREVIEW 1. Complete the worksheet on the1. Complete the worksheet on the Revolutionary War Battles.Revolutionary War Battles.