Tuesday, October 30, 2012Tuesday, October 30, 2012
Agree Disagree 1. The movement Agree DisagreeAgree Disagree 1. The movement Agree Disagree
____ ____ that emphasized ____ ________ ____ that emphasized ____ ____
logic and reason over religionlogic and reason over religion
is known as the Great Awakening.is known as the Great Awakening.
____ ____ 2. Colonial Women____ ____ 2. Colonial Women ____ _________ _____
had no legal statushad no legal status
in the colonies.in the colonies.
Chapter Three: Colonial Ways of LifeChapter Three: Colonial Ways of Life
Section Four: A Diverse SocietySection Four: A Diverse Society
A. Family Life in Colonial AmericaA. Family Life in Colonial America
TheThe populationpopulation of the coloniesof the colonies increasedincreased
greatly in the 1700s.greatly in the 1700s.
Partly due to aPartly due to a rising birth raterising birth rate..
Also due to large numbers ofAlso due to large numbers of
immigrantsimmigrants arriving in the colonies.arriving in the colonies.
WHERE DID THESE IMMIGRANTS COMEWHERE DID THESE IMMIGRANTS COME
Colonial WomenColonial Women
Women in the colonies,Women in the colonies,
especially marriedespecially married
women,women, hadhad no legalno legal
Married womenMarried women couldcould not own propertynot own property..
Their status began toTheir status began to improveimprove laterlater
on, some women were able toon, some women were able to runrun
B. Africans in ColonialB. Africans in Colonial
Many Africans who came to AmericaMany Africans who came to America
attemptedattempted to keepto keep theirtheir AfricanAfrican
language, traditions, etclanguage, traditions, etc. Thus creating. Thus creating
aa new African-American culturenew African-American culture..
Examples:Examples: Aspects ofAspects of AfricanAfrican
religionsreligions becamebecame mixedmixed withwith
thethe beliefs of Christianitybeliefs of Christianity..
African-AmericanAfrican-American musicmusic beganbegan
to develop using African rhythms.to develop using African rhythms.
HOW DID THIS HELP SLAVES COPE?HOW DID THIS HELP SLAVES COPE?
White planters often usedWhite planters often used harsh meansharsh means
to establish their authorityto establish their authority overover
African laborers.African laborers.
Some Africans resisted in aSome Africans resisted in a passive waypassive way..
EXAMPLE:EXAMPLE: (Breaking tools, working(Breaking tools, working
slowly etc.)slowly etc.)
Others were more daring,Others were more daring, running awayrunning away
Some evenSome even purchased their freedompurchased their freedom oror
werewere freed by their ownersfreed by their owners..
This created aThis created a sizeablesizeable
free African-Americanfree African-American
populationpopulation by the 1700s.by the 1700s.
C. The Enlightenment and theC. The Enlightenment and the
Great AwakeningGreat Awakening
The EnlightenmentThe Enlightenment
European iEuropean intellectualntellectual andand culturalcultural
Challenged theChallenged the authority of the churchauthority of the church
in science.in science.
Emphasis onEmphasis on logiclogic andand
reasonreason overover religionreligion..
John LockeJohn Locke - one of the- one of the mostmost
significant Enlightenmentsignificant Enlightenment
CHUNK #4CHUNK #4
Pg. 108. UnderPg. 108. Under The EnlightenmentThe Enlightenment readread
the 4the 4thth
paragraph and fill out the chartparagraph and fill out the chart
MontesquieuMontesquieu – said there– said there
werewere 3 types of political3 types of political
1. Legislative1. Legislative:: CongressCongress -- writes lawwrites law
2. Executive2. Executive :: PresidentPresident -- enforces lawenforces law
3. Judicial3. Judicial:: Supreme CourtSupreme Court -- interpretsinterprets
He believed aHe believed a government’s powergovernment’s power
should beshould be divided among these threedivided among these three
This way a government wouldThis way a government would
be balanced andbe balanced and no one branchno one branch
would becomewould become too powerfultoo powerful..
This is calledThis is called SEPARATION OFSEPARATION OF
The Great AwakeningThe Great Awakening
Religious revival.Religious revival.
Emphasis onEmphasis on religionreligion, faith, and, faith, and devoutdevout
belief in Godbelief in God..
IncreaseIncrease in church attendance, especiallyin church attendance, especially
Ministers preached that we areMinisters preached that we are all equalall equal
before Godbefore God..
DID THIS APPLY TO SLAVES?DID THIS APPLY TO SLAVES?
Both of these movementsBoth of these movements
were huge influences onwere huge influences on
thethe American revolutionAmerican revolution!!!!!!
1. What was the enlightenment?1. What was the enlightenment?
2. What was the Great Awakening?2. What was the Great Awakening?
3. What are the 3 branches of3. What are the 3 branches of
government and who thought of them?government and who thought of them?