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    Chapter 3 sec 1 Chapter 3 sec 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Monday, October 22, 2012Monday, October 22, 2012 Agree Disagree 1. Plantations Agree DisagreeAgree Disagree 1. Plantations Agree Disagree ____ ____ normally grew____ ____ normally grew ____ ________ ____ many crops.many crops. ____ ____ 2. Many Africans____ ____ 2. Many Africans ____ _________ _____ from the Caribbean werefrom the Caribbean were experienced in growing rice.experienced in growing rice.
    • Chapter Three: Colonial Ways of LifeChapter Three: Colonial Ways of Life Section One: Southern ColoniesSection One: Southern Colonies A. The Southern EconomyA. The Southern Economy  Mainly based onMainly based on agricultureagriculture..  Cash cropCash crop – a crop mainly– a crop mainly grown to be sold for profit.grown to be sold for profit.  In Maryland, Virginia, andIn Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina, the mainNorth Carolina, the main cash crop wascash crop was tobaccotobacco..
    •  TheThe growth of cash cropsgrowth of cash crops led to theled to the rise of plantationsrise of plantations..  PlantationPlantation – a large farm usually– a large farm usually growing only one crop.growing only one crop.  PlantationsPlantations requiredrequired manymany laborers.laborers.
    •  In the early years, most laborers wereIn the early years, most laborers were indentured servantsindentured servants - people who signed a- people who signed a contract saying they would pay their way tocontract saying they would pay their way to America by working forAmerica by working for 5 to 7 years5 to 7 years..  Their needs would beTheir needs would be provided by theprovided by the land ownerland owner..  In South Carolina,In South Carolina, rice andrice and indigoindigo (used to make blue dye) were the main(used to make blue dye) were the main crops.crops.
    •  Many planters who came to SouthMany planters who came to South Carolina wereCarolina were from the Caribbeanfrom the Caribbean,, where slavery was common.where slavery was common.  ManyMany AfricansAfricans alreadyalready had experience harvestinghad experience harvesting ricerice..  Therefore, most of theseTherefore, most of these planters chose Africans asplanters chose Africans as their source oftheir source of laborlabor andand slaveryslavery began tobegan to increaseincrease..
    • B. Southern SocietyB. Southern Society CHUNK #1 Turn to page 86 and 87. ReadCHUNK #1 Turn to page 86 and 87. Read SouthernSouthern SocietySociety then complete the graphic organizerthen complete the graphic organizer below.below.
    • B. Southern SocietyB. Southern Society CHUNK #1 Turn to page 86 and 87.CHUNK #1 Turn to page 86 and 87. Read Southern SocietyRead Southern Society then complete the graphic organizerthen complete the graphic organizer 1.1. The Planter EliteThe Planter Elite a.k.a. (gentry)a.k.a. (gentry)  The smallest group was made up ofThe smallest group was made up of wealthy land ownerswealthy land owners..  They had a great deal ofThey had a great deal of socialsocial andand politicalpolitical influence.influence.
    • 2.2. Backcountry FarmersBackcountry Farmers (yeomen)(yeomen)  Many wereMany were former indenturedformer indentured servantsservants who had acquired land.who had acquired land.  Small farmsSmall farms practicing subsistence farmingpracticing subsistence farming (farming only enough crops to feed their own(farming only enough crops to feed their own families).families). 3.3. African Americans and poor whitesAfrican Americans and poor whites  These groups made up theThese groups made up the bottombottom portion ofportion of Southern Society.Southern Society.
    • C. Bacon’s RebellionC. Bacon’s Rebellion  Governor William BerkeleyGovernor William Berkeley thought voting privilegesthought voting privileges should beshould be reserved forreserved for those who owned propertythose who owned property..  Backcountry farmersBackcountry farmers werewere angeredangered by this.by this.  Nathanial BaconNathanial Bacon, a wealthy land, a wealthy land owner, sided with the backcountryowner, sided with the backcountry farmers.farmers.
    •  He organized aHe organized a militiamilitia and after attackingand after attacking Native AmericansNative Americans who had attacked hiswho had attacked his plantation, he seized power and chargedplantation, he seized power and charged Berkeley withBerkeley with corruptioncorruption..  After months of battling, BaconAfter months of battling, Bacon dieddied whilewhile in hiding. His army fell apart without him.in hiding. His army fell apart without him.  Bacon’s RebellionBacon’s Rebellion convinced many wealthyconvinced many wealthy planters that the best way to keepplanters that the best way to keep Virginian society stable was to allowVirginian society stable was to allow backcountry farmersbackcountry farmers to own landto own land..
    • D. Slavery in the ColoniesD. Slavery in the Colonies  Indentured servants began toIndentured servants began to decreasedecrease and slavery began toand slavery began to increaseincrease.. Reasons:Reasons: 1.1. SlavesSlaves did notdid not havehave to be freed.to be freed. 2.2. Land becameLand became cheapercheaper and most Englishand most English settlerssettlers were not willingwere not willing to beto be indentured servants.indentured servants.
    • E. The Slave TradeE. The Slave Trade  Most slaves were taken fromMost slaves were taken from WestWest AfricaAfrica..  AboutAbout 1/3 died1/3 died onon the journey across thethe journey across the Atlantic called…Atlantic called… ““The Middle Passage”The Middle Passage”..
    •  DiseaseDisease andand starvationstarvation were hugewere huge problems aboard slave ships.problems aboard slave ships.  Slaves were sent from Africa toSlaves were sent from Africa to NorthNorth AmericaAmerica,, South AmericaSouth America and theand the CaribbeanCaribbean..
    • F. Growth of SlaveryF. Growth of Slavery  Slavery grewSlavery grew very slowlyvery slowly..  The first Africans came toThe first Africans came to VirginiaVirginia inin 16191619 and were actuallyand were actually indentured servantsindentured servants..  As slavery began to grow itAs slavery began to grow it became morebecame more defineddefined..  It was recognizedIt was recognized by lawby law inin MarylandMaryland inin 16381638..
    •  ByBy 16601660, laws were passed to lower the, laws were passed to lower the status of Africans and deny them thestatus of Africans and deny them the same rights as whites.same rights as whites.  Slavery also becameSlavery also became hereditaryhereditary..  Eventually these laws wereEventually these laws were grouped together intogrouped together into slave codesslave codes..
    •  Slave CodesSlave Codes - sets of laws to- sets of laws to governgovern slaveryslavery andand restrictrestrict the rights ofthe rights of African Americans.African Americans.  Examples:Examples: could not hold property,could not hold property, could not testify in court, could notcould not testify in court, could not have guns.have guns.
    • REVIEWREVIEW 1. What was the south’s economy based1. What was the south’s economy based on?on? 2. Who were the first people to work on2. Who were the first people to work on the Southern plantations?the Southern plantations? 3. What were slave codes?3. What were slave codes?