Wednesday, November 7, 2012Wednesday, November 7, 2012
Agree Disagree 1. A monopoly is Agree DisagreeAgree Disagree 1. A monopoly is Agree Disagree
____ ____ when one____ ____ when one ____ ________ ____
company has control of a productcompany has control of a product
____ ____ 2. Loyalist or ____ _________ ____ 2. Loyalist or ____ _____
Tories supported the coloniesTories supported the colonies
Chapter Four: The American RevolutionChapter Four: The American Revolution
Section Two: The Revolution BeginsSection Two: The Revolution Begins
A.A. Massachusetts defiesMassachusetts defies
TheThe Boston TeaBoston Tea PartyParty--
Patriots protest andPatriots protest and
boycott the sale ofboycott the sale of
Parliament passed theParliament passed the Tea ActTea Act --
This law was designedThis law was designed to saveto save thethe
British East India Company which wasBritish East India Company which was
ItIt granted the company agranted the company a monopolymonopoly onon
the tea tradethe tea trade in the coloniesin the colonies..
They could alsoThey could also sell tea directly tosell tea directly to
This upsetThis upset merchantsmerchants
who felt they werewho felt they were
being put out ofbeing put out of
December 1773 – a boatload of teaDecember 1773 – a boatload of tea
arrived in Boston Harbor.arrived in Boston Harbor.
Around 150 colonistsAround 150 colonists disguiseddisguised asas
Mohawk Indians boarded the ship andMohawk Indians boarded the ship and
threw the teathrew the tea into the Boston Harborinto the Boston Harbor..
The Coercive ActsThe Coercive Acts
Designed toDesigned to punishpunish Massachusetts.Massachusetts.
Boston Harbor wasBoston Harbor was closedclosed until theuntil the tea wastea was
paid forpaid for..
Town meetingsTown meetings werewere bannedbanned andand selfself
governmentgovernment waswas limitedlimited..
The Colonists called these laws theThe Colonists called these laws the
Intolerable ActsIntolerable Acts..
The First Continental CongressThe First Continental Congress
Meeting of the colonistsMeeting of the colonists
in response to thein response to the
Intolerable Acts.Intolerable Acts.
Created aCreated a Declaration of Rights andDeclaration of Rights and
GrievancesGrievances - They explained they were- They explained they were
loyal to the kingloyal to the king, but, but condemned thecondemned the
Coercive ActsCoercive Acts..
B. The Revolution BeginsB. The Revolution Begins
MilitiasMilitias (civilian soldiers)(civilian soldiers) began trainingbegan training
and preparing for war.and preparing for war.
These soldiers wereThese soldiers were
because they werebecause they were
ready to fight withinready to fight within
a minute’s notice.a minute’s notice.
Two sidesTwo sides began to develop in thebegan to develop in the
LoyalistsLoyalists – those who supported England.– those who supported England.
Also calledAlso called ToriesTories..
PatriotsPatriots – those who felt the English had– those who felt the English had
become tyrannical.become tyrannical.
1.1. Why did the colonists meet at theWhy did the colonists meet at the
First Continental Congress?First Continental Congress?
2.2. What was the result of that meeting?What was the result of that meeting?
Lexington and ConcordLexington and Concord
April, 1775 – theApril, 1775 – the first battlefirst battle of the Americanof the American
British troops set out to destroy a colonialBritish troops set out to destroy a colonial
arsenalarsenal near Concord, MA.near Concord, MA.
The colonists were warnedThe colonists were warned
byby Paul Revere, WilliamPaul Revere, William
Dawes and Samuel Prescott.Dawes and Samuel Prescott.
CHUNK #2CHUNK #2
Pg 130. Study the map.Pg 130. Study the map.
Why do you think Paul Revere andWhy do you think Paul Revere and
William Dawes took differentWilliam Dawes took different
routes on the first leg of theirroutes on the first leg of their
Colonial militia met up with the BritishColonial militia met up with the British
soldierssoldiers at Concordat Concord andand
fighting broke outfighting broke out..
The British wereThe British were forcedforced
The colonist continued to attack fromThe colonist continued to attack from
behind trees, bushes, and houses.behind trees, bushes, and houses.
(English lost more than 100 men)(English lost more than 100 men)
The Second Continental CongressThe Second Continental Congress
Met 3 weeks later inMet 3 weeks later in PhiladelphiaPhiladelphia..
Voted to create theVoted to create the ContinentalContinental
ArmyArmy and appointedand appointed George WashingtonGeorge Washington asas
They would act as theThey would act as the
central governmentcentral government of theof the
colonies for the rest of the war.colonies for the rest of the war.
The Battle of Bunker HillThe Battle of Bunker Hill
First large scale battleFirst large scale battle..
June 16, 1775June 16, 1775
Colonists pushed back several British attacksColonists pushed back several British attacks
beforebefore running out of bullets and gunrunning out of bullets and gun
powderpowder and later retreating.and later retreating.
Moral victoryMoral victory – helped boost the confidence– helped boost the confidence
of the colonies.of the colonies.
Complete the worksheet on ParliamentaryComplete the worksheet on Parliamentary
Acts placed on the Colonists.Acts placed on the Colonists.