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Monday, November 5 2012Monday, November 5 2012
Agree Disagree 1. The FrenchAgree Disagree 1. The French Agree DisagreeAgree Disagree
____ ____ and Indian____ ____ and Indian ____ ________ ____
war was between the Frenchwar was between the French
and Iroquois Nationand Iroquois Nation
____ ____ 2. The Proclamation ____ _________ ____ 2. The Proclamation ____ _____
of 1763 gave Englandof 1763 gave England
all the land east of the Mississippi Riverall the land east of the Mississippi River
Chapter 4:Chapter 4: The American RevolutionThe American Revolution
Section 1: The Colonies Fight for their RightsSection 1: The Colonies Fight for their Rights
A. The French and Indian WarA. The French and Indian War
TheThe EnglishEnglish (British)(British) vs.vs. an alliance ofan alliance of
FrenchFrench andand Native AmericanNative American groups.groups.
The English and French had beenThe English and French had been
warring for many years.warring for many years.
These conflicts sometimesThese conflicts sometimes carriedcarried
overover intointo AmericaAmerica..
Both theBoth the FrenchFrench and theand the
EnglishEnglish became interested inbecame interested in
thethe Ohio River Valley areaOhio River Valley area..
Both sides beganBoth sides began building fortsbuilding forts in the areain the area
toto protectprotect their claims of land from eachtheir claims of land from each
In 1754, the FrenchIn 1754, the French seizedseized an English fort.an English fort.
Fighting broke out when the EnglishFighting broke out when the English
attempted to recapture their fort.attempted to recapture their fort.
The Albany PlanThe Albany Plan
Many thought the colonies needed to uniteMany thought the colonies needed to unite
and work together to helpand work together to help defeatdefeat thethe
A meeting was organizedA meeting was organized
inin Albany, NYAlbany, NY in 1754.in 1754.
Seven colonies sentSeven colonies sent
(The Albany Conference)(The Albany Conference)..
Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin proposedproposed
the Albany Plan of Union.the Albany Plan of Union.
This suggested theThis suggested the colonies unitecolonies unite and form aand form a
federal (national) governmentfederal (national) government..
This planThis plan was notwas not adopted, but it was theadopted, but it was the
first step toward colonial unityfirst step toward colonial unity..
After years of fighting, the English putAfter years of fighting, the English put
all theirall their energy and resourcesenergy and resources intointo
fighting the war in America.fighting the war in America.
The English won the war and it ended inThe English won the war and it ended in
1763 with the1763 with the Treaty of Paris 1763Treaty of Paris 1763..
England now ownedEngland now owned allall of theof the
territoryterritory east of the Mississippieast of the Mississippi
B.B. The Colonies Grow DiscontentedThe Colonies Grow Discontented
England was inEngland was in huge debthuge debt after the war.after the war.
They thought theThey thought the colonistscolonists should helpshould help
pay for the warpay for the war. New taxes on. New taxes on
the colonies were on the way.the colonies were on the way.
Proclamation of 1763Proclamation of 1763
This law stated there would be no moreThis law stated there would be no more
settlementsettlement west of the Appalachianwest of the Appalachian
Did not want anymoreDid not want anymore
Native American attacksNative American attacks..
ThisThis upset many colonistsupset many colonists who wanted towho wanted to movemove
or sell landor sell land in these areas.in these areas.
1.1. What was the Albany Plan of Union?What was the Albany Plan of Union?
2.2. Complete worksheet on the Albany PlanComplete worksheet on the Albany Plan
of Unionof Union
New Tax PoliciesNew Tax Policies
England beganEngland began
stricter enforcementstricter enforcement
of the Navigation Acts.of the Navigation Acts.
Severely punishedSeverely punished
Seized and searchedSeized and searched
goodsgoods without causewithout cause..
((writs of assistancewrits of assistance))
The Sugar ActThe Sugar Act
Placed a tax onPlaced a tax on sugarsugar,, silkssilks
andand other itemsother items..
Many colonists thought that becauseMany colonists thought that because
they hadthey had no representation inno representation in
ParliamentParliament (England’s law making body)(England’s law making body)
they should not be taxed by them.they should not be taxed by them.
““No Taxation without Representation”No Taxation without Representation”
The Stamp Act CrisisThe Stamp Act Crisis
Stamp ActStamp Act passedpassed
in 1765.in 1765.
Required a stamp to beRequired a stamp to be
placed onplaced on all official printed papersall official printed papers..
(newspapers, wills, deeds, etc.)(newspapers, wills, deeds, etc.)
This was aThis was a direct taxdirect tax on the colonists.on the colonists.
Parliament then passedParliament then passed
thethe Quartering ActQuartering Act..
This act required theThis act required the
colonists tocolonists to
provide and pay for lodgingprovide and pay for lodging of Englishof English
Many colonists wereMany colonists were angryangry with thesewith these
laws and began to write letters andlaws and began to write letters and
make speeches protesting them.make speeches protesting them.
Sons of LibertySons of Liberty
AA group of colonistsgroup of colonists who organizedwho organized
resistance and held various demonstrationsresistance and held various demonstrations
against the Stamp Actagainst the Stamp Act..
When the Stamp Act took affect theWhen the Stamp Act took affect the
colonistscolonists boycotted (refused to buy)boycotted (refused to buy)
English goods.English goods.
ThisThis hurt the English economyhurt the English economy and theand the
act was repealed (taken back) in 1766.act was repealed (taken back) in 1766.
The Townshend ActsThe Townshend Acts
Series of newSeries of new
tax regulationstax regulations putput
in place in 1767.in place in 1767.
PutPut tax on glass, paper, lead and teatax on glass, paper, lead and tea..
The colonists continued to organizeThe colonists continued to organize
resistance and claimed Parliamentresistance and claimed Parliament diddid
not have the right to tax themnot have the right to tax them..
Daughters of LibertyDaughters of Liberty was a group ofwas a group of
women who helped thewomen who helped the boycottboycott byby
spinning their own cloth and makingspinning their own cloth and making
their own teatheir own tea..
CHUNK #1CHUNK #1
Pg. 123.Pg. 123. The Boston MassacreThe Boston Massacre Answer theAnswer the
following questions from the passage you havefollowing questions from the passage you have
Setting –Setting –
Characters –Characters –
Plot -Plot -
Outcome -Outcome -
Britain began sending over more troops toBritain began sending over more troops to
keep order.keep order.
In March, 1770 a group of colonists beganIn March, 1770 a group of colonists began
taunting English soldiers outside the Commontaunting English soldiers outside the Common
Shots were fired and five colonists wereShots were fired and five colonists were
News circulated about English brutalityNews circulated about English brutality
and that the English would kill thoseand that the English would kill those
who stood up for their rights.who stood up for their rights.
What is this incident referred to as?What is this incident referred to as?
EnglandEngland repealedrepealed the Townshend Acts,the Townshend Acts,
except for the tax onexcept for the tax on teatea..