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  • 1. Tuesday, 2009Tuesday, 2009 Agree Disagree 1. ThomasAgree Disagree 1. Thomas Agree DisagreeAgree Disagree ____ ____ Jefferson____ ____ Jefferson ____ ________ ____ wrotewrote Common SenseCommon Sense.. ____ ____ 2. The Declaration ____ _________ ____ 2. The Declaration ____ _____ of Independence wasof Independence was signed on July 4, 1776.signed on July 4, 1776.
  • 2. Chapter Four: The American RevolutionChapter Four: The American Revolution Section Two:Section Two: The Revolution BeginsThe Revolution Begins (Continued)(Continued) C. The Decision for IndependenceC. The Decision for Independence  Even after the fighting broke out atEven after the fighting broke out at Lexington and Concord most colonists didLexington and Concord most colonists did not supportnot support the idea of independence.the idea of independence.  Most had hoped forMost had hoped for reconciliationreconciliation..
  • 3. Common SenseCommon Sense  Pamphlet publishedPamphlet published byby Thomas PaineThomas Paine..  Attacked King George IIIAttacked King George III and specifically blamed himand specifically blamed him for the colonists problems.for the colonists problems.
  • 4.  Called him a tyrant and madeCalled him a tyrant and made a very stronga very strong argumentargument for American independence.for American independence.  The pamphlets soldThe pamphlets sold thousands of copiesthousands of copies and helpedand helped change thechange the mindsminds of the colonists.of the colonists. Thomas PaineThomas Paine
  • 5.  June 1776June 1776 – a resolution on– a resolution on independence was proposed in theindependence was proposed in the Second Continental CongressSecond Continental Congress..  Congress decided to write a document,Congress decided to write a document, formally declaring independenceformally declaring independence..  Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson was selected to writewas selected to write the document.the document.
  • 6. CHUNK #3 – Turn to pages 134-136. List theCHUNK #3 – Turn to pages 134-136. List the four parts of the Declaration and explain eachfour parts of the Declaration and explain each part.part. Part One –Part One – Part Two –Part Two – Part Three –Part Three – Part Four -Part Four -
  • 7. The Declaration of IndependenceThe Declaration of Independence  Purpose:Purpose: to justify a revolution, toto justify a revolution, to declare independence and to expressdeclare independence and to express the values of the new nation.the values of the new nation.  Part One:Part One: thethe PreamblePreamble (Introduction)(Introduction)  Part Two:Part Two: Declaration of RightsDeclaration of Rights –– declareddeclared “all men are created equal”.“all men are created equal”.  Mentioned theMentioned the Social Contract TheorySocial Contract Theory..
  • 8.  Part Three:Part Three: List of GrievancesList of Grievances – listed– listed all the freedoms, rights etc. that hadall the freedoms, rights etc. that had been denied to the colonies.been denied to the colonies.  Part Four:Part Four: FormalFormal Declaration ofDeclaration of IndependenceIndependence..
  • 9. Declaration of IndependenceDeclaration of Independence What would have happened to these men ifWhat would have happened to these men if the King would have caught them?the King would have caught them?
  • 10. REVIEWREVIEW 1. Describe the four sections of the1. Describe the four sections of the Declaration of Independence.Declaration of Independence.