September 5, 2008September 5, 2008
Agree Disagree 1. Early Native Agree DisagreeAgree Disagree 1. Early Native Agree Disagree
____ ________ ____ Americans were ____ ____Americans were ____ ____
____ ____ 2. People of the ____ _________ ____ 2. People of the ____ _____
Olmec civilizationOlmec civilization
were mound builders.were mound builders.
Chapter Two:Chapter Two: Colonizing AmericaColonizing America
Section TwoSection Two ContinuedContinued:: English ColoniesEnglish Colonies
in Americain America
C. England Returns to AmericaC. England Returns to America
• Queen Elizabeth IQueen Elizabeth I grantedgranted
a charter to Sir Walter Raleigha charter to Sir Walter Raleigh
to start an English settlementto start an English settlement
in America.in America.
1585 –Sir Walter Raleigh founded a1585 –Sir Walter Raleigh founded a
settlement off the coast of Northsettlement off the coast of North
Carolina calledCarolina called RoanokeRoanoke..
This new land was namedThis new land was named VirginiaVirginia
The governor of Roanoke returned toThe governor of Roanoke returned to
England for supplies.England for supplies.
When he returned theWhen he returned the
colony had disappeared.colony had disappeared.
Roanoke is sometimesRoanoke is sometimes
called thecalled the “Lost Colony”“Lost Colony”..
D. JamestownD. Jamestown
CHUNK #3CHUNK #3
Retell – turn to page 62. ReadRetell – turn to page 62. Read
Jamestown is FoundedJamestown is Founded through the 2through the 2ndnd
paragraph ofparagraph of Early TroublesEarly Troubles. Retell. Retell
the passage to your turn and talkthe passage to your turn and talk
D. JamestownD. Jamestown
The Early YearsThe Early Years
1604 –1604 – King James IKing James I gavegave
a group of investors a chartera group of investors a charter
to start a new settlement into start a new settlement in
These investors formed theThese investors formed the
Virginia CompanyVirginia Company..
1606 – These settlers arrived1606 – These settlers arrived
in Virginia andin Virginia and foundedfounded JamestownJamestown..
The settlement had a very difficultThe settlement had a very difficult
Few knew how to farm or buildFew knew how to farm or build
Almost allAlmost all of the colonistsof the colonists
died in the first year.died in the first year.
Captain John SmithCaptain John Smith
eventually helped theeventually helped the
colony survive by tradingcolony survive by trading
and working with theand working with the
Native Americans.Native Americans.
2. Growth of Jamestown2. Growth of Jamestown
Jamestown continued toJamestown continued to
struggle for many years.struggle for many years.
It was ultimately saved byIt was ultimately saved by tobaccotobacco
farmingfarming, which was very profitable., which was very profitable.
Jamestown was theJamestown was the 11stst
EnglishEnglish settlement in Americasettlement in America
1618 – The Virginia Company created1618 – The Virginia Company created
thethe Virginia House of BurgessesVirginia House of Burgesses..
This was an elected assembly that wouldThis was an elected assembly that would
propose laws.propose laws.
The House of BurgessesThe House of Burgesses
was thewas the 11stst
assemblyassembly in Americain America..
In order to get new settlers to come toIn order to get new settlers to come to
Virginia, The Virginia CompanyVirginia, The Virginia Company
introduced the system ofintroduced the system of headrights.headrights.
This system gaveThis system gave 50 acres of land50 acres of land toto
anyone who wouldanyone who would pay for thepay for the
transportationtransportation of someone to theof someone to the
colony. (colony. (family member, indenturedfamily member, indentured
servant, etcservant, etc.) about $17.67.) about $17.67
Colony founded byColony founded by
George CalvertGeorge Calvert, or, or
Lord BaltimoreLord Baltimore..
He was anHe was an English CatholicEnglish Catholic who wantedwho wanted
to start a colony where Catholics couldto start a colony where Catholics could
live and worship freely.live and worship freely.
This was aThis was a proprietor colonyproprietor colony – it was– it was
owned by one person.owned by one person.
1.1. Why is Roanoke considered the LostWhy is Roanoke considered the Lost
2.2. When the House of Burgesses isWhen the House of Burgesses is
described it is said to be the 1described it is said to be the 1stst
representative assembly in America.representative assembly in America.
What is meant by a representativeWhat is meant by a representative