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    Chapter 4 section 1 Chapter 4 section 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Monday, November 5 2012Monday, November 5 2012 Agree Disagree 1. The FrenchAgree Disagree 1. The French Agree DisagreeAgree Disagree ____ ____ and Indian____ ____ and Indian ____ ________ ____ war was between the Frenchwar was between the French and Iroquois Nationand Iroquois Nation ____ ____ 2. The Proclamation ____ _________ ____ 2. The Proclamation ____ _____ of 1763 gave Englandof 1763 gave England all the land east of the Mississippi Riverall the land east of the Mississippi River
    • Chapter 4:Chapter 4: The American RevolutionThe American Revolution Section 1: The Colonies Fight for their RightsSection 1: The Colonies Fight for their Rights A. The French and Indian WarA. The French and Indian War  TheThe EnglishEnglish (British)(British) vs.vs. an alliance ofan alliance of FrenchFrench andand Native AmericanNative American groups.groups.
    •  The English and French had beenThe English and French had been warring for many years.warring for many years.  These conflicts sometimesThese conflicts sometimes carriedcarried overover intointo AmericaAmerica..
    • Both theBoth the FrenchFrench and theand the EnglishEnglish became interested inbecame interested in thethe Ohio River Valley areaOhio River Valley area..
    •  Both sides beganBoth sides began building fortsbuilding forts in the areain the area toto protectprotect their claims of land from eachtheir claims of land from each other.other.  In 1754, the FrenchIn 1754, the French seizedseized an English fort.an English fort. Fighting broke out when the EnglishFighting broke out when the English attempted to recapture their fort.attempted to recapture their fort.
    • The Albany PlanThe Albany Plan  Many thought the colonies needed to uniteMany thought the colonies needed to unite and work together to helpand work together to help defeatdefeat thethe French.French.  A meeting was organizedA meeting was organized inin Albany, NYAlbany, NY in 1754.in 1754.  Seven colonies sentSeven colonies sent representativesrepresentatives (The Albany Conference)(The Albany Conference)..
    •  Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin proposedproposed the Albany Plan of Union.the Albany Plan of Union.  This suggested theThis suggested the colonies unitecolonies unite and form aand form a federal (national) governmentfederal (national) government..  This planThis plan was notwas not adopted, but it was theadopted, but it was the first step toward colonial unityfirst step toward colonial unity..
    •  After years of fighting, the English putAfter years of fighting, the English put all theirall their energy and resourcesenergy and resources intointo fighting the war in America.fighting the war in America.  The English won the war and it ended inThe English won the war and it ended in 1763 with the1763 with the Treaty of Paris 1763Treaty of Paris 1763..
    • England now ownedEngland now owned allall of theof the territoryterritory east of the Mississippieast of the Mississippi RiverRiver..
    • B.B. The Colonies Grow DiscontentedThe Colonies Grow Discontented  England was inEngland was in huge debthuge debt after the war.after the war.  They thought theThey thought the colonistscolonists should helpshould help pay for the warpay for the war. New taxes on. New taxes on the colonies were on the way.the colonies were on the way.
    • Proclamation of 1763Proclamation of 1763  This law stated there would be no moreThis law stated there would be no more settlementsettlement west of the Appalachianwest of the Appalachian Mountains.Mountains.  Did not want anymoreDid not want anymore Native American attacksNative American attacks..  ThisThis upset many colonistsupset many colonists who wanted towho wanted to movemove or sell landor sell land in these areas.in these areas.
    • REVIEWREVIEW 1.1. What was the Albany Plan of Union?What was the Albany Plan of Union? 2.2. Complete worksheet on the Albany PlanComplete worksheet on the Albany Plan of Unionof Union
    • New Tax PoliciesNew Tax Policies  England beganEngland began stricter enforcementstricter enforcement of the Navigation Acts.of the Navigation Acts.  Severely punishedSeverely punished smugglerssmugglers..  Seized and searchedSeized and searched goodsgoods without causewithout cause.. ((writs of assistancewrits of assistance))
    • The Sugar ActThe Sugar Act  Placed a tax onPlaced a tax on sugarsugar,, silkssilks andand other itemsother items..  Many colonists thought that becauseMany colonists thought that because they hadthey had no representation inno representation in ParliamentParliament (England’s law making body)(England’s law making body) they should not be taxed by them.they should not be taxed by them.  ““No Taxation without Representation”No Taxation without Representation”
    • The Stamp Act CrisisThe Stamp Act Crisis  Stamp ActStamp Act passedpassed in 1765.in 1765.  Required a stamp to beRequired a stamp to be placed onplaced on all official printed papersall official printed papers.. (newspapers, wills, deeds, etc.)(newspapers, wills, deeds, etc.)  This was aThis was a direct taxdirect tax on the colonists.on the colonists.
    •  Parliament then passedParliament then passed thethe Quartering ActQuartering Act..  This act required theThis act required the colonists tocolonists to provide and pay for lodgingprovide and pay for lodging of Englishof English troops.troops.  Many colonists wereMany colonists were angryangry with thesewith these laws and began to write letters andlaws and began to write letters and make speeches protesting them.make speeches protesting them.
    • Sons of LibertySons of Liberty AA group of colonistsgroup of colonists who organizedwho organized resistance and held various demonstrationsresistance and held various demonstrations against the Stamp Actagainst the Stamp Act..  When the Stamp Act took affect theWhen the Stamp Act took affect the colonistscolonists boycotted (refused to buy)boycotted (refused to buy) English goods.English goods.  ThisThis hurt the English economyhurt the English economy and theand the act was repealed (taken back) in 1766.act was repealed (taken back) in 1766.
    • The Townshend ActsThe Townshend Acts  Series of newSeries of new tax regulationstax regulations putput in place in 1767.in place in 1767.  PutPut tax on glass, paper, lead and teatax on glass, paper, lead and tea..  The colonists continued to organizeThe colonists continued to organize resistance and claimed Parliamentresistance and claimed Parliament diddid not have the right to tax themnot have the right to tax them..
    •  Daughters of LibertyDaughters of Liberty was a group ofwas a group of women who helped thewomen who helped the boycottboycott byby spinning their own cloth and makingspinning their own cloth and making their own teatheir own tea..
    • CHUNK #1CHUNK #1 Pg. 123.Pg. 123. The Boston MassacreThe Boston Massacre Answer theAnswer the following questions from the passage you havefollowing questions from the passage you have read.read. Setting –Setting – Characters –Characters – Plot -Plot - Outcome -Outcome -
    • Britain began sending over more troops toBritain began sending over more troops to keep order.keep order.  In March, 1770 a group of colonists beganIn March, 1770 a group of colonists began taunting English soldiers outside the Commontaunting English soldiers outside the Common House.House.  Shots were fired and five colonists wereShots were fired and five colonists were killed.killed.
    •  News circulated about English brutalityNews circulated about English brutality and that the English would kill thoseand that the English would kill those who stood up for their rights.who stood up for their rights. What is this incident referred to as?What is this incident referred to as?  EnglandEngland repealedrepealed the Townshend Acts,the Townshend Acts, except for the tax onexcept for the tax on teatea..